The top 12 most interesting places in Oman

15 Best Sights in Oman

The southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula is occupied by Oman – an Arab country with hot deserts, wide beaches, interesting museums and archaeological sites.

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Things to do in Oman

The people of Oman were among the first to convert Islam and turn their land into a powerful Arab-Muslim Caliphate, successfully defending the borders against enemies. But despite the military might, it could not cope with the Portuguese, who invaded the country in the 16th century.

Oman’s system of government today remains the same as it was many centuries ago – the Sultan has absolute power. The title is hereditary. Half a century ago the country was closed to tourists. But that changed when Qaboos Bin Said Al Bu Said came to the throne, ending the isolation and integrating Oman into the modern world.

The tourism industry is growing rapidly and brings good revenues to the budget. There are interesting attractions in almost every city. Foreigners love to visit the ancient fortresses, the secret tunnels under the ground, the necropolis of the Bronze Age, the Arabian palaces and mosques.

Oman attracts guests with significant cultural events. Every winter the Muscat Festival takes place in the capital, introducing the art and lifestyle of the sultanate. Ethnographic exhibitions, theatrical performances, concerts are held here. Riding competitions and camel races are extremely popular. The events start in summer and are held in different cities.

For active people Oman has prepared original entertainment. Among the best – desert safaris on camels or jeeps. The ticket price includes accommodation in traditional Bedouin huts, barbecue, sightseeing. In addition, tourists are offered boat tours on the Arabian Sea, a race on bicycles on special routes, riding in a hot-air balloon.

To the east of the capital, the sea coast is dotted with beaches with modern resorts and hotels. Sunbathing, swimming in warm water, jet skiing, deep sea fishing, surfing, diving, yachting.

Archaeological sites

Mounds in Al Dahirah

kurgani v al dahire

There are a group of necropolises scattered in the province of Al Dahirah: Bath, Al Houtm and Al Ain. In 1988 they were inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The rounded mounds of Bath, erected with oblong stones, are located inside a palm grove and are the main part of the site. There are a total of 100 buildings there with a diameter of 20 meters and a narrow doorway. These necropolises are fragments of Bronze Age settlements. They testify to the numerous settlements in the Gulf of Oman in the 3rd millennium BC.

Khor Rori

hor rori

The ruins of Khor Rori in the Dhofar Governorate are part of the ancient southern Arab city of Sumbhuram. At the end of the first century BC, it was a fortified outpost of the Hadhramaut Kingdom consisting of defensive walls, towers, squares and trading posts. Today, picturesque ruins of the glorious settlement remain, studied by international archaeologists.

The excavations uncovered samples of pottery, fragments of dwellings, and inscriptions on stones, confirming that Dhofar was a leader in the production of incense and exported the valuable commodity throughout the Arabian Peninsula.

Bahla Fort

krepost bahla

The historic fortress of Bahla at the foot of Jebel Akhdar is a World Heritage Site. It is thought to have been built in the 12th century to protect the surrounding villages from looters. The complex has a round citadel with battlement windows, powerful walls, labyrinths, and gates.

It is a unique monument of medieval Islamic architecture, equipped with wells and underground canals for irrigation by the falaj system. The fort, built of adobe, has been restored many times, but is still in danger of collapse due to strong winds and erosion.


Al Jalali Fort

fort al dgalali

The capital of Oman is the city of Muscat. In its harbor remains a Portuguese fort, founded in 1580 to keep people safe from the Ottoman conquerors. The defensive complex houses barracks, warehouses, a chapel, and watchtowers.

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For centuries, Al-Jalali was used as a prison for members of the royal family and common prisoners. In the 1970s, the prison was closed, the fort was restored, trees and fountains were planted in the courtyard, and the barracks was turned into a museum of Omani history. Exhibits include muskets, cannons and cannonballs, Persian carpets, pottery, incense holders, and jewelry.

