What can I see in Lodz? Description and photos of places of interest
Lodz is a somewhat depressed post-industrial city. Its name translates as “boat”, after the several rivers that provided food for the local inhabitants in the Middle Ages. Today it is impossible to see them, as they have been buried and channelled. On the surface remained numerous factories, buildings of XVIII-XIX centuries, and “panel buildings” – dear to the heart of post-Soviet man.
However, the former center of the textile industry is rich not only in factories, there are other attractions.
Where in the city are the interesting places to see?
Lodz is built according to a linear layout – flat squares, which distinguishes it from most Polish cities, which have developed unevenly: first the medieval center and around it a pile of new districts.
In terms of appearance and atmosphere, it reminds one of the Soviet monocities. The main street of the city is Piotrkowska. It runs through the center of Lodz from north to south.
The main attractions are located along it, or on the side and neighboring streets. As for industrial architecture, it is concentrated in two blocks, north and south of the street. They are separated by a couple of kilometers.
The former Jewish ghetto is to the northeast of the center. If you have enough time, you can get around all of these places on foot.
What can be seen in the southern industrial area?
The following is a description and photo of the attractions of the city’s southern industrial district.
This is the red-brick building complex where the textile factory of Israel Poznański was located. In 1939 it was confiscated by the Nazis, and in 1945 it was nationalized by the Polish Communists. It was in private hands for a while, but closed in 1997, unable to withstand the competition.
The abandoned buildings were not demolished and were converted into museums, stores, a cinema and entertainment facilities. In fact – it is an amusement park and public space, as well as the Museum of the Textile Industry.
The most beautiful factory building faces Ogrodowa Street. Across the street from it you can see a block of dark red brick houses – the former workers’ barracks. Their yards have remained unchanged since the end of the 19th century. Be sure to take a walk there and get a feel for the life of ordinary working people in the steam age.
- Museum opening hours: 9-17.
- Entry fee: 10 PLN.
- Address: Drewnowska 58, 91-002.
Israel Poznański Palace
By the end of the 19th century the owner of the manufactory had grown very rich. To demonstrate his success, he built a monumental Rococo palace on the corner of his factory. Its facades are decorated with numerous moldings and sculptures, and the roof is topped with a glass dome. The building is so well executed that it blends in seamlessly with the industrial ensemble.
Behind the palace there is a French Baroque garden with fountains and antique sculptures. In the palace is the Historical Museum.
The interiors are decorated with great luxury. The halls are decorated with marble, precious wood panels and gilded moldings. The furnishings were made in France in the time of Louis XV. All these decorations are combined into a museum exposition dedicated to the owner of the palace. Part of this exhibition through photographs, paintings and some objects tells the story of key industrial and cultural figures of Lodz.
- Working hours: Tues. Thurs. 10-16; Fri. Fri. 12-18.
- Cost of admission: 12 zl. Free on Wednesdays.
- Address: Ogrodowa 15, 91-065.
St. Joseph’s Church
In the aforementioned courtyards there is a masterpiece of wooden architecture – the church of the eighteenth century made of larch wood, darkened with age. It is all that remains of the village of Lodz.
For a while it was the city’s main church, but by the mid-19th century it had become too small for the increasing number of parishioners. Then they decided to tear it down and build a larger church on the vacant spot.
The priests managed to defend the old building and even found a sponsor to rebuild it. In 1910 Israel Poznanski moved the church to the workers’ quarters of his factory.
Address: Ogrodowa 22, 91-065.
Tomb Chapel of Karol Scheibler
To the west of the manufactory is the old Augsburg Cemetery . Many noble citizens of Lodz are buried there, including industrial magnate Karol Scheibler. He died in 1881. His wife built a Neo-Gothic tomb above his grave which became the family vault of the Scheibler family.
Address: 90-001 Łódź.
Alfred Biedermann’s mansion
To the East across the road from the Manufaktura there is the Staromiejski Park and on its eastern edge there is a large Art Nouveau manor house built in 1912. It belonged to Alfred Biedermann, a large manufacturer. The building now houses the University of Łódź Museum.
Address: Franciszkańska 1/5, 91-433.
Piotrkowska Street and nearby
The journey along Piotrkowska Street begins at Freedom Square. It is recommended to walk slowly through the street, be sure to enter the courtyards. Among them there are passageways, as in St. Petersburg.
Underground sewer “Detka”
In the middle of the square is the entrance to the storm drain. It is an oval red brick tank 142 meters long . It was built in 1927 as a place to hold rainwater that was used to flush the city’s sewage system. Now it has been drained and converted into an underground highway. You can make original instafotos here.
