Top 30 sights of the Kola Peninsula – description and photos

30 main sights of the Murmansk region

The Murmansk region, located on the border with two countries at once, knows how to surprise travelers. Most people only know about the northwest region of the country in general terms. The proximity to Europe, the cold climate, the access to the sea – this range of features could not but affect the attractions of the territory.

Lovers of natural beauty will find something to do, exploring the bays, nature reserves, tundra and lakes. Much in the area is associated with the history of the fleet – this is another tourist destination that attracts visitors. There is enough in the area and typical for most cities museums of local history, historical and architectural monuments, as well as local attractions, making Murmansk what it is at the moment.

The most interesting and beautiful places in the region

List, pictures with names and descriptions of popular sights!

Kola Bay

Located in the Barents Sea. Kola and Tuloma flow into it. There are several natural islands of different sizes. The bay is quite narrow and divided into three bends. It extends for fifty-seven kilometers. The western shore is flatter, the eastern is covered with rocks and sharp bluffs. In 2005, a bridge was opened, on which you can cross the Kola Bay by car.



The village was first mentioned in the 16th century, and has had the current status since 1997. The name is derived from the nearby river. Tourists come here to admire the natural beauty, the polar night, the Barents Sea, the Arctic Ocean. The peculiarities of the climate allow to go kitesurfing all year round in Teriberka. On the coast there is a self-made graveyard of ships. One of the reasons is almost complete prohibition on fishing.



Mountain massif and national park on the Kola Peninsula. It was formed in the Carboniferous period and occupies an area of more than one thousand three hundred square kilometers. The slopes here are steep, there are also snowfields and glaciers. Among the Khibins, there are a lot of species which have been registered in the Red Book. The highest mountain of the area is Yudychvumchorr. Its peak is located at a distance of one thousand two hundred meters above sea level.


Memorial “Alyosha”.

Built in 1974. Located in Murmansk on the Zeleny Cape. Dedicated to the heroes who defended the Arctic Circle during the Second World War. By itself “Aliosha” is a figure of a soldier in a helmet and cape with a rifle behind his back. The total height of the pedestal and the monument is over forty meters. In front of it there is the eternal flame, on the side there is a pyramid, a symbol of mourning, and a bit further there are anti-aircraft guns and commemorative plates.


Tours of the Kola Peninsula

Kandalaksha nature reserve.

It was founded in 1932. Located on the coast and islands. The area together with the water area exceeds seventy thousand hectares. The main purpose of the reserve is to preserve several species of birds, including eider. Flora and fauna are diverse, characteristic of the area and numerous, thanks to special conditions and protection. You can get here as part of an organized group with a guide.



The lake is located on the Kola Peninsula in the mountain massif of the Lovozero Tundras. It is located at an altitude of about one hundred and ninety meters above sea level. Its length is about eight kilometers, width varies and reaches two and a half kilometers. In addition to the beautiful view, Seidozero is famous for the attention of ufologists, occultists and science fiction writers. To confirm their parascientific theories, they organize expeditions to the area.


Kola Bridge

The project was developed in the early 90s. Completed and opened in 2005. Its length exceeds 1500 meters. The bridge crossing in the aggregate is a kilometer longer. It has four lanes. One can move by car as well as on foot. It is a transport artery, a link not only to remote areas of the region, but also the way to the neighboring Norway and Finland.


Lapland Nature Reserve

It was founded in 1930. The total area is almost two hundred and eighty thousand hectares. The goals of the reserve are to preserve the region’s nature in its pristine state, to prevent the extinction of rare species and excessive human influence. A specially protected animal species is the reindeer. Available for eco-tourism, but accompanied by guides and along certain routes.


Nuclear-powered icebreaker “Lenin”.

Was in operation since 1957 to 1989. Served the Northern Sea Route. For the first time in history a nuclear reactor was installed on “Lenin” for surface ships. Being eternally moored in Murmansk, the icebreaker became a museum. Its exposition is dedicated both to the past of the ship and the Navy as a whole. The collection of rarities is constantly replenished and the themes are expanding.

