Mountains of the World
Tibet is a mountainous region of Central Asia, located in the southwestern part of China and occupies one-eighth of the area of this state.
Everest, also known as Jomolungma, is the highest point on our planet. It is called, and quite rightly so, the “roof of the world”.
The natural beauty of Mount Elbrus – snowy peaks, bright alpine flowers, violent mountain rivers and waterfalls – attracts thousands of tourists to it.
Mount Vesuvius, formidable, powerful, awe-inspiring and awe-inspiring at the same time, is one of the most famous mountains on Earth.
Mount Fujiyama is the most recognizable of Japan’s landmarks. It is located about 90 km west of Tokyo. It is a volcano that has been around for a long time.
Mont Blanc is one of the most famous peaks of our planet. It is located in the Western Alps, at the junction of two countries – France and Italy.
The Andes are the longest and one of the highest mountain systems on Earth, bordering all of South America from the north and west; the southern part of the Cordilleras.
Mount Ararat is the highest peak in Turkey, reaching a height of 5,137 m. It is a dormant volcano rising above the arid plain, the summit.
Mount McKinley is located in Alaska and is the highest peak on the North American continent. Mt. McKinley is of interest to.
Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, is a red rock monolith in northern Australia. It is revered by Aboriginal people as a holy place and sticks out at.
Mount Olympus, at 2,917 meters, is the highest mountain in Greece. It is surrounded by deep chasms and its summit is covered with snow. Olympus is located on.
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania, in the national park of the same name. It is the highest peak in Africa, which.
Montjuïc is a famous mountain and landmark in Barcelona. The height of Monjuïc is 177.7 meters. The mountain is surrounded by one of.
Bear Mountain is located in Crimea, on the border of Bolshaya Alushta and Bolshaya Yalta, between the villages of Gurzuf and Partenit. Its height is 570.8 meters.
It is a rare place on Earth that can compete with the Altai Mountains in natural wealth, amazing scenery and purity.
Mount Etna is one of the most famous natural attractions in Sicily, the highest active volcano in Europe
Kailas – a legendary mountain in Tibet, considered the spiritual center of the world. According to beliefs, Shiva, the god of destruction and creation, dwells on it.
Mount Olga is located in the Uluru Kata Tjuta National Park in Australia and consists of 36 massive rounded rocks.
Mount Tibidabo is one of the symbols of Barcelona and its main attractions. There are attractions for adults as well as adults.
Teide volcano is one of the most amazing natural wonders, which thousands of tourists come to see every year. It is the highest point.
Mount Rushmore is a rather recognizable symbol of the United States. This landmark has appeared in a crazy number of movies, literary.
The Ural Mountains are a unique mountain system that divides the huge subcontinent of Eurasia into two parts – Europe and Asia. They.
The Atlas Mountains are a large mountain system in northwest Africa, stretching from the Atlantic coast of Morocco through Algeria to the coast.
Mount Sinai is located in Egypt, on the Sinai Peninsula. According to biblical legend, at its summit the prophet Moses received stone from God.
The Tien Shan Mountains are one of the highest mountain systems in the world, second only to the Pamirs. Hundreds of daredevils climb them every year.
The Dragon Mountains are a sharp wall of bluish cliffs rising menacingly in the mountain kingdom of Lesotho, so that they form a natural.
Mount of Olives is a holy place for all believers. The events described in the Bible took place here. Thousands of pilgrims visit it every year to.
Kopaonik is the most popular resort in Serbia, located in the Kopaonik mountain massif, in the central part of the country. The picturesque mountains have.
Table Mountain is a rather recognizable landmark in South Africa. It is a trademark of Cape Town and is depicted on the city’s flag
The Himalayas are the highest mountain system on Earth, located between the Tibetan Plateau in the north and the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the south. It is the most.
Kanchenjunga is a mountain range in the Himalayas whose main peak, at 8,586 meters above sea level, is the third highest.