- Working time: Mon. Thurs. 10-16:30. Fri. Sun. 12-18:30. From November to April the facility is closed.
- Cost of admission: 5 PLN.
- Address: Wolności Square, 91-415.
Museum of Archeology and Ethnography
The square is framed by several historical buildings. Among them stands out the former town hall of the early 19th century in the Classicist style. It houses the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography. It houses such exhibitions:
- Ethnographic . It is devoted to the life of preindustrial Lodz. It presents full-size models of peasant houses and buildings with authentic 18th-19th century furnishings.
- Archaeological . Discoveries made in Łódź and Central Poland: jewels, household items, weapons, graves of ancient people. They cover a period of 15 000 years.
- Numismatic . Coins and banknotes of Poland, European and Eastern countries from the ancient era to the mid-twentieth century.
The museum is quite interesting, so it is worth a visit.
- Opening Hours: Tue. Fri. 10-17.
- Cost per visit: 9 PLN.
- Address: Wolności Square 14, 91-415.
Church of the Descent of the Holy Spirit
To the right of the old town hall is the Lutheran Church, an eclectic building with Renaissance, Classicist and Romanesque elements, built in 1889.
It was rebuilt from a small church of 1828, which no longer accommodates the Lutheran congregation. It is surrounded at the corners by four conical towers arranged around a massive dome. It is an imposing and beautiful building.
Address: Piotrkowska 2, 91-415.
Maurica Poznański Palace
An eclectic nineteenth century palace with elements of the Italian Renaissance. The house is located on the corner of Węcka Street and Gdańska Street. It is now the seat of the Łódź Museum of Art. It is not only classical painting (only a quarter of the museum is devoted to it), but also impressionism, cubism, dadaism, abstractionism and art installations of modern Polish artists.
- Opening hours: Tues. Sun. 11-19.
- Cost to visit: 10 to 15 PLN depending on the exhibition.
Michał Kipper’s mansion
Not far from Maurica Palace, on Gdańska street there is an Art Nouveau style late 19th century manor house decorated with images of Christ, cupids and even Satan. Its owner, the industrialist Michael Kipper, was a pious man. This is reflected in the architecture of the building.
The address is Gdańska 42, 90-001.
Leopold Kindermann Villa
One of the best examples of Art Nouveau in Poland. It was built in 1901 at the request of Leopold Kindermann, a merchant. The architect was Gustav Landau-Hutenger – the author of many villas in Lodz. The construction took 3 years, which is quite a lot for such a small building. But looking at its exterior, you can understand why it took so long. Most of the time was spent decorating the facade.
The stone house was decorated with floral carvings that show apples, chestnut leaves, poppies and roses. For this, the mansion was given the second name “the house of half apples.”
It is noteworthy that there are no similar windows on the walls. They all have different shapes. Some of the windows are decorated with stained glass and forged decorative bars.
Address: Wólczańska 31, 90-001.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
This is an Orthodox cathedral built in 1884 on the order of the Imperial Governor of Łódź – Ivan Kahanov. The building, made in the Russian-Byzantine style accommodates up to a thousand parishioners. The interior is decorated with rich decorations with lots of stucco and stained-glass windows on religious themes.
Address: Jana Kilińskiego 56, 90-118.
The Church of St. Olga
Nearby the cathedral is the neoclassical St. Olga’s Orthodox Church built in 1896.
Address: Grzegorza Piramowicza 12, 90-001.
Florian Jarisch Manor
A modernist villa built in early 1902 for a wealthy local businessman. The building combines Baroque and Renaissance styles. Inside, it is decorated with floral stucco ornaments and stained glass windows.
There is also preserved furniture and paintings on the walls of the century ago. Anyone can see them. You don’t need to pay any money to enter since the villa is a social service center.
Address: QF64+2V Lodz, Poland.
Culture and Technology Center EU-1
The EU-1 is a former 19th-century thermal power plant converted into an ultra-modern educational center. It combines industrial architecture with glass additions of steel, glass, and concrete. An extremely aesthetic combination. Inside are offices, hotels, a multimedia planetarium and a number of science art installations and cognitive laboratories:
- Energy Recycling . Historical exhibits and computer games about energy production technology.
- The Development of Knowledge and Civilization . Multimedia exposition into the history of scientific thought.
- Microworld . Here visitors can observe different objects through an electronic microscope or look at a projection of images of the galaxy.
- Opening hours: 9-17.
- Cost of admission: between 15 and 30 zł depending on the type of exhibition and event.
