Top 45 Moscow sights – descriptions and photos

Top 46 Moscow sights: prices, addresses, working hours

sights of moscow

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Moscow sights on the map. Temples. Museums. Tourist streets. What to visit with children. Gardens and parks. Theaters. Nature reserves. Art objects. Tips. Reviews.

Moscow is a city to walk around endlessly. Every tourist, once from time to time returning to the capital of our homeland, always finds something new for himself or visits especially liked places. In this article we have collected the sights of Moscow that must be visited at least once.

Moscow’s main sights on the map

Here is a map of Moscow with sights, on it you can find the location of the desired locations, choose a suitable route or make a program for a great day in the capital.

Red Square and vicinity

Here we have collected the main sights of Moscow, which you need to see at least once in your life. Everyone has heard about these places, many have seen them on TV. But there is no substitute for a live visit, so familiarize yourself with the opening hours and prices of entrance tickets to these places and start planning your trip.

Moscow Kremlin

Moscow Kremlin

Moscow Kremlin

English name: Moscow Kremlin Address: Moscow, Moscow Kremlin How to get there: Take the metro to the station

Tickets: Armory – 1200 rubles, students and people of retirement age – 700 rubles, architectural ensemble – 900 rubles (discount – 700 rubles)

The Moscow Kremlin is the largest functioning fortress on the territory of Europe. This is the most famous place in the capital, which should be visited by everyone.

The Kremlin was erected in the late 15th century and has endured various historical processes, remaining the center of the country’s political life.

What structures there are on the territory:

  1. The Grand Kremlin Palace, the residence of the president of the Russian Federation.
  2. The Armory Chamber – a museum that houses weapons and treasures.
  3. Dormition Cathedral, Annunciation Cathedral, Archangel Cathedral, Church of the Deposition, Cathedral of the Savior Not Made by hands.
  4. The Secret Garden.
  5. Faceted Chamber.
  6. Diamond Fund.

In the Kremlin there are many other iconic buildings. Some are closed to visitors, others are open, and excursions are regularly held for all comers.

Lenin Mausoleum

Lenin Mausoleum

Lenin Mausoleum

Russian name: Lenin’s Mausoleum English name: Lenin’s Mausoleum Address: Moscow, Red Square How to get there: take metro to stations “Okhotny Ryad” and “Ploshchad Revolutsii”, take a bus to the bus stop “Red Square”, take bus № 5, 158

Working schedule: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday from 10:00 to 13:00 (schedule may change during preventive maintenance)

As of today the question of Lenin’s mausoleum is still open. Therefore, there is no need to put off visiting this historic place.

In front of the mausoleum there is almost always a queue of those who want to get inside, it moves fast enough, because standing inside, near the leader – is not allowed.

Use phones, cameras and cameras are strictly prohibited in the mausoleum.

Red Square

red square

Red Square

Russian name: Red Square English name: Red Square Address: Moscow, Red Square How to get there: get to Okhotny Ryad metro station

This is the most visited place in Moscow where all the tourists come to the capital tend to go. The pedestrian area of the square is paved with cobblestones, on one side of it there is the Moscow Kremlin. On the other side is GUM. On the other two sides are located – the Historical Museum and St. Basil’s Cathedral.

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On the square is the monument to Minin and Pozharsky, established in memory of the bicentennial of the victory of the Russian militia over the Polish invaders.

Entrance to Red Square on New Year’s Eve is possible only with a special pass.

Historical Museum

historical museum

Historical Museum

Russian name: The State Historical Museum Address: 1, Red Square, Moscow How to get there: from the metro station Okhotny Ryad

Opening hours: September – end of May from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., June – end of August every day from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Tickets: 400 rubles for adults in the Russian Federation and the EEU countries, 800 rubles for adults in other countries, 400 rubles for pensioners on weekends and 200 rubles on weekdays, 200 rubles for students, 200 rubles for children 7 to 17 years old (Russia and the EEU countries), 400 rubles for children 7 to 17 years old (other countries)

This is the largest museum in Russia, even during the siege of the city in 1940.

