The sights of Turin, Italy.
The Catholic Basilica Superga is located in Turin on top of the hill of the same name, which offers a stunning view of the city. Superga Basilica is one of the main symbols of Turin. The Basilica Superga came into existence thanks to the oath that King Victor Amadeus II took.
Castle Valentino is one of the main attractions of Turin. The building is located in a picturesque place of the park of the same name in the city center. Nearby flows the river Po, fragrant vegetation, in short, thanks to such an environment and already bright building looks very impressive.
Palazzo Madama in Turin
The history of the palace goes back to the 1930s. It was a small fortress in a place called the city of Augusta Taurinorum. In the Middle Ages the fortress was expanded with additions, towers appeared, so a castle for the nobility was born. Because of the additions and towers, the fortress received a rectangular shape.
Egyptian Museum in Turin
The Egyptian Museum in Turin is the largest collection in Europe, devoted entirely to the culture of Ancient Egypt. Only the “thematic” museum in Cairo and collections in the Louvre and Berlin can compare with it. The museum was born at the whim of King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia.
Royal Palace in Turin
To the left of Palazzo Madama, behind the openwork fence and equestrian statues on high pedestals stands the Royal Palace in Turin, built in 1660 and serving for 200 years as the official residence of the Savoy dynasty.
The Mole Antonelliana
The Mole Antonelliana is the symbol of Turin, which is most often depicted on souvenirs and postcards dedicated to the city. It seems that if the Mole Antonelliana were to disappear, Turin would immediately lose a fair share of its charm and appeal.
Car Museum in Turin
Piedmont is a northern Italian province which gave to the world legendary cars like Lamborghini, Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Maserati. Headquarters of the owner of all these companies, Fiat, is located in Turin, so it is not surprising that the National Automobile Museum is located here.
National Cinema Museum in Turin
This museum is a bit special. Of course, all over the world film museums are not so rare. But the Turin museum is distinguished by its unique organization of exhibitions. And its rich collection and location allow the National Cinema Museum in Turin to hold a firm place in the list of the world’s leading film museums.
Palantine Gate in Turin
The ancient ruins, in front of which tourists photograph today, date from the 1st century B.C. The remains are the gate (or “Palace Gate”) itself and two towers. The polygonal towers were added to the gate already in the Middle Ages.
Palazzo Carignano is the residence of the younger branch of the Savoy dynasty, built in 1684 and is as luxurious as the Royal Palace. At the beginning of the 19th century the building was nationalized and until the unification of Italy and the capital relocation in Rome, the first parliament worked in the oval ballroom.
Cathedral of John the Baptist in Turin
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist itself was erected rather quickly, the work continued from 1491 to 1498. The place for the construction was not chosen by chance. It was the site of the first Christian churches, the Church of St. Mary and the Church of St. Giovanni Battista.
Church of San Lorenzo in Turin
The Church of San Lorenzo in Turin is one of the most unusual buildings in the city. An uninformed person, an inattentive tourist would never guess from the building’s appearance that it is a church. Church of St. Lawrence does not have the usual facade, only the dome “gives” a religious building.
Turin is the fourth city in Italy by number of inhabitants after Rome, Milan and Naples, and the third by economic indicators. Not for nothing in the 19th century Turin was the capital of Italy for some time, it still remains the business and cultural center for the northern part of the country. This city is called the “cradle of Italian freedom” – people from Turin in many ways made the Risorgimento movement happen. This is not surprising – Turin is rich in a variety of educational institutions and the famous University of Turin is one of the oldest in Europe – freedom-loving minds have always been here. Umberto Eco, too, was once a descendant of the University of Turin.
Almost any tour of the “land of pasta and pizza” includes a visit to Turin – there is something to see. For the shroud of Christ alone the city is visited by thousands of pilgrims and tourists.
The patron saint of the city is St. John the Baptist; in Turin he has a “named” very interesting cathedral – one of the must-see tourist programs.
Turin also has a mystical side. Christian relics and occult symbols coexist in this city bizarrely. It is part of the “devil’s triangle” (along with Lyon and Prague) – some abstract territory in Europe, where the inexplicable mystical events take place. However, there is an opinion that Turin is, on the contrary, the city of white magicians and alchemists.
Turin is located on the golden mean of the earth – the 45th parallel – so it has always attracted esotericists and people inclined to myth-making. Michel Nostradamus himself lived in Turin for a year, and it is here that the famous soothsayer wrote his Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory.
Among the myths about Turin is another one about Piazza Statuto, or the “Black Heart” of the city. The square is located on the site of a mass grave of soldiers of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages there were mass tortures and executions and it has been infamous ever since. On the square there is a fountain with the figure of an angel, but the Turks think of it as Lucifer. Next to the fountain there is a sealed manhole, dubbed the “gateway to hell”.