Al Alam.

al alam

In Old Muscat, the beautiful Al Al Alam Palace, used by Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said for state receptions, rises. The mansion in the Oriental style was built 200 years ago.

The original building has a bright façade decorated with gold and a rectangular roof with a high spire. The royal residence is surrounded by green lawns and trees. Tourists are not allowed to enter the courtyard – passersby are allowed to stop by the gate, admire the exterior decoration and take photographs.

Sultan Qaboos Mosque

mechet kabusa

The mosque is named after Sultan Qaboos who took care of the material and spiritual needs of his subjects during his reign. His personal savings were used to build many places of worship in the country.

Sultan Qaboos Mosque is an example of Islamic architecture. It has a square prayer hall with a wide dome, the main minaret is 90 meters high and 4 side minarets are 45 meters high. The walls are covered with gray and white marble and decorated with floral and geometric patterns. The central hall is lit by giant crystal chandeliers with Swarovski crystals, and the floor is covered with an intricately patterned Persian carpet.



In the region of Al-Batinah, a fortified structure remains whose history dates back to the pre-Islamic period. It is believed to have been built by the Sassanids for fear of invasion by Arab tribes. The buildings have often been destroyed by wars, but have always been rebuilt in their original form. The last reconstruction took place in 1990.

The fort is surrounded by battlements and a palm garden was planted in the courtyard. The premises have been converted into a museum displaying antique guns, soldiers’ uniforms, traditional furniture and everyday objects.

Sultan Taymur bin Faisal Mosque

mechet sultana taimura

In northern Oman, a mosque dedicated to Sultan Taymur bin Faisal, who ruled the country at the beginning of the last century, was built at the behest of Sultan Qaboos in al-Mabil.

The main hall of the mosque is finished in white marble and decorated with arched spans. The roof is topped with an openwork 50-meter dome. On the four sides there are slender minarets lined with Islamic mosaics.

It is one of the few mosques in the country that non-Muslims are allowed to visit. It is one of the few mosques in the country that non-Muslim tourists are allowed to visit.


Natural History Museum

musei estestvosnania

The Natural History Museum of the capital opened its doors in the winter of 1985. Its exhibits focus on the flora and fauna of the southern Arabian Peninsula.

  • The first floor showcases the inhabitants of the bays and reports on the geological features of the seabed.
  • The second floor introduces birds, insects and mammals of Oman.
  • The third floor shows meteorites, minerals and provides information about the solar system.

Especially popular is the “whale” exhibition with the skeleton of a sperm whale.

National Museum.

nac musei

By royal decree in 2013, Muscat opened the National Museum of Oman. Especially for the exhibition was designed a two-storey building, reminiscent of an ancient Arab palace. It contains more than 5 thousand objects highlighting the culture, traditions and history of the state. Visitors can see archeological exhibits, collections of weapons, ancient coins and Islamic art.

The national museum has an area for children, an educational center, a library and a cinema.

Oil and Gas Exhibition Center

nefte gasovi center

Oil and gas provide the main income of the country’s budget. In 1995 an Oil and Gas Exhibition Center was built in the center of Muscat. A large part of the complex is a museum dedicated to the production of minerals.

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Tourists have access to interactive exhibitions telling about the discovery of oil in Oman, about the ways of its production and use. The rest of the center hosts international forums and fairs showcasing innovations and the latest technology involved in manufacturing, industry and the oil and gas sector. Nearby there is a planetarium, stores and cafes.

Children’s Museum

detskii musei

Children’s Science Museum was established at the initiative of the Sultan in 1990. It is one of the most popular attractions of the capital, which is annually visited by 50 thousand tourists. There are expositions about the world around and scientific achievements for guests.

On a tour you can learn why lightning appears, how to control electricity or launch a balloon. The museum has special rooms for physical and chemical experiments and science lectures.

