Top 30 Sights of Ufa – Description and Photos

Ufa sights with photos and descriptions

The page presents the main, recognizable, iconic sights of Ufa: mosques and churches, monuments, memorials, parks, museums, theaters, sports facilities – with photos, names, detailed descriptions and other necessary information. List of attractions is given below, the objects are also collected on the map for easy orientation and drawing up a route. From the article you will learn where to go in Ufa, if you travel with children, as well as what to see first, if you have only a couple of days to spare.

Ufa is the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan, its industrial, business and cultural center. The city is spread out on the bank of the Belaya River.

One of the peculiarities of Ufa is its multilayeredness, versatility, which means that the city has a rich tourist potential, which only unfolds year after year.

The diversity of Ufa is at least in the fact that Muslim and Orthodox religious buildings – mosques and temples – peacefully coexist here. If you walk a little away from the First Ufa Cathedral Mosque, you can see the restored Spassky Temple. Both the St. Sergius Cathedral and the Ikhlas Mosque are located in the same area. Similarly, with cultural objects: as a rule, performances in theaters are in Russian and in Tatar. And in general, the architectural appearance of Ufa is very eclectic, and it is difficult not to notice: wooden and brick buildings of the XIX century, mansions of the XX century (the House of Ponosov-Mollo) and modern buildings with national motifs.

The city stretches strongly from north to south and sights can be found in every district, but the main sights are still concentrated in the southern part of Ufa, within the streets of Revolutionary, Aksakov, Tukaeva and Salavat Yulayev.

The symbol of the city, a classic “postcard” view is a monument to Salavat Yulaev – a national hero of Bashkiria, a comrade-in-arms of Yemelyan Pugachev. From the observation deck you can see a panorama of the river. This is one of the most photographed places in Ufa.

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    • Sights (57)
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    • Temples, Cathedrals & Mosques (19)
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    • Theaters (8)
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    A relatively young, but no less recognizable landmark is the mosque-medrassah “Lyalya-Tulip”. Its two minarets really look like two tulips. To see the mosque, you need to go to the northern part of the city. But there you can also walk through the Victory Park, look at the Republican Museum of Military Glory or examine the “Mourning Mother” memorial.

    Another monument, a must-see, is the Friendship Monument, symbolizing the unity of the Russian and Bashkir people. From there along the embankment you can walk to one of the main museums of the city – the house-museum of Sergey Timofeyevich Aksakov, who was born in Ufa and spent his childhood here. In one of his books he described this mansion, which belonged to his grandfather. Next to the museum there is a wonderful garden named after Salavat Yulaev.

    In the center of the square of streets marked above is Gostiny Dvor – a place for shopping, meetings and entertainment. Hockey fans should see Ufa Arena stadium, and those who like horse racing – Akbuzat hippodrome.

    Finally, if you have time, you can devote an evening to a performance at the Drama Theater or the Opera and Ballet Theater. If there is no time, at least examine the buildings of the theaters, which are also kind of “the face” of the city.

    The main place for recreation is Yakutov Park – with attractions, Soldier Lake and children’s railroad.

    What to see in Ufa in one day? All of the above, except for a performance at the theater. If you have a car, the process is simplified. Otherwise public transport will come to the rescue.

    Before you finally approve with the route and the list, we recommend to read the reviews of tourists about the sights of Ufa. In their stories, the travelers registered on the Touristeer share their impressions and photos – something the future visitor of the city will need.

    30 popular Ufa attractions

    It is worth going to Ufa just for its parks. Not without reason, the capital of Bashkortostan has the title of the greenest city in Russia. Here are about a dozen large green areas, enveloping residential areas in a cloud of freshness. And that’s not counting squares, alleys and plantings in the yards! Maybe that’s why it’s so easy to breathe in Ufa – huge lungs absorb all the pollution and harmful emissions.

    If we talk about architectural landmarks of the city, there are not many of them. Among them should be noted the Nativity of the Virgin Church, the Guest Court, the house-museum of S. T. Aksakov and a few stone estates, adapted for museums. The rest of the monuments are the so called remodeled ones, which nevertheless give the Bashkir capital a modern and unique look.

