20 best sights of Yakutsk
The capital of the Republic of Sakha is the largest city located in the permafrost. The differences in climate here are surprising: from -40 in winter to +40 in a short summer. The weather and the terrain are important features of Yakutsk. In winter it is only bright outside for a few hours. In summer, you can observe the phenomenon of “white nights,” which lengthens the day considerably. This, in turn, affects the rhythm of life of the local population.
The “Permafrost Kingdom” and the Mammoth Museum show visitors how the peculiarities of the climate can affect the soil and the preservation of ancient organisms. “The Treasury of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)”, which used to be accessible only to the select few, is now open to all who wish to learn about the wealth of the region. It is also worth visiting the House of Archa and plunge into the culture of local nationalities.
What to see and where to go in Yakutsk?
The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and a brief description.
“The kingdom of permafrost”.
The tourist center has been operating since 2008. This attraction used to be an adit near Chochur-Muran. The ice dungeon was used for storing food. The temperature in the cave is always minus. Tourists at the entrance are provided with equipment – boots and warm cloaks. Inside several separate halls. On their walls, you can see how badly the ground is frozen. There is a small museum.
The square is famous for the memorial complex of the same name. It was opened in 1975. From this place the townspeople went to the front. Ten years later, a soaring rider was placed in the center of the composition. It reminds the hero of the national epic Nyurgun Bootur. During the reconstruction in 1995 a triumphal arch was installed on the square. During the warm season it is crowded, and there are plenty of options for leisure activities within walking distance.
This was the location of the Gostiny Dvor until 1957. The buildings were demolished and the square was named after the leader of the world proletariat. Nowadays there are fountains on the square, along the chain of benches. In the wintertime slides are poured, and there is a special lighting, installing ice figures. On holidays, the square hosts fairs and other cultural events.
Monument in honor of the founding of Yakutsk
Installed in 2007. The foundation of Yakutsk in 1632 is also a countdown to the time when Sakha became part of Russia. On a four-sided high pedestal with arches there is a column. Its height is 33.4 meters. Since there are no buildings nearby, the monument looks even more imposing. Because there is a monument in front of it, and the area around it is fenced and is located on a hill, so it becomes a single composition.
The only museum of its kind in the world. It was opened in 1991. Specializes in the storage, display and study of mammoth remains and other paleontological finds. Environmental conditions, including permafrost, allowed the ancient inhabitants of our planet to be well preserved. For example, part of the exposition is a mammoth baby, which has preserved many parts of the torso, including skin cells.
“Treasury of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)”
The first exhibition was organized in 1992 to preserve the wealth of Yakutia. The republic is a leader in the extraction of a number of precious stones and metals, both in the country and in the world. The permanent exhibition appeared two years later. Being the Museum of Diamonds, the exhibition was closed to high-ranking guests only. Nowadays the status of the institution has been changed, as well as its name. Anyone can view the exhibits.
Museum of History and Culture of the Peoples of the North
It exists since 1891. Scattered exhibitions were gathered under one roof, and until 1978 the museum worked as a local history museum. All exhibits are divided into 4 groups: archeological, ethnographic, historical and natural. The museum has several buildings and branches. Exhibits: clothes, household items, tools, dioramas and photographs. The museum has a children’s division and a science center.
Khomus Museum and Centre
There is no other institution of the kind in the world. Khomus or vargan is a reed instrument. The museum opened its doors for visitors in 1990. Philologist Alexeyev gave his collection of khomus to the city, and the current exposition was formed on its basis. The exhibitions tell about khomus of different peoples of the world, rituals of shamans, peculiarities of using the instrument in different cultures.
National Art Museum
One of the largest art museums in the Northeast. It has a rich collection of paintings. The collection was formed in 1928. Especially valuable paintings are by Levitan and Korovin. Now among the 12,000 exhibits, there are not only world masterpieces, but also paintings by local artists. Several exhibitions are dedicated to them, including “Graphics of Yakutia”.
