The sights of Turkey.

Sights in Turkey

The list of attractions in Turkey includes the most popular tourist spots: ancient cities and architectural monuments, religious buildings, colorful bazaars and amazingly beautiful natural sites. All popular attractions are presented with photos and descriptions, map in Russian, useful information about accessibility for tourists (address, phone numbers, mode of operation, how to get).

In Turkey, it is easy to combine beaches and shopping, recreation and learning about local cultural traditions, sightseeing and a rich outdoor activities.

There are hundreds of neolithic, antique, and medieval monuments scattered across the country, witnessing the formation and establishment of ancient civilizations. The real decoration of large cities are the majestic mosques. The main treasures and artifacts of the past times are collected in the national museums and archaeological complexes.

Natural and historical national parks in different parts of Turkey have long been available for tourists – both traveling with a guide, and on their own.

There is no getting away from the oriental charm of Turkish bazaars – clothing, souvenirs, books, confectionery rows with Turkish Lukum and baklava, noisy fruit markets and conventional street flea markets. In bazaars is always appropriate and even in revered bargaining, and if you have patience, you can buy a really rare thing.

Determine the route of travel or choose the most interesting attractions of a particular resort will help you reviews of tourists to rest in Turkey.

What to see in Turkey. Where to go

The Blue Mosque is one of the most famous attractions of Istanbul, located in the center.

Inside the huge Istanbul, as in the middle of a Russian nesting doll, hides its beautiful miniature – it is a full-fledged.

Topkapi Palace was the main residence of the rulers of the Ottoman Empire until the mid-19th century.

Pamukkale is a natural phenomenon and balneological resort in southwestern Turkey in the Menderes Valley.

Göreme National Park is located in central Turkey, in the Nevşehir mudflats, which occupy a large area.

Basilica cistern is an ancient Byzantine-era underground water reservoir located in a historic site.

Galata Tower (Galata Tower) is one of the symbols of Istanbul, the main dominant feature of the city. It is located in .

Adalar or Prince’s Islands is a popular destination among Istanbul residents and those travelers who fit .

Turkey sights on the map

  • Location information
  • Weather in Turkey
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The sights of Turkey.

The heart of Turkey is Istanbul, the largest port city, its cultural, commercial and industrial center; the ancient Byzantium and Constantinople, the former capital of the Roman, Byzantine, Latin and Ottoman empires.

The charm of Istanbul is its historical center in Sultanahmet district where the outstanding monuments of world architecture are located: the Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Mosque), Ayia Sofia Cathedral-Museum, underground water reservoir Basilica Cistern, museum treasure house – Topkapi Palace and many other grandiose sights.

A tourist walk in Istanbul is unthinkable without crossing the Galata Bridge, the view of the city from the Galata Tower, a ferry ride to the Prince’s Islands, shopping on Istiklal and Grand Bazaar, photos of seals and flowers in Gulhane Park. The list goes on and on, and a week would not be enough to see all the sights of Istanbul.

Famous natural sites of Turkey are often side by side with the monuments of culture. So, natural, but unusual in their shape stone remains – not the only “curiosity” of Cappadocia, in these places are just as amazing cave settlements and the main wealth of the National Park Goreme – churches and monasteries.

The white travertine and thermal springs of Pamukkale are adjacent to the ruins of the ancient city of Hierapolis, and form a single unique complex.

Among the main attractions of Turkey are also ruins of ancient cities – Troy, Ephesus, Hattusa, the Lycian tombs, national museums and mosques of the capital – Ankara, the benchmark Turkish mosque – Selimiye Mosque in Edirne, the beaches of Turkish resorts of the Mediterranean Sea.

Sightseeing in Turkey

Balloons in Cappadocia © travels

Attractions of the cities of Turkey

Popular resort towns of Turkey, where the main stream of tourists goes, are attracted by the opportunity to combine all-inclusive beach and hotel holidays with sightseeing: to see the ancient forts and ruins of ancient cities, unique natural attractions of Turkey.

