The most interesting sights of Hungary

Top 20 Hungarian sights

In the Middle Ages, Hungary has long been called the “Kingdom of the Huns”, and the Hungarians came to Europe from the steppe regions east of the Urals. The Hungarians themselves call themselves “Magyars” and their wonderful country Magyarország. Over a thousand years, the Hungarians have managed to create a unique culture, and our small review presents the main attractions of Hungary, as well as their photos and descriptions.

Lake Balaton

Balaton

This lovely lake, sprawling on the Central Danube Plain, is the largest in Central Europe, and Hungarians lovingly call it the “Pearl of the Country.”

The lake is the most important resort in the country, and the oldest town on its shore is Keszthely, which traces its history back to the beginning of the XIII century. There is also the surprisingly beautiful Tihany peninsula.

Along its banks there are numerous mineral and thermal springs, and that is why this place is especially popular among people who want to improve their health.

By the way, about the most beautiful lakes in the world on most-beauty.ru has an interesting article with lots of photos.

Buda Castle

Buda

The first citadel on the site of today’s Castle in the Hungarian capital was built by King Béla IV in the mid-13th century.

The dome of the majestic castle, standing on Mount Gellert, is visible from anywhere in Budapest. Originally the fortress protected the Hungarian tribes from the attacks of Tatar and Mongol warriors, and later became the residence of the Hungarian kings.

A similar castle was located in the city of Visegrad, but was destroyed during the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Now Buda Castle is one of the main attractions of the capital, which houses many museums and the National Library of Hungary.

In this article we will intentionally not write more about the sights of Budapest, because we have a separate article dedicated to this topic.

Bishop’s Palace

Bishop's Palace

On the Fortress Hill in Veszprém, Hungary the majestic Bishop’s Palace, built in the 1770s, towers above the historical part of the city.

The author of the project was architect Fellner, and the residence was built for Bishop Ignatz Koller. Built of white marble in the Baroque style, the building became a true decoration of the Hungarian city.

The facade is decorated with numerous sculptural compositions, including figures of angels supporting large vases with beautiful flowers on the pediment.

Hrashalkovich Palace

Grashalkovich Palace

One of the largest palace complexes in Europe, built in the first half of the 18th century, is located in the town of Gedele.

Construction was started by Count Antal Grashalkovich I in 1733, and the decoration of the monumental palace took 30 years. Queen Maria Theresa, who visited the palace in 1751, was struck by its magnificence and decoration.

Built in the Baroque style, the palace is very popular among tourists, and exhibitions, festivals, classical and popular music concerts are held within its walls.

Eger Fortress

Eger fortress

After the Tatar-Mongols destroyed the settlement of Eger, the bishop commanded the construction of a stone fortress that would protect the local population from the raids of nomads.

In 1552 the defenders of the fortress bravely repelled numerous attacks of the Turkish troops. Five weeks, 2 thousand Hungarians under the command of Istvan Dobo held back the siege of 40 thousand Turks and the enemy was forced to retreat.

Now it is a national museum, and tourists can learn the history of the fortress, visit the museum István Dobo, towers and underground casemates.

Reformed Cathedral

Reformed

Debrecen is known not only for the fact that it is the second most populous city in Hungary, but also for the numerous monuments of architecture and history.

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Among the majestic buildings stands out the Reformed Cathedral – the largest Protestant cathedral in the country. It was here that Hungary’s independence was proclaimed.

Many historical artifacts are preserved within the walls of the temple, and a luxurious park with rest areas and beautiful fountains is laid out in front of the building.

Basilica of St. Adalbert

Basilica of St. Adalbert

The main Catholic cathedral in Hungary, located in the city of Esztergom, today is the largest church in the country and one of the tallest buildings.

The history of the Cathedral, consecrated in honor of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Adalbert, dates back to 1001. During its more than thousand-year history it has been repeatedly rebuilt, and in 1856 the inhabitants saw a new and beautiful cathedral, built according to the project of Janos Pax.

The size of the basilica, as well as the luxurious interior decoration are striking. Here you can hear the sounds of the large antique organ.

Sopron Fire Tower

Fire Tower-City-Sopron

Built in neo-Renaissance style, the fire tower rises above the town to a height of 60 metres and is considered to be one of Sopron’s landmarks.

The first tower was built in XI century, using the remains of a Roman villa for foundations. During its long history the tower was repeatedly rebuilt.

At the bottom is the “Gate of Allegiance” in memory of the referendum of 1921, when the residents voted in a referendum to become part of Hungary.

