The most photographed ruins in the world

30 Most Impressive Ruins of the World. Part 1

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Without a doubt, modern buildings are beautiful, aesthetic and comfortable in terms of technological progress. But nothing can compare to the buildings of the past, if only because they have stood the test of time. Many of the construction methods of ancient cities, temples and monuments are still a mystery to this day, thus attracting tourists from all over the world. TravelAsk offers to enjoy together the great achievements of mankind.

Test yourself on your knowledge of the most amazing and enduring ruins of ancient civilizations.

Machu Picchu (Peru)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Machu Picchu, the “lost city of the Incas,” or as it is also called, “the city among the clouds,” was discovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911. The ruins are located on top of a mountain range at an altitude of 2,450 meters. Archaeologists suggest that the city was established by the Inca ruler Pachacutec as a sacred mountain refuge a century before the conquest of the empire, that is, around 1140, and functioned until the Spanish invasion of the Inca Empire in 1532.

Chichen Itza (Mexico)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Sacred city of the Itza people, founded around the 7th century AD. The name “Chichen Itza” means “mouth of the well of the Itza tribe”. The ruins of the city can be divided into two groups: the first includes buildings from the Maya period, and the second group of buildings belongs to the Toltec period. More than 1.2 million tourists visit Chichen Itza every year, making it one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico.

Stonehenge (England)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

This prehistoric monument in the English county of Wiltshire is one of the most mysterious. Archaeologists believe it was built between 3000 and 2000 B.C. There are about a hundred versions of its origin and purpose: an altar, a tomb, an ancient observatory, an art object, a navigation system and even a coded message to descendants.

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Ta Prohm (Cambodia)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Ta Prohm (or Ta Prum) was originally called Rajavihara. As you know, most of the temples of the ancient capital Angkor were largely rebuilt, but Ta Prohm remained untouched (except, of course, for the jungle that sprawled there).

Lunmen Stone Caves (Henan Province, China)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Literally, the Dragon Gate Stone Caves are a complex of Buddhist cave temples carved in 495-898 in the limestone rocks along the banks of the Yhe River. Some of the statues here are only one inch in size, while the largest Buddha statue reaches 57 feet.

Borobudur (Java Island, Indonesia)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

The largest Buddhist temple complex in the world, Borobudur is a huge stupa shaped like a mandala. The stupa has eight tiers: the lower five are square and the upper three are round. The shape of the mandala, according to Buddhist beliefs, represents the scheme of the universe.

Luxor (Egypt)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Luxor is a sandy complex located in the city of the same name (formerly known as Thebes), which is also home to five other large temples. In fact, it is the world’s largest open-air museum. The oldest part of the Luxor temple was founded under Amenhotep III.

Hadrian’s Wall (England)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

The Wall or Hadrian’s Wall served as a defensive fortification and was built by the Romans during the reign of Emperor Hadrian. This structure required a great deal of engineering and labor and was built over a period of 5 years. Much of the wall is still intact.

Colosseum (Rome, Italy)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

The Roman Colosseum is also known as the Flavius Amphitheatre. It was built in the first century A.D. and served as an arena for gladiatorial fights, theatrical performances, and executions of non-believers. Mark Twain called the Colosseum the king of European ruins – so impressive and powerful does this structure look. Only a part of the complex has survived, but it is enough to imagine the magnitude of the Colosseum.

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Baalbek (Lebanon).

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

In Baalbek the ruins of a grandiose temple ensemble consisting of propylaeums, courtyards richly decorated with carvings and temples survived. In the 13th century the territory of the ensemble was turned into a fortress (as evidenced by the remains of walls and towers). The main mystery of Baalbek is the terrace on which the temple of Jupiter is located. In its masonry are three famous plates – trilithons – of absolutely incredible size (according to ancient legend, these blocks lay here forever and were considered sacred).

Volubilis (Morocco)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

In Latin, the city’s name means “generosity.” The date of its foundation is believed to be the 3rd century BC. Volubilis was originally inhabited by a Phoenician settlement, but the city was abandoned around the 11th century A.D. after the Moroccan authorities were transferred to Fez.

Pagan (Myanmar)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

Pagan or Bagan was the capital of a kingdom of the same name from the 9th to the 13th century. There are now more than 2,200 temples and pagodas left to be found in the area. Despite the obvious cultural and historical significance, UNESCO was unable to declare Pagan a World Heritage Site for political reasons.

Mycenae (Greece)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

The ancient city in Argolis dates back to the second millennium BC. Mycenae was a Greek military stronghold and is now considered one of the most important sites of ancient Greece.

Jerash (Jordan)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

The city, built during the time of Alexander the Great, was home to a number of empires. But in 749 A.D. an earthquake destroyed most of it, and wars and subsequent earthquakes led to its complete destruction. The ruins were not discovered until 1806.

Moai of Rano Raracu (Easter Island, Chile)

30 World's Most Impressive Ruins. Part 1

On the slopes of Mount Rano Raracu, especially in its southern part, you can see the quarries where the moai, the stone statues of Easter Island, were carved (they date back to 1250 and 1500). The tallest moai statue weighs 82 tons.

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