The Sakha Academic Theater named after P. A. Oyunsky
It was founded in 1920. There were two troupes: one staging plays in Russian, and the other in Sakha language. They separated 5 years later. Since 1934, the theater has been called after the playwright and poet Oyunsky. The building is modern, the hall is designed for about 400 seats. Although the productions use only the Sakha language, they stage not only works by Yakut authors, but also translated classics.
Yakut Opera and Ballet Theater
The most northern of such cultural facilities in Russia. Formation began in the 30s of the last century. Initially it was a musical and vocal group, which gave performances at several venues of the city. The company was formed by the end of the 1940s and had the status of a studio theater. XXI brought the theater the “Golden Mask” and a place in the 1000 best institutions of the country in the field of culture and art.
Russian Drama Theater
The troupe was formed at the end of the century before last on the basis of the creative circle. The first performance “In a lively place” was staged in 1892. Among the repertory theaters, it is the first in Yakutia and the oldest in the entire Northeast Asian region. Nowadays it is named after Pushkin. The material for productions is domestic and world classics. Genres are different, but preference is given to drama and comedy.
The oldest working Orthodox church in the city. Construction fell in the first half of the XIX century, paid mainly by merchants. Furnishings were rich, icons were placed in ornate carved frames. Part of this splendor was lost in the 30s of the last century. The reopening after restoration took place in 1994. Time and repairs have slightly changed the initial appearance of the cathedral.
Spiritual center of the Yakut people. Allows you to get acquainted with the traditions, culture and religion of the local nationalities. The building is stylized as a tent and refers to the national peculiarities of the Yakuts. Tourists are offered to watch the rituals performed by a real shaman. In some of them you can participate and receive, for example, a blessing from the spirits. The ceremonies are colorful with lots of paraphernalia.
Monument to Dezhnev and Abakayada
The composition depicts a married couple – a symbol of the unity of Russia and Yakutia. Dezhnev – the first explorer, who explored these lands. Abakayada is a local resident, who became his companion, including in his work. The monument was unveiled in 2005 shortly before the 15th anniversary of signing the declaration of sovereignty of Yakutia. Yakut craftsmen worked on the project, but it was made in St. Petersburg.
Yakutsk zoo “Ortho-Doidu”
Organized in 2001. There is no other zoo in the world that operates at such low temperatures. The area of the territory is 92 hectares. There are about 300 pets, representing 131 species. The zoo has everything necessary to help wild animals in distress, as well as a place for their recovery after treatment. The attraction is visited by approximately 35 thousand people a year.
Central Park of Culture and Recreation
It was created in stages since 1935. At first it was a part of the forest territory, which was surrounded with a wooden fence and cleared several areas. Gradually, alleys, paths, monuments, a summer stage, opportunities for outdoor activities and rides appeared. After the war, there was an indoor theater and a dance floor. Since 1994, the park is considered a specially protected area.
Chochur Muran Viewpoint
Opened in 2014 on the highest hill in the city. This observation deck was the first in Yakutsk. Log benches were installed on the platform with wooden planking and fencing. From here you can look around from a height of about 200 meters. The view of the Tuimaada valley is especially impressive. The attraction is part of the “Vilyui Triangle” – a tourist and recreational cluster.
A whole complex of waterfalls is located 110 km from Yakutsk. It was formed on the river Menda. Although the natural area is protected by the state, it has been leased by private individuals. There are organized places for recreation around, and the cleanliness is closely monitored. Arbors are installed, drawing lessons in the bosom of nature are held. Often a visit to Kuruluur during sightseeing tours is combined with a visit to the Buluus glacier, which is 10 km away.
The Lena Pillars
A complex of high cliffs standing close to each other along the Lena River. The geological formation is a part of the natural park of the same name. The area of the Lena Pillars is about 4,800 km². The natural monument was formed about 550 million years ago. The park was founded in 2012 and occupies an area of 1.38 million hectares. Late Neolithic burials, permafrost ecosystems and fossilized remains of ancient fauna have been found here.
Complete the article by describing your impression of the city (country) or a particular landmark.
