Argentina’s top 25 sights
Argentina is the fourth most visited country in the Americas. In 2010, it was visited by 5.3 million tourists. Such popularity is due to a comfortable climate and a wide variety of places of interest.
Many tourists come to Buenos Aires. The city is European, but with its own, South American charm. There are many museums, beautiful streets, well developed infrastructure. Different areas of the city have a very diverse atmosphere. The nature of Argentina is incredibly beautiful. All areas of Patagonia are very popular.
What to see in Argentina?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and a brief description.
City of Buenos Aires
The Argentine capital is the most Europeanized city in South America. It was founded in 1536, later it was destroyed. New construction was completed in 1580. The city is located on the west bank of the Rio de la Plata River. It is known for its historic districts with lively commerce, antique stores, cafes and restaurants. It is a modern metropolis with plenty of entertainment.
The complex consists of 275 waterfalls on the Iguazu River. They belong to the Argentine and Brazilian national parks. The complex is 2.7 km wide. The maximum height is 82 meters. The largest is the Devil’s Throat waterfall. Its width is 150 meters and its length is 700 meters. Together the waterfalls form a depression with a total area of 2.7 square kilometers. Iguazu has been named one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
This peninsula on Argentina’s Atlantic coast has been called a complete open-air zoo. Valdes is known for its fauna. It is home to nandu ostriches, guanacos, and maras. The coastal waters are home to long-eared seals, southern sea elephants, southern right whales, and sea lions. On a special farm live thousands of Magellanic penguins. There are salt lakes, reefs and rocks on the island.
The May Pyramid in Buenos Aires
In the central square of Buenos Aires is the May Pyramid. It is the country’s first patriotic monument. It was inaugurated on May 25, 1811 to commemorate the first anniversary of the May Revolution. At the top of the pyramid is a statue – an allegory of Liberty in the Phrygian cap. Its height is 3.6 meters. The height of the entire monument is 18 meters. In the last century, the plaster covering it was spotted on the marble.
It is located in the Andes, on the border of Argentina and Chile. It is one of Patagonia’s three non-retreating glaciers. It has an area of 250 square kilometers, a width of 5 km, and an average height of 170 meters. Perito Moreno is the third largest freshwater reservoir in the world. Periodically, it overflows into Lake Argentina. The rising water breaks the ice dam and pours out. It is a spectacle that particularly attracts tourists. The glacier itself is very easy to watch.
Cueva de las Manos Cave
This is a cave in the province of Santa Cruz, in the valley of the Pinturas River. It was once home to the people who were the forerunners of the Patagonian hunters. The cave is known for its human handprints painted on the walls. Predominantly the left palm of teenage boys. The imprinting was probably part of some kind of ritual. The oldest prints date back 9,000 years BC.
The Colón Theater.
The building we see now was laid in 1889. Construction did not end until 1908 because of the deaths of the architects and the sponsor. The theater seated 2,500 spectators, and up to 1,000 more could listen to concerts while standing. In the foyer of the theater there are busts of famous composers, and the interior is richly decorated. Tourists can take a tour of the theater, but it may cost more than a performance ticket.
Talampaya Nature Park.
This is a small but very interesting park in the province of La Rioja. Its area is 2 square kilometers. On the territory of the park there is a canyon with red rocks on which there are drawings, pictographs. From cracks in the rocks grow trees, in the oases and on the lawns shrubs, flowers and cacti. A favorite pastime of tourists in the canyon is to find a place where the echo can be heard for several minutes and shout different phrases.
Ischigualasto – Argentina’s Valley of the Moon
This valley in the province of La Rioja, which resembles the surface of the moon. Among its landscapes are many treasures for scientists. The remains of 54 species of dinosaurs, different reptiles, animals, plants have been found in the national park. Moon Valley has a museum where you can look at these exhibits. The park has rocks, lonely plants, and round rocks, the origin of which remains a mystery.
Los Glaciares National Park.
The park is located in the province of Santa Cruz. Its area is 4459 square kilometers. 30% of the park is covered by ice. There are 47 glaciers on its territory. Each part of the park has its own lake. It includes Argentina’s largest lake, Lake Argentino, as well as the Perito Moreno glacier. Los Glaciares is home to over one hundred species of birds, llamas, Andean deer, cougars, and gray foxes.
Nahuel Huapi National Park.
The oldest national park in Argentina was founded in 1934 near Lake Nahuel Huapi. The park has a variety of nature on its territory. There are rare plants on its territory. From anywhere in the park, you can see the Tronador Volcano. The glaciers sliding down its slopes give rise to mountain lakes. The most famous of them is Frias. The park’s main attraction is Lake Nahuel Huapi. It is said that the Nahuelito monster lives in the lake.
