Top 30 – world’s largest lakes
Natural attractions are scattered all over the planet and attract tourists as much as museums and architectural sites of antiquity. In the list of the most visited places the lakes take the leading positions. Picturesque corners of the Earth delight the eye and allow you to relax in the lap of nature. Some are impressive in their size and resemble the sea, as it is not possible to see the opposite shore.
Lakes are also a source of fresh water, vital arteries of their regions. Near them, there may be nature reserves, enterprises may be built nearby, excursion tours may be organized. The economy and tourism are often directly linked to the lakes and their surroundings. As for the environmental component, a lot of attention has been paid to it in recent decades, too.
The largest lakes on earth in terms of area
List, pictures with names and descriptions
Located on the territory of five countries, including Russia. Its water is brackish. Enter the five rivers. The water level fluctuates at 27 meters below sea level. There are large peninsulas and about fifty islands of different sizes. On the coast there are port cities and resort towns, as well as smaller settlements. Animal and plant life is varied. The climate and water temperatures are variable.
The area is 436000 km².
This lake is a part of the Great Lakes system. It is the largest freshwater lake in the world. It runs into the Nipigon River, with the St. Marys flowing out. Depths are impressive and in some places reach four hundred meters. Although temperatures here are low, the surface is not covered with ice even in winter, unlike the coastline. There are several ports. In the local waters are a lot of relatively rare species of fish.
The area is 82100 km².
Located on the territory of three South African countries. The average depth is about forty meters. The water is fresh. Since 1954, when the dam was built, actually turned into a reservoir. There are many small islands. River Kagera flows in, flows out – the White Nile. The average temperature in the area of the lake: +20-+22 ° C. During the year there are two rainy seasons. Fishing and population growth on the coast has led to environmental degradation.
Area – 68870 km²
Located in the United States and Canada, is part of the Great Lakes system. The Strait of Machino connects it to neighboring Lake Michigan. The St. Marys River flows in, the St. Clair River flows out. The average depth is within sixty meters. There are many islands and bays. Since the middle of the last century, the fish population is restored, fry are released, and the ecological background is closely monitored by representatives of the authorities.
Area – 59600 km²
The only one of the Great Lakes system located entirely on U.S. territory. The Strait of Machino connects it to neighboring Lake Guron. The water is fresh. Maximum depth is 281 meters. Height above sea level – 177 meters. Four months of the year the surface is covered with ice. There are quite large islands, and on the coast there are several cities.
The area is 58,000 km².
It is located on the territory of four countries in Central Africa. It is the longest freshwater lake on the planet. It is part of the Congo basin. The depth at its lowest point reaches 1,470 meters. The water temperature at the surface – from +24 ° C. The fauna is represented by two thousand species, of which almost one-third live in a limited range. Fishing and waste dumping in the northern part of the lake has led to its pollution.
Area – 32600 km²
Located in Russia. The deepest lake on the planet as well as the largest reservoir of fresh water. It has many rivers flowing into it but only one outlet, the Angara. In winter and spring, the surface is covered by a thick layer of ice almost completely. There are 27 islands. Animal and plant life is represented by several thousand species, half of them have a limited distribution area.
Area – 31500 sq. km
Big Bear Lake
Located in Canada on the northern polar circle. The average depth is 72 meters. The air temperature in the area for the most part is minus, although in midsummer it can reach +12°C. Ice on the surface is a familiar sight for these places. There is only one settlement on the coast. There used to be a uranium mine nearby, but it was shut down because of its high cost and complexity of mining.
Area – 31000 km²
Located in three countries in East Africa. Its ecosystem is unique, most of the plants and animals are found only here in the surrounding areas. The average depth is just under three hundred meters. Part of the basin is covered by mountains and highlands. Fourteen rivers flow in, and only one flows out – the Shire. There are settlements on the coast, but not many. Fishing is active.
Area – 29500 km².
Great Slave Lake
Located in Canada. The deepest in North America. Runs into several rivers, flows out – the Mackenzie. The average depth is 41 meters. Eight months a year its surface is covered with ice. In the winter, it is so firm that trucks with goods and necessary materials for nearby diamond mines run across the lake. The western coast is covered by forests and the eastern coast by tundra.
Area 27,000 km².
Located in the United States and Canada, is part of the Great Lakes system. Erie is an important part of agriculture in both countries. Distance to the lowest point at the bottom – 64 meters. For several months the surface is covered with ice. Since the early 1970s the authorities have taken care of the ecology of the region, which has helped to change the situation for the better.
Area – 25700 km²
Located in Canada and is part of the reservoir of the same name. The average depth is 12 meters. Height above sea level – 217 meters. Several rivers flow into the reservoir and the Nelson River flows out. Around the area are towns and villages. A lot of wild islands. On the coast there are caves and cliffs. The water is fresh. Taiga forests growing on the east coast, protected by UNESCO.