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Kola Superdeep Borehole

A mining excavation entered in the Guinness Book of World Records as the deepest human dive into our planet. The well is more than twelve thousand meters deep. In the early 1990s the project was frozen. The entire research center was mothballed. The gradual destruction of the facilities is a natural process. The well is in a dismal condition, but can be restored.


Kanozersky petroglyphs.

Discovered in 1997. Rock paintings are located on the islands of Kanozero: Gorely, Spruce, Kamenny. In total more than a thousand drawings were found. They are dated III-II millennia BC. Seriously protect the petroglyphs from vandals and tourists began only in the early 2000s. First, a museum was opened next to them, and in 2014, the images were covered with a transparent dome to prevent their destruction.


Natural Park “Sredny and Rybachy Peninsula”

The total area is more than eighty thousand hectares. It is a specially protected area. The main objectives are the preservation of rare species, the ecology of the region, and the objects of the Great Patriotic War. When visiting the Natural Park is necessary to observe a number of rules of conduct. Groups must get a permit. Parking outside designated areas is prohibited. Other activities are also regulated and restricted.


Svyatonos Lighthouse

It was built in 1862. It is located on the Cape Svyatoy Nos. The lighting system was constantly changing. In the late 30’s there was electricity in the lighthouse. Now the equipment inside the rarity building is state-of-the-art. Its light extends for eight miles. The lighthouse operates, performing a direct function, while also being part of the cultural and historical heritage of the region.


Cape Ship Amethysts

Founded in 1986. It is located on the Kola Peninsula in the Tersky District. The natural monument is under protection, human activity is limited here, although it is not forbidden to visit the cape. The local vein of amethyst is completely depleted, but has a historical value. For example, it was used by the Pomors in the 16th century. In addition, the area is picturesque, the proximity of the sea makes it attractive to tourists.


Kuzomen sands

The array refers to a type of weakly fixed sands and in fact is not a desert. Popular destination for lovers of riding on the dunes in various vehicles. The area stretches for thirteen kilometers along the coast. Due to a number of factors, including – human activity – the area of Kuzomen sands is expanding. Work is currently underway to prevent this.


Seids .

Located near the village of Tumanniy. These huge boulders of bizarre shape had ritual significance in the past. Probably, the melting of glaciers was the reason of their appearance. At the disappearance of water the stones have taken the present position and became objects of worship of ancient peoples. Nowadays, seids are popular for photo sessions, as well as next to them strollers to be infused with a special energy.


Murmansk Labyrinth

Located on the top of the hill. The stones inside are laid out in a circle. They are quite small. When you look closely, you can see that they are installed fragile, and the winds do not carry parts of the structure around. The paths inside are not overgrown. There are isolated trees and piles of boulders all around and the place looks picturesque. From here you have a panoramic view of the valley.


Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute

Founded in 1931. The northernmost institution of this type in Russia, and one of only three botanical gardens in the world, located above the Arctic Circle. The total area exceeds 1500 hectares, most of it is protected. Here research work is carried out, plants are adapted to new climatic conditions, the flora of the North is studied, and educational tours are offered.


Semyonovskoye Lake

Located in the north of Murmansk. It is named after a fisherman. The area is about twenty hectares. The life around the lake goes on all year round. Nearby are: the memorial “Alyosha”, the children’s creative development center, the oceanarium, the “walrus” society. In summer, they turn on the fountain, run a boat station and amusement park. Tourists also come to see the anthracnail, a local natural monument.


Lovozero Tundra

Located on the Kola Peninsula between Umbozero and Lovozero. Mount Angvundaschorr is the highest in the whole massif. Its height is more than a thousand hundred meters. On the flat tops there is no vegetation at all. But the lower part of sloping slopes is covered with dense coniferous forests. In the center of the Lovozero tundras is Seidozero. The area is surrounded by legends and popular beliefs.


Varzuga village.

First mentioned in 1466. It belongs to the Tersky district. Located on both banks of the Varzuga. The main attractions of the area are the wooden churches. Dormition Church was built in 1674. There was a break in divine services, but now the church is active again. Afanasievskaya is older and also working. Petropavlovskaya church was consecrated in 1864, now only opens on Orthodox holidays.

