Top 8 youngest countries in the world

Countries that have emerged in the last 100 years

There are currently 195 recognized states in the world, and several more have partially recognized status. Most of them have a rich history and were founded a long time ago. But some territories had a long time to defend their right to independence.

Some now prosperous states were officially recognized only recently. Despite their very rich history, they managed to gain independence less than a hundred years ago.

So which countries are considered the youngest in the world?

1 Slovakia

One of the EU countries, Slovakia became a separate state very recently. Until 1993 it was part of Czechoslovakia, but as a result of the Velvet Revolution it became a separate country. Although the territory of Slovakia has been settled since the sixth century, they only managed to gain independence from other states at the end of the twentieth century.

2 India

This country with a rich history became an independent state only in 1947. For several centuries it was under the oppression of the British Empire and repeatedly tried to achieve independence. In the early 20th century, national liberation movements began to arise in the country, but only in 1947 India became an independent republic. However, there is still strife in the country amidst the coexistence of many religions and peoples.

3 Israel

Israel’s struggle for independence wasn’t easy either and didn’t succeed until 1948. It is not that the Jewish state was immediately recognized in the world; for years there was a conflict between it and the Arab countries. It continues to this day, even now there are armed conflicts on the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip.

4 North and South Korea

The DPRK, or North Korea as it is called in other countries, and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) were formed as states in 1948. The territory had been a Japanese empire since the beginning of the 20th century, but World War II set its limits. The northern part was supported by the Soviet Union and the southern part by the United States. As early as 1948, both parts of Korea declared their independence, but it wasn’t until 1953 that they signed a peace agreement after the war.

5 Czech Republic.

Like Slovakia, the Czech Republic was formed from the state of Czechoslovakia in 1993. The process of the peaceful partition of the republic of Czechoslovakia has remained in history as a velvet divorce. It went entirely peacefully and without fuss. Like Slovakia this country is a member of NATO and EU.

6 Croatia

For years, Croatia tried to create one state with Serbia and other neighbors. However, there has always been interethnic conflict between these countries. In 1991, Croatia and Serbia, against the backdrop of the Serbo-Croatian conflict, gained independence and became separate states. The conflict did not stop, though, and escalated into a war in Croatia that lasted from 1991 to 1995.

7 East Timor

East Timor’s struggle for independence was a long one, they partially succeeded in 1975. But almost immediately part of the island of Timor was occupied by Indonesia. They were not able to regain their independence until 2002. It is considered the first sovereign state to gain its independence in the twenty-first century.

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8 Montenegro

Montenegro, too, for many years had alliances with one neighbor and another. It gained independence and became a separate state only in 2006 by referendum. Before that, it had been part of an alliance with Serbia, but it was gradually acquiring its own currency and borders. The decision to secede was made by a decision of 55% of Montenegrins.

9 Eritrea

Eritrea was formed from a group of neighboring countries, and in 1947 became a federation from Ethiopia and Eritrea. The struggle for Eritrean independence between separatists and Ethiopians continued for more than 30 years. However, only a referendum in 1993 helped the country gain independence and become a separate state.

10 South Sudan

South Sudan is considered the youngest state in the world. It only became a separate independent state in 2011. For years it was part of Sudan, but religious strife broke out between the two parts of the same country. The North tried to Islamize the South, which led to constant armed conflicts. After years of clashes, a referendum was held in which South Sudan became a separate state according to the wishes of 98% of the respondents.

The history of these states was complicated and full of conflicts among the population. But they managed to win back their freedom and independence from other countries and gain world recognition!

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Top 10 youngest countries in the world

Have you ever wondered how many countries there are on our globe? You will be surprised, but there is no definite answer to this question.

The world political system is a very fluid and unstable phenomenon. The formation of autonomies is still taking place, although noticeably less frequently. Today the figure ranges from 193 to 256 countries. Why is this so? Because there is no single regulation by which the adoption of a young state at the world level takes place.

So what are the youngest countries in the world and how old are they? Let’s take a closer look at these questions later in the article.