The area – 24514 km²
It is part of the Great Lakes System of the USA and Canada. Its water area includes the Finger Lakes. Average depth is 86 meters. River flowing in – the Niagara, flowing out – the St. Lawrence. It is connected to the Hudson and the Erie via canals. Shipping is well developed and active, with many ports. On its banks are large settlements, including Toronto.
Area – 18960 km²
It is located in Russia. The largest freshwater river in Europe. There are many rivers flowing in and only one flowing out, the Neva. In its water area are natural attractions of various types, including the Nizhnesvirsky Reserve. There are also architectural monuments. As well as memorials. Among the islands, Valaam is best known. Shipping is well developed, used for economic activities and tourism.
The area is 18130 km².
It is located in Kazakhstan. Part of the reservoir is freshwater, part is salt water. These areas are separated by a narrow channel. Several rivers flow into it. The average depth is less than six meters. On each of the four sides of the lake is surrounded by different types of terrain. To the east is a sandy massif, to the west is desert, to the south are mountains, and to the north is steppe. The fauna is sparse in both species and total numbers.
The area is 16400 km².
It is located in Antarctica. The biggest of the subglacial. Nearby is the Russian station of the same name. Absolute depth is more than 1,200 meters. Water temperature reaches +10 ° C, its heating comes from geothermal underground sources. It took a decade to get to the lake, make precise calculations, and drill a well. Research on the water and the microorganisms that live in it is continuing.
Area – 12500 km²
Located in Russia. Many rivers flow into it, there are more than a thousand and a half islands in the water area. Average depth – 30 meters. Part of the shores are swampy, part is covered with taiga forests. There are two ports and a few settlements of different status. A lot of fish, including rare species. Since there are industrial enterprises on the lake, the ecological condition of the area is deteriorating.
Area – 9,720 km²
Located in Peru and Bolivia. It is the largest in terms of fresh water reserves in the region. Several cities and towns along the coast; there are settlements of aborigines who have preserved many traditions, including economic ones, of their ancestors. Navigation is well developed. Average depth is 107 meters. The altitude is 3,812 meters. There are about three hundred rivers flowing into it, and only the Desaguadero flows out.
The area is 8372 km².
It is located in the country of the same name. Among the freshwater is the only one where sharks can be found. The average depth is 13 meters. On the surface there are large waves, sometimes there are storms. The islands are numerous, united in groups. The Tipitapa River flows in and the San Juan River flows out. Nicaragua is connected to the Caribbean Sea via a shipping channel. Also under construction is a canal between the oceans, which will pass through the lake.
The area is 8,264 km².
Located in Canada. Its maximum depth is 124 meters. Outflows the Slave River and the Mackenzie River, and flows into the Athabasca. Deposits of uranium and gold were discovered on the shore, which led to mines and active mining, but in the early 1980s the work was curtailed. There are sand dunes on the southern shore. The lake is home to over twenty species of fish.
The area is 7,850 km².
Located in Russia on the peninsula of the same name above the Arctic Circle. The climatic zone is tundra with occasional patches of permafrost. Several rivers flow into it, and the Taimyr River flows through it, which has the addition of the name “Upper” and “Lower”, depending on its position. Arctic fish are found in the waters of the lake, the fauna is represented by a very small number of species.
Area – 6990 km²
It is found in Kenya and Ethiopia. It has a second name – Rudolph. There are three islands in its water area. Several rivers flow into it, none flow out. Famous for its crocodiles, which are impressive in size and numerous. Important archaeological discoveries related to ancient people and the geography of the area have been made in the area in different periods.
Area – 6,405 km²
Located in Canada. Origin – glacial. The average depth is 17 meters. From late spring to early summer the surface is covered with ice. The lake has become the site of sport fishing competitions. The coast is sparsely populated. One of the natural attractions – Gluboka Bay, which was formed because of the fall of a meteorite a hundred million years ago.
Its area is 6,330 km².
Located in Kyrgyzstan. Its height above sea level is more than 1,600 meters. The water is brackish. The lake is undrained, and about eighty tributaries flow into it. There are four bays, each used, but not actively. The climate is mixed – sea and mountain, which attracts tourists. Coastal settlements vary in size, but there are quite a few.
Area – 6200 km²
Located in Iran. The largest lake of the Middle and Near East. The water is saline. The lake is undrained. The greatest depth is 16 meters. There are more than a hundred islands, some of them have pistachio forests. The surface is not frozen. Shipping is well developed and active. Occurrence in 2008, the dam divided the water area into two parts and had a negative impact on ecology.
Area – 6001 km²
Located in Sweden. The largest in the country. Since December it is covered with ice, it is on the surface until mid-spring, but the layer is not thick and thaws periodically. The average depth is 27 meters. In the water area there are small islands, there are three large. They, like the lake, are part of the national park. Runs into about 30 rivers. Large ports are used all year round. Fishing is well developed.