Millennium Park

Park-Millennium

The town of Siofok is famous for being the birthplace of the famous composer Imre Kalman, it is also a popular Hungarian resort, and there is a wonderful park here as well.

The best masters of the country worked on the creation of natural landscapes, alleys and fountains, so the park fascinates with its beauty and splendor. The entrance is free, and locals and tourists alike love to lounge on the green lawns, or take a leisurely stroll through the shady alleys.

The center has a monument to Imre Kálmán and it is easy to get to the park because of the nearby train station.

Miskolc National Theater

National-theater-Miskolc

The beautiful theater, built in the Neo-Baroque and Classical style, was opened in 1857.

The first building of the theater appeared in 1819, but then it was decided to expand it, resulting in almost a new building. In 1880 it was reconstructed and a tower was added.

Not only the theatrical productions are held on its stage, but also the annual Opera Festival, which brings together the world’s best stars of the opera scene.

The Garden of Ruins

Garden-ruin

Hungarian Szekesfehervar was first mentioned as an urban settlement in 972, and one of its attractions is the unique remains of a XI century basilica.

Archaeologists discovered it while excavating the historic part of the city. It is within the ancient cathedral were buried Hungarian kings who ruled before the Turkish occupation.

The famous Garden of Ruins is located on the Coronation Square and was named by archaeologists, who partially restored the foundations of the basilica.

Selim Cave

Cave-Selim

One of the most beautiful and famous natural attractions is located near the town of Tatabanya, on one of the slopes of Mt.

The cave was formed naturally as a result of the impact of water currents on the rocks. Its length is 45 m, and the vaults of some halls reach a height of 14 m.

The cave has been the subject of archaeological research, which has revealed traces of primitive people.

Historical Center of Gyor.

Historical Center-Djora

If you believe what tourists say, visiting the Hungarian small town Gyor, as if you get into another era.

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Indeed, it is a wonderful way to preserve the urban development of the XVIII century, with beautiful residential buildings, churches and castles. The buildings are built in the style of classical Austrian baroque, and are a kind of monuments of history and architecture.

Another noteworthy detail are the many balconies, of different shapes and sizes, due to which Győr is called the “city of balconies”.

Ruins of Roman Savaria

Ruins of Roman Savaria

In the historic center of one of the oldest Hungarian cities, Sombathey, are the unique ruins of the Roman settlement of Savaria.

The archaeological complex includes the remains of the temple of Isis, built in the III century, as well as the foundations and part of the walls of an early Christian basilica of the IV century.

Other finds include the remains of an imperial palace, public baths, and crafts quarters. In the center of the settlement the archaeologists investigated a unique sanctuary of Mercury.

Lake Heviz

Lake Heviz

In the west of Hungary stretches the mirror of a thermal lake, which got its name from the spa town of the same name.

The lake is especially characterized by the composition of its water, which contains numerous mineral elements, including radon, potassium, iodine and other trace elements. The uniqueness of the lake is that thanks to underground sources every three days update the composition of the water.

People from all over Europe come here, suffering from diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous and cardiovascular system.

About the most beautiful lakes in the world on our site is a very colorful article.

Tokay-Hedaglia

Tokay-Hedgalla

The famous wine region of Europe, Tokay has been known since 1550, and the region itself is famous for its unique vineyards and ancient wine cellars.

A part of the region with vineyards is in Slovakia, and the Hungarian authorities in cooperation with winemakers are fighting for the uniqueness of the Tokaj brand.

In the XVII century Tokay wines from the best varieties of white grapes became known in Russia.

Köseg Fortress

Fortress-Köseg

220 kilometers to the west of Budapest is a town Köseg, famous for its stone castle, which was built in the XV century.

Originally the monumental fortification belonged to the famous Gharai family. They had erected a majestic tower, on the first floor of which there was a wine cellar.

There was a heroic episode in the fortress’ history, when a small group under the leadership of Miklos Jurisic stopped the Turkish army’s passage. To commemorate that event, the bells strike at 11 o’clock every day in the fortress.

Subterranean Lake

Underground Lake

In 1903, under the town of Tapolca, the geologists found a unique underground lake with a network of beautiful caves formed in the mainland.

In one of the streets of Tapolza is the entrance to the caves, and to go down to the lake you have to walk through the steps. Here you can not only see the beauty of the caves, but also take a boat ride on the underground lake under the arches of the caves.

Part of the water comes to the surface, forming a small lake in the center of Malom.

Sárvár

Szarvar

This small Hungarian town on the bank of the Raba River is famous in Europe for its unique baths, and it is also a great balneological resort.