Pamir is a mountain system in the north of Central Asia, on the territory of Tajikistan, China, Afghanistan and India. Pamir is located at the junction.
The most beautiful mountains in the world
Of all the beauties of the world, mountains have always attracted the greatest attention of man, they admire and mesmerize by their beauty, majestic view, height. Climbing in the mountains, as if a man rises higher to the sky. On our planet there are many mountain peaks, but among them are the most beautiful mountains in the world, which simply amaze the human imagination. In addition to the list of the most beautiful peaks in the world, the article also includes stunning photos of the most beautiful mountains in the world.
Top 10 most beautiful mountains in the world
- The Alps – the beauty of nature.
- Ararat – unapproachable mountain.
- Ben Balben-an unusual giant.
- Karym Sopka – an active volcano.
- Belukha – a white giant.
- Roraima – a giant above the clouds.
- Dolomite Alps – natural wonder.
- Dzhomolungma is a hard to conquer peak.
- The Carpathians are a seismic zone.
- Kilimanjaro is a high African volcano.
The Alps – the stunning beauty of mountain ranges.
Of all the mountain systems lying in Europe, the Alps are the longest and highest mountain range, and they are also the most beautiful mountains in the world. A complex system of massifs and ridges that stretches in an arc from the Ligurian Sea to the Middle Danube Lowlands. The Alps are located on the territories of eight countries:
The entire length of the arc of 1200 km, the highest Alpine peak is Mount Mont Blanc. Its height above sea level is 4810 m, located on the border of Italy and France. The Alps placed a total of about 1000 four-thousandths peaks. The Alps are very scenic, there are popular ski resorts, well-developed tourism since ancient times. Every year a huge number of tourists come here from all over the world. This is not only a beautiful mountain, but also deposits of minerals, home to many animals, among which are included in the Red Book. On the territory of the Alps live about 12 million people, these are the French, Italians, Germans and Slovenes. The largest alpine cities:
The Alpine-Himalayan range stretches to Asia from the southwest, with the important rivers of Europe starting from these beautiful mountains, among them the Rho River and its tributaries, the Rhône, the Rhine, and the Tagliamento. There are beautiful lakes on the Alpine slopes. All this together gives the Alps a unique look.
Ararat – a dormant volcano
The highest volcanic massif on the Armenian Plateau and one of the most beautiful mountains in the world is located in the eastern part of Turkey, Iğdır Ile, near the border with Armenia and Iran. Ararat belongs to the stratovolcanoes. According to legends, Noah moored his ark to Ararat.
The mountain consists of two cones of dormant volcanoes, which are connected by their bases: Small Ararat and Big Ararat. The top of the second is 5,165 meters above sea level, making it the highest point in Turkey. The slopes are covered with snow and glaciers, the longest of which is St. Jacob’s Glacier, its length is 2 km. Small Ararat is covered with a very thick layer of ash, tephra and frozen lava, so there is very little vegetation. Wild grapes and birches can be found in some places.
On the mountain top rather harsh climate, constant winds at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters during the daytime, even in summer, the temperature does not rise above 10 degrees. The most comfortable weather in Ararat is in July when the air temperature reaches +25 degrees.
According to scientists, volcanic eruptions took place on Ararat around 3,000 B.C. The last eruption was in 1840, during which there was also a strong earthquake. As a result, the mountain village of Akhuri and the monastery were destroyed. Since then, there are no permanent settlements on Ararat.
Ben Balben – the symbol of County Sligo
The mountain plateau is located in Ireland, on the territory of County Sligo, in the extreme northwest part of the country. It is also called jaw-shaped mountain, or jaw-shaped peak, whose height is 527 meters. The mountain really does look like a straight row of giant teeth, it is beautiful and unusual, there are no others like it in the world. Ireland has three of the world’s most famous beautiful mountains, including Ben Balben. There are legends in the country that a boar with a monstrous appearance used to live on it, which he killed with his