Top 4 famous Sights of Grozny, Chechnya
Grozny is a powerful city of military glory . It has survived wars and destruction. In the 2000s it was completely destroyed by bomb blasts. Once quiet, Grozny was reduced to ruins. But soon, with the arrival of the republic’s head A.A. Kadyrov, it was restored and found a new life. Today it is modern, bright, clean, quiet and safe. Many tourists come to see its most interesting historical sights.
Mosque “Heart of Chechnya”.
This main attraction is unique in its architecture – it was built in 2008 and has a capacity of over 10 thousand people . The summer gallery, which adjoins the mosque, also accommodates so many worshippers. What makes this place so special?
The Heart of Chechnya Mosque.
– The central hall is covered with a huge dome. The height of the minarets reaches 64 meters, the area of 5000 square meters; – the construction is made in the Ottoman style. The decorations are in the traditional Chechen style. Natural synthetic paints with special additives were used. According to the experts this was done to preserve its original appearance for a very long time; – the exterior walls and the interior are decorated with expensive white marble; – 33 chandeliers illuminate the architecture. Patterns are made of gold, silver and bronze in Chechen design; – The Blue Mosque in Istanbul was used as the basis of the architecture; – It is recognized as one of the largest mosques in Russia and Europe; – There is a park on the territory of the mosque. It is filled with greenery, fountains, benches. On its territory you can walk for a long time, enjoying the silence of the holy place.
A. Kadyrov Museum.
This cultural complex occupies one of the central places in Grozny. The construction began in 2004. The purpose of this memorial was to create a monument dedicated to the Great Victory in 1945, as well as to the first president of Chechnya, Akhmat-Khadzhi Kadyrov. To familiarize the guest with the historical military heritage of the museum relics, books and exhibits.
A. Kadyrov Museum.
The museum can be compared with a monument of world culture, as it is decorated with the most expensive and rich building materials and built according to an individual design. In the center of the building hangs a magnificent artistic panel made of marble imported from Spain. There is an Iranian chandelier under the ceiling. It is covered with gold of high solid . The chandelier is amazing and weighs up to 1.5 tons. It consists of 750 light bulbs. Another peculiarity of this piece of interior is that it has an engraved A. Kadyrov’s statement that justice must always prevail. There are frequent exhibitions, meetings, and an art gallery in the museum.
This unique complex of high-rise buildings in the center of the city on A. Kadyrov Avenue. The complex was built during the period from 2005 to the end of 2011. Its total area is 4.5 hectares.
It contains: – 7 high-rise buildings; – residential buildings with the total number of apartments equal to 700; – hotels and a restaurant; – business center. The office and business center is located on the roof of one of the new high-rises, and there is also a helipad, which offers a panoramic view of Grozny.
Arc de Triomphe.
At the entrance to Grozny, visitors and residents can see the Triumphal Arch, which was built in 2006. Its design and painting are created in the national style of Chechnya.
Symbolically, watchtowers have been erected near the sides of the arch. There are many historical sites in the form of ancient medieval towers in the Chechen land. The architecture of the arch shows the symbols and historical heritage of Chechnya. The towers symbolise eternal defence and defence against enemies. On top of these towers are the state flags of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Chechnya. And on the facade of the arch you can see portraits of V. Putin and A. Kadyrov.
A trip to Grozny is the most popular tour among foreign tourists, as well as Russian citizens. Most tourists come to get acquainted with the history of the city and its sights. Rest in the city is quiet, tourists are treated with respect and hospitality.
Top 15: The main sights of Grozny and the surrounding area worth visiting
Brief description Grozny is a relatively young city, whose history began with the construction of the fortress of the same name at the tract of Khan-Kale in June 1818. The city is located in the North Caucasus, and for many years has been the capital of the Chechen Republic. Despite such a young age, Grozny has many historically important places, sites and buildings that have become architectural masterpieces.
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Where to go and what to see in Grozny in 1 day by yourself?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos with descriptions.
1. Memorial to the fallen fighters against terrorism
The Second Chechen War, also known as the counter-terrorist operation in Chechnya, began in August 1999 and lasted almost 10 years. There is no exact number of casualties, but it is known that they number in the thousands.
The opening of the memorial took place on May 9, 2010, on the square of Akhmat Kadyrov, the first president of Chechnya. Before that the square was the presidential palace of Dzhokhar Dudayev – the head of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. However, it was later blown up. Later the memorial was moved to the City Hall.
The ensemble consists of 38 black stones, each with the names of the dead soldiers who contributed to the fight against terrorism carved on it. In the center of the composition is a monolith weighing 70 tons, where the words “May justice prevail” are carved.
Coordinates on the map: 43.31977519724843, 45.691946213268
2. Mosque “The Heart of Chechnya
The mosque is named after Akhmad Kadyrov and was built not so long ago – in 2008. The construction was based on the architectural style of the Sultanahmed Mosque – the main one in Istanbul and all of Turkey. In addition, the Heart of Chechnya is one of the largest mosques in the world.