If this scares some people away, others are sure to be attracted. Those who are interested will certainly be offered a “horror” tour through Turin’s mystical places.
Conservative tourists should not be frightened – there are enough traditional values in Turin. There are some legends here – according to one version, the Holy Grail may be hidden in Turin, since the shroud of Christ is located here.
Architecture of Turin
The historic part of the city is based on the ancient Roman fortified camp. All the major landmarks are located along its perimeter or within it.
The historic buildings of greatest artistic interest were built in the 17th and 19th centuries. In Turin you can trace the entire history of architectural styles: Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassicism, Art Nouveau.
The University of Turin, the Superga Monastery, and the symbol of the city, the Mole Antonelliana, are a must-see. If you have time, be sure to visit the Egyptian Museum, which is a longtime rival of the “thematic” museum in Cairo.
In 2006, the Olympic Games were held in Turin. There are many quality sports facilities left in the city.
Soccer fans know this hospitable city as the home of the teams Juventus and Torino. So be sure to visit the specialized stores dedicated to the teams and buy souvenirs for your soccer-loving friends.
It is believed that the climate of Turin is not quite Mediterranean. Rather, it is similar to the climate of Sochi, with rainfall all year round. But on the whole, it is a very comfortable city to visit.
Turin (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Turin with descriptions, guides and maps.
City of Turin (Italy)
Turin is one of the largest cities in Italy, the capital of the Piedmont region. It is located on the River Po at the foot of the Western Alps, an hour from the border with France and about the same distance from the Mediterranean coast. Turin is an elegant city with wide streets, squares, palaces and a unique metropolitan atmosphere. It stands out architecturally and culturally among all Italian cities and has an important historical significance. After all, Turin is the first capital of united Italy, the “cradle” of the Risorgimento – the national liberation movement for unification and freedom.
For a long time the city was the main residence of the powerful Savoy dynasty. At its heyday it rivaled Paris and Vienna in architectural brilliance: luxurious palaces, many beautiful buildings in the styles of Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassicism and Art Nouveau. Besides that Turin is the capital of the Winter Olympics 2006 and one of the main industrial centers of Italy.
Things to do (Turin):
€65 per tour.
In Turin with love!
Easy guided tour of Italy’s first capital
€140 for the tour.
Turin – Getting to Know You for the First Time
See the iconic sites and discover the mysterious nature of the first Italian capital
Geography and climate
Turin is located in the northwestern part of the Padana Plain at the confluence of the Dora-Riparia and Po rivers near the foothills of the Alps. The Po River divides the city into a flat and a hilly part.
The climate is temperate with fairly hot summers and mild winters. The average temperature in January (the coldest month) is about 1 degree plus. Most precipitation falls from April to June.
Winter in Turin
- Population – 883.3 thousand people (the fourth largest city in Italy).
- Area – 130.2 square kilometers.
- Language: Italian.
- Currency – the euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Turin has an efficient public transportation system with buses and streetcars. There is also one metro line. Before getting on a bus, you have to buy tickets. Tickets for public transport are sold in tobacco kiosks.
Interesting routes in Turin
- A trip to the Superga Basilica, which offers a magnificent view of the city.
- A walk from Via Roma to Piazza Castello, the most elegant part of Turin.
- Walk along the Po River promenade to Piazza Vittorio and the Gran Madre church.
- Dinner or a visit to the nightclubs and bars in the San Salvario area.
The site of modern Turin was originally a settlement of Celts and Ligurians. In the 1st century B.C. Julius Caesar founded a military camp here, which under Augustus was renamed Augusta Taurinorum. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Turin fell under the control of the Lombards and later the Franks.
In the 13th century the city became part of the possessions of the Savoy dynasty, and in the 16th century it acquired metropolitan status. This is the heyday of Turin. Palaces and beautiful monumental buildings were built here. During the War of the Spanish Succession the Dukes of Savoy defeated the French and took the title of king. Turin, then, rose to the same level as the other capitals of Europe.
The streets of Turin
In the 19th century Turin was the “cradle” of the national liberation movement, whose goal was the liberation and unification of Italy. Also for a time the city was the capital of the country. Nowadays Turin is one of the largest industrial, technological and cultural centers of Italy.
How to get there
Turin International Airport is located 15 km north of the historic center. The main carriers are Lufthansa, Air France, Turkish Airlines and Alitalia. From the airport to the center you can get by train or bus. The SADEM bus “runs” every 15 minutes (30 min on Sundays) from the airport to the Porta Nuova railway station.
Turin is a major railway hub. There are three railway stations (stations). Porta Susa station serves trains to northern Italy (Milan, Venice, Aosta, as well as Paris), and Porta Nuova serves trains to southern destinations (Genoa, Florence, Rome, Bologna).
The city has excellent road accessibility. Nearby are the freeways A4, A5, A6, A21 and A32.
Streets of Turin
Turin, in terms of shopping, is certainly not Milan. But even here you can find many stores both inexpensive and branded.