What to see:

  1. Golden Pantry.
  2. Lace chalice.
  3. The hall devoted to the formation of the Russian state.
  4. The weaponry of Alexander Nevsky.
  5. A two-meter globe.

In the museum there are more than five million items, fourteen million sheets of documents.

Necropolis

necropolis

Necropolis

English name: Necropolis English name: Kremlin Wall Necropolis Address: Moscow, Red Square How to get there: to the metro stations “Aleksandrovsky Ryad” and “Teatralnaya

Mode of operation: Allowed for visiting the relatives of the buried and the people who came to the mausoleum – from Tuesday to Thursday, on Saturday from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.

The necropolis is located along the Kremlin wall, stretching from Nikolskaya to Spasskaya Tower. The first urn with ashes of Miron Vladimirov was buried here. Later there were burials of Frunze, Sverdlov, Kalinin, Dzerzhinsky, Kirov, Gorky, Kuibyshev, Zhukov, Kamenev, Stalin.

The 3 most touristy streets in Moscow

Among the main attractions of Moscow, there are three streets that are recognized as the main tourist routes. Here you can walk, study commemorative plaques, just enjoy the magnificent architecture and views of the city.

Tverskaya

Tverskaya Street

Tverskaya Street

Russian name: Tverskaya Street English name: Tverskaya Street Address: It is located in the district of the same name in Moscow, you can get to the metro stations “Okhotny Ryad”, “Pushkinskaya”, “Tverskaya”, “Mayakovskaya”.

It is one of the main thoroughfares of the capital, where mass festivities and celebrations are held. The street begins from Manege Square and ends at the Triumphal Square. Since the 18th century on this street entered the Kremlin tsars, moving from the northern capital.

On Tverskaya Street is located the building of the State Duma, the National Hotel, New Manege, the Ermolova theater, the central telegraph, Tverskaya and Pushkinskaya, Triumphal Square. Famous stores are located here, including “Eliseevsky”, “Moskva”, museum, expensive hotels, cinemas.

Old Arbat

old arbat

Old Arbat

Russian name: Old Arbat Street English name: Arbat Street Address: located at the end of Old Arbat, near the Smolenskaya metro station, bounded on one side by Smolenskaya Street, on the other by the Garden Ring

This is one of the most interesting places in Moscow. The street is pedestrian, it connects Sadovoe Ring and Boulevard Ring. Old Arbat has existed for more than five centuries. There are a huge number of antique and souvenir stores, pawnshops, cafes. There are street artists, musicians, booksellers, and traders. There are a famous restaurant “Prague”, the Actor’s House, the House of Losev and many other interesting places.

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Nikolskaya

Nikolskaya Street

Nikolskaya street

Russian name: Nikolskaya Street English name: Nikolskaya street Address: Tverskaya district, Central Administrative District, stretches from Red Square to Lubyanskaya Square

It is another old street of Moscow, first records of which date back to the 13th century. It is a popular tourist route. In 2013, the street underwent reconstruction, it became a pedestrian area. In 2019, it was renovated again.

What to see:

  • Ferrain’s Pharmacy;
  • St. Nicholas Market Rows;
  • Slavic Bazaar;
  • Moscow Printing Yard.

Nikolskaya Street is a place where you will never be bored: it is always crowded, noisy and fun.

Gardens and parks of Moscow

To imagine all the beauties of the capital it is not enough to see Moscow sights on photos. You need to see the sights of the city with your own eyes, walk around it, breathe the clean air and remember the beautiful pictures.

Main Botanical Garden

main botanical garden

Main Botanic Garden

English name: Main Botanical Garden 4, Botanicheskaya str.