The spa is situated in a beautiful wooded area just 500 meters from the center of town. Despite the many historical and cultural attractions, the town is famous for its healing waters.

They come here to improve health, and doctors recommend visiting the resort for people with cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

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Pecs

The ancient city of Pecs boasts a mild climate, as well as many cultural attractions. An early Christian mausoleum, the cathedral, and the Pasha Gazi Kasim Mosque, built by the Turks during the Ottoman Empire, are just some of the main attractions in this southern Hungarian city. The Early Christian Necropolis, built in the 4th century BC, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Hollokö

Hollokyo

It is difficult to stop at twenty sights, stated in the title of the article. Let’s go a little beyond the top 20 and present the next beautiful place of the beautiful country.

The Paloka people are an ethnic minority known for their unique, well-preserved traditions. Holokö is a small village in the northeast of Hungary, 90 kilometers from Budapest. But the proximity of the capital has not changed the life and life of the people. The village is a great place to study the traditions and lifestyles of the inhabitants. It is an open-air ethnographic museum where the inhabitants lead their daily lives. In 1987, the place was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Visitors to Hollokyo can visit various museums, workshops, and just admire the old buildings. Seasoned tourists advise to come here at Easter to enjoy the traditional celebration of Easter.

Szentendre

Szentendre

Not far from Budapest is Szentendre, a city known for its beautiful art. Here you can find many galleries and museums, and people who are not into art will find their charm in the many cafes and bars.

To sum up

Top 20 Highlights of Hungary

Looking at the map of Hungary with the sights, we can call it a country of majestic palaces and ancient castles. As we can see, there is a lot to see in this amazing Eastern European country, and the natural attractions of Hungary are considered not only national, as Lake Balaton, but also the world heritage.

What to see in Hungary in a week

Hungary is one of the few countries where you can combine a gastronomic vacation with sightseeing and at the same time recover from thermal springs. Most tourists enter the country through its capital, Budapest. Every year in Hungary there are festivals and musical carnivals. The largest festival, Sziget (Hungarian for Sziget ), drew an audience of 570,000 people in 2018.

Chain Bridge on the Danube River in Budapest

Beautiful and unusual places in the country

There are several thousand castles in Hungary, of varying levels of preservation. Some of them were built on the site of ancient Roman fortifications, others arose to protect trade routes. Some castles appeared after the Mongol invasion and are perfectly preserved to this day. Besides the beautiful palaces and castles, Hungary is famous for its lakes and national parks. Hungary has developed horse tourism everywhere; there are dozens of trails of varying difficulty level.

Visegrad Fortress

Near Budapest, just 50 km away, is the ancient city of Vysehrad. Not to be confused with the city of the same name in the Czech Republic. Hungarian Vysehrad is located in a beautiful bend of the Danube River on a hill. The city began as a Roman stronghold, and the ruins of Roman buildings are still standing. For a short period of its history, Vysehrad was the capital, before it was transferred to Buda. From the observation deck of Vysehrad fortress there is a wonderful view of the river. Inside the citadel there is a museum with displays of medieval weapons and clothing, and in some rooms scenes from castle life are recreated.

Lake Hévíz

The lake was formed on the crater of an extinct volcano. In contrast to Lake Balaton, the depth of Lake Heviz is about forty meters. The lake is fully thermal, the water temperature does not fall below 26 degrees all year round. Tourists come here for recovery and treatment of many diseases, ranging from osteochondrosis and ending with polyarthritis. Healing is considered not only the water in the lake, but also the mud and silt at the bottom.

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Aggtelek National Park

Barada Cave in Aggtelek National Park in Hungary

One of the most unusual places on the territory of Hungary is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are about two hundred caves of karst origin. Some of the caves begin in Hungary and end already in Slovakia. Some rooms are open to independent inspection, while others are best visited only with a professional guide. Due to the good acoustics in the caves of Aggtelek park are held concerts.

What to see the tourist

First of all acquaintance with the country is worth starting with its capital. Budapest stretches on both banks of the Danube. On the right bank lies Buda, on the left – Pest.

Buda Castle

Buda Castle was the residence of Hungarian kings. Several times in its history, the citadel lay in ruins. But each time the Hungarians restored it. The last restoration took place after World War II. There were partially lost items of decoration in the architectural appearance of the castle. There are museums on the territory of Buda Castle, as well as the National Gallery of Hungary.

The building of the Hungarian Parliament

The Hungarian Parliament Building

The most revealing view of the Hungarian Parliament building opens from the west bank of the Danube. The complex looks especially beautiful at night under bright illumination. The building was built in neo-Gothic style with a large domed hall in the center. On the facade tourists can see statues of rulers not only of Hungary, but also of Transylvania.

