The most interesting UNESCO sites in Germany

Ordnung. The most interesting UNESCO sites in Germany

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Luxurious parks that were founded by wealthy counts and kings hundreds of years ago, beautiful palaces with a rich history, outstanding archaeological and natural areas – Germany has many amazing sights of world significance. There are several interesting archaeological areas, in which for decades of research, and also preserved a lot of religious and architectural monuments, the age which approaches a thousand years. More tour lovers can visit a unique museum, and diversify rich tour program they can walk through nature reserves and landscape parks.

Speyer Cathedral, Germany

Speyer Cathedral, Germany

1 of 15 - Speyer Cathedral, Germany 2 of 15 - Hanseatic City of Lübeck, Germany 3 of 15 - Lorsch Monastery, Germany 4 of 15 - City of Bamberg, Germany 5 of 15 - Maulbronn Monastery, Germany 6 out of 15 - Messel Quarry, Germany 7 out of 15 - Museum Island in Berlin, Germany

The unique imperial cathedral in Speyer is the largest Romanesque church in the world, and was designated a World Heritage Site in 1981. Construction of this cathedral began in 1030, during the reign of Emperor Conrad II, and was fully completed in 1061. At that time the city had about 500 inhabitants, and at the time of its completion, the Speyer Cathedral was one of the largest buildings in the world. During its thousand-year history, the building was restored several times, but still it managed to preserve its unique Romanesque features.

Speyer Cathedral, Germany

At the end of the 17th century, a serious tragedy happened in the city, it was invaded by the troops of the French King Louis XIV. During the battles most of the historic buildings were completely destroyed, the cathedral only by miracle managed to save a part of the walls. On its full restoration took almost a hundred years, the majestic cathedral and now amazes by its scale and luxurious decorations. The building is 134 meters long and 71.2 meters high when the main towers are included.

The main value of the imperial cathedral are located in the territory of the old tombs, there are tombs of many German emperors and the Kaiser. During the war with France, many of the tombs were desecrated, their restoration during the reconstruction was given special attention. The unique Speyer Cathedral is still in operation today, and services are regularly held there. One of the main historical values of the cathedral is an ancient organ, on which in past centuries played many famous musicians.

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In recent years, the Romanesque cathedral is used for music concerts, here you can listen to traditional folk music and music that was relevant hundreds of years ago. Since its construction, the Speyer Cathedral has been the main attraction of the city. Its visitors will have the opportunity to admire ancient sculptures hidden within the walls of the cathedral, spectacular elements of stone decoration and artistic paintings. In front of the cathedral there is a large square, which also has a lot of old buildings. Further – Hanseatic city of Lubeck

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Hanseatic City Lübeck, Germany

Hanseatic City of Lübeck, Germany

In the northern part of Germany is the port town of Lübeck, the entire area of which is considered a landmark of world significance. The city has preserved many historic buildings, and an ordinary walk through the streets of the city can be a fascinating excursion. In the central part of the city, the old Holstentor gate, which is the main historical symbol of Lübeck, has been preserved. Built in the 15th century, this gateway took on the appearance of a small fortress, and during the Middle Ages it was part of the city’s extensive fortifications. By the 19th century Lübeck’s defense system had lost its primary importance and was almost completely destroyed, only the Holstentor gate and a portion of the medieval walls remained. Full view

Lorsch Monastery, Germany

Lorsch Monastery, Germany

Lorsch Monastery was founded in 764 by Count Cankor. In the 18th century the relics of St. Nazareth, the patron of the city, were taken to the monastery, and a magnificent church was built in his honor. At the consecration of the temple in 774 attended by Charlemagne and other dignitaries of the state. By the beginning of the 13th century the imperial abbey received the status of an independent principality, it was part of the Holy Roman Empire. Reveal completely

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The City of Bamberg, Germany

City of Bamberg, Germany

The city of Bamberg is a real treat for excursionists as unique historical landmarks can be found literally at every turn. Here is one of the seven imperial cathedrals in Germany, which was built in the first half of the 11th century. On the territory of this cathedral is the tomb of St. Henry, as well as Pope Clement II and other prominent political and religious figures. The cathedral is a striking example of Romanesque architecture and astonishes with its scale. The building is 94 meters long and its spires are 26 meters high. Open completely

Maulbronn Monastery, Germany

Maulbronn Monastery Complex, Germany

The Maulbronn Monastery is a unique medieval site in the city of Maulbronn, in southwest Germany. The history of this beautiful monastery goes back to 1147, it was founded by order of Pope Eugene III. Later the monastery school became world famous thanks to the fact that Hermann Hesse, Johannes Kepler and many other famous personalities studied there at a certain time. Now the monastery building, which has been perfectly preserved after hundreds of years, is of great historical and architectural value. Open completely