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Amazonites of Mount Sail

Natural monument. The status was obtained in 1980. One hectare is under protection. The height of the mountain is more than three hundred and sixty meters. The place is unique because of its structure and the structure of the amazonite mined on the territory. In addition, there are other minerals, albeit to a much lesser extent. The deposit in the Murmansk region is one of the two largest in Russia.


Mill Cascade waterfall

Located on the Titovka. The river used to be called Kitovka because of the fishery that existed at its mouth. The mountain river has a fast flow, cool waters and many rapids. There has never been a mill in the place of the waterfall, and the ruins harmoniously blended in the landscape are the remains of the hydroelectric power plant. Tourists come here for a walk, as well as to watch the trout, which jump out of the water during spawning.


Lighthouse Memorial in Murmansk

Opened in 2002. Hexagonal structure rises to almost eighteen meters. The first floor is occupied by a museum. On the walls are fixed memorial plaques. Books of memory are kept. Nearby is an anchor, and under it a capsule with sea water. In 2009, there was installed a part of the cabin of “Kursk” submarine. It became a tribute to the submariners, who died in peacetime.


Museum of the Northern Fleet Air Force

Founded in 1976 in the village of Safonovo. There are three museum halls: the wartime, the postwar period and the hall of memory. The exhibition consists of photographic materials, documents, personal belongings of pilots and aircraft equipment. In 1983 the museum of Gagarin was opened nearby. The cosmonaut’s house, which he used to occupy during his service in Polar region, became the place for it. The interior has been reconstructed, and stands devoted to Gagarin and other things.


Museum of the History of the Murmansk Shipping Company.

Opened in 1977. The exhibition includes a collection of documents, maps, photographs, portraits of captains, instruments for navigation in different years and much more. In three halls are displayed rarities, according to the themes: transport and ice fleet, nuclear fleet and a diorama, dedicated to the development of the Northern Sea Route. Separate collections are devoted to the nature of the Arctic, model ships and so on.


Museum and Exhibition Center “Apatite

It was founded in 1932. Located in Kirovsk. The important exhibits are minerals collected and mined in the Murmansk region. There are also “guests” from other countries, exhibited in neighboring exhibition halls. Seminars and thematic events are held in the exhibition center, the premises host other exhibitions for a while, though rarely. Tours are designed for all ages of tourists.


St. Nicholas wooden church in Kovda

Built in 1705. It bears the name of Nicholas the Wonderworker. It is a monument of wooden architecture. There is a bell tower and the church building is surrounded by a fence. Closed in the sixties of the last century. Since 1991 it is formally under restoration, although the works are constantly being suspended and stopped. It was declared a monument of cultural heritage of peoples of Russia.


Abandoned Kirovsk railway station.

It functioned from 1939 to 1996. The appearance of a new branch line demanded the construction of the station. When it was no longer needed, the station fell into oblivion. Part of the roadbed was dismantled, the same fate befell the contact network. The station building was a sight to behold, given its size and amenities. It is now in disrepair, having gone through looting and fire.


Big Woodyavr Ski Resort

It is located on the slopes of Aikuaivenchorr Mountain. The tracks of different complexity will suit both first-time skiers and professionals. More than half of them are illuminated in the dark. The total length of the slopes is 25 kilometers. There is equipment rent, a rope road, and you can hire an instructor. On the territory there are storage rooms and a cafe with panoramic views.

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The Murmansk region is an unusual region in many ways. Despite the fact that it occupies a single peninsula, the variety of landscapes in its different parts is stunningly beautiful. Here you can find endless swamps and high mountain ranges, tundra open to the whole world and taiga forests, sandy beaches on the seashore turn into massive impregnable cliffs.

The Kola Peninsula of the Murmansk region is a paradise for geologists who can find many varieties of ornamental stones and rocks here. Those who are interested in ethnography will be interested in the villages of the Kola peoples, and those who are interested in nature will enjoy the Lapland and Kandalaksha nature reserves.