Gellert

Within the boundaries of Budapest in the 11th century, a tragedy played out. During this period, Christianity replaced paganism on the territory of the state. One of the first preachers and baptizers of the Hungarian people was Saint Gerard. In one of the moments of aggravation of the struggle between the old religion and the new Saint was captured and executed barbarically. Saint Gerard was placed in a barrel studded with iron nails and lowered from a mountain into the waters of the Danube. Subsequently this mountain was named Saint.

Gellert is a hill rather than a mountain. But traditionally this place is called by locals and tourists – Mount Gellert. At the top in addition to the beautiful view you can walk around the cozy park, admire the sculptures and visit the citadel.

Szechenyi Baths

Next to the Zoological and Botanical Gardens right behind Heroes’ Square is the most famous balneological institution in Hungary – Szechenyi Baths. This is the largest complex of baths and swimming pools. Tourists visit Szechenyi not so much for therapeutic purposes but rather to enjoy the rich decoration of the interior. There are sea motifs, mermaids and newts, ceiling frescos, fountains and candelabrums. The whole exterior and interior of the baths makes the visitor believe that he is in a palace and not a bathhouse.

Marzipan Museum

Who loves sweets? And who loves marzipan?

The best place for any sweet tooth is the marzipan factory and marzipan museum. The museum is located in a small town not far from Budapest, namely in Szentendre. Here you can see not only the classic marzipan candies, but also real works of art made of almonds. For example, royal portraits (Emperor Franz Joseph), a carriage, flowers (cacti), different animals (piglets, foxes, mice), the image of biblical scenes (Christmas), images of stories from children’s books (“The Three Little Pigs”) – and all this is made by hand from the delicious marzipan. The museum has a store where any tourist can buy a favorite delicacy.

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The best places in Hungary outside of Budapest

Every year Hungary attracts millions of tourists, who most often come to the country to see Budapest. And they are understandable. Budapest is beautiful at any time of the year. You can easily spend days and weeks in the capital, seeing castles, visiting galleries, seeing temples, walking along the beautiful waterfront. But besides Budapest, Hungary is ready to offer its guests several unusual places that can outshine the capital.

Eger Fortress

In the small town of Eger, just a hundred and forty kilometers from Budapest, stands the Eger Fortress. The fortress is an excellent example of medieval fortification architecture. It was built, as many other fortifications, after the Mongol invasion. But in 1552, during the siege of the Turks, the citadel played its main role. The heroic defense lasted for five weeks, after which the Turks were forced to withdraw. The commander of the defense of the fortress Istvan Dobo was awarded a museum on the territory of the modern fortress. In the basement of the citadel there is a cellar, where wine tastings are held. In addition, tourists can walk around the bastions and casemates of the citadel.

Lake Balaton

The lake has several unofficial names. The Hungarians themselves call it “the inland sea. Since Hungary has no access to the sea, the lake replaced it. Ironically, Lake Balaton is called the “puddle of Europe. This is due to the shallowness of Lake Balaton. Maximum depth is about 13 meters, but on average no more than two meters. Because of that the lake is beautifully heated in the summer and becomes the center of resort life of the country. In addition to relaxing and fishing on the lake you can also visit the old Benedictine abbey. The abbey is situated in the village of Tihany on the peninsula of the same name. It is interesting with its late Baroque architecture and with a monument to King András I and his wife. The ashes of the king rest in the central abbey church.

Holokö village

Just ninety kilometers from Budapest is an interesting attraction – the village of Hollokö. It is the only ethnographic museum in Hungary. In the village live several hundred people engaged in traditional crafts: pottery, weaving, stone and wood carving. People come to this place to get acquainted with the rural measured life and see the traditional clothes and dwellings of Hungary.

Pannonhalm Abbey

This is the oldest abbey in the country and is located on top of St. Martin’s Hill. Benedictine Abbey is one hundred and thirty kilometers from Budapest, in the place where, according to legend, St. Martin of Tours was born. Since the monastery is active, only part of the territory is open to pilgrims. The heart of the monastery is the Basilica of St. Martin. The majestic building is in Gothic style and is decorated with frescoes and stained-glass windows. The second most important building in the abbey is the monastery library. The most ancient manuscripts and manuscripts are kept there. The book collection is recognized as the largest of those that are not part of the state museum collections. In the monastery’s shop you can buy local wine, which is produced here at the monastery’s winery.

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