    What to see and where to go in Ufa?

    The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and a brief description.

    Monument to Salavat Yulaev

    Salavat Yulaev is a national hero of Bashkiria, who fought for the independence of his people in the time of Catherine II. The monument in his honor was established in 1967 on the Belaya river. Sculptor S.D. Tavasiev depicted the hero on horseback. The height of the statue together with its granite pedestal is 14 meters and its weight is 40 tons. This is the largest equestrian sculpture in Russia. The monument stands on the highest point of the center of Ufa, it is clearly visible from afar.

    Monument to Salavat Yulaev.

    Fountain “Seven girls”

    The sculptural group of seven maiden figures and two marble pools was created in 2015 based on a Bashkir legend about seven sisters who chose captivity over death in the waters of the lake. The author of the project H. Khabibrakhmanov copied the images from the female members of the folk dance ensemble. There is a screen set near the fountain, which broadcasts the performance of this group, as well as the natural sights of Bashkortostan.

    The Seven Girls Fountain.

    Marten House” sculpture

    Made of bronze composition dedicated to the marten, symbol of the city. It was installed in front of the Gostiny Dvor in 2010. The sculptural group is a tree with a small house where two little animals live: one of them looks out of the window, while the other stands on the branches with his tail extended, as if to say hello to his friend (or girlfriend?). The sculpture has become one of the places where wedding motorcades arrive.

    Lyalya Tulpan Mosque

    Muslim temple built in 1998, the spiritual center of Ufa. The building was erected on voluntary donations with the support of the republican authorities. The structure was designed by V. V. Davlyatishin in the form of a blooming tulip. The two minarets of the mosque resemble blossoming buds. The prayer halls are intended for 1000 people, also here there are classrooms and a dormitory.

    Lyalya Tulpan Mosque.

    Al-Rahim Mosque

    Construction of the shrine began in 2007, with completion scheduled for 2019. The building was laid to commemorate the 450th anniversary of Bashkortostan’s entry into Russia. The architectural style can be defined as classical Islamic with national Bashkir motifs. The interior and exterior decoration was and is done by hand with the use of gilded decorative details and marble mosaics.

    Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos

    The main Orthodox church in Ufa and one of the most beautiful architectural monuments of the city. It was built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1934 it was closed like many others, confiscating church property. In 1991, the building was returned to the faithful, after which the reconstruction began. Today this picturesque church, with its sky-blue color and golden domes, is a real decoration of the cityscape.

    Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos.

    Congress Hall

    A modern building from 2007 in the style of high-tech, diluted with Bashkir national motifs, which is also called “House of Peoples’ Friendship”. It was commissioned by the republican Ministry of Culture. On its territory there is a museum complex, conference halls, a restaurant with national cuisine, a winter garden, a shopping center and an underground parking lot.

    Congress hall.

    Gostiny Dvor

    Traditional shopping malls, which seem to have existed in every big city of the Russian Empire. Ufa Gostiny Dvor was built in the 19th century in the classical style. At the turn of the 21st century it was adapted into a modern shopping and business complex. In 1980s the ensemble was even supposed to be demolished, but the public rallied to its defense, so the architectural monument was preserved.

    Gostiny Dvor.

    Ufa Arena

    A complex designed for sports events (mainly hockey games) and concerts. It was built in 2007. Inside there are two ice rinks, rooms for coaches and athletes, stands and parking lots. The arena is designed for more than 8,000 spectators. Many hockey championships, both world and federal levels, as well as matches between local teams have been held here.

    Ufa Arena.

    Friendship Monument

    Monument, laid in 1957 in honor of the 400th anniversary of the accession of Bashkiria to Russia. Previously the Trinity Church which was blown up in 1956 was located at the site of the monument. The construction of the monument was protracted for a long time – it was installed only in 1965. A group of Moscow sculptors and architects worked on the project. The composition is an obelisk in the form of a sword, bronze figures of women with wreaths in their hands, depicting Russia and Bashkiria, and bas-reliefs.