The main shopping areas of Turin:
- Via Roma (from Piazza Castello to the train station) – from Gucci and Prada to H & M.
- Via Garibaldi – Turinians say it is the longest shopping street in Europe.
- Via Po and Via Pietro Micca.
In the historic center of Turin you can easily find an establishment for all tastes and wallets. High concentration of bars, clubs, cafes and restaurants in the area of San Salvario.
Of traditional (Piedmontese) cuisine, the following dishes are popular:
- Agnolotti del plin – stuffed pasta
- Gnocchi alla bava – pasta with tomato and cheese
- Tajarìn thin pasta with egg yolk
- Messer L’Agnolotto
- Vitello tonnato – thin slices of veal with sauce
The main sights of Turin.
The Mole Antonelliana
The Mole Antonelliana is one of the symbols of Turin, a 19th century tower with a 168 meter spire. Construction of the structure began in 1863 by Alessandro Antonelli. It was planned as a synagogue. Now there is a movie museum, and the tower offers a stunning view of the surrounding area.
The Basilica Superga is a cathedral on a high hill east of the historic part of Turin. It was built in 1731 to commemorate the victory over the French. It features beautiful Baroque architecture, rich interior decoration and has many columns. Basilica is the burial place of members of the Savoy dynasty. From here you have a stunning view of the surrounding countryside with the Alps in the background. You can get to the top either by car or by the chain train. In 1949, a plane with the Turin soccer team crashed here.
San Giovanni Battista Cathedral
San Giovanni Battista is a fine example of Renaissance architecture, a cathedral built at the end of the 15th century and dedicated to the patron saint of the city. The façade is made of white marble and the adjacent bell tower is built of brick. It is possible to climb the tower. Inside, you can admire the fantastic frescoes and marble statues of famous religious figures. The main attraction of the cathedral and one of the main Christian shrines is Santa Sidone or the legendary Shroud of Turin, the shroud in which was wrapped the body of Christ. The shrine is located in a closed chapel and is not accessible to the public.
Piazza Castello is Turin’s main square, located in the historic center of the city. Four main Turin roads converge here: the pedestrian street Via Garibaldi, Via Po, Via Roma and Via Pietro Micca. The square has a square shape. Almost in the center is the architectural complex of Palazzo Madama, to the north is the Prefecture Palace and the Royal Armory, to the east is the Regio Theatre, to the west are a couple of mansions and the Church of San Lorenzo, Palazzo Reale and the Litoria Tower, to the east is the Subalpina Gallery.
Palazzo Madama is the central structure of Piazza Castello. The modern building is based on a 13th century castle built on the ruins of an eastern Roman gate. The castle was enlarged in the 15th century and significantly rebuilt in the 18th century in Baroque style. The palace now houses a museum with displays of stone works, sculptures, jewelry, paintings and furniture.
Palazzo Reale is a royal palace, a magnificent 16th-century building. The building has a simple design and a square layout. The façade is finished with white stonework and decorated with many small decorative windows that add to the grandeur and formality of the palace. Inside, there are many richly decorated rooms.
Church of San Lorenzo
The Church of San Lorenzo is a small 17th-century religious structure next to the Palazzo Reale. It is a true Baroque masterpiece by Guarini. Architecturally, San Lorenzo is considered one of the greatest churches in the world for its unusual and bold dome design.
Piazza San Carlo
Piazza San Carlo is a beautiful baroque-style square formed in the 16th and 17th centuries. It was named after the influential Archbishop Charles Borromeo. A bronze statue of the Duke of Savoy stands in the center of the square, and the churches of Santa Cristina and San Carlo Borromeo flank it. The square of the piazza is framed by arcaded and marble buildings, which give it a beautiful symmetry.
Church of Our Lady
The Church of Our Lady is a beautiful baroque basilica founded in the 11th century. It is located in the small piazza della Consolata, about a 5-minute walk west of the Piazza della Repubblica. A triangular pediment adorns the entrance and is held up by four large stone columns. Inside the basilica there is much marble, gold and religious iconography. The main altar has several religious frescoes and detailed paintings, while the smaller altar is decorated with a gold relief of the Virgin Mary
The Egyptian Museum is one of the most interesting museums in Turin. It is located between the squares of Castello and San Carlo. This museum, dedicated to ancient Egyptian archaeology and history, contains a huge number of valuable exhibits.
The Porta Palatina is a 1st century Roman gate, the only surviving of the four ancient entrances to the city. The three-story wall is built of brick and connects a pair of polygonal brick towers. Nearby are the ruins of a Roman theater.
The Allianz Stadium is the home arena of the famous Juventus soccer club, one of the most famous stadiums in the world with a capacity of over 40,000 people.
Parco Valentino is one of the largest park complexes in Turin. Its main highlight is a replica of a medieval village built in the late 19th century.