Parks and Recreation

Al-Qurm Nature Park

park al kurm

Muscat has a modern and beautiful appearance. Its center is adorned by Al Qurm Park which is reserved for tourists and locals. The green area is conditionally divided into two sectors:

  • The first has a picturesque lagoon surrounded by mangrove trees. There are parrots in the dense foliage and storks nesting near the water.
  • In the second part there is a palm grove, a botanical garden, flowerbeds with roses, a deep lake and a musical fountain with illumination.

The park is equipped with playgrounds for children, cafes, boat and bike rentals. Interesting vernisages and exhibitions are regularly held in the open air.



The Middle East’s largest aquarium recently opened in a shopping mall in Muscat. The exhibition space of 8,000 m² is divided into different themed sections. They include the exhibitions “Deep Sea”, “Coral Reefs”, “Journey to Southeast Asia”.

There are 30 thousand sea creatures living in the huge tanks. In the aquarium every day there are feeding coral fish, sharks and turtles, and circus performances with penguins, seals and dolphins.

Royal Opera House


The Royal Opera House was built in 2011 in accordance with the modern Omani architecture. The magnificent marble-clad building seats up to 1,100 people and is the cultural center of the capital. It is the first theater in the world with Italian-made interactive displays mounted in the backs of the seats.

Renowned musical ensembles and world opera stars perform on the stage. The architectural complex includes a concert hall, art gallery, restaurant and shopping center with 50 boutiques. The stores sell fashionable clothes, perfumes, jewelry and souvenirs.

Top 20 Main Sights of Oman

Oman is somewhat neglected by tourists, although it has much to offer visitors who are passionate about the beauty of nature and historical monuments. This exotic country is famous not only for the natural charm found in every corner of Oman, but also for the stunning architecture of homes, castles, forts, museums and mosques. If you ever decide to visit Oman, you should know the list of must-see attractions. We’ve chosen 20 memorable places of this state, and we’ll tell you about them right now.

Suk Matrah.

Suk Matrah

Matrah is the center of the province of Muscat. One of the main attractions of the city can be called Suk Matrah, a traditional oriental bazaar, located near the waterfront. The bazaar includes several small stores in which you can find classic Omani goods, for example, colorful fabrics, national clothing, jewelry made of gold and silver, as well as many souvenirs. The bazaar in Matraha is rightly considered one of the centers of attraction of tourists in the “greater Muscat”, where you can not only find useful goods, but also have fun, taking some memorable photos.

Sultan Qaboos Mosque

Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque

The second name of this religious structure is the Muscat Cathedral Mosque. It is the most famous of the mosques built by the order of Sultan Qaboos. Looking at this majestic building, it is hard to believe that it was built in 2001. The builders managed to keep the traditions of Arabic architecture, creating a true masterpiece in Muscat. All parts of the mosque, including minarets, the huge golden dome, the central crystal chandelier and unique lamps can be called without any doubt an architectural marvel of the XXI century.

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Beaches of Musandam

Beaches of Musandam

Musandam is one of the regions of Oman called the governorates. It is separated from the rest of the state by the territory of the UAE, being a semi-exclave. Bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, Musandam is famous for its superb beaches, which welcome thousands of tourists from all over the world each year. The clear water and pure white sand make the beaches of Musandam an ideal place to escape the hustle and bustle of the city. The most visited place in the region is Hasab beach, which is located on the shores of Omani fjord. Here you can not only sunbathe and swim in plenty, but also book a boat tour and chase dolphins.

Photos and descriptions of other beautiful beaches around the world, see our website in this article.

Ras al-Jinz

Ras Al Jinz

The Ras al-Jinns Nature Reserve is located in El Hadda, a populated area in the eastern region of Oman. It is home to green turtles, an endangered species listed in the Red Book. Each year, about 20,000 females of these animals return to the reserve to lay their eggs. The city itself is located on a promontory that separates the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. It is famous for its wonderful beaches with crystal clear water and golden sand. However, tourists are most interested in the process of laying eggs turtles, during which the females dig small holes. Some lucky tourists even manage to capture the moment of the birth of calves, which immediately return to the sea. The management of the reserve organizes special tours in the morning, and this is when the turtles are born.