30 main sights of Yakutsk and Yakutia
Yakutsk is the Russian capital of diamonds and gold mining, mammoths and extreme cold, as well as a world record holder for climate extremes. Despite the extreme conditions, the city is rich in attractions and very popular with tourists.
What to see in Yakutsk in three days
The Republic of Sakha and Yakutia are primarily rich in natural attractions. Not even a week would be enough to see all the main beautiful places. Therefore, the choice of where to go and where to go is very important.
Natural attractions of Yakutia
Предлагаем вашему вниманию такой маршрут: Ленские столбы > Посёлок Оймякон > трубка «Мир» > Кисиляхкий хребет > Синские столбы > Ледник Булуус > Yakut national treasure house.
If you have at least four days to spare, visit more national museums: mammoth, art, “Druzhba” and wargan.
The Lena Pillars
“Lena Pillars” is a unique natural complex in Central Yakutia, included by UNESCO in the list of world heritage. The fossilized remains of the ancient fauna have been found here: mammoths, primitive bison, Lena horse, hairy rhinoceros. Today the park contains 21 species of rare and red-listed species of flora, 31 species of fish fauna, 101 species of birds. Other fauna is typical for the north, especially for the middle taiga zone.
The cold pole Oymyakon
The festival “Pole of cold” in Oymyakon where locals and tourists gather to take part
Oymyakon is truly considered to be the main pole of cold in the whole northern hemisphere as the average temperature in this area reaches -55°C. In spring Oymyakon hosts the “Pole of cold” festival, held on the Oymyakon springtime. In the spring there is the “Pole of Cold” festival, where locals and visitors can compete in snowmobile races, reindeer and sled dog rides. And in the cave of the local keeper, Chyshaan, you’ll find sculptures, furniture and samples of dishes made of ice. It’s a great place for fans of extreme recreation.
Kimberlite pipe “Mir”
Kimberlite pipe “Mir” is a huge funnel going deep into the large deposit of diamonds in Yakutia, in the town of Mirny. The pipe is a favorite attraction for tourists all over the world. The easiest way to look at it is from a couple of hundred meters high, from an airplane, although nowadays, guides give the opportunity to examine the quarry and take pictures up close. In 1980, the largest diamond in the USSR and 25 in the world, weighing 342.5 carats, was extracted in the quarry.
The Kisilyakh Mountains are a local landmark that separates two Yakutian rivers, the Yana and the Adycha. The area of the Kisilyakh range is approximately 120 km, and the bizarre mountain shapes remind of human shapes from afar. Actually, “Kisilyakh” translates from Yakut as “stone man”.
The Sinskie Pillars are a true miracle of nature, in the form of two rows of long steep cliffs, stretching across the picturesque banks of the Lena River and the Sinai. In some places Sinskiye Pillars can reach up to 70 – 110 m, and all of them have different shapes, vary in relief, many of them contain caves, many of which were found the stands of primitive man.
“The Buluus Glacier is a large, protected, landscape-hydrological area, with an approximate area of 1,100 hectares. It is notable for the fact that the quality of water that is extracted here from a well at a depth of 67 m is confirmed even in comparison to other sources. In the summertime, the glacier begins to thaw a little, resulting in depressions on it, in the form of pulling tunnels.
Ust-Lena Nature Reserve
The Ust-Lensky State Nature Reserve is one of the country’s largest state institutions for the conservation of populations of rare animal and plant species. This reserve is located in the delta of the Lena River, one of the largest rivers in Siberia, and protects species of flora and fauna adapted to the arctic and subarctic climate. These include populations of nelma and whitefish, black-footed marmot, nesting grounds of rare waterfowl, large forested areas on Tit Apa Island, etc.
Treasury of the Republic of Sakha
As you know, Yakutia is a treasure trove of minerals of Russia. Its subsoil contains almost the entire Mendeleev Table, and already estimated reserves are estimated at over $5,000,000,000. The Treasury of Precious Metals and Gems of the Republic of Sakha is a combination of the incredible natural wealth of Yakutia in one institution, where unique items extracted in the Yakut lands and processed by local craftsmen are presented in three special halls.
