The Ultimate Guide to Feeding Sturgeon: What to Feed and How Often

Sturgeon are ancient fish that have been around for millions of years, and are known for their long lifespans and large sizes. In order to keep them healthy and thriving, it’s important to provide them with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. But what exactly should you feed them, and how often?

Types of Food

Sturgeon are opportunistic feeders and will eat a variety of foods in the wild. In captivity, they can be fed a combination of live and prepared foods. Live foods such as worms, insects, and small fish can be given as occasional treats to simulate their natural diet. However, the majority of their diet should consist of prepared foods that are specifically formulated for sturgeon.

TIP: When choosing prepared foods, look for those that contain high levels of protein and healthy fats. Sturgeon require a diet that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and essential amino acids to support their growth and overall health.

Feeding Schedule

Sturgeon should be fed 2-3 times a day, but the amount of food they receive should be carefully monitored. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues, while underfeeding can stunt their growth. It’s best to feed them small amounts at regular intervals throughout the day to prevent overeating.

One important thing to note is that sturgeon are bottom feeders, so their food should sink to the bottom of the tank or pond. Floating pellets or flakes may not be suitable for sturgeon, as they may not be able to reach them or they may cause digestive issues.

TIP: It’s important to observe your sturgeon while they are feeding to ensure they are eating properly. If they are not showing interest in the food or are exhibiting signs of distress, it may be a sign that something is wrong with their diet or environment.

By following these tips and providing your sturgeon with a nutritious and balanced diet, you can ensure they stay healthy and thrive in their captive environment.

Types of Food for Sturgeon

Types of Food for Sturgeon

Feeding sturgeon the right type of food is essential for their growth and overall health. Here are some common types of food that are suitable for sturgeon:

1. Pellets: Pellets are one of the most popular types of food for sturgeon. They are specially formulated to provide the right balance of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that sturgeon need for their growth and development. Pellets come in different sizes, so make sure to choose the appropriate size for the size of your sturgeon.

2. Fish: Sturgeon are carnivorous fish, so feeding them other fish is a natural choice. Small live fish, such as minnows or goldfish, can be fed to sturgeon. You can also feed them frozen fish or fish fillets. Make sure the fish you feed them is fresh and not spoiled.

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3. Insects: Sturgeon also enjoy eating insects, such as worms, larvae, and flies. These can be purchased from pet stores or bait shops. Insects provide additional variety to their diet and can be a good source of protein.

4. Vegetables: While sturgeon are primarily carnivorous, they can also benefit from some vegetables in their diet. You can feed them blanched vegetables, such as peas or lettuce, as a treat. Vegetables can provide additional nutrients and fiber for their digestion.

5. Supplements: In addition to their main diet, sturgeon may also benefit from supplements. These can include vitamin and mineral supplements, probiotics, or specialized growth-promoting supplements. Consult with a veterinarian or fish expert for advice on the appropriate supplements for your sturgeon.

It’s important to provide a varied diet for sturgeon to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients for their growth and health. Remember to feed them in appropriate quantities and avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to health problems. Observe your sturgeon’s behavior and appearance to ensure they are healthy and thriving.

Natural Diet of Sturgeon

Natural Diet of Sturgeon

The sturgeon is a benthic feeder, which means that it primarily forages and feeds on small organisms found on the bottom of lakes, rivers, and oceans. Its natural diet consists of a variety of prey, including:

1. Invertebrates

1. Invertebrates

  • Crustaceans, such as crayfish and crabs
  • Insects, including larvae and nymphs
  • Mollusks, such as snails and clams

2. Fish

2. Fish

  • Small fish, like minnows and smelts
  • Fish eggs and fry

3. Aquatic Plants

  • Algae and other types of phytoplankton
  • Seaweeds and marsh grasses

Sturgeon have a highly adaptable feeding behavior, allowing them to consume a diverse range of food sources. They are also opportunistic feeders, meaning they take advantage of whatever prey is abundant and easily accessible in their environment.

By understanding the natural diet of sturgeon, you can provide them with a well-rounded and nutritionally balanced diet when keeping them in captivity. In the next sections, we will discuss the different types of food you can offer to sturgeon and how often to feed them.

Commercially Available Food for Sturgeon

Sturgeon have unique dietary needs, and commercially available food options cater specifically to these requirements. These specialized feeds are formulated to provide sturgeon with the essential nutrients they need for optimal growth and development.

When choosing commercially available food for sturgeon, it is important to consider the sturgeon species and their age. Different sturgeon species have varying nutritional needs, and the food should be appropriately formulated for their specific requirements. Additionally, the age of the sturgeon plays a role in determining the size and type of food pellets to use.

