Top 12 most important forts in Croatia

Top 12 most important forts in Croatia

A fortress protects and gives soldiers a safe harbor from the enemy. But not all forts are equal. And, of course, not all are created equal, that’s the beauty of it. A fortress in Croatia is ordinary. Croatia is simply full of beautiful medieval fortresses and forts, with their rich history inscribed on the stones. They once protected the center of Croatian cities from numerous threatening attacks. Today, with their beautiful outlines and the view from them, they have become an exceptional landmark and cultural treasure.

1. Fortress of Lovrijenac, Dubrovnik

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1. Fortress of Lovrijenac, Dubrovnik

Fortress of Lovrijenac, Dubrovnik, Croatia. Lovrijenac is a monumental and impressive fortress in Croatia. The fortress is situated behind the city walls of Dubrovnik which towers over the sea scenery. It is one of the most beautiful fortresses in Croatia. Juraj Dalmatinac gave it its present appearance in the 15th century in just three months. Because the people of Dubrovnik heard that the Venetians wanted to build their fortress on the rock and thus control Dubrovnik. Lovrijenac caused a lot of trouble for anyone who tried to threaten the freedom of the Republic, especially the Venetians. The fortress is the subject of legends, both about its origins and the heroic deeds of its guards and defenders.

2. Fortress of Klis, Split

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2. Klis Fortress, Split

Klis Fortress , Split, Croatia. Because of its strategic location between two mountains, Kozyak and Mosor to be exact. The fortress played an important role in the defense of the entire Dalmatia, especially against the Ottomans and their invasions. The fortress of Klis is one of the most complete examples of fortification architecture in Croatia. Klis is one of the most important fortresses in Croatia, first mentioned in the 5th century. The fortress most deserves its glory from the Turkish wars. With the strength of the captain Petar Krujic with his tricks for decades resisted the attempts of the Turkish conquest. Until 1537 it was in the hands of the Turks.

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3. Fortress of St. Mihal, Sibenik

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3. Fortress of St. Mihal, Sibenik

Fortress of St. Michael, Sibenik, Croatia . Integral stop of each visit to Sibenik, of course, is the Fortress of St. Mihal – the oldest of the four fortresses of Sibenik . It used to guarantee the security of Sibenik, the oldest Croatian city on the Dalmatian coast. And today it is one of its most important cultural and historical monuments. The fortress is situated in the advantageous location at the foot of which the medieval Šibenik developed . The fortress often changed owners. For a long time they were Croatian nobles, then Croatian-Hungarian kings, and later Byzantium and Venice. At the beginning of the 15th century the fortress went to Venice, and so it was until the end of the 18th century.

4. Nehaj Fortress, Senj

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4. Nehai Fortress, Senj

Nehaj Fortress, Senj, Uskoki . Nehaj Fortress, the symbol of the city of Senj, was built in 1558 under the leadership of the captain and general of the Croatian military frontier Ivan Lenkovic and Captain Herbart VIII. It was built from the materials of destroyed churches, monasteries and houses originally located outside the city walls. It was 18 m high and 23 m wide. It was accessed by stairs over a wooden bridge through a narrow double door . There are about a hundred shots and eleven large cannon holes in the walls . It once served as a stronghold of the Uskoks for the defense of the town of Sen.

5. Camerlengo Fortress, Trogir

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5. Camerlengo Fortress, Trogir

Camerlengo Fortress, Trogir, Republic of Venice. Kamerlengo Fortress is located on the western part of the Trogir peninsula, built by Venice in the 15th century just after the Venetian rule. It served as a military base for their troops in this part of the Adriatic . It was named after the city master Camerari . In 1378 a naval battle took place in front of the tower between Venice and Genoa. The largest polygonal tower inside the fortress was probably built earlier. Nowadays the fortress has been transformed into a multimedia center with a summer cinema and a stage for various cultural events.

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6. Fort Fortica, Hvar

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6. Fort Fortica, Hvar

Fortica Fort , Španjola, Hvar, Croatia. Above the northern old part of the town of Hvar, on a hill about a hundred meters high, rises an imposing city fortress. Venetian fortress Hvar – Fortica or Spagnola . The fortress is a highlight of each visit to Hvar. The ascent to the fortress is gentle and pleasant, and the view from the top is spectacular. Although its appearance was shaped mainly in the 16th century , the golden age of architecture Hvar. Fortica is much more ancient and multi-layered cultural and historical monument. Today, however, the fortress is a symbol of Hvar’s extremely important and turbulent history .