Kemer

In Kemer you can find not only the sea and beaches, attractive hotel holidays and entertainment. Popular places for walks outside the beach are the town square with its fountain and a monument to Kemer Ataturk, the Kemer Zoo, and the Tahtali Mountain above Kemer, which is part of the Olympos National Park. There are historical monuments at the bottom of the mountain – the ruins of the ancient city of Olympos, founded in the III century BC, and the Beldibi cave complex in the eastern part of the national park. A cableway leads to the top of the mountain – a separate attraction for holidaymakers of Kemer and nearby resorts.

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Alanya

Resort Alanya – a town with a rich history: it was founded over two thousand years ago, at different times belonged to the pirates, the Greeks, the Ottomans. In Alanya, the medieval fortress was preserved, which created the open-air museum, now it’s the main attraction of the resort. The Red Tower in the port and the shipyard are also ancient.

There are Ataturk’s House Museum and Archeological Museum, which collection includes rare samples of mosaics. Activity centers include a water park and a country marine park.

Top 45: Turkey’s main sights worth visiting

Brief description Looking at dozens of proposals of travel agencies about rest in Turkey, sometimes you forget that this country is known not only for its beaches, hotels and color. Turkey – a place where for centuries ruled the most powerful empires, from the Greeks and Romans to the Byzantines and Ottomans. In the country you will find dozens of architectural sights, ruins of ancient cities and sanctuaries, whose age sometimes more than the Egyptian pyramids. The nature of Turkey, and we are not just talking about the sea and mountains, is able to fall in love at first sight. If you want to touch the history of the world, then you should read this article, because Turkey is incredibly rich in historical and architectural monuments, which you may not even know about.

The capital is Ankara.

Currency is the Turkish Lira.

Language The state language, according to the constitution of the country, is only Turkish, 80% of the population speaks this language.

Time The territory of Turkey is in the same time zone, so there is no difference in time between the resorts of the country. Turkey is in one time zone with Moscow.

Services for travel:

Tripster.ru – the leading online booking service for excursions in Russia.

Supra.ru – accommodation for business trips, business travel, holidays at the sea or ski resorts, etc.

Ostrovok.ru – one of the most famous Booking analogues in Russia. It offers accommodation around the world.

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Aviasales.ru – an assistant in the search for cheap air tickets.

Tutu.ru – tickets for planes, trains, buses, electric trains, aeroexpress trains, as well as author’s adventures and package tours.

Travelata.ru – hypermarket tours with discounts up to 50%.

Localrent.com – car rental broker for local rental companies.

Where to go and what to see in Turkey by yourself?

The most interesting and most beautiful places, photos and descriptions.

1. Hagia Sophia Cathedral (Istanbul)

Before Istanbul became the capital of the Ottoman Empire, the city was called Constantinople and was the center of Byzantium. Constantinople has often been called the “Second Rome,” and looking at the entire heritage of this city, you begin to understand why. St. Sophia Cathedral, built in the first half of the 6th century, was for a long time the largest Christian temple in the world. After the city was conquered by the Ottomans in 1453, the temple was turned into a mosque and significant changes were made to its architecture. Architects over the centuries used the Hagia Sophia Cathedral as a model for the construction of other mosques in Turkey, which were often larger than the original. During the restoration works carried out during the XIX-XX centuries, it was possible to find practically untouched Christian frescoes, previously hidden under layers of plaster. They were preserved as part of the history, and since 1935 everyone could see all the magnificence of the interior decoration, as the cathedral was given the status of a museum. In 2020 the Hagia Sophia was turned back into a mosque and conducted the first namaz in more than 80 years. This decision caused a lot of criticism, but for the visitors the entrance to the mosque of Ayia Sofia became free.

Hagia Sophia Cathedral (Istanbul)

Hagia Sophia Cathedral (Istanbul)

2. Topkapi Palace (Istanbul)

Although it is considered that the Byzantines were quite close to the Romans culturally, in fact the empire learned a lot from the Greeks. In ancient times, when the city was called Byzantium, on the Sarayburnu Cape was acropolis (fortified part of town on a hill), the Byzantines built a temple here, and here the Turks in the XV century, erected on this spot Topkapi – the main Sultan’s palace. Large-scale changes, namely the construction of the harem, began in the reign of Sultan Suleiman I at the insistence of his wife Hürrem. Until the 19th century Topkapi was actively expanded and managed to be the main palace for 25 sultans of the Ottoman Empire. In 1854 Sultan Abdul Majid I broke the tradition by choosing Dolmabahce Palace as his new main residence. For some time Topkapi still had the title of Sultan’s palace, but in 1920s it became a museum, and the most popular museum in Istanbul. According to modern estimates the palace of the Turkish sultans attracts more than 2 million tourists annually.