    Friendship Monument.

    Russian Drama Theatre of Bashkortostan

    Ufa saw its first theatrical performance in 1772. During the XVIII – XIX centuries amateur productions were staged mainly in the city, but on a regular basis. The development of theater art in Ufa was greatly facilitated by the help of local patrons of the arts. The first building of 400 seats Theater was constructed of wood in 1861. During the following decades the stage moved several times.

    Russian Drama Theatre of Bashkortostan.

    Bashkir Opera and Ballet Theater

    The opera stage has existed in Ufa since 1938. Today, it is located in a building built in 1920, designed by P. P. Rudavsky (the last reconstruction was carried out in 2014). This building is a historical and architectural monument of the capital of Bashkortostan. The theater’s premiere production was an opera by the Italian composer D. Paiziello, performed in the Bashkir language.

    Bashkir Opera and Ballet Theatre.

    Tatar Nur Theater

    A drama theater focusing on works by Bashkir and Tatar authors, both classics and representatives of the modern theatrical school. Works by foreign playwrights are also performed here. It is believed that Nur was founded as early as 1912. The company toured widely in the Russian Empire, but disintegrated in 1918. The stage revival happened in 1989.

    M. Karim Youth Theater

    The theater was founded in 1989 as a theater for young people. It has been housed in the modern building since 2002. Since its opening there have been two groups: Bashkir and Russian – each has its own repertoire and puts on performances in its own language. Over the years the stage has managed to take part in many regional and all-Russian festivals. The main mission of the theater is to encourage young people’s love of art and their sense of beauty.

    The M. Karim Youth Theatre.

    The Theatre of Drama named after Magit Gafurin. Mazhit Gafuri Drama Theatre

    It is another Ufa Drama Theatre, which was officially founded in 1914 in Sterlitamak and moved to Ufa in 1922. The building of the theater was erected in 1932 on the place of the destroyed church. Today it is considered a monument of architecture. The repertoire is quite extensive and includes classical plays, works of national authors as well as modern productions on topical subjects.

    Drama Theatre named after M. Gafuri. Mazhit Gafuri Theatre.

    National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan

    The collection is housed in a historical building from 1905, formerly owned by the Peasant Land Bank, which was shut down in 1917. In total, the museum has 35 exhibition halls, which are placed archaeological, ethnographic, natural science and art collections, introducing the visitor to the history of peoples living on the territory of Bashkiria.

    National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan.

    S. T. Aksakov House-Museum

    The museum exposition is devoted to the personality of the Russian writer and public figure. It is located in a wooden house, an architectural monument of the 18th century, which used to belong to Sergey Timofeyevich’s grandfather. The mansion was restored in the 1980s under the supervision of Moscow artists. The exhibition was opened to the public in 1991. It is located in 14 halls and consists of 3 thousand items.

    House Museum of S. T. Aksakov.

    Art Museum named after M. V. Nesterov

    М. Nesterov – Russian and Soviet painter, a native of the capital of Bashkiria. In 1913 he gave the city a collection of works by artists of the early XIX – XX centuries, taking care of the cultural education of his countrymen. The museum was founded in 1919, and opened to the public in 1920. The exhibition consists of paintings by Nesterov himself, objects of ancient Russian art, paintings of the XIX-XX centuries, modern works and national art.

    Art Museum named after M. V. Nesterov.

    Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography

    The collection is located on the territory of the mansion of 1910, which belonged to the local merchantess E. A. Ponosova-Mollo. This building was the first in Ufa with elements of Art Nouveau style (although its appearance is clearly dominated by classical and baroque features). The exposition is devoted to archeological and ethnographic history of South Ural, as well as culture and life of people who lived on its lands.

    Museum of Archeology and Ethnography.