7. Fortress of St. Mikulase, Sibenik

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7. Fortress of St. Mikulase, Sibenik

Fortress of St. Nicholas, Sibenik, Croatia , Venice . Fortress of St. Mikulas at the entrance to the St. Ante Canal in Sibenik is a unique building of Venetian Renaissance fortification . Fortress of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker is a unique monument of world architectural heritage, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2017 in the nomination “Defensive Systems of the Venetian Republic of the 16th-17th centuries”. Construction of the fortress, designed by the Venetian architect Gian Giro-lamo Sanmicheli, began in 1540 after the fall of the city of Skradin under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. When the Venetians had to strengthen the defense of Sibenik, one of the most important strategic ports on the eastern Adriatic coast. Today it is one of the most unique fortresses in Croatia.

8. Revelin Fortress, Dubrovnik

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8. Fortress Revelin, Dubrovnik

Revelin Fortress, Dubrovnik, Fortress in Croatia . The Dubrovnik Republic built the Revelin Fortress to better protect the city from the Venetian threat. The fortress protected the eastern part of the city from the mainland, as well as the entrance to the city port. Revelin is the largest fortress in Dubrovnik. It was built with very strong walls, not destroyed by earthquakes or wars. The famous Renaissance foundry Ivan Rabljanin had a casting furnace and bells in the spacious interior of the fortress. In 1538, on the instructions of the engineer Antonio Ferramolin of Bergamo, the fortress was transformed into a spacious and powerful fortress in the shape of an irregular quadrangle .

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9. Fort Fortica, Omis

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9. Fort Fortica, Omis

Fort Fortica or Starigrad, Omis, a fortress in Croatia . Fortica or Starigrad is strategically located above the city. It was built in the 15th century primarily as a refuge and to protect against the Turks. Although it is a small fortress Omis, it is one of the most impressive fortifications on the Adriatic coast . It is located on the cliffs high above the Cetina Canyon and the city itself on the westernmost arm of the Omis-Dinar. The fortress was probably built on the site of a prehistoric fort and an ancient fortress. The reward for climbing Fortica is a stunning view that will be remembered for days.

10. Sisak Fortress, Sisak

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10. Sisak Fortress, Sisak

The fortress of Sisak on the river Kupa, Croatia . Stop the Turkish invasion during the battles with the Ottomans. Construction of the Sisak Fortress began at the confluence of the Kupa and Sava rivers . Construction began in 1544, and in 1550 it was suitable for basic use. It is located near the mouth of the river Kupa into the Sava, so it is partially naturally protected by water. The fortress was besieged three times by the Ottoman commander Hasan Pasha Pre-Doevic . Only in 1593 he was finally defeated in the decisive battle for Sisak and the entire Croatian kingdom. Today the fortress houses the Sisak Museum.

11. Novigrad Fortress, Karlovac

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11. Novigrad Fortress, Karlovac

Novigrad Fortress on Dobri, Karlovac , Fortress in Croatia . In the vicinity of the old stone bridge on the right bank of the river Dobra rise the ruins of the Frankish town of Novigrad . Although, according to some historical sources, the area of Novigrad is mentioned as early as the 11th century . The time of origin of the old town is not known. Its origin is most often attributed to the period around the 14th century, when it came into the possession of the Frankopanes family. The fortress has been in decline since World War II. The valuable stone material was removed, the town was overgrown with weeds, thereby losing its dominant position in the area.

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12. Stari Grad Fortress, Samobor

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12. Stari Grad Fortress, Samobor

Samobor old town, medieval fortress, fortress in Croatia . The old town of Samobor is located above the medieval market town of Samobor . From the hill Tepek offers views of all four sides of the world. Which served well for defensive purposes. It is known that the construction of the fortress began in the second half of the 13th century by the Czech king Otokar II . To protect his newly conquered territories to which Samobor belonged. The fortress underwent numerous modernizations and changed the number of owners of royal and noble families. Until the early 20th century, when it was finally bought by the village of Samobor from the last owners .

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