Top 20 Sights of Varna – Description and Photos

20 popular attractions in Varna

Varna has many names: the “pearl of the coast”, “queen of the Black Sea”, “summer capital of Bulgaria” – as many names as you can call this resort city! Its long and rich history is a reason why Varna attracts tourists not only with its beaches but also with its interesting architecture and its priceless cultural heritage.

The Romans, Byzantines and Turks were in turn in charge of the town which is no doubt reflected in its appearance. The Roman thermae of the II century are neighbors of the mansions of the XIX century, creating a rather unusual contrast.

Varna is also an important cultural center in Bulgaria. One of the central events is the Varna Summer Festival, which annually attracts thousands of participants and spectators from all over the world.

What to see and where to go in Varna?

The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and a brief description.

“Embedded Stones.”

Stone columns of natural origin, located 18 km from Varna. It is believed that they arose from the weathering of rocks or formed from hardened corals. After 200 years of research, the scientists have not yet come to a consensus about the veracity of one of the versions. In order to preserve the unique sight, the area with the stones was declared a natural monument.

Euxinograd

Summer residence of the royal family on the Black Sea coast, which today is used for government receptions. The palace was built in the late 19th century by order of Prince A. Battenberg. As an example was taken the residence of the House of Orleans in a suburb of Paris, destroyed during the Franco-Prussian War. Surviving fragments of the Parisian palace were used in the construction of the Euxinograd.

Euxinograd.

Seaside Park

The park was designed by Czech master A. Novak in the 19th century. This picturesque seaside garden has long been a favorite place for walks and relaxation. The park alleys stretch along the coast, with flowerbeds, fountains and sculptures. There are a terrarium, a zoo, a dolphinarium, a sports complex, a planetarium and several museums. The park even has its own beach.

Seaside Park.

Roman Baths

Ancient thermae were built in the 2nd century and were used until the end of the 3rd century. An imposing bath complex the size of a soccer field is situated in the center of Varna, among residential buildings. It is believed that they were the largest baths on the Balkan Peninsula and the fourth largest in the entire Roman Empire. Today one can judge even by the preserved ruins about the scale of this ancient construction.

Roman Baths.

Cathedral of the Assumption

The Cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church which is situated in the center of Varna. It was inaugurated in 1886 in honor of the liberation of the city from the Ottoman dominion with the active participation of the Russian Emperor Alexander II, whose wife was the aunt of Prince Battenberg. In the architecture of the cathedral one can discern traits of Byzantine style, elements of Russian temple construction and even some Gothic touches.

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Assumption Cathedral.

Armenian Church of St. Sarkis

An Armenian Orthodox church, which was erected in the middle of the 19th century on the site of a burnt-out church in honor of St. Sarkis, an associate who lived during the time of Emperor Constantine and became famous for converting pagans to the Christian faith. The main facade of the building is made of red brick; the side walls are covered with white plaster. Inside the temple is painted in the Byzantine style.

Armenian Church of Saint Sarkis.

Aladzha Monastery

A rock Orthodox monastery from the 12th century, now lying in ruins. It is known that Christian hermits have lived in the catacombs since the 4th century. The monastery existed until the end of the XIV century, until it was destroyed by the Ottomans, but the monks continued to inhabit the caves for another four hundred years. Almost all of the grottoes used to be decorated with frescoes, but today they remain only in the monastery chapel.

Monastery Aladzha.

Varna Opera House

The theater scene is located in a picturesque empire-style mansion, which is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the city. The Varna Opera House is second only to the Sofia Opera House in terms of popularity. The troupe was formed in 1947 and immediately started staging works of classical and modern authors. Later, operettas were added to the repertoire, which allowed it to attract more spectators.

Varna Opera House.

Archaeological Museum

The museum collection is considered one of the biggest in Bulgaria as it contains over 50 thousand items. On an area of 2 thousand square meters there is a scientific library, an exhibition hall, an archive, and classrooms. A part of the exposition is placed in the yard. Among the unique exhibits is the collection of gold items, which were found in Varna necropolis. Experts believe that its age is more than 6 thousand years.

Museum of Archaeology.

Ethnographic Museum

The museum was opened in 1974 in a mansion of the XIX century. Its collection is devoted to the culture and life of the people living in Varna region. The exposition located on two floors covers the time period from the second half of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century. In the museum you can learn about traditional crafts of the region: fishing, bee-keeping and viticulture, and look at the tools and household items.

Ethnographic Museum.

Retro Museum

The collection was created at the initiative of businessman C. Atanasov, who was a collector of vintage cars and various objects that were used by citizens of countries-members of the Warsaw Pact. Over time, the exhibition has grown to such a size that it had to rent a separate room for it. The pearl of the collection is the seagull, which belongs to Todor Zhivkov.

Retro Museum.

Varna History Museum

The museum building is located in the center of Varna near the Roman baths. Here visitors can learn about the history of the city from 1878 to 1939. Most of the collection is a reconstruction of the town’s cafes, shops and workrooms. The remaining rooms show weapons from the First and Second World Wars and the Balkan Wars, clothing, photographs and furnishings.