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Church of the Dormition of the Holy Virgin (Varzuga)

Restored Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1674) in the village Varzuga, Murmansk region is a remarkable monument of architecture, built without a single nail. Dormition Cathedral is very beautiful and is a perfect creation of a great master. From a distance it seems perfect and amazingly slender. Its silhouette seems to merge with the surrounding area. Up close the church looks beautiful, solemn and majestic. The height of the main volume of the cathedral is 13 m, and the rest of the superstructure is 21 m. Such a ratio of size is the “golden ratio of the pyramid”. The roof of the building of the cathedral has a form of an equal-pointed cross.

The beauty of the construction was achieved not only by the slender forms, but also by the external decorative trim – the presence of a set of porch pillars, beautiful carved details, window platbands, the lace framing of the bottom and top part of the dome, the patterned ends of a slat roof, beaded ridges and lapels. All details were made of wood in various shades, from dark and reddish-brown to golden and silvery-white. In the sacred place there is a beautiful iconostasis, which includes 84 icons.

The Church of the Assumption has survived to this day, but not in its original form. Despite some changes, the holy place has not lost its artistic integrity, simplicity, orderliness and solemnity. Assumption Cathedral is the best among the wooden tent monasteries of the north.

“Teriberka – a journey to the ends of the earth”.


Excursion by off-road vehicles to an old fishing village on the coast of the Barents Sea. Here is the only access to the Arctic Ocean in Russia. Here took place shooting of the sensational film “Leviathan”.

You can see a real seid – the sacred stone of the Lapps, walk along the sandy beach of the Arctic Ocean, “The beach of giants”, the waterfall, which flows into the Barents Sea, the cemetery of ships and dinners with dishes of the freshest seafood.

Museum of Mineralogy and Geology

The museum was founded in the 30s in Apatity, Murmansk region. During the Great Patriotic War a fire at the station where the building was located destroyed all the collections. In the postwar years a new, no less valuable collection is created at the Geological Institute.

The museum’s holdings include more than 9000 thousand different samples of ores, minerals and rocks of the Kola Peninsula, most of which are unique and rare. The exposition of the unusual place is presented from: collection of ores and other minerals, collection of unusual and beautiful rocks, systematic collection of minerals, as well as collection of the newest minerals found in the location of the Kola Peninsula.

There are also collections of magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks, numbering over 900 specimens. On the territory of the Kola Peninsula there are large deposits of cobalt, apatite, various rare metals, ceramic and high alumina raw materials, facing and ornamental stones. More than 800 representatives of ores and minerals of the Murmansk region are presented in the museum.

Attractions of the Murmansk region

Attractions of the Murmansk region. The most important and interesting sights of the Murmansk region – photos and videos, descriptions and reviews, location, sites.

Abram Cape

Murmansk In the vicinity of Murmansk there are many objects with a name that includes the word “Abram”. Old men explain it with an ancient legend: allegedly, the case was in the 16th century, during the reign of the formidable Tsar Ivan IV. At that distant time on the Kola Peninsula lived a priest named Barlaam.

Amazonites of Mount Sail

Murmansk region, Lovozero district, Lovozero forestry, Verkhne-Ponoy forestry, compartment 75, cluster 19, the Kola Peninsula is called an open air mineralogical museum. One of its “exhibits” – “Amazonites of Mount Parusnaya. A deposit of this valuable bluish-green mineral was discovered in the Lovozero district of the Murmansk region in 1920.

Cape Ship Amethysts

Murmansk region, Tersky district, rural settlement Varzuga There is a unique place on the southern coast of the Kola Peninsula, on the Tersky coast – Cape Korabl. Among the red sandstone here emerge lodes of semi-precious stones. They have been actively extracted here since the 16th century, and in the 20th even with the use of explosives.

Lamb’s forehead near Semenovskoye lake

Murmansk, the peak Zelenyi Mys, climbers and geologists nicknamed “ram foreheads” the granite rocks, flattened by the glaciers crawling over them. It is not easy to overcome this obstacle, so the tourist routes bypass them, but it is not forbidden to admire the beautiful creations of nature.

Kola Bridge

Murmansk, Pervomaisky district The bridge across Kola Bay (or simply Kola Bridge) is considered one of the main objects of pride among citizens of Murmansk. This 2,5 kilometers long crossing not only connects two sides of Kola Bay, but is exceptionally beautiful in any season, at any time of the day or night.