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Topkapi Palace (Istanbul)

Topkapi Palace (Istanbul)

Topkapi Palace (Istanbul)

3. Blue Mosque (Istanbul)

As you remember, the Mosque of Hagia Sophia was the prototype for many religious buildings in Istanbul, including the Blue Mosque, built in the early 17th century. Sultan Ahmed I founded the mosque wishing to appease Allah, because a few years earlier Turkey had lost the war with Austria which was a real disaster for the empire. Ahmed I’s predecessors had paid for the construction of mosques and palaces with the jewels gained during the wars, but since the sultan had not won a single significant victory, he had to take the money from the treasury. Architecturally the Blue Mosque absorbed all the best from the architecture of Turkey and Byzantium, and instead of the usual four minarets built six. There is a legend that the non-standard number of towers appeared due to the architect’s mistake, but most likely, this way they wanted to emphasize the scale and grandeur of the Blue Mosque, which is now the main mosque in Istanbul. “The Blue Mosque was named because of the several thousand ceramic tiles decorating the interior with patterns of blue. The interior decoration was perfectly preserved till nowadays, so it is possible not only to read about all this splendor but also to see it with your own eyes.

Blue Mosque (Istanbul), Turkey

Blue Mosque (Istanbul), Turkey

4. Basilica cistern (Istanbul)

Familiar to us the word “cistern” comes from the Greek language and is translated as “reservoir”. Since Byzantine times there are many cisterns in Istanbul, and one of the most famous is called Basilica. It was built in the first half of the VI century to store drinking water in case of continuous drought. The construction is a huge reservoir with a high ceiling supported by 336 columns. Interestingly, the columns were taken from different ancient temples, so their appearance and the material of which they were made often differ. The thickness of the walls of the Basilica is also impressive – 4 meters: they were built from refractory bricks and covered with a special solution that has excellent waterproofing properties. After the capture of Constantinople, the reservoir began to be used less and less frequently, and subsequently it was abandoned. Have cleaned and have restored the Cistern only at the end of 80th years of the last century, then inside there was opened a museum.

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Basilica Cistern (Istanbul), Turkey

Basilica Cistern (Istanbul), Turkey

5. Süleymaniye Mosque (Istanbul)

In 2019 in Istanbul completed the construction of Çamlıca Mosque, which has become the largest mosque in the city, before the title of the largest mosque in the Turkish capital was Süleymaniye. It was built by 1557 by order of Sultan Suleyman and was the main mosque of Istanbul until the Blue Mosque was built. Other buildings like baths, madrasahs (schools), kitchens and so on were always built near such structures, so the construction of the Süleymaniye Mosque also meant the appearance of a small new quarter in the city. The library of the same name situated nearby is also an important historical monument; its archives contain manuscripts that are sometimes more than a thousand years old. There are two mausoleums in the courtyard of Süleymaniye where Sultan Suleiman, his beloved wife Hürrem and their only daughter Mihrimah are buried.

Süleymaniye Mosque (Istanbul, Turkey)

Çamlıca Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey

6. Istanbul Archaeological Museum

Osman Hamdi Bey went down in history not only as a famous Turkish painter, but also as a prominent archaeologist. On his initiative at the end of the XIX century in Istanbul opened the Archaeological Museum, which successfully operates today. The museum is divided into several branches, and the main one is located in the building of the early 20th century, built specifically for museum purposes. Istanbul Archaeological Museum is one of the most famous museums in the world, and its collection contains a lot of exhibits that tell the story of different peoples in different times. In the exhibition you can see the sarcophagi of the Egyptian pharaohs, look at all the beauty and artistry of ancient statues, and see a number of artifacts found during the excavations of the legendary Troy. The exhibition is truly impressive, and if you have never been in such museums, a vivid impression is guaranteed.

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