Entrance fee: independent viewing – 200 rubles, privileged – 150 rubles, children under 7 years – free of charge; guided tours – 500 rubles, privileged – 300 rubles

This is a forest park located in the north-eastern part of Moscow. The garden was founded in 1945.

Today the garden is divided into several zones, in which the traditional flora of the Far East, the Caucasus, Siberia, Central Asia is represented. There is a rose garden, a greenhouse, a Japanese garden (the entrance fee is from 100 to 150 rubles).

Poklonnaya Hill and Victory Park

Victory Park on Poklonnaya Gora

Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill

English translation: Poklonnaya Gora and Victory Park Address: 7, Frizev Fonchenko Street, Moscow

Victory Park, located on Poklonnaya Hill, is considered the largest memorial complex. Its area is more than one hundred and thirty hectares. This is a favorite vacation spot for locals and tourists. There are children’s attractions, an autodrome, roller skating and bicycle rental, restaurants and cafes.

The territory has well-groomed lawns. There is the world’s largest flower clock. They consist of more than eight thousand flowers, which are renewed annually.

Historical monuments, the rate of military equipment, as well as the area of fountains deserve special attention. Here is the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War. The exhibition includes three halls. The museum works according to the following schedule: Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday from 10:00 to 20:30, Friday and Saturday – from 10:00 to 21:30, Monday off.

Museon

This is a unique outdoor sculpture museum. There are over a thousand sculptures in the collection, including monuments from Soviet times and works by contemporary artists and national avant-garde artists.

In the park operates a summer cinema, children’s center. Cultural events, exhibitions and festivals are held here.

Gorky Park

gorky park

Gorky Park

Russian name: Gorky Park English name: Gorky park Address: Moscow, Krymsky val Street, 9, building 45

Gorky Park is a place where you can find something to do all year round. Here there is a lecture hall, guided tours and quests. You can walk along the well-groomed alleys and have a delicious meal in a cafe. Visit the museum of modern art “Garage”, admire the vernissage of artists, the fountain, working to music on the central square.

From November to March you can skate on the skating rink, and in summer watch an interesting movie in an outdoor cinema.

Zaryadye Park

zaryadie park

Zaryadye Park

Russian name: Zaryadye Park English name: Zaryadye Park Address: Moscow, Varvarka Street, 6, building 1

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Mode of operation: The park is open round the clock, the pavilions are open on Mondays from 14:00 to 20:00, on the other days from 10:00 to 20:00.

The park is located very close to Red Square and the Kremlin.

What to see:

  • the soaring bridge;
  • large amphitheater;
  • media center;
  • cinema;
  • florarium;
  • biolaboratories;
  • lecture hall;
  • ice cave;
  • underground museum;
  • chambers of the Romanov Boyars;
  • dome.

Zaryadye Park is more than a hundred hectares, a million plants, and seven natural zones. Here it is equally interesting for adults and children, you can spend many hours in a row.

Sokolniki Park

English name: Sokolniki Park Address: Moscow, Sokolnicheskiy val, 1, building 1

The Sokolniki Park is a well-known place, founded by Peter the Great. Now the park covers an area of 516 hectares. Here you can take a walk with a guide, who will tell you a lot of interesting things, and visit the park museum or the park’s ornitharium. For children will be interesting to visit the Husky Park, “Bukovodom”, and for men – the ZIL Museum. In addition, there are a huge number of rides, including the Ferris wheel at a height of thirty-five meters.

Alexandrovsky garden

alexandrovsky garden

Alexandrovsky garden

Russian name: Alexander Garden English name: Alexander Garden Address: 15/1, Mokhovaya Street, Moscow

Alexander Garden stretches for almost nine hundred meters along the Kremlin wall. The park has upper, lower and medium gardens. In the upper garden is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, here burns the eternal flame, near which stands a guard of honor. A little further are the memorials of the cities – heroes. Here is the Italian Grotto, erected in memory of the war with the French.