Patagonia is an amazing, unique world. It encompasses plains, fjords, mountain peaks and glaciers. The views of Patagonia are breathtaking. Next to the huge glaciers, it seems that the whole world has moved away and does not matter at all. Patagonia belongs to Chile and Argentina. Its economy is boosted by tourism and the sheep wool trade.
La Boca area.
It is a neighborhood in Buenos Aires. It is where the development of the city began. Once there was a port through which all goods were delivered to Argentina. La Boca also served as a place where barracks for black slaves were built. Today the area is known for artists, a soccer team, carnivals, and masquerades. It is also considered the birthplace of the tango.
It is the longest mountain system in the world. It stretches across almost all of South America for 9,000 kilometers. In some places the width of the mountains reaches 500 km. Andes are located in several climate zones, so their flora and fauna is very diverse. They are home to llamas, spectacled bears, pudu deer and other animals. The mountain slopes are covered with picturesque coniferous and pine forests.
It is a bridge over the Mendoza River, created by nature out of snow avalanches and rockfalls. It is 28 meters wide, 48 meters long and 8 meters thick. It is 27 meters above the water. Next to the bridge is a village. There is a museum of mountain climbing, as well as five geothermal springs. They are considered medicinal, near them there was even a resort. It was destroyed by an avalanche and now there is only one building left.
This is the name of the residence of the President of Argentina. It is located on the Plaza de Mayo in the heart of the capital. It is the place where the president works but does not live. Construction of the palace began at the end of the 16th century. In subsequent years, it was repeatedly completed and modified. Tourists can visit the museums of the residence – the cabinet of Rivalavia, where the president works, the Hall of Busts.
City of San Carlos de Bariloche
The city is located in the province of Rio Negro, at the foot of the Andes. It is surrounded by beautiful lakes and mountains. It attracts tourists who like active rest. The city is famous for its ski resorts, water sports, mountain climbing. There are also many places with great views of the surrounding area.
This cemetery was built back in 1732. During its existence, many famous Argentines have been buried here. The most impressive thing about the cemetery are its tombstones. The abundance of crypts and monuments makes a huge impression. Argentine funeral traditions are very interesting and somber. Admission to the cemetery is free.
Salinas Grandes Salt Cemetery
Salinas Grandes is located in northwestern Argentina. It is located in a tectonic depression between mountain ranges. Its area is 6,000 square kilometers. It is the bottom of a dried-up lake. A railroad and highway run through its snow-white expanses. The temperature there is high, and the climate is very dry. Mineral salts and soda are mined here. The solonchak is the third largest in the world.
Tierra del Fuego (national park)
The park is located in the south of Tierra del Fuego Island. Its area is 630 square kilometers. It is the southernmost national park on the planet. The Pan-American Highway and the railroad ends on its territory. The landscapes of the park consist of lakes, islands, rivers and lagoons, and dense forests alternate with scrub. Red foxes, guanacos, emerald parrots, and condors endure the harsh climate of the place.
Obelisk in Buenos Aires
This is a modern monument in the center of the capital on the Plaza de la República. Its height is 67 meters. The obelisk was installed on the very spot where the flag of Argentina was first hung. It was built in 1936 in just 4 weeks. The monument became a venue for events and a city landmark for meetings and themed gatherings.
Fitzroy Peak is a mountain in Patagonia. Its altitude is 3,375 meters. It is considered one of the most difficult to climb in the world. It attracts many climbers. The first ascent made in 1952. The slopes of the mountain are almost vertical, but very beautiful. Excursions to the mountain are popular among tourists, but it is important to wait for good weather. The best time to visit Fitzroy is from December to February.
Bridge of Women.
This is a pivot bridge in Buenos Aires, the work of architect Santiago Calatrava. It was opened in 2001. The design of the bridge resembles a couple dancing a tango. It got its name because of the large number of streets in the nearby area named after women. The bridge itself is pedestrian, its length is 170 meters. It is divided into three sections, one of which can make way for ships.
The province is located in the west in the region of Cuyo. Mendoza’s sunny, dry climate has made it a major winemaking area. Its 140,000 hectares of vineyards are divided into five parts. The most interesting places in Mendoza are the ruins of St. Francis Church, St. Martin’s Park and museums. The city also holds an annual harvest festival, which lasts for three months.
This is a pair dance that was originally performed by men. Its creators were the lower classes of the Buenos Aires population. The rise of the dance takes place in the 1930s and 1950s. The meaning of the dance is the “communication” of partners, their passion and fusion into one. Argentine tango consists of four components: step, turn, stop and embellishment. There are many styles of this dance.
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