Messel Quarry, Germany

Messel Quarry, Germany

The Messel quarry, located in the village of Messel, is unique from paleontological point of view. Researchers have found fossils of all kinds of organisms, which are now the subject of an interesting scientific study. The quarry was only recently studied, and was inscribed on a UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995. As early as the mid 16th century rich deposits of coal were discovered here, and mining began in 1859. Full disclosure

Museum Island in Berlin, Germany

Museum Island in Berlin, Germany

In Berlin, on the island of Spreinsel, a unique cultural center has formed, which is called “Museum Island”. In this area are the most famous museums and art galleries of the German capital, they serve as a place of attraction for thousands of travelers from all corners of the world. It is hard to imagine that in medieval times this large-scale cultural center was just a deserted marshland. Full disclosure

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The Park Kingdom of Dessau-Vörlitz, Germany

Park Kingdom of Dessau-Vörlitz, Germany

On the banks of the River Elbe lie the unique historic gardens of Dessau-Wörlitz, which have been given the high status of a “park kingdom”. The area of these gardens is about 142 square kilometers and they are located in a unique biosphere reserve. The main value of these places is the beautiful landscape parks, which were formed hundreds of years ago according to the English model. It is noteworthy that on the territory of these ancient parks and gardens have remained interesting historical buildings, many of them are now converted into museums and are available for visiting. Open in full

Muskau Park, Germany

Muskau Park, Germany

Germany has some unique natural attractions, a great example is Muskau Park, also known to many travelers as Prince Pülker Park. This landscape park is the largest in Central Europe, its area is 545 hectares. It is important to note that part of the large-scale nature park is located in neighboring Poland, this part also has very interesting historical and natural attractions. Open completely

Wadden Sea, Germany

Wadden Sea, Germany

Off the coast of Germany you can find the unique Sea of Wadden. It is a series of shallow sea areas, which are the subject of interesting and important scientific research. This “sea” does not distinguish itself as a separate geographical object, but in fact it is part of the vast North Sea. The main value of the Watt Sea is a rich world of flora and fauna, the nature itself has created optimal conditions for the active development of rare species of marine animals and plants. Open in full

Corvey Abbey, Germany

Corvey Abbey, Germany

The former imperial abbey of Corvey is in the immediate vicinity of the town of Höxter and was founded in 815. During the medieval period, the location of the monastery was very important from a strategic point of view. It was in the immediate vicinity of several major roads, on which the monarchs travelled to the surrounding towns, including the monarchs. The abbey was a great asset, and many royals made large donations and conferred privileges on the abbey. Full disclosure

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Pilgrim Church in Wiese, Germany

Pilgrim Church in Wiese, Germany

The ancient pilgrimage church in the German town of Wies is a unique example of Bavarian rococo architecture. The church was designed by the famous architect Dominik Zimmermann, who spent the last years of his life in Wies. There is an interesting story connected with the foundation of this beautiful church, which took place in the first half of the 18th century. In the house of a local resident, an antique sculpture of the grieving Savior was kept, and on the day of one of the religious holidays, tears came to this sculpture. Open completely

Wartburg Castle, Germany

Wartburg Castle, Germany

Wartburg Castle is located in the immediate vicinity of Eisenach, many people know this historical monument due to the fact that in 1521 – 1522 in its walls hid from persecution of Martin Luther. It was in this castle where he worked on the translation of the New Testament into his native language, it later became known as the Luther Bible. The ancient castle was founded in the 11th century and belonged to a noble family, the first official mention about the castle dates back to 1080. Full view

Monastic island of Reichenau, Germany

Reichenau Monastery Island, Germany

The picturesque islet of Reichenau, located on Lake Constance, is today known as a site of outstanding historical sites. The main historical site that can be seen during a tour of the island is the ancient Benedictine monastery. It was founded in 724 and remained one of the main religious centers in the region until the 11th century, the monastery was located at the crossroads of important roads. In the early Middle Ages, the monastery was a large complex that included a scriptorium, a school, and an art workshop. Reveal completely

Zollverein Coal Mine, Germany

Zollverein Coal Mine, Germany

Among the interesting sights of world significance to see in Germany was the old coal mine Zollverein. It is located in the city of Essen, the mining of this hard coal deposit ceased only recently. Rich deposits of coal in this region were discovered in the 30s of the 19th century, active mining started in 1834. The renowned industrialist Franz Ganil owned the site in the mid-19th century and founded the “Zollverein Mine”. Full view

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