10. Northern Macedonia (1991).

Northern Macedonia (1991)

The territory, located on the Balkan Peninsula, has been part of various empires and states for many centuries, was part of Yugoslavia after World War II and gained independence only in 1991.

The size of the territory is 25,333 sq. km and it ranks 145th in the ranking of world powers. The official languages are Macedonian and Albanian, many residents speak English, which contributes to the development of tourism. It is interesting that Macedonians use the Cyrillic alphabet and some inscriptions can be understood by Russian tourists even without knowledge of languages. Macedonia is not part of the European Union, but claims to have joined in 2005.

The excellent climatic conditions allow residents to engage in agriculture. The main areas of the industrial sector are textiles, wine and tobacco production.

Ohrid and Lake Ohrid are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, and waiting to be recognized are the Slatinski Izvor cave, the Markovi Kuli fortress, the primeval forests of the Carpathian Mountains, and the archaeological site of Kokino, over 3,800 years old, dating back to the Bronze Age! Macedonia continues its development, but has yet to succeed economically.

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9. Croatia (1991).

Croatia (1991)

This rather young country is located in the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula and occupies an area of 56,538 square kilometers, also owns a large number of islands, numbering over a thousand.

The centuries-old history of the area is still full of archaeological discoveries, the earliest of which date back to the Neolithic period. In ancient times there was Illyria, later taken over by the Romans. Slavic peoples did not appear in these lands until the 7th century AD.

Croatia has endured the Hungarian, Turkish, Austrian rule, was part of the Venetian Republic, was part of Yugoslavia. After declaring its independence in 1991, Croatia went to war with the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA) forces and did not regain its integrity until 1998.

The economy was in decline for a long time, but still managed to achieve positive indicators. The food, pharmaceutical and chemical industry is developing, but the fundamental economic sector is tourism. Thoughtful attitude of people to the nature and purity, the existence of a large number of protected areas, national parks and impeccable blue sea are the main features for Europeans, who call Croatia the best territory for ecotourism.

8. Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992).

Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992)

One of the parts of the Yugoslav Republic that seceded in 1992. It is located in the southeastern part of Europe, occupies the western territory of the Balkan Peninsula and has access to the Adriatic Sea. There are about 4 million people living on 51,129 square kilometers, but the population has declined greatly since the 1992-1995 war.

Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian are considered the state languages. The economy reaches the world average, but it is a great achievement for a power recently ranked next to Africa. It took about five years to recover from the war. Proper reform and management have yielded positive results.

The main industries of the young country are metallurgy, electricity and building materials, agriculture, textile and leather and footwear industries.

Some ancient buildings have survived to this day. They reflect the times of Roman and antique, a mix of Byzantine and Central European styles. The old mosques, madrasahs and bridges are evidence of the times of Turkish rulers. Until the beginning of XX century in the buildings can be seen imitation of the Renaissance and Oriental culture. This extraordinary combination of eras and trends creates a striking picture against a backdrop of mountainous fractures and deep blue waters.

7. Eritrea (1993).

Eritrea (1993)

One of the world’s youngest countries, Eritrea is located in East Africa on the shores of the Red Sea. For more than three decades it has tried to achieve autonomy and secede from the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea, leading to a large number of armed conflicts. Eritrea’s sovereignty was recognized in 1993. Disputes with Ethiopia continued until the 2000s over disputed border areas.

Archaeological expeditions in Eritrea have uncovered human settlements dating back to 8,000 BC. Some architectural monuments from different eras have survived to this day: the Corinthian columns of the Governor’s Palace, the Catholic Cathedral, and the city’s mosque. Many buildings in the capital city reflect the Italian style of architecture.

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Despite all its beauty and uniqueness, Eritrea is one of the poorest states in the world. The central economic sector is the agricultural sector. Bananas, sesame, corn, papaya, vegetables, grains, and cotton are grown here. Cattle breeding and fishery are widespread. Also there are traditional crafts enterprises (weaving of cane baskets and plates), jeweler’s business, glass production is developing. There is gold, copper, zinc mining. Salt is extracted from sea water on industrial scale.