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The Kukisvumchorr complex, also known as the “25th kilometer”, is a cult place for fans of skiing holidays in the Khibiny. Conveniently located not far from Kirovsk, the resort attracts mostly those who are not confused by rope tows on a steep slope and problems with timely cleaning of the slopes.

Lapland Nature Reserve

Murmansk region, Monchegorsk, Zelyony per. 8, Laplandsky reserve – the land of bottomless lakes, evergreen forests, severe rocks and ineffable atmosphere of the greatness of Mother Nature. The history of appearance of this reserve is closely connected with vigorous explorations of the North in general and of the Kola Peninsula in particular in 20-30s of the last century.

Lovozero Tundra

Murmansk region, Revda village, Karnasurt mine The Lovozero tundras of the Kola Peninsula, which are a horseshoe-shaped massif over 350 million years old, have long attracted researchers of unusual phenomena. Numerous cases of shifting have been recorded on its territory.

Lighthouse Memorial in Murmansk

Murmansk, 9 Kilda Str. Murmansk is really a city that is inextricably linked with the sea, which literally lives and breathes the sea. But as you know, apart from the gifts and beauties that its salty waters can give people, the harsh elements can also take away the most precious thing a person has – life.


Murmansk region, island. Between Murmansk and Teriberka, on the coast of the Barents Sea there is a small island called Kildin. There are many small rivers and lakes there, but only one lake has eerie name – Mogilnoye, although it has nothing to do with its mysterious nature.

Sea Station in Murmansk

Murmansk, Portoviy pr, 25 In 2021 the Sea Station in Murmansk experienced its third birth. The wooden building on the spot was erected back in 1935, it withstood bombardments and was replaced by a stone one only a quarter of a century later.

Museum of Northern Fleet Air Force

Murmansk Region, Safonovo village The first base and airfield for seaplanes of the Red Banner Northern Fleet were established in 1936 in the bay of Gryaznaya Guba, not far from the legendary and closed city of Severomorsk. A few decades later, a huge amount of equipment and archival materials have been accumulated here.

Museum of the History of the Murmansk Shipping Company.

Murmansk, 6 Volodarskogo St. The cold northern city of Murmansk, originally called Romanov-on-Murman, was founded as a major seaport. Therefore, of course, almost all its attractions are somehow connected with the sea and marine themes. I’d like to mention the Museum of the History of the Murmansk Sea Shipping Company.

Museum and exhibition .

Kirovsk, Lenin avenue, 4a In a small northern city of the Murmansk region is located one of the most interesting museums in Russia – museum and exhibition center of mining company “Apatite”, it is also a Museum of Stone in Kirovsk.

Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore

Murmansk, 90 Lenin Ave. In the port city of Murmansk, there are many interesting sights, each of which has preserved a piece of history of this place. However, to see the whole life of the city from its foundation to the present day, you should visit the Murmansk Regional Museum of Local Lore.

Murmansk Regional Museum of Art

Murmansk, 13 Ulitsa Kominterna In Murmansk, on the Square of Five Corners in front of the bus station is the only art museum of the polar region. The first stone building on the street, surrounded by wooden huts, was erected in 1927 for the Transporters cooperative, the two lower floors were occupied by the stores, the third by the canteen.

Murmansk Oceanarium

Murmansk, 4 Heroev-Severomortsev Avenue The Murmansk Seaquarium is not only a popular attraction of the city, but also an important research center, Europe’s only complex for the study of Arctic seals. The Oceanarium is located on the Semenovskoye Lake and three times a day it receives visitors for entertainment performances.

Monument “Waiting”

46 Chumbarova-Luchinskogo St., Murmansk Families of Murmansk people have long been separated by the surf line – men went to the ocean, and women were waiting for them on the shore, hoping that the sea will return the betrothed or the father of the family. The amateur poet Victor Timofeev wrote a poem “Sentimental Watch”, where he expressed the idea of a monument to the Waiting.