In the middle part of the garden is a monument to Alexander I. The lower garden has no paths for walking, it is closed to the public.

Pharmaceutical garden

Russian name: Apothecary garden Address: Moscow, Prospekt Mira, 26

Apothecary garden is a subdivision of the botanical garden of Moscow State University. This monument of landscape gardening is situated in the center of Moscow. Its age is more than three hundred years.

Here you can look at an ancient pond, a palm greenhouse, and an English oak tree. There are Japanese karmas in the ancient pond, and red-eared turtles live in the far pond. Of course, there is a vegetable garden with medicinal herbs.

Neskuchny Garden

Russian name: Neskuchny Sad English name: Neskuchny garden Address: 20 Leninsky Prospekt, Moscow

This is a Moscow park with a solid age. It was erected back in the 18th century. Today here you can ride a bicycle, play table tennis or lawn tennis. There is a playground and a cafe here. Cultural and entertainment events are regularly held in the park.

The 5 best sights in Moscow to visit with children

What sights in Moscow are suitable for children? Of course, in any park in the capital you will find a playground for children. But some places you must visit with children to leave them with the most vivid impressions.

All-Russian Exhibition Center and the Moskvarium

Russian name: All-Russian Exhibition Center, Moskvarium English name: All-Russian exhibition center, Moskvarium Address: Moscow, Prospekt Mira, 119, build. 23 Telephone: 8499 677 77 77 Website: moskvarium.ru

All-Russian Exhibition Center is the largest exposition center in Russia, attended by more than twenty million people annually. The exhibition constantly changes its appearance, in winter there is an ice rink. The cost of its visit from Tuesday to Thursday is 350 rubles for adults and 150 for children, on Friday – 450 for adults and 200 for children, on Saturday and Sunday – 550 for adults and 250 for children.

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The Moskvarium deserves special attention. He works from 10:00 to 22:00. The cost of tickets on weekdays – 950 for adults and 650 rubles for children from 3 to 12 years, on Friday and weekends – 1100 for adults and 850 for children. Visit a water show costs from 1500 rubles.

The Moskvarium contains more than twelve thousand freshwater dwellers and sea animals. The Aquarium occupies more than twelve thousand square meters. Here you can admire the sea inhabitants in aquariums or watch a spectacular sea show.

Moscow Planetarium

Moscow Planetarium

Moscow Planetarium

Russian name: The Moscow Planetarium English name: Moscow Planetarium Address: Moscow, Sadovaya-Kudrinskaya Street, Building 5, Building 1 Telephone: 8 495 221 76 90 Website: planetarium-moscow.ru

Moscow sights – TOP 40

Numerous Moscow sights can be divided into historical, cultural and modern, which have appeared comparatively recently. Each of them is a boon for the curious tourist. It is not easy to single out the most important, but some of them deserve a special attention and must be a part of your itinerary of a trip around Golden Town.

Moscow historical sights

1. Red Square

Red Square

No trip to the capital does not go without visiting its main attraction – the unofficial symbol of Russia, which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The architectural composition of the landmark includes landmarks known in the country and far abroad, such as the Historical Museum building, St. Basil’s Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, the Place of execution, and the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. For residents and guests of Moscow, Red Square is a favorite place for walks, where you can make memorable photos.

2. Moscow Kremlin

Moscow Kremlin

The sights of Moscow are unthinkable without this place. What is the Moscow Kremlin? It is a stone fortress built in the XV century, embodying the power and might of the Russian state.

Behind the powerful walls of the fort there are not only the main government institutions, but also a whole museum complex, which includes palace buildings, Orthodox churches, architectural monuments, the Tsar Cannon and the Tsar Bell. There is a vast collection of ancient artifacts that tell about the centuries-old history of the country.

