Sights of Vyborg
The date of foundation of Vyborg is considered 1293, when Swedes built a fortified castle on the place of destroyed Karelian burg. Its surroundings passed to the Russian Empire as a result of the Great Northern War, according to the Treaty of Nishtadt. 1918 was a turning point – Finland declared independence, and Vyborg became the second largest village of the republic. As a result of the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940 it was annexed to the Soviet Union. The busy life of the land is reflected in the appearance of the city – here are the remains of the Swedish fortifications, imperial buildings, buildings of the Soviet period. What to see in Vyborg a tourist must decide in advance – there are many historical sites, one day is not enough. It is better to go at once for 3-4 days.
What to see in Vyborg in 1 day
Vyborg has a long history. The most interesting places – squares and streets of the historic part of town – retain the atmosphere of the past centuries. The excursion should begin with the castle, located on an island between the South and North Harbor.
What to visit in Vyborg? The most touristy place is the medieval castle, founded by the Swedes. It is small – only 122 by 170 meters. It consists of a seven-story tower of St. Olaf and a five-story building, which had living rooms, rooms for the ball, halls for the knights. Defensive guns were set up on the top floor of the castle, and the basement was used to store ammunition.
This famous place is the only remaining historical monument of medieval military architecture in Russia. There is a museum here, where exhibitions and expositions are constantly held. During the celebrations of anniversaries knightly duels are staged here, crafts and archery are taught.
To get to the Vyborg Castle there is a bus №1, 6, 12.
Address: Castle Island, 1.
Working schedule: Tue-Sat. 10:00-18:00.
House of the Merchant’s Guild of the Holy Spirit
It is a historical monument of architecture. It belongs to the famous four middle age burger houses. Such laconic structures – small fortresses – on the territory of Russia is only here.
It will take 20 minutes to get there on foot from the train station.
Address: 8, Vyborgskaya street.
Working hours: 24 hours a day.
Monument to Peter I
At the highest point of Vyborg – on Peter’s Hill – on a 3.5-meter granite pedestal stands a bronze statue of Peter I. The order to install it was issued by Nicholas II. This is a reminder of the conquest of the fortress from the Swedes. The historical landmark is known for the fact that it has been removed and returned several times.
The monument is located on the territory of Peter the Great Square, to which take bus number 2, 12, 122, 146, 147.
Address: Petrovsky park.
Working hours: 24 hours a day.
See other places of interest:
Monument to Thorgils Knutsson
On October 4, 1904 a monument to the first owner of the castle, Thorgils Knutsson, was erected on the square of the old town hall. In 1948 the sculpture was removed, and was returned only to the 700th anniversary of the founding of the city.
It is located on the embankment of the 40th anniversary of Komsomol.
Address: Krepostnaya ul. 2.
Working hours: 24 hours a day.
Monument to F. Apraksin
On Petrovskaya Square there is a monument to the associate of Peter the Great, Admiral-General Fyodor Apraksin, who commanded the Russian fleet during the conquest of these lands. It is a granite pedestal with a bust of the commander. The monument became the final point of the ensemble of three famous sculptures: Knutsson, Peter I and Admiral-General Apraksin.
It is located on the territory of Peter I square. From the railway station to it goes bus number 2, 12, 122, 146, 147.
Address: Crossing st. Krepostnoy Bridge and Petrovskaya embankment.
Working hours: 24 hours a day.
Memorial Plaque to the White Finns.
Authentic monument was established at the common grave of White Finns, supporters of the bourgeois national government, who died during the civil war in 1918. However, it was lost during the Soviet-Finnish War. Later a memorial plaque was erected there with inscriptions in 4 languages: Russian, Finnish, German and Swedish.
Top 25 Sights of Vyborg
Vyborg is a beautiful city in Russia, distinguished by its centuries-old history. Visitors flock here from all over the world due to the fact that the city has been influenced by European culture, which has left a mark on the appearance and architecture of the city. It is here you can see with your own eyes not only the islands, medieval castles, fortresses, towers, but the atmosphere of past centuries.
Guests of the city are glad to plunge into the charming and romantic atmosphere of the streets of Vyborg. Famous are 25 main attractions of Vyborg, where tourists from all over Russia and the world flock to.
The building is a medieval corner with narrow streets, stone houses and paving stones instead of sidewalk. Every tourist who gets there, plunges into the era of kings, knights and palace intrigues. The castle was built in the late 13th century by the Swedes, and over the centuries the structure was fortified, which allowed it to appear before our eyes as it is today. Since 1970, in the walls of the Vyborg Castle is a museum with a unique exhibition. Tourists can visit not only the courtyard and streets, but also a wine cellar.