Monument to victims of the intervention in Murmansk

Murmansk, Leningradskaya St., public garden at the Museum of Art The British, American and French interventionists who landed in the Arctic Circle turned Iokanga, an unfinished naval military base beyond the Arctic Circle, into a hard labor prison, where they threw at least 1500 revolutionary sailors and workers of new Russia.

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Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute

Kirovsk, Botanical Garden Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute is the world’s first Polar botanical garden. It is located on the Kola Peninsula, in the Khibiny Mountains, on the banks of small rivers and lakes with difficult Finnish names. It was founded in 1931, designed by an enthusiastic botanist and geographer N.A. Avrorin.

Murmansk region is a harsh land, in some places it seems inhospitable, but it certainly fascinates with its northern beauty. Polar days and nights, northern lights, indigenous peoples living the same way they did hundreds of years ago. All this is a reason to see the Russian polar region at least once in your life. The northern nature is amazing. Even if you don’t have a chance to take a dog sled ride in the tundra, you should at least see what it is all about. But it’s not the landscapes and the Northern Lights that attract tourists. For many years a strange anomaly has been observed in these places: people start to experience animal fear without reason, and some people disappear without any trace. However, this does not happen to everyone: some, on the contrary, feel a strange and unexpected burst of strength and energy. Seidozero is located in the mountain bowl here – near it, this influence is felt especially strongly. Local residents call this phenomenon “as the mountains have decided, so it will be” and take all the legends very seriously.

Indigenous locals already have snowmobiles and brick houses, but they still do hunting and fishing, like their ancestors.

A less magical but also picturesque place is the Amazonites of Sail Mountain. This, too, is a mountain range where there is a deposit of a blue-green mineral, amazonite. This ornamental stone lies here literally under your feet, so the mountain from afar has such a beautiful turquoise color.

In recent years, ethno-tourism has become increasingly popular in the Murmansk region. Local inhabitants – Lopari – still live the way their forefathers and more ancient ancestors lived: they breed reindeer, hunt and fish. On one hand, every second family already has a snowmobile, but the ancient traditions turned out to be stronger, and the Lapps’ way of life has not changed a lot. They live in the villages of Lovozero and Revda, at the very edge of the tundra, and regular excursions go there from Murmansk.

For the newlyweds, who want to remember their wedding for a long time, there is an ice registry office in Khibiny (near Kirovsk). It is very convenient: you do not need to cool champagne for the solemn moment!

As in any region with major seaports, there is a number of museums devoted to the history of the fleet and the military. For example, museum of history of Murmansk Shipping Company which exposition tells about exploration of the Northern Sea Route, about brave captains, and the main pride of the museum is a model of nuclear reactor.

Almost the entire history of this region is connected with the sea. That is why it was in Murmansk that the lighthouse-memorial appeared, dedicated to the memory of all the sailors who died in peacetime. It is impossible to use this lighthouse for its direct purpose – the height and unsuitable location, but it reconstructed all the equipment for transmitting signals. In the tower, at the height of 18 m, there is a hall of memory with plaques and a book listing the names of the dead.

Lapland Nature Reserve

The Lapland Reserve is located in the western part of the Kola Peninsula near the beautiful Imandra Lake in the Murmansk region. The main value of the beautiful place is untouched wildlife, which is in its pristine natural state. The area of the Lapland Reserve is 278 thousand hectares, which is the largest protected area in the Murmansk region and Europe.

The climate in these beautiful places is softened by the influence of the warm Atlantic Current. Average temperature in the coldest month (February) is about -130C. The season of white nights in the Murmansk region lasts for 100 days, and the polar night lasts for 25 days.

The area is rich in animals, you can find here elk, brown bear, wild reindeer, fox, marten, wolf, otter and others. Among birds one can see the Lapland grouse, Siberian coot, woodpecker, hawk and white-tailed eagle. The water bodies are inhabited by 13 species of fish, 6 of which are salmon, reaching a weight of 4 kg. The flora is dominated by pine and spruce forests with birch and aspen forests, in the forests there are many different berry bushes – blueberries, cowberries, blueberries. In 1995 the authorities of the beautiful Lapland Reserve approved the project “Fairytale Lapland – Possessions of Santa Claus”, the mansion of which is situated on the shore of the Chunozero Lake.

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