    Republican Museum of Military Glory

    The museum is located within Victory Park. It was opened in 2000 to commemorate the 55th anniversary of the end of WWII. The building was erected in just 9 months. Thanks to its laconic and modern architecture, it blended harmoniously into its surroundings. The collection is a collection of weapons, military uniforms, personal documents, soldiers’ letters and other thematic exhibits.

    Republican Museum of Military Glory.

    Victory Park

    A memorial complex and park for walks and recreation, founded in 1947. In addition to monuments to heroes, there is a museum of Military Glory and an exhibition of WWII military equipment: tanks, artillery and BMPs. In winter there is a small ski slope. In any season of the year there are festivals and folk festivals. Also newlyweds often come here for photo sessions.

    Victory Park.

    Ivan Yakutov Park

    Park of entertainment and amusement designed for guests of all ages. Here you can ride a pony, rent a boat, take a ride on the children’s railroad, try yourself on the game stimulator and do a dozen of other interesting things. The newlyweds can organize a wedding ceremony near the wedding tree, and in the restaurant “Quiet Harbor” to arrange a banquet.

    Park named after Ivan Yakutov.

    Salavat Yulaev Garden

    Another green area in Ufa, which decorates the city and is designed for walks. The garden was founded in 1900: the descent to the river was ennobled, the territory was planted with oaks, birches, pines and lilacs, arbors and cast-iron gates were placed. In the 1950s, pavilions and amusements appeared. In the late 1980s, the park fell into disrepair, but today, after reconstruction, it is once again a city landmark.

    The Salavat Yulayev Garden.

    Kashkadan Park

    The landscaped green area appeared in 2002 around the lake of the same name. It offers visitors an equipped beach, walking paths, “Path of health”, water transport rental, bicycles, rollerblades and other vehicles, a variety of attractions. Various sports competitions, exhibitions, fairs, concerts are regularly held in “Kashkadan”.

    Kashkadan Park.

    Mazhit Gafuri Park

    The largest park in Ufa, covering an area of 29 hectares. It is divided into two zones: the first has rides and entertainment, the second is landscaped woodland. In winter, visitors can enjoy various kinds of activities: skating and tubing. In summer, you can pay a visit to the equestrian base, ride rides or spend time at the karting track.

    Park named after Mazhit Gafuri.

    Mustay Karim Square

    In 2013, Ufa acquired another park – the park named after M. Karim. The central composition of the park is the sculptural group dedicated to the poet. The park has fountains, lanes for pedestrians, and colorful flowerbeds. At night time the square is illuminated by the lighting system, which makes it even more picturesque.

    Square named after Mustaia Karim.

    Alexander Matrosov Garden

    The park appeared in 1867 on the territory between the governor’s house and the cathedral, where usually the livestock grazed. Apparently, the town governor did not like such neighbourhood and decided to ennoble the place, transforming it into a recreation zone. During the XX century the garden had repeatedly changed its appearance. Due to its proximity to several universities the place is quite popular among Ufa students.

    The garden of Alexander Matrosov.

    Ufa Botanical Garden

    The City Botanical Garden was created in 1932 to preserve the plant diversity of the region, breeding of rare species, acclimatization of ornamental and fruit species, as well as for scientific research. Since 1991 it functions as an independent institute. You can come here as to an ordinary park for a walk to look at the diversity of fauna and appreciate the beauty of nature.

    Ufa Botanical Garden.

    Aksakov Park

    The park is located on the site of a public garden, laid out on the funds of the merchant Blokhin in the XIX century. At that time there was a wooden theater. The main attraction is a small pond with swans (there is a special house for them). Sometimes fishing competitions are held at this pond, although independent fishing is prohibited. As in other Ufa parks, there are amusement rides here.

    Aksakov park.

    Belaya River

    The Belaya River is the most full-flowing tributary of the Kama. It flows through the whole of Bashkortostan to the border with Tatarstan, its length is just over 1.4 thousand km. Locals call it “Agidel”, which is a direct translation of the Russian name in Bashkir. Within Ufa waterway is navigable. Belaya attracts many tourists-lovers of rafting. Along its banks are picturesque rocks, caves and forests.

    Belaya river.

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