It is the only and unique natural monument and conservation area. On the territory of the Russian Federation, it is the only rocky park with a unique and non-standard landscape. In ancient times, the territory of the reserve was intended for cattle grazing, but after the ennoblement of the Vyborg Fortress, the rulers of that time engaged in improvement of the territory of the Monrepo Reserve and created a unique park. On the territory of the park is not only unique landscapes, but also drained bogs, greenhouses, fruit and fruit trees. As in ancient times, artists and poets flock here. In the park Monrepo is beautiful at any time of year, and the buildings located in the territory are accessible to tourists.
Old Town Hall
Located in the center of the main square. Town Hall is a monument from the 17th century, where the burgomasters held meetings of the collegiums. The town hall was destroyed during the war, but in the 20th century the structure was restored. Today the town hall is a cultural heritage site, but people live within its walls.
It is a unique place not only for tourists, but also for the inhabitants of the city. Locals consider red square a place of bloody history, because it was there that supporters of kings were executed. In those days not only the square was stained with blood, but the waters flowing near it are where the central red square of Vyborg takes its name.
Alvar Aalto Library
The construction was designed by the Finnish architect and represents a cultural object. The library is known all over the world for its non-standard architecture. During the Great War, the structure was damaged, but over time it was restored and is now in the same mode of operation. The library carries not only cultural but also architectural value.
Hermitage in Vyborg
The Hermitage of Vyborg is a branch of the famous museum in St. Petersburg. It is organized in a school of painting and art museum. Since 2010 it is an incredible exhibition center with a unique creative and cultural life. Various collections, which are exhibited in the State Hermitage Museum, are on display. In addition to exhibitions there are master classes, temporary exhibitions, lectures and seminars. There are antique sculptures on the territory of the exhibition center.
The clock tower clock dates back to the 17th century. Historically, the clock was last replaced in the 19th century since then, the mechanism has worked without any malfunctions. The height of the structure is no more than 25 meters. The chapel is part of the cathedral, so there is a bell at the top, which weighs more than 60 tons. The purpose of the bell on the chapel is to alert residents that a church holiday is coming.
It functions in Vyborg since the middle of XIX century. Previously the marketplace was selling household items, shoes, clothing and food, today you can buy here memorable souvenirs, postcards and magnets. Festivals, celebrations and other festive events with large-scale entertainment programs are also held on the square.
This is an ancient artillery structure from the 16th century. It was originally intended to be used for artillery fire, but over the years its function has been changed and the tower was first a storehouse, then a cold-arms storehouse and for a time during World War II it served as a prison. In the twentieth century, the structure was restored and today it is the largest banquet hall in Vyborg and a trendy restaurant.
Salakka-Lahti Bay Quay
This is a famous promenade in Vyborg, which is equipped with a wide pedestrian zone. Elderly people enjoy strolling around the water, cyclists and children playing. During the planning process, the architects prepared original photo areas along the promenade. Also the central embankment of the bay is characterized by a number of attractions, which allows tourists not only to stroll, but also to consider the architectural structures of ancient times.
Located near the exhibition center and is an open-air museum. There are just over 10 figures, which are replicas of Italian artist of the XVIII century. The extensive architectural and landscape complex is characterized by green spaces and cobblestone sidewalks. Walking along the alley in the clear weather means to charge a positive mood and gradually reach the exhibition in the central Hermitage of Vyborg.
They appeared in Vyborg at the beginning of the XVIII century and were erected in order to protect against the Swedish army. But the construction was not needed by the inhabitants of Vyborg, so in the XIX century, an example of Russian defensive architecture was divided into two parts. Bastions are preserved on the walls of the fortification, and there are earth ramparts and ditches nearby. The construction of the structure was engaged by Peter I, so many tourists go here to explore his project. Interestingly, it is Annen’s fortifications that annually meet guests who participate in the created jousting tournaments.
Was built during the Swedish rule. The walls of the bastion are characterized by massive construction and small windows. The loopholes testify to the power of the construction. In the Middle Ages it was the Bastion that represented the most serious fortification, located on the shore of the Bay of Vyborg. At present it is a historical object, which is an integral part of the Vyborg Exhibition Centre.