There was no shortage of materials, so white marble imported from the Turkish province of Balikesir was used for the interior decoration. Moreover, the painting was done by Turkish craftsmen, who used paint with special additives, capable of retaining its original appearance for many years. For the 36 chandeliers were needed several tons of bronze, 2.5 kg of gold and millions of different parts, including Swarovski crystals.
The minarets – the towers from which people are called to prayer – are 63 meters high and the surrounding area of the mosque is 14 hectares. Nearby is the Kunta Haji University. Nearby are the Kunta-Hadji University and the building of the Spiritual Administration of Muslims.
Coordinates on the map: 43.317700, 45.693925.
3. A. Kadyrov Memorial Complex of Glory
The memorial was opened in 2010 and is dedicated to the victory in the Great Patriotic War and to A.Kadyrov. It is one of the main places where Grozny celebrates May 9th: in the holidays the complex can accommodate more than 15 thousand visitors. It is also one of the top three largest objects in Russia, dedicated to the victory in the Great Patriotic War.
On the territory of 5 hectares there is a museum, which tells about natives of Chechnya and Ingushetia, who took part in the fight against fascism, as well as about the first president of the Republic. The monuments include the Eternal Flame, a sculpture of Movlid Visaitov – commander of the 28th Red Army cavalry regiment, a monument to A. Kadyrov, Matash Mazaev and tankers.
Address: Grozny, 9c Mayakovsky St.
4. The Museum of Ahmat Hajji Kadyrov
The museum of the first President of the Chechen Republic is part of the large ensemble of the Memorial Complex of Glory in Grozny. The two-tiered building is situated in the very center of the composition.
One of the permanent exhibitions shows Kadyrov’s personal belongings: household items, and photographs. The interior decoration is sumptuous, and the chandelier which weighs one and a half tons and is coated in gold deserves special attention. It was brought from Iran, and burns with the light of 750 bulbs. The decoration of the central hall is also impressive, and the Spanish marble, Moroccan columns and stucco leaves few people indifferent.
Address: Grozny, 9c Mayakovsky St.
5. National Museum of the Chechen Republic
The museum could be considered one of the oldest in Grozny, as it was built in 1924. However, during the war in the 1990s the complex was almost completely destroyed and 90% of the exhibits, paintings, books and documentation were destroyed or stolen. In 2004 the museum received a new life, when in collaboration with the Tretyakov Gallery two exhibitions were held. The following 5 years the reconstruction of the building and its surroundings is ongoing, and in 2009 it was completed.
Since then the collection of paintings, objects, and other items is gradually expanding, and the search for stolen artifacts continues to this day. Now the museum has more than 30 thousand items of cultural or historical value. Visitors can see not only paintings, but also armor, weapons, household items and works of folk arts and crafts.
Address: Grozny, 1b Putin Ave.
6. Grozny City and Flower Park
The skyscraper complex in Grozny was inspired by the example of Moscow. Now it has 7 high-rises, among which are business centers, hotels and residential buildings. The first phase was opened in October 2011, and in the future Grozny-City 2 will be built, whose ensemble will include the 435-meter Akhmat Tower – the second tallest tower in Russia and Europe. It has every chance of becoming one of Grozny’s main attractions.
If you have the money, there are many spas, hotels, gyms, restaurants, and swimming pools. Also you can look for one of the 700 apartments, whose area can be up to 280m2. Business meetings can be held by air: there is a helipad on the roof of the business center. If you don’t intend to buy real estate here, then we recommend to come to “Grozny-City” in the evening to admire the mesmerizing illumination of the buildings.
Nearby is a flower park, whose area is 4.5 hectares. This large area has more than 150 thousand flowers, almost 20 thousand bushes and about 600 species of trees from birches to palm trees. All this enormous variety is watered by automatic irrigation system and there is a fountain in the center of the ensemble.
Map coordinates: 43.31476524255113, 45.69809522947946
7. State Picture Gallery. The A. Kadyrov Gallery
Gallery in Grozny was officially opened in August 2010 and became a place where the works of different artists from Chechnya, Russia and the North Caucasus are collected. The exhibits change monthly, and not only well-known but also novice artists can show their works.
The Minor Pinakothek and the Minor Tretyakov Gallery, which includes masterpieces of world art – Van Gogh, William Bradford and Pierre Renoir – as well as paintings by Russian artists – Aivazovsky, Vasnetsov, Serov and Bruegel are among the museum’s permanent exhibits. The total fund of the museum consists of more than 2,000 exhibits. In addition to paintings, visitors can admire sculptures, folk art and contemporary art in its many forms.
Address: Grozny, 75 Isayev Ave.
8. The Chechen Drama Theatre
It bears the name of Khanapsha Nuradilov, the commander of a machine-gun platoon and Hero of the Soviet Union. Although the building itself opened on May 1, 1931, the company had existed long before that. The first production was The Red Fortress, based on a play by S. Baduyev. The company continued its activities even during the Great Patriotic War, when the actors performed military-patriotic plays for the soldiers. However, it stood adjourned for a full 13 years after 1944, due to the deportation of Chechens and Ingush.