Shatti Al Qurum

Shatti Al Qurum

Al Qurum, is one of the longest beaches in Oman and one of the most visited beaches in Oman. It is located in the northern district of the capital Muscat. Every year the beach welcomes hundreds of thousands of tourists who enjoy not only the natural beauty of Shatti Al Qurum but also the good facilities with numerous hotels, shopping and entertainment centers, cozy cafes and chic restaurants.

Wadi Bani Khalid

Wadi Bani Khalid

Wadi Bani Khalid can undoubtedly be called the untamed paradise on earth. The name Wadi translates as “valley”, it is located in the region of Al Shakria, and boasts several water pools, as well as a spring that keeps the water level throughout the year, which is an unusual rarity in the desert Oman. Wadi Bani Khalid also includes several picturesque Arab villages with plantations irrigated by the spring. The oasis is surrounded by cliffs of a reddish hue, which only increases the delight of what you see in the valley.

Castles and Forts

Nizwa Fort

Oman’s unique heritage is characterized by its ancient history and developed culture, which we can appreciate through the prism of various architectural monuments. Among them, forts and castles scattered throughout the sultanate occupy a special place. A visit to Oman must necessarily be accompanied by a tour of historical sites, for example, the Jibrin Castle, forts Nizwa and Nahal. Travelers and tourists are also impressed by Al Rustaq and Al Hazmi Forts, every stone of which is steeped in the great history of the Arab state.



Salalah is an unusually beautiful city located in the southern part of the Sultanate in Dhofar Province. It is the second city of Oman in terms of population, second only to the capital. Salalah is known for the Harith Monsoon, which blows through the town every year from July to September. Add to that the mild rains and favorable soil, and you get an incredibly beautiful green carpet of plants and palm trees covering most of the city. Every tourist visiting Salalah must enjoy this natural splendor.

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Jabal El-Ahdar

Jabal Al Akhdar

El-Ahdar is part of the Hajar mountain system that extends into the El Dahlia region. One of the main peaks of this mountain system is called “The Green Mountain”. The name speaks for itself; the rocky land is almost entirely covered with trees and mountain plantations. El-Ahdar has several hiking trails that run between the villages. The local population survives thanks to small farms where they raise animals. Although the mountain system is not very popular with tourists, experienced travelers consider it their duty to admire the local beauty at least once in their lifetime.

National Museum of Oman

The National Museum of Oman

The founding date of the national museum in the capital of Oman is considered to be 2016, although it actually existed several years before its official opening. It is the main state showcase of the Sultanate’s heritage. The museum occupies an area of 13,700 m², which is divided into several galleries where visitors can explore the culture and history of Oman. Most of the rooms are equipped with modern monitors that drive the exhibits on display in the museum. The galleries are divided into several sections: Oman and the World, Spiritual Heritage, Maritime History of Oman, Land and People, Ancient History, Currency, Weapons, Armor, etc.

In total, there are more than 7,000 exhibits, allowing you to immerse yourself in the world of Islam and the history of the peninsula. In addition to spiritual food, tourists can also enjoy the material – there is a cozy cafe and a small store with souvenirs in the museum.


Jebel Shams

We have already talked about the El-Ahdar mountain system, and El-Sham or “The Mountain of the Sun” is the highest point of the system. As the top of the mountain range, El-Sham is the first place in the country where you can see the rising sun, which explains the second name of the mountain. To get to the top you can use one of the hiking trails laid out by the residents of the surrounding villages. The view from the top of Al Sham has never left anyone untouched.

Masira Island

Masirah Island

Masirah is the largest island in Oman. It is located in the Arabian Sea to the east of the mainland. Its favorable geographical location has historically contributed to the development of shipbuilding. Several abandoned ships can be found in the main settlement of Masirah Ras Hilfe, adding to the romanticism of the place. Today, the main source of income for the local population is fishing and textile production. The link to the mainland, the ferry, runs regularly from port to port.