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1. Sturgeon Pellets

1. Sturgeon Pellets

Sturgeon pellets are the most common commercially available food option for sturgeon. These pellets are specifically designed to meet the nutritional needs of sturgeons and are made using a combination of high-quality ingredients. Sturgeon pellets come in various sizes to cater to different sturgeon species and their age. It is essential to choose the appropriate pellet size to ensure the sturgeon can easily consume and digest the food.

Sturgeon pellets are typically high in protein and contain essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals that sturgeon require for healthy growth. These pellets are formulated to float on the water surface, making it easier for sturgeon to locate and consume them. Sturgeon pellets are available in different formulations, including sinking pellets for bottom-feeding sturgeon species.

2. Sturgeon Sticks

Sturgeon sticks are another commercially available food option that can be used to feed sturgeon. These sticks are similar to pellets but have a different shape and texture. Sturgeon sticks often contain a higher percentage of fish protein, which is a valuable source of nutrition for sturgeon. Like pellets, sturgeon sticks come in various sizes to suit different sturgeon species and ages.

Sturgeon sticks are designed to sink slowly in the water, allowing sturgeon to feed at their preferred water depth. They are an excellent option for bottom-feeding sturgeon as they mimic the natural feeding behavior of these species. Sturgeon sticks are also enriched with essential nutrients to support the overall health and vitality of the sturgeon.

When choosing between sturgeon pellets and sturgeon sticks, it is crucial to consider the sturgeon’s feeding behavior, water depth, and their individual preferences. Some sturgeon may prefer pellets, while others may show a preference for sticks. Offering a variety of food options can help ensure that all sturgeon in the pond or tank receive proper nutrition.

Note: It is important to follow the manufacturer’s feeding guidelines and adjust the amount of food based on the sturgeon’s size, activity level, and environmental conditions. Overfeeding can lead to water quality issues and health problems in sturgeon.

Commercially available food for sturgeon is a convenient and reliable way to provide these magnificent fish with the nutrients they need. Whether you choose sturgeon pellets or sticks, selecting the appropriate size and type of food will ensure the sturgeon thrive and grow in a healthy and sustainable environment.

Best Feeding Practices for Sturgeon

Best Feeding Practices for Sturgeon

Feeding sturgeon properly is essential for their overall health and growth. To ensure you’re providing the best nutrition for your sturgeon, follow these feeding practices:

  1. Choose the right food: Sturgeon are carnivores and need a diet rich in protein. Look for high-quality sturgeon food that contains a mix of fishmeal, shrimp, and other meat sources. Avoid using low-quality or processed fish feed.
  2. Feed the correct amount: It’s important not to overfeed or underfeed your sturgeon. Follow the recommended feeding guidelines provided by the food manufacturer based on the size and species of your sturgeon. As a general rule, feed your sturgeon 2-3% of their body weight daily.
  3. Feed in smaller quantities: Rather than feeding your sturgeon one large meal, divide their daily portion into multiple smaller meals. This helps prevent overeating and ensures proper digestion.
  4. Monitor water temperature: Sturgeon’s metabolism slows down in colder water, so adjust their feeding schedule accordingly. Offer less food during winter months when the water is colder, and increase feeding during warmer months when their metabolism is higher.
  5. Feed sinking pellets or frozen foods: Sturgeon are bottom-feeders, so it’s best to feed them sinking pellets or frozen foods that sink to the bottom of the pond or tank. This allows them to feed naturally and prevents excessive surface disturbance.
  6. Observe feeding behavior: Watch how your sturgeon feed to ensure they are eating properly. If you notice any changes in their appetite or feeding behavior, it could indicate a health issue. Consult a veterinarian if needed.
  7. Maintain water quality: Clean and well-maintained water is crucial for sturgeon’s health and digestion. Regularly test and monitor water parameters and conduct necessary water changes to keep the environment clean.
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By following these feeding practices, you can provide your sturgeon with a balanced and nutritious diet, promoting their overall well-being and growth.


What should I feed sturgeon?

Sturgeon are carnivorous fish, so they should be fed a diet high in protein. Some common options include fish pellets, worms, and small fish.

How often should I feed my sturgeon?

The frequency of feeding will vary based on the size and age of the sturgeon. Generally, adult sturgeon can be fed once or twice a day, while smaller sturgeon may require more frequent feedings.

Can sturgeon be fed vegetables?

While sturgeon are primarily carnivorous, they can also benefit from some plant matter in their diet. Some sturgeon keepers offer small amounts of vegetables like lettuce or spinach as a supplementary food source.

How much food should I give my sturgeon?