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Varna History Museum.

National Maritime Museum

The collection appeared in 1923 thanks to a group of enthusiasts. It consists of naval uniforms, ship models, insignia and naval guns. The exhibits are stored in 12 halls. Most of all, the exposition will be of interest to lovers of naval military themes and people who are simply interested in ships. There is a library with a rich book fund at the museum.

National Maritime Museum.

Vladislav Varnenchik Park Museum

A memorial complex erected in honor of the national hero Vladislav Varnenchik (Vladislav III Jagailo), the Polish-Hungarian king who died in the battle of 1444, when a united army of Bulgarians, Czechs, Hungarians, Bosniaks, Croats, Poles and Romanians tried to stop the Ottoman Turks invading Europe. The museum was established in 1924. There is a mausoleum of Jagailo on the grounds, but the body of the king himself is not there.

Dolphinarium

Varna, like almost any other seaside resort town, has its own dolphinarium. All six days a week when there are performances the stands are jam-packed with people because the funny sea mammals never leave anyone indifferent. The animals dance during the show and sing Bulgarian songs that enthrall the viewers.

Dolphinarium.

Varna Aquarium

The Aquarium is located in the building of the Institute of Aquaculture and Fishery, which was built in 1912. Sea creatures live in spacious tanks, where optimal living conditions are created. Part of the exposition depicts the underwater fauna of the Black Sea, and another part is dedicated to the World Ocean. In addition to fish, you can see algae, mollusks, octopuses and jellyfish.

Varna Aquarium.

Varna Zoo

The Varna Zoo is not too big and can be easily visited within 30 minutes. The animals are kept in enclosures behind bars, so you can observe them only from a distance. The history of the zoo began in 1956, when the crew of the military ship brought a bear from the next voyage. The animal was given the nickname Maxim and lodged in the Primorsky Park. Soon he was joined by other inhabitants.

Varna Zoo.

The university botanical garden “Ecopark”.

The garden was opened for visitors in 2002. It used to be home to the university’s plant nursery. Exotic plants and native species grow side by side in the Ecopark. Here you can see sea pine, ginkgo, iron, paper and tulip trees and other interesting specimens. There is a gorgeous rose garden in the park, where there are more than 30 species of this flower.

Varna Lake

The estuary on the coast near Varna connects with Beloslavsko Lake and the Bay of Varna by a ship channel. The reservoir has an area of 17 km² and a relatively shallow depth of only 19 meters. Its bottom is covered with a layer of silt and hydrogen sulfide mud, which has medicinal properties. The famous Varna Necropolis is situated near the lake.

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Varna Lake.

Cape Kaliakra

The cape is situated about 60 km from Varna on the Dobrudja Plateau. It is included in the list of one hundred most picturesque landmarks in Bulgaria. On its territory is a nature reserve. The cliffs rise up to 70 meters above the sea and protect the bay from cold winds. There is a legend related to this place – the legend of the 40 girls who threw themselves into the Black Sea in order to avoid being captured by the Ottoman Turks.

Cape Kaliakra.

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Attractions in Bulgaria

The main sights of the cities and regions of Bulgaria, as well as places of interest for tourists, with descriptions and photos. Location of these interesting objects and places on the map. The most popular sights are: Devil’s Throat Cave, Kamchia Nature Reserve, Baltata Nature Park, Euxinograd Palace, Musala Mountain, Malko Tarnovo. The ranking is based on your visits.

Top sights (657).

On the map Bulgaria – Devin Nature

Devil’s Throat Cave is located in the Western Rhodopes in Bulgaria. Nearby is the town of Trigrad and 17 km away is the town of Devin. Tourists are attracted to the Devil’s Throat by the majestic beauty of the cave, but the mystery and extremity of the place. Since ancient times.

On the map Bulgaria – Varna Nature

The Kamchia Reserve is located on the territory of Bulgaria in the lower reaches of the Kamchia River on the territory of Avren and Dolni Chiflik Municipality. Kamchia is located 25 km south of Varna, near the resorts of Kamchia and Shkorpilovtsi. The area was declared a nature reserve on June 29, 1951. In 1977 it was declared a program.

On the map of Bulgaria – Albena Nature

Baltata is a floodplain forest, which is the most northern among the European liana forests. It is called a natural pearl. Baltata is a rich base for scientific biological research. The reserve is situated near the village of Kranevo on the bank of the Batova river. To the town of Balchik o.

On the map Bulgaria – Varna Architecture and monuments

The construction of the Evksinograd Palace designed by the German architect Lers began in 1861. The first name of the palace was Sandrovo – after its founder, Alexander, but later the palace was renamed Euxinograd, after the ancient Greek name of the Black Sea (“Pontus Euxinii” – “hospitality.

On the map Bulgaria – Borovets Nature

Musala is the highest point on the map not only in Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula, but in Eastern Europe as a whole. Musala rises above sea level at an altitude of almost three thousand meters – 2925. The mountain is composed of Paleozoic granites, cut by granite porphyry veins. The relief is mountain-forest.