The majority of the enterprises require restoration: oil refining and textile industry, shoe and food-processing industry. Many countries are supporting financially.

6. Czech Republic and Slovakia (1993).

Czech Republic and Slovakia (1993)

Two halves of the same whole separated by inter-ethnic intellectual problems. Czechoslovakia disintegrated in 1993 without spilling a drop of blood, or even spoiling the relationship between the citizens. Historians have called the event a “velvet divorce.

The Czech Republic and Slovakia maintain their own economic development at a high level. They are attractive to European and Russian tourists, have a large number of attractions, ancient and medieval monuments of culture, are examples of cozy clean cities.

A variety of gothic spires of cathedrals in Prague, Charles Bridge, ancient castles, quality beer and spicy cuisine – this is what tantalizes the imagination when it comes to the Czech Republic. By European standards, it is considered one of the safest areas, as it has a low level of crime and corruption.

The Czech Republic is spread over 78,866 square kilometers in the historic areas of Bohemia, Moravia, and partly in Silesia. Terrain is varied: forests, mountains, fields, rivers and hills. Comfortable time for tourism is considered the period from May to September, but in other months it is happy to welcome tourists. Here you will try dumplings, chesnechka, fried cheese and many kinds of beer.

Slovakia is territorially smaller than its other half – 49,043 square kilometers. Panoramic views of the area adorn the Western Carpathian Mountains, and the High Tatras in the northern part of Slovakia form alpine reliefs. Oak, beech and coniferous forests cover the rocky terrain and hills, shading the ancient monuments of architecture. Castles, town halls, churches, theaters and other buildings combine Romanesque and Gothic styles.

The most visited tourist towns are the capital Bratislava, Košice with the famous Gothic Cathedral of St. Elizabeth, Devina Castle with a view of the crossing of the Danube and the Morava rivers and a view of the landscapes of three countries: Austria, Hungary and Slovakia. Tourists also remember trips to Slovakia because of the unusual spicy cuisine: schnitzels, shepherd’s galushka, trout, donuts with butter and garlic “Longose” and Slovak quiet and sparkling wines. Recreational options are also plentiful: the world center of skiing in the High Tatras, golf courses, cave trips, mud baths, thermal water parks and noisy parties of Tatranská Lomnica spas.

5. Palau (1994).

Palau (1994)

Palau is a young island country of 458 sq km. At various times, it was part of Spain, Germany, the United States, and Micronesia and struggled for a long time to achieve sovereignty. In 1994, Palau gained its long-awaited independence.

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The island location contributes to the development of tourism: Pacific Ocean waters, evergreen tropical forests, tall green islands chaotically scattered in the waters, equatorial climate with an average monthly temperature of 24-28 degrees, beaches with the clearest water, low crime rate. The basic branches are fishery, animal industries, forest and minerals extraction, cultivation of coconut palms, bananas, citrus fruits and sweet potatoes. The handicraft sector is developed (mainly art), the population is engaged in manufacturing shells and pearls. But Palau is still in great need of financial assistance from the U.S. because the country’s own budget barely covers the deficit.

A major plus for Palau is the interest of foreign investors. They are taking advantage of the tourism boom by investing heavily in the hotel business, building administrative facilities, and promoting transportation.

4. East Timor (2002).

East Timor (2002)

One of the youngest countries in the world, East Timor is located in Southeast Asia, formerly considered a Portuguese colony. It occupies 15,007 square kilometers with a population of 1.3 million people.

After seceding from Portugal in 1975, a confrontation with Indonesia began, which lasted until 2002. The civil war from 1976 to 1999 greatly affected Timor’s economic system. The destruction of the system was enormous. Until today the level of the economy is equal to an underdeveloped agrarian state.

The agricultural industry is focused on exports of coffee, rubber, coconut, rice, cane, beans, and corn for the needs of the population. Livestock breeding is focused on buffalo, goats and horses. Oil and gas extraction, fishing, forestry, and handicrafts have secondary roles in economic development. Pearl fishing remains the most common way to make a quick buck.