The amount of food to give your sturgeon will depend on their size and appetite. It’s important not to overfeed them, as this can lead to health problems. Start with a small amount and monitor their eating habits to determine the appropriate portion size.

Can sturgeon eat live prey?

Yes, sturgeon can consume live prey. They are known to eat small fish and insects in the wild. However, when feeding sturgeon in captivity, it’s important to ensure that any live prey offered is of appropriate size and from a reliable source.


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Michael Brown

I found this article on feeding sturgeon very informative and helpful. As a female sturgeon owner, I found myself struggling to find the right feeding routine for my sturgeons. This guide provided me with all the necessary information I needed to ensure my sturgeons receive a well-balanced diet. I particularly appreciated the section on what to feed sturgeons. The article explained in detail the different types of food options available and their nutritional benefits. It was interesting to learn that sturgeons are carnivorous and require a diet rich in protein. The article suggested feeding them live or frozen foods such as shrimp, worms, and fish. It also mentioned commercial sturgeon pellets as a convenient and nutritious option. The guide also provided insights on how often to feed sturgeons. It emphasized the importance of a regular feeding schedule while considering the sturgeon’s age and size. I found the recommended feeding frequency for different stages of growth very helpful. It helped me understand that young sturgeons require more frequent feedings compared to adult ones. Overall, this article provided me with the ultimate guide to feeding sturgeons. It was easy to understand and answered all my questions. I now feel confident in creating a suitable feeding routine for my sturgeons, ensuring their growth and well-being. I highly recommend this article to any sturgeon owner looking to provide their beloved pets with a healthy and balanced diet.

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Great article! As a male sturgeon enthusiast, I found this guide to be a comprehensive resource on feeding these amazing creatures. The information provided on what to feed and how often was really helpful, especially as a beginner. I liked how the article emphasized the importance of a balanced diet for sturgeons, including both live and prepared foods. The tips on choosing the right commercial sturgeon food brand were also valuable. I found it interesting to learn about the different types of live food that sturgeons enjoy, such as earthworms and small insects. The section on feeding frequency was particularly enlightening, as I was unsure about how often to feed my sturgeons. Overall, this guide gave me a clear understanding of sturgeon feeding habits and will definitely help me provide the best nutrition for my beloved aquatic pets. Kudos to the author for putting together such an informative and user-friendly guide!


I absolutely loved this article about feeding sturgeon! As someone who recently started keeping sturgeon in my pond, I have been searching for the best way to feed them and this guide provided me with all the information I needed. The article explained in detail the different types of food sturgeon can eat, including pellets, live prey, and even vegetables. I also appreciate the tips on how to vary their diet and the importance of providing a balanced nutrition. The guide also helped me understand how often to feed my sturgeon, which is something I was unsure about. I now know that feeding them once or twice a day is sufficient. Overall, this article has given me the confidence and knowledge to properly care for my sturgeon and ensure they are healthy and happy. Thank you for this ultimate guide!

Emily Johnson

As a female sturgeon enthusiast, this ultimate guide to feeding sturgeon has been incredibly helpful for me. It is important to feed these magnificent fish the right diet to ensure their health and well-being. The article explains that sturgeons are omnivorous, but as they grow, their diet becomes more carnivorous. The guide provides a detailed list of suitable foods for sturgeon including fish, shrimp, worms, and even commercial sturgeon pellets. The article also emphasizes the importance of feeding sturgeon a balanced and varied diet. This is something I have often wondered about, so I appreciate the advice on offering different types of food to ensure that the sturgeon receive all the necessary nutrients. I was particularly impressed with the section on feeding frequency. The article suggests feeding sturgeon small amounts multiple times a day, rather than one large meal. This helps to mimic their natural feeding patterns and ensures they are able to digest their food properly. Overall, this guide has provided me with all the information I need to keep my sturgeons well-fed and healthy. I feel confident in my ability to provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet. Thanks to this article, I can continue to enjoy the beauty and grace of these remarkable creatures.

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I found this article on feeding sturgeon really informative and helpful. As a avid sturgeon fisherman, I’m always looking for ways to improve my catch and taking care of the fish is an important part of that. The article gave great insight into what sturgeons should be fed and how often. I learned that sturgeons are bottom feeders and their diet mainly consists of small fish, insects, and crustaceans. It was interesting to know that they can be fed pellets specifically designed for sturgeons as well. The article also emphasized the importance of feeding sturgeons the right amount to prevent overfeeding and maintain their health. It’s good to know that feeding them too much can have negative effects on their growth and overall well-being. Overall, this article was a great resource for anyone interested in sturgeon fishing and taking care of these magnificent fish. I highly recommend giving it a read to anyone looking to improve their sturgeon feeding practices.

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