This is a unique exhibition consisting of military paraphernalia of Finnish and Soviet origin. Here you can see leaflets, photographs, letters, uniforms and weapons of war times. All the exhibits, represented in the Karelian Isthmus Military Museum, have been found by enthusiasts and eyewitnesses on the battlefield. A special feature of the museum is that tourists are allowed not only to take pictures, but also touch the exhibits. Employees periodically conduct memory lessons, which fosters the military-patriotic spirit of the younger generation.
An ancient soldier’s garrison is a closed city with a high wall. Earlier it was possible to get into the town only through the central gate, which was locked at night. After the demolition of the main part of the brig’s fortification, the premises were used as a detention center and afterwards as a prison. In the twentieth century the structure was restored, so today it is a tourist center with a cozy restaurant.
In the twentieth centuries, a commercial firm was located inside this structure, but after some time the building was restored and renovated. Tourists are attracted by the asymmetric facade and granite facing tiles of the structure. The walls of the structure are decorated with carvings in the form of birds, animals and plants. Historically the structure was used as a home for many people in Vyborg for some time.
The structure was built in the XX century for the founder of a large company. The facade is lined with granite of dark red hue. Asymmetric balconies and windows are combined with lancet arches, and the main decoration of the walls of the structure are sculptures of female figures and ornaments. During the Second World War the construction was completely destroyed, but years later the government decided to rebuild the structure, so today the first floor is occupied by stores, and the upper floors are residential premises.
Cathedral of the Transfiguration
The temple was built by decree of Catherine the Great back in 1786. Initially the construction was not of the magnitude that it presents now, but over the years the temple has changed its appearance and was filled with individual elements. To this day, the church represents the main spiritual center of the city. The structure is designed in the classical style of the 19th century. A special feature of the temple is the clock tower, which functions for several centuries, and the ringing of its bells drowns out the bell of the police station.
This is a square that includes a cascade of three squares. Such an architectural solution can be found very rarely. The project of the square was created in the 17th century and it was on the cathedral square of Vyborg the most important events in the city took place. During the reign of Catherine the Great a new plan for the reconstruction of the city was created, as a result of which buildings in the classical style were built around the cathedral square. Continuation of the Cathedral Square is the Cathedral of the Transfiguration, kindergarten, diocesan center, as well as school and college.
Central Market of Vyborg
It is a brick building that includes shopping pavilions. The market was designed in the twentieth century, and for many years has been a center of trade. During the war, namely in 1945 the construction was destroyed, but the improvised kolkhoz market was set up there every day. The restoration of the central market was carried out in 1976 and today you can buy clothes, dishes, souvenirs, industrial goods and food. The fascinating shopping can be continued with a cup of tea or a drink in a cafe.
This is a unique landmark of Vyborg, because the drakkar ships are installed in front of the hotel “Druzhba”. Drakkars are large rooks, with the help of which the Vikings set out to sea. The image of a fierce dragon on the stern of a drakkar shows the high status of the owner. But it is interesting that Drakkars appeared in Vyborg only in 1984 and became popular overnight.
Colorful medieval town is a historical and cultural center. It is an open-air museum of an 8th-century fortress. The city is expanded and rebuilt every year. Viking Court is open to visitors all year round, thanks to which there are thematic programs where guests can participate. Workshops and interesting programs are also an integral part of the historical and ethnographic open-air museum.
It is located in front of the fortress and has a large open space. Initially, according to the project of the founders, there was supposed to be a square, but over time there appeared green areas, trees, shrubs and grass. From the point of view of modern people – it is a real green park with flowerbeds, lawns and comfortable benches. The Esplanade as a park first appeared in the XIX century, but gradually expanded. Today, there are fountains, rides and sculptures, which delight the eyes of tourists.
Temple of the Holy Prophet of God Elijah
It is an old church in the central neighborhood. Previously there was a stone church, acting as a hospital for the military hospital. In the eighteenth century the church was erected in wood, and after in the reconstruction of stone. After World War II on the site of the church was a dormitory and clubhouse, in the fifties the church was completely dismantled. The restoration of the Church of the Holy Prophet was carried out in 1991, and 5 years later the first service was held.
Church of Saints Peter and Paul
The only Protestant church in Vyborg. The 18th century was very difficult for the ancient building as it had to survive a number of major fires, after which the church became an army club, and at the end of the 20th century it regained all the rights of a temple. The structure was erected in the classical style and is located in the heart of the city. There is a Sunday school, and the territory is landscaped in the form of a park.
In Vyborg there are many interesting, fascinating and historical places where you can spend time and relax.