Area – 5545 km ².
Located in Canada. Average depth – about 12 meters. The absolute height above sea level – 254 meters. On the coast there are three large settlements. Fishing is well developed. Species of fish a sufficient number, but the emphasis is on trout. Since there have been some problems with ecology, the authorities have created in the county two sanctuaries and are engaged in restoration of population of rare species.
Area – 5403 km²
Located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Height above sea level – 615 meters. Distance to the deepest point from the surface – 58 meters. Bottom mainly without sharp drops. There are two rivers flowing in – one flows out, which is a tributary of the Nile. Shipping is developed, but poorly. There are many kinds of fish. Water temperature is high all year long, reaching 30 ° C.
Area – 5299 km ².
Located on the territory of Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Height above sea level – 917 meters. The average depth is about seven and a half meters. Water is fresh. The largest river flowing in is Luapula. Outflowing – Luvua. The rainy season has little effect on the water level of the lake, which distinguishes it from other bodies of water in the region. On the coast a lot of fishing villages.
Area – 5120 km²
It is located in Canada. The height above sea level is 30 meters. The average depth is 20 meters. It is fed by shallow rivers, as well as Lake Amajuac, located to the south. The eastern part is shallow and includes three bays. Since ice is almost always present here, it is difficult for fish to survive. Only three species have adapted to local conditions. Near the lake live caribou deer.
The 10 most beautiful lakes in the world
Here are ten impressive lakes from around the world.
Sixteen emerald lakes connected by a system of waterfalls would make a great place to film the next installment of Jurassic Park. Curiously, new waterfalls at Plitvice Lakes are born every year. It happens this way: fallen into the water leaves and tree limbs are covered with so-called “chalky plants”, which, dying, become stony and turn into hard sediments, blocking the rivers. The water gradually erodes these “dams” and forms new waterfalls
The deepest lake in the world (average depth – 745 meters) is well deserved to be one of the most beautiful ones. It is believed that the pristine beauty of Lake Baikal without the crowds of tourists on its shores is better to observe in early summer. That’s when Baikal becomes free of ice, and it’s easy to see seals on the ice floes. The most stunning places on the shores of Lake Baikal are the Ayaa Bay, Cape Kotelnikovsky, Chersky Mountain, Mica Lakes, and the Shumilikha River.
This stunningly beautiful lake can often be seen on landscape postcards. Because of its incredible blue, at first you might think it’s not Canada, but a tropical paradise like Antigua or Bora Bora. Melting glaciers wash rock particles into the lake, which in the light of the sun give an amazing color effect.
This lake is located at the foot of three majestic volcanoes-Atitlan, Toliman, and San Pedro. The lake’s name translates from the Mayan language as “the place where the rainbow takes on colors.” Atitlán is unparalleled from any vantage point, whether it’s a restaurant on the lake shore, or a fishing boat, or a small Indian settlement on the mountain. In recent years, the lake has begun to turn from dark blue to blue-green. Experts blame it on algae that blooms year-round
The deepest lake in the United States was formed more than 7,000 thousand years ago after Mount Mazama volcano collapsed. The lake is surrounded by dense forest and high cliffs. Crater is now the center of a national park in southern Oregon known for its spectacular wildlife and incredible scenery.
The romantic scenery of Loch Lomond inspired Walter Scott to make it the setting for his novels. The lake is full of islets, some so small they disappear at high tide, others so large they hold hotels
The heart of the French Alps, which is only 30 miles from Geneva. The lake is ideal for all kinds of recreation, from bridal-romantic to extreme – Annecy is beloved by surfers and kayakers from all over the world. Cozy cafes and restaurants along the shores of the lake shine with lights, and medieval castles and fortresses are hidden here and there. It’s possible that you’ll find something even older, because Annecy is 18 thousand years old.
The largest lake in Italy. On its southern shore are lovely hotels, terracotta-roofed houses and quiet, pebbly beaches. The northern, narrow and long part of the lake resembles a fjord because of the ridges framing it up to 2,000 meters. This is where cyclists like to spend active holidays. You can reach Garda from Milan or Venice: the lake is halfway between these cities.
The stunning blue of the water and the vast prairies behind it form a magnificent scenery of the Nakuru. But the lake is unique in Kenya for another reason. The lake’s abundance of algae attracts huge numbers of flamingos. Millions of gorgeous birds create the effect of “fluffy pink islands”. Curiously, flamingos are one of the few species of animals that can stay quietly in Nakuru. The water in this lake contains so much carbon dioxide sodium that it starts to sting if you touch it
Another name for this lake is Mirror Lake, which is easy to explain: the body of water reflects the two highest peaks in New Zealand, Cook and Tasman. The best time to admire the lake is just after sunrise, when the quiet water surface turns into a perfect mirror plane.