3. Kolomenskoye Museum Reserve

Kolomenskoe Museum Reserve

The village of Kolomenskoye became the residence of the Moscow tsars in the XIV century. The architectural ensemble was formed until the sixteenth century, and was dismantled and rebuilt several times. Today all masterpieces of Old Russian architecture are in perfect condition, and you can see them from the outside and even look inside.

The ancient fiefdom is a place where large-scale events are held. A sand sculpture competition, the Afisha picnic and the “Times and Epochs” music festival are held here every year. Kolomenskoye is among the top 20 best parks in Moscow.

4. the Tretyakov Gallery

Tretyakov Gallery

One of the most extensive collections of Russian art is located behind the walls of the Tretyakov Gallery. The art museum appeared in the XIX century thanks to the merchant Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, who built this building specifically to store his personal collection of paintings from around the world.

Today there are more than a hundred thousand exhibits of fine art. The main function of the State Tretyakov Gallery is the preservation and study of masterpieces of national art, as well as introducing them to guests and residents.

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5. Cathedral of Christ the Savior

Cathedral of Christ the Savior

One of the most popular sights in Moscow. The majestic white stone Cathedral of Christ the Savior was built to commemorate the victory and the victims of the Patriotic War of 1812.

For its lifetime it has experienced a lot: devastation, desolation, demolition, and even the opening of the largest swimming pool “Moscow” in that place. Only by the end of the XX century was it decided to restore the church. The restored Orthodox shrine has taken an honorable place among the attractions of Moscow: this imposing building can be safely called one of the most beautiful architectural monuments of the capital.

6. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

The museum’s collection consists of seven hundred thousand works of art from different countries and eras. The collection includes Egyptian mummies, antique statues, paintings of famous impressionists, collections of coins, weapons, as well as works of recognized masters of the brush: Monet, Picasso, Van Gogh, Van Dyck, Toulouse-Lautrec, Chagall, Kandinsky and many others. A walk through the halls of the gallery is not only a contemplation of world art masterpieces, but also a full study of the history of Russia and other countries.

7. Tsaritsyno Museum Reserve

Tsaritsyno Museum Reserve

It is a rare Moscow landmark that gives off such magnificence and regal spirit. The palace and park ensemble was founded in the XVIII century by Catherine the Great, and for a long time was the imperial residence on the site of a specially protected natural area.

The year of 2007 was marked by large-scale reconstruction of the historical complex: the architectural masterpieces took their former look, a singing fountain appeared, as well as shady alleys and paved paths for strolls in the park. It is a picturesque and very peaceful place, where you can spend a pleasant summer evening, as well as visit a concert of classical music or jazz.

8. Moscow Zoo

Moscow Zoo

Not for the first year Moscow zoo is one of the ten best zoos in the world. Moscow Zoo is the oldest zoo in Europe, founded in the mid XIX century. The zoo consists of the old territory and several new areas.

Here you can meet predatory cats, rare primates, giraffe, cute red panda, iguanas, zebras, flamingos and representatives of the underwater world. You can’t count all the animals: there are more than fifteen hundred species from all over the world. Also do not forget about contact zoos in Moscow.

9. Manezh Square

Manezhnaya Square

One of the most beautiful and recognizable sights in Moscow, located near the Kremlin and Red Square. Although it appeared only in the thirties of the last century, its history dates back to the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries, as confirmed by numerous archaeological finds. The main structure of the square is the Manege, built in 1817 in honor of the victory over Napoleon. It is the heart of the city, a picturesque corner with a unique architectural ensemble.

10. Novodevichy Convent

Novodevichy Convent

This ancient monastery was built in the 16th century to commemorate the annexation of Smolensk to the Moscow principality. At the beginning of the XX century it was transformed into a historical museum, which it still is. The Novodevichy monastery harmoniously combines operating churches and cognitive exhibitions.

There is an extensive collection of samples of Old Russian art: icons, frescoes, fabrics, items made of precious stones and metals, monastic documents. The famous Novodevichy cemetery adjoins the monastery.

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