Majlis Al Jinn.

Majlis al-Jinn

Majlis Al Jinn By: Michaelmcandrew | Wikipedia Commons.

Majlis Al Jinn is the second largest cave chamber in the world, rising just under 1,400 meters above sea level. It is accessible only by descending through natural manholes at the top of the chamber. The cave attracts many travelers. Adventurers and rock climbers. Once inside, you get an incredible location for photos, and you can admire the interior of the cave. The popularity of the cave chamber is breaking all records, outpacing the number of “visitors” to many of the world’s resorts.

Read also on most-beauty a very interesting article about the most beautiful caves in the world.

Royal Opera House


Royal Opera House

The Royal Opera House of Oman was erected in the early 21st century in the metropolitan area of Shatti Al Qurum. Its traditional Omani architecture makes it look like a rich palace. The entire elite of Muscat gather here, as well as the many tourists who come to the Opera House in search of beauty. The Royal Opera House has a huge impact on the development of the arts in Oman, offering visitors a variety of performances featuring artists from all over the world.

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Wadi Damm.

Wadi Damm

Another valley on our list of attractions in Oman bears many names, among which Wadi Damm and Wadi Dham are the most famous. It is located in the El Buraimi Governorate in the El Dahira region. Of particular interest are the rock formations with a variety of topography. Some hills are smooth, others have a special pattern, and some have cave chambers. For hikers, Wadi Damme with its water pools and rugged trails is a real treasure!

The sand dunes of Rub al-Khali


Author: Nepenthes |


The Rub al-Khali Desert is not only one of the largest in the world, but also one of the driest and hottest deserts on Earth. All fans of sand dunes urgently need to visit this place. Rub al-Khali means “empty quarter” in Arabic, the desert covers the western part of Oman and also extends to the north of the Arabian Peninsula, occupying Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The total area of the desert is 650 thousand square kilometers. At the same time it has unique vegetation and is the most oil-rich place on the planet.

The well of Bimma

Bimm's Well

The Bimma well is a natural sinkhole located near the capital in the eastern part of Oman. It was formed due to the decomposition of limestone in the interior of the massif, which led to the surface “eating away” into a depression. The cavity is filled with turquoise-colored water, which looks especially bright against the background of rocks that serve as natural walls of the well. As in the case of the Majlis al-Jinn, the well of Bimma attracts many adventurers from all over the world and is considered one of the main natural attractions in Oman.


Sur, is the main city of Al Sharqiya province, located in the northeastern part of the sultanate. It is famous for its original beaches as well as its history. For centuries Sur was an important naval town where dhows, a special type of Arabian ships were built. Lovers of natural beauty will love the nature reserve and the magnificent bay, connoisseurs of architecture will love the two forts that have long guarded Sur. The interesting thing is that for a long time the city was the center of trade, including slaves. The British government, which banned the slave trade in the 19th century, put an end to the trade.

The Starry Sky of Al Sharqiya

Al Sharqiya Starry Sky

In the eastern part of the Sultanate of Oman is the wonderful region of Al Sharqiya, which “shelters” many of the attractions described in our article, including the nature reserve Ras al-Jinz, where everyone can admire the process of turtle birth. We have already told you about the beauty of Bani Khalid Valley, which is the ideal place to camp and feel at one with nature. If you stay in the valley overnight, don’t forget to check out the starry sky. You can see many stars and constellations from here that are hard to see in other regions of the Earth.



Muscat differs from most world capitals in that it is considered not just the state’s main city, but also combines both the architectural and natural beauty of Oman, offering tourists a variety of diverse attractions. Most-beauty advises to start your trip to Oman in this city.


Here you will find an incredibly beautiful opera house, boutiques selling clothes of the best fashion designers from all over the world, luxurious hotels and comfortable beaches. Also Muscat is rich in its nature which will surround tourists whichever part of the city they head to.

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