- Address: Targowa 1/3, 90-022.
Northern Industrial District
The largest number of factories. Description and photos of attractions of the northern industrial area of the city are presented below.
Basilica of St. Stanislaus Kostka
Gothic-style church made of yellow clinker bricks. It took 11 years to build, starting in 1901. It is the biggest and the highest church in the city, thanks to its 100-meter bell tower, which can be seen from any part of Łódź.
Address: Piotrkowska 265, 90-457.
Reinhold Richter’s Villa
West of the basilica, in the middle of a small park is an eclectic mansion stylized as a German Renaissance building. It was built in 1903.
Address: PFX4+F5 Lodz, Poland
Robert Schweikert Manor
A neo-baroque villa built in 1910, designed by an Austrian architect.
Address: Piotrkowska 262/264, 90-001.
Markus Zilberstein factory
It is a huge red brick building from the 19th century. It combined modernist style with European industrial style.
Address: Piotrkowska 242/250, 90-004 Łódź, Poland.
Museum of Textiles
It is located in the premises of one of the oldest factories of the city, which belonged to Ludwig Geyer. It is a complex of white classicist buildings from 1883 and one of the oldest monuments of industrial architecture in Poland.
The museum is divided into several thematic exhibitions, which tell the story of the development of the textile industry in Lodz.
There is the largest collection of fabrics in the world. It includes a collection of women’s and men’s clothing from the 19th to the 21st century, through which one can follow the fashion trends of the last two centuries.
- Working time: Fri. Fri. 12-17.
- Entry fee: 12 zł.
Wooden architecture in the open air
Behind the eastern walls of the factory there is a replica of a typical Polish village at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. There you can see historic buildings taken from around the area:
- peasants’ houses;
- a church of 1848;
- a one-story barrack for workers;
- craft workshops and wooden streetcar stops.
They recreate the everyday atmosphere of past centuries, and in the streets you can see old signs and gas lamps.
Address: Piotrkowska 282, 90-001 Łódź, Poland.
Complex of factory buildings
A complex of factory buildings, built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. All of them are rare examples of Art Nouveau style in industry. Now the factory area has been restored and turned into a public space with:
- art galleries;
- concert halls.
Address: ks. bp. Wincentego Tymienieckiego 3, 90-365.
A complex of textile factories built on the site of the former millers’ settlement. In the middle of the 19th century it was the largest textile production in the world. It is a kind of city within a city, which is designed on the model of English industrial settlements.
- factory buildings;
- workers’ houses;
- a school;
- a hospital;
- the villa of the factory owner;
- a fire station;
- a gas liquefaction plant, and many other facilities.
Now this place makes an ambiguous impression. Partly it consists of expensive lofts and business centers in restored buildings, and partly of crumbling and in some places abandoned slums. In general – a picturesque and interesting place for urban tourism.
Address: ks. bp. Wincentego Tymienieckiego 30, 90-345.
A whole block of nineteenth and twentieth century red brick multistory buildings. They impress with their size and length:
- The main building – 300 meters;
- the second building – 180 meters;
- the third building – 150 meters.
Inside are equipped with :
- business center;
- cafes and galleries.
The courtyard between the first and second buildings is worth a visit, if only for the sake of a photo.
In front of the main building is a red brick water tower. It was built in the 19th century in an eclectic mix of Art Nouveau and Neo-Gothic.
Address: Ul, ks. bp. Wincentego Tymienieckiego 25C, 90-350.
Traces of Nazi crimes have been left in every major Polish city. Łódź is no exception. Before the war, 250,000 Jews lived here. After occupying the city, the Germans immediately drove them into the ghetto, where they were held in terrible conditions. The quarter’s population gradually dwindled, wiped out by starvation or being sent to death camps. By the end of the war, no more than a hundred of the hundreds of thousands of Jews had survived.
In the post-war years, the quarter was demolished because no one wanted to settle there. All that remains to remember those events is the Radegast train station-museum, from where Jews were deported to concentration camps. There is a “death train” on it.
Lodz has a rich history of the Middle Ages, the New and Newest times, so it has a lot of cultural and historical attractions. Today the city develops as a European tourist center.
Lodz is one of the largest cities in Poland. It was founded in the 13th century and today is the center of Polish electronics. After the victory over Nazi Germany Lodz was the capital of Poland for three years because of the considerable destruction in Warsaw.
Top 18 Lodz attractions in Poland
We offer a brief description of the most interesting sights of Lodz with photos and hope that you will certainly visit this wonderful city. What to see in Lodz?