This is a long transport route, stretching from Magadan to Yakutsk over 2,000 kilometers, virtually ensuring the existence of the entire Northeast of Russia. The Kolyma route is one of the ten most massive transport routes in the world. Severe climatic conditions, steep dirt passes, unused road sections, pavement eroded by rainwater, lack of civilization in local settlements – all this makes the route the fate of extremists.
In the East of Yakutia, in the unremarkable Oymyakonsky ulus, a legend has existed for decades that has made this place popular among tourists. This is the legend of the Labynkyr monster. Labynkyr is just one of the numerous lakes in the region, but rumors about a “devil” that swims in these waters and scares fishermen have been around since time immemorial. It is possible to doubt the mythology of the monster by the fact that the movement in the depth of the lake is recorded by real instruments.
The kingdom of permafrost
The best way to get to know Yakutia is to visit the tourist permafrost center. This is such an authentic ice cave, which you will enter in warm clothes and valenki. In each of the halls of the center you can look at something: in one – to pay tribute to the lord of frost Chyshaan; in another – to examine the ice sculptures; in the third – paleontological museum; in the fourth – to get acquainted with Yakut rituals. Separately, tourists are offered traditional dishes, mostly consisting of fish.
Batagai crater is a deep thermokarst depression southeast of the village of Batagai. But “Batagayka” is known mainly for its paleontological surprises. For example, in the vicinity, locals alone found a withered bison mummy more than 8,000 years old, as well as the carcass of a 4,400-year-old wild horse. A full-scale excavation and research center was later set up here.
Tukulany is an amazing natural phenomenon, which can be seen only in Yakutia. Giant sand dunes, formed not somewhere in the desert, but right in the middle of the taiga. And it is impossible to explain the appearance of these massifs. Tukulans can be found between the rivers Vilyuy and Lena, in the northwest of Yakutsk. Moreover, they are perfectly visible from satellites.
Small, very beautiful waterfalls on the river Manda, Khangala ulus, 110+ km from the city of Yakutsk. The waterfalls are located on the right bank of the Lena River. Beaches in these places are carefully cleaned, so you need not be afraid of garbage. However, it should be borne in mind that these areas are popular with people, so for a secluded holiday will have to choose a place individually. Entrance to the territory is paid: a minimum of 200 rubles per person.
Turuk Haya means “steep cliff”. This elevation of mountain limestone, opens for us a full view of the valley Samartai, as well as the adjacent river Lyutengu. If you wish, you can go down and explore the rocky gorges. Viewing Yakutia from the surface, one realizes as never before all the perfection of its original natural beauty.
Momsky Nature Park
The natural complexes protected by law and having a special ecological status are situated on the territory of the Moma Nature Reserve. Today there are many objects on the territory of the park, the preservation of the original appearance of which is monitored by the most first-rate specialists of the country. Among them are: Ulakhan-Taryn large river glacier, Balagan-Tas extinct volcano, Buordakh mountain massif, relict poplar-chosen forests, etc.
Ulakhan-Sis is a beautiful mountain range of granite, Devonian sandstone and effusive rocks. It extends from southwest to northeast, in the area between the Indigirka and Alazeya Rivers. This place is quite difficult to get into. In summer you can only get here by helicopter, so it’s best to start your journey by snowmobile. The best time is in April, as you can photograph wild deer migrating from this area to other areas at the same time.
Olyokma Nature Reserve
Although the main part of the territory of the Olyokminsky reserve is forest, there are about 40 species of mammals, more than 180+ species of birds, 2 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and more than 19 species of fish on its territory. Also on the territory of the reserve grow more than 650 species of plants.
Khomus Museum and Centre
The khomus is one of the most ancient reed shamanic musical instruments and it is in Yakutsk that the only khomus museum in the world, the Yakutian vargan, which presents the history of this instrument for all cultures and peoples, is located. The museum holds a wide collection of relic instruments of different cultures, as well as a detailed history of each of them.
Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk
If you want to see the real pride of Yakutia, then make sure to visit the Yakutsk mammoth museum. These prehistoric animals are as much a symbol of the region as gold, frost, or diamonds. Moreover, excavations regularly bring new exhibits to the museum. This is the reason why the Yakut museum has no analogues in the world – other countries cannot compete with it in the number of exhibits.
Walking in the northwestern part of the Yakut region, in the Verkhnevilyui Ulus, along the river Vilyui, you can come across an unusual terrain, difficult to pass. This place is called by the Yakuts “Ulyu Cherkechekh” – “The Valley of Death”. Erected trees and ramparts of the forest, many kilometers of stone fractures, strange metal objects embedded deep in the ground. Birds do not fly here and people avoid this place.
Museum-reserve “Druzhba” in Sottintsi
This museum tells about Yakutia as a historical part of Russia, about Russian-Yakut relations and cultural interpenetration. The territory of the reserve contains various architectural structures and monuments of the Russian Empire, the earliest of which date back to the 17th century.
Pleistocene Park is a major preserve, a project of the Northeast Research Station to restore the habitat of ancient animals that dominated the Arctic region in the late Pleistocene. The preserve occupies 16 km? of enclosed area, now housing dense grazing for 5 species of large mammals.
You may not know it, walking along the Lena River, among the wide steep cliffs, but in 1982, at an altitude of about 105-120 meters above the Diring-Yuryakh River, there was discovered an ancient settlement of protoculture, the age of which is determined from 2 to 3 million years BC. Numerous artifacts have been found at the Diring site: the oldest tools, jewelry and weapons of the early Paleolithic period. The site is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site
Yakutsk zoo “Ortho-Doidu”
“Orto Doidu” is home to more than 170 species of living fauna from all climatic zones. It is the only institution of its kind, keeping and caring for animals in extreme climatic conditions. The zoo successfully breeds Yakutian breeds of cows, East Siberian lynx, white Arctic wolf, arctic fox and others. But not only typical local animals live in the park: for example, the Siberian tiger, golden eagle, musk ox, Japanese deer, beaver, etc.
National Art Museum of the Sakha Republic
The collection of the Museum of Art contains over 12 thousand exhibits, most of which are works of national art of the peoples of Yakutia. Since the moment of its founding in 1928, the museum has received the canvases of great Russian and European artists. Nowadays the museum has works by Shishkin, Shibanov, Tropinin, Levitan… And also engravings and etchings by famous European masters: Albrecht Durer, Rembrandt, Antonis Van Dijk, Adrian van Ostade, Callot and others.
A huge mountain system stretching along the entire Lena River, for 1,200km. The width of the verkhoyan range belt in some parts reaches up to 250 km. The tops of the highest parts of the range reach up to 2,000 m. The usual material of the mountain range is sandstone and limestone. At the same time in the mountains of the Verkhoyan range deposits of precious metals were found more than once. There are many depressions in the range, some of which are the whole settlements.
Mount Harama, which stands on the banks of the Amga, although not particularly large, is considered a sacred place for the residents of the surrounding settlements, and home to the spirit of the legendary Yakut shamaness, who is considered the patroness of the mountain, after whom it was named. The face of this woman is believed to periodically appear on the rocky surface of Harama, who may smile or may express dissatisfaction with the deeds of her fellow tribesmen.
The mine is a well 100 meters deep, dug back in the early 19th century by a local merchant. Despite the fact that there was no water at that level at the time, for research purposes devices were installed inside to measure the temperature of the rocks. Thus the well began its long journey towards the development of geocryology in Yakutsk. Later, the well was re-equipped and made into a full-fledged laboratory for permafrost science.
Chuchur-Muran ethnographic complex
Chuchur-Muran ethnographic complex at the foot of the eponymous hills is a collection of monuments of wooden architecture that existed on the territory of Yakutia, the ancestral homes of local people, hunting lodges with trophy exhibits, as well as a large national cuisine . The complex contains a large number of animals that willingly come into contact with guests.