The company had numerous new productions from 1957 up to the time of the First Chechen War. All the actors were evacuated from Grozny to the North Caucasus and the Krasnodar Territory during the war in the 1990s. The theaters did not stop working, showing plays for Chechen refugees in other countries.
The theater was partly destroyed and rebuilt by 2008. Its first postwar productions were the comedy Bozh-Ali, the tragicomedy Gone for the Shroud, the drama Retribution and the operetta Arshin Mal Alan.
Address: Grozny, 9 Mahmud Esambayev Avenue.
9. National Library of the Chechen Republic
The present building has little relation to the one in which the library was founded (1904). It opened only with the help of teachers from the Pushkin School, also located in Grozny. At first, all books came from donations of the citizens, but after the revolution of 1917 it was transferred to state financing.
The building was not damaged by the WWII, and most books in Chechen and Ingush might have been destroyed during the deportation in 1944, but the library staff managed to hide and preserve them. The events of 1994-1995 left only ruins and led to the loss of much of the book collection.
At various times, the library was based in rooms under the bleachers of the stadium and in the Center for Arts and Culture. However, in 2013 a new building was built, and the library was named after the Chechen poet Abuzar Aidamirov. The new collection is mostly based on books donated from Moscow, Dagestan, Stavropol and other regions.
The address is 75, Herman Ugryumov Street, Grozny.
10. House of Receptions
The complex is also called the “Capitol Grozny” for its resemblance to the building of the same name in the United States. The Reception House is a cultural center that has everything: a theater scene, exhibition halls, a philharmonic hall, an art school and a conference hall.
The building is located on the bank of the river Sunzha, and its height was 12 floors. The Ministry of Culture of the Chechen Republic will be located inside, and the building will be a venue for performances not only by local artists, but also by foreign ones.
The final stage of construction is now underway, and a grand opening is planned for the near future. “Capitol” promises to become the main attraction of the city of Grozny and the whole of Chechnya.
Address: 117 Kheda Kishieva Street, Grozny.
11. The M. Lermontov Drama Theatre
Another theater circle, led by Yevgeny Vakhtangov, appeared in 1904, and in 1920, it started to build a complex to house it. Like other artists, during the Second World War the company was evacuated to Siberia, and the proceeds from the performances were used to build airplanes.
The theater was named after Mikhail Lermontov on the 100th anniversary of his death in 1941. After the war ended, the music began to play in the building again, and the actors took to the stage. It lasted more than 40 years, until a new war broke out in Chechnya. Because of this conflict the theater stopped its activity for 15 years.
However, in 2005 the audience was delighted with a production of Ostrovsky’s play, and in the summer of 2012 the theater got a new building. The auditorium can seat 500 people, all equipment meets modern standards, and the hall is designed so that the farthest place is only 17 meters from the stage.
Address: Grozny, 19, Mohammed Ali Avenue.
The Church of the Archangel Michael
The temple was founded in 1868 and survived the two World Wars, but the anti-terrorist operation of the 1990s did not spare the building: the fighting destroyed the roof, the domes and the second floor of the church building. During the clashes in Grozny in the “zero years” more damage was done and services were held in the basement of the church at that time.
Since then, the building has been reconstructed more than once, and as a result, its historical appearance has been damaged. At this point, the original foundation, basement, and metal pipe in the boiler room remain. Although externally they are similar, in reality it is practically a new temple.
Address: Grozny, 38 Kadyrov Ave.
13. The “Running Wave” fountain
The fountain is located on the territory of the “Heart of Chechnya” mosque. It was opened in 2008 and became one of the largest similar structures in Russia. The special feature of the fountain is that all along its 180-meter length there are 120 jets, capable of raising water to a height of up to 3.5 meters. All this action is illuminated by more than 200 lamps, and if you watch the fountain from a distance, it creates the impression of “running waves”.
Coordinates on the map: 43.31885157461475, 45.694394335582054.
14. Waterfall Fountain.
To make this fountain possible, a pond was specially equipped for it, the area of which is 400 square meters. This attraction is located near Grozny City, and at night it looks especially mesmerizing thanks to the lighting.
Water flows down the more than 4-meter high wall and then breaks on the steps laid out below. Nearby are many trees, benches and bridges – a great place to stroll here in the evening.
Map coordinates: 43.318157143557045, 45.70147963743167
15. The Chechen town of the dead Tsoi-Pede (110 km from Grozny)
Tsoi-Pede means “settlement of the deity”, and this place is also known as “the city of the dead”, and is one of the largest necropolises in the entire Caucasus. Some of the tombs there are over 500 years old.
According to studies, Tsoi-Pede used to be a place of meeting of leaders of Nakh people in the XVI-XVII centuries. Numerous vaults, pagan altar-stands, protective signs, crosses and other trappings testify to the sombre past of the place. There are also two watchtowers, near one of which used to be aul.
In recent years, is an active reconstruction, and all Russians are free to visit the necropolis. Foreigners, however, need to get a special pass.
Coordinates on the map: 42.70789345627732, 45.25827867158632
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