Since the Middle Ages it is one of the longest shopping streets in Europe, its length is almost 5 km. It is also a favorite place for walks of citizens and tourists, and a popular sightseeing spot of the city.
This square used to be called Nowy Rynek, but due to Poland’s independence from the Russian Empire, it received its present name. Today it is the main square of the city and has a lot of architectural sights.
Museum of Cinematography
This museum was first opened in Łódź in the 1970s. It tells the history of Polish cinema, which has made a significant contribution to world cinematography. The museum is housed in a 19th century mansion that is a city architectural landmark.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
This Orthodox church was erected in Łódź in the 1980s on the initiative of the local governor. Today it commemorates a large part of Polish history, when this country was one of the provinces of the Russian Empire.
This museum is dedicated to the history of Lodz, it has a huge historical collection of exhibits from the 13th century to the present day. It is housed in the mansion of Poznanski, an industrialist who played a huge role in the development of the textile industry.
This Art Nouveau building is located in the center of Łódź. It is considered one of the best mansions built by the famous German architect Gutenteger in the early 20th century in this architectural style in Poland.
Church of St. Stanislaw Kostka
This is a Catholic cathedral located in the square named after the famous Polish Pope John Paul II. This basilica is the center of spiritual life for Catholics living in Lodz.
Museum of Pharmacy
This museum and the city’s oldest pharmacy are located on Freedom Square and are dedicated to Professor Mużynski, who disseminated knowledge of pharmacy among the population and founded the Faculty of Pharmacy at the local university.
Gallery of Contemporary Art
This is one of the oldest galleries of its kind in the world. It was founded in the 1930s, when painters of the most radical trends in art began to collect and exhibit for the public the most talented paintings.
Museum of Archaeology
This museum is also located in the main town square. It offers three collections: archaeological finds, a collection of coins from several centuries of Lodz’s existence and an ethnographic collection.
This is a large industrial and residential complex built in the mid-19th century by the industrialist Poznanski. Once there was a famous textile factory, which produced hundreds of thousands of meters of fabrics.
This large villa was built in the neo-Renaissance style in the 1970s, designed by architect Majewski for the local industrialist Scheibler. The latter gave the house to his daughter Matilda, who received the surname Herbst after her marriage.
Geyer White Factory
This is another textile factory, once owned by the German industrialist Geyer. He specialized in the production of textiles and chose Łódź to apply his entrepreneurial talents.
St. Casimir’s Church
This Catholic church in the classical style was built in Łódź in the 1920s. The church is adjoined by two towers and bell towers. It was restored several times and today is a functioning church.
Church of St. Anthony of Padua
This church was built at the beginning of the 18th century not far from the Franciscan monastery. Legend has it that both churches were erected at the very spot where a Polish St. Anthony of Padua appeared in a dream to a carpenter in the village.
Museum of Wooden Architecture
Here you can see various examples of wooden architecture preserved in Lodz from the Middle Ages to Soviet Poland. The museum is a part of the Łódź Textile Museum.
St. Dorothy’s Church
This church is one of the oldest Catholic churches that have survived on the territory of Lodz. Previously, the church was located in the suburban village of Mileski, until it was annexed to Lodz.
This is an area in Lodz, where a huge textile factory was built in the early 19th century. Today it has remained virtually unchanged and has become a true historical monument, a city with English industrial architecture.
How to get to Lodz?
The city is located in the center of Poland, where there is a developed transport infrastructure.
You can get to Lodz by any means of transport, but only via Warsaw:
By plane . On the southwestern outskirts of Lodz is the international airport. You can arrive here from most European capitals, as well as from China, Turkey, Cyprus, etc. From Moscow there are no direct flights, but you can get there with connections.
You can also go by train. The Łódź Central Station was recently renovated, which makes the city-folks very happy and proud. From the city to Warsaw there are regular trains, including electric trains. A one-way ticket costs about €7.
From Moscow to Lodz you can go only with transfers. The most convenient way is to go to Warsaw, and there change to a train to Łódź. Also you can take a train in St. Petersburg to Warsaw.
By bus . Bus connection with the cities in Poland and neighboring countries is excellent. There are two bus terminals in Łódź, serving both international and national bus lines.
From Moscow and St. Petersburg there are bus routes three times a day. The buses are comfortable, although the travel time is about 28 hours. One can watch movies and listen to music. The ticket from Moscow to Warsaw is €86.40, from St. Petersburg €72.00.
By Car . You can get from Russia to Poland by car only via Belarus. It’s a pleasure to drive your own or rented car in Belarus and Poland. The road is excellent, surrounded by many attractions.