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On the map of Bulgaria – Akhtopol Architecture and monuments

Malko Tarnovo is an ancient town in south-eastern Bulgaria near the border with Turkey. Malko Tarnovo has a rich history. The Thracians were the first inhabitants of this area. The town was situated near the capital of Byzantium – Constantinople, thanks to which its cultural and economic development.

On the Map of Bulgaria – Sozopol Architecture and Monuments

Sozopol is the oldest city on the Black Sea coast in southern Bulgaria. Because of its rich historical past, Sozopol is not just a seaside resort, but a gathering place of many cultural and historical monuments. The picturesque coast of the rocky peninsula Skamni is the location of the town.

On the map Bulgaria – Golden Sands Nature

The Golden Sands Nature National Park surrounds the resort complex of the same name. It covers the north-east of the Frangen Plateau, stretching along the seashore. It is only 17 kilometers away from Varna, the sea capital of Bulgaria. It is considered the smallest natural area.

On the map Bulgaria – Pazardzhik Nature

Snezhanka Cave is located 5 kilometers away from the town of Peshtera. For its amazing beauty it was included in the list of one hundred tourist sites in Bulgaria in 1961. Snezhanka, or as it is also called the Pearl of the Rhodopes, is not long – only 145 meters. However, in a small area are collected .

On the map Bulgaria – Batak Active Recreation

Dospat Dam is located in the western part of the Rhodope Mountain and is formed by the dam in the town of Dospat. Smolyan is 82 km away from Dospat. The artificial reservoir stretches for about 19 kilometers towards Sarnitsa. Dospat is one of the highest dams in Bulgaria.

On the map Bulgaria – Plovdiv Architecture and monuments

The Nebet Tepe archaeological complex in the open air is located on one of the peaks of the Triholding. In ancient times, around the 4th century B.C., several settlements were founded here. One of them, the oldest and most important, was located on the hill of Nebet. Originally a settlement .

On the map Bulgaria – Byala Nature

The White Cliffs are located on the outskirts of the resort of Byala, about 60 kilometers from Varna. It is a key attraction in an already picturesque area. The White Cliffs reserve is a limestone continuous massive geological profile, which was discovered by the Australian geologist Ant.

On the map Bulgaria – Pomorie Spa and Treatment

Lake Pomorie is located near the town of Pomorie (2 km to the north), 25 km from the town of Burgas. It is the northernmost lake in the vicinity of Burgas. It represents a salty lagoon of natural origin. On the south side of the lake is a channel connecting it with the Black Sea. The lake has an oval shape.

On the map of Bulgaria – Melnik Nature

The Melnik Pyramids are a natural landmark of Melnik, located near the resort itself. The pyramids in Melnik are considered one of the most interesting places in Bulgaria. In 1960 the pyramids were officially declared a unique natural landmark. The Pyramids of Melnik are .

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On the map Bulgaria – Sliven Architecture and monuments

Zheravna is a village in southeastern Bulgaria, in the region of Sliven. The population is just over four hundred people. The village covers an area of 5000 square meters and is located in the hilly region near the town of Kotel. The tourists can admire the quaint rocks and the mysterious cave complexes.

On the Map of Bulgaria – Sofia Architecture and Monuments

Hagia Sophia Cathedral is situated in the center of the capital of Bulgaria, not far from the Church of St. Alexander Nevsky. It is one of Sofia’s oldest churches and its history is directly linked to the history of the city. St. Sophia Cathedral was built in the 6th century, during the reign of Emperor Justinian, on the me.

On the map Bulgaria – Bansko Entertainment

The Dancing bears park is a unique phenomenon not only for Bulgaria, this place is the only one of its kind. The Dancing Bear Park is situated in the south of Rila Mountain, 20 km far from the town of Bansko, near the town of Belitsa. This park can be called a rehabilitation center for bears that were bought from the gypsies. Brown bears in the country.

On the map Bulgaria – Sliven Architecture and monuments

Tuida is an early Byzantine and medieval fortress whose ruins are located on Hisarlaka hill in the northeastern part of Sliven. From here you have a fantastic view of the majestic “Sini kameni” and the city. The fortress was part of the Old Bulgarian fortification system and was very important for the town.

On the map Bulgaria – Sunny Beach Entertainment

Action Aquapark is a complex located in the western part of Sunny Beach on an area of approximately 3.6 square kilometers. It can be reached by free transport. The regular shuttles take everyone who wants to visit the water park from the territory of Sunny Beach, .

On the Map of Bulgaria – Sofia Architecture and Monuments

Sofia is one of the greenest cities with a large number of parks in the entire Balkan Peninsula: the capital of Bulgaria is decorated with all kinds of parks, squares and gardens. The central city park of Sofia is Borissov Garden. It is situated along the Tsarigradsko Road, just behind the Eagle Bridge. In front of the entrance to the pa.

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