Tourist recreation is not yet established: guests can only stay with locals, as there are simply no comfortable hotels. Even in the capital city of Dili difficult to find normal conditions for accommodation. The same situation with restaurants and cafes. The resorts of East Timor are rather abstract, because the state does not have a large number of attractions. The main attractions will be beaches, hiking in the mountains or sandalwood forests and contemplation of the beautiful scenery.

Dili resembles a provincial town in Portugal, the result of a colonial past, with the image complemented by statues of Jesus Christ and Catholic churches. But this young power also has its “zest”: therapeutic spas. They are not medical institutions, but recreation for the soul in the placid bosom of untouched nature.

3. Montenegro and Serbia (2006)

Montenegro and Serbia (2006)

After the collapse of the Yugoslav Republic, Serbia and Montenegro tried to become its successors, but they were not supported by other powers. In 2002, they signed an agreement under which each side had an independent economy and legislation, state symbols and attributes, and the right to withdraw from the partnership at any time.

In 2006, Montenegro initiated a referendum to gain independence. Despite an elaborate agreement stipulating such points, the situation ended in a grand scandal and division of property.

The main segments of both countries’ economies are industry, agriculture and services. The main problems of the young states are high level of corruption, weak raw material base and aging population.

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2. Kosovo (2008).

Kosovo (2008)

The Republic of Kosovo remains a partially recognized state since 2008. It gained independence, but is conditionally considered part of Serbia. A small young country with an area of only 10,887 square kilometers does not allow the Serbian authorities to dictate the conditions and control the activities of the state. The unresolved issue of international status prevents it from attracting foreign investment.

The population of Kosovo is about 1.7 million people, mostly Albanians. The biggest city is Pristina. It has about 200 thousand inhabitants. The second largest center is Prisren with a population a little more than 100 thousand people.

Kosovo is considered one of the poorest European states which is promoted by unemployment, a low standard of living of the population and small salaries of working class. Most of the able-bodied population goes to work in other countries and sends money to their families. Despite this, Kosovo has great economic potential.

There are deposits of minerals on the territory of Kosovo: lignite, zinc, bauxite, lead, nickel and others. Industry is developing slowly. Metallurgy and mining, energy, textile and food industry are considered the most developed spheres. But alongside these industries, shady business, smuggling and the drug trade flourish. According to UN estimates, about 80 percent of all illegal shipments to Europe pass through Kosovo.

Peaceful circumstances have helped revive the economy, but a lack of recognition by the world powers has put a strain on the situation, depriving Kosovo of investment and leaving it at a standstill.

1. South Sudan (2011).

South Sudan (2011)

South Sudan is currently considered the youngest country in the world. Its area is 620,000 square kilometers. South Sudan has only 30 km of paved roads and the capital does not even have a running water supply. Nevertheless, the population is in high spirits and hopes for the prosperity of their homeland.

In the summer of 2011, South Sudan received its sovereignty after a civil war, protracted armed conflicts and thousands of civilian deaths. But the autonomy was not ready for an independent existence, having lost most of its economic projects.

The Nile River runs through the whole territory of South Sudan, the southern territory is covered with tropical monsoon forests, there are many protected zones and areas, as the government tries to preserve the richness and diversity of its nature, which created ideal conditions for elephants, lions, giraffes, buffalos, African antelopes, etc.

The main problems of the young state are high percentage of infant mortality, poor nutrition, lack of drinking water, lack of developed medicine.

The economic condition of the state has been undermined by years of warfare, but there is a possibility of rehabilitation. The state budget is 98% dependent on oil sales. Copper, zinc, gold and silver are also mined. The population grows cotton, sugar cane, peanuts, mangoes, bananas, wheat, and breeds camels and sheep. The country’s only attraction is its natural wealth. A paradise for tourists dreaming of safaris, and on the border with the Congo in the National Park you can meet wild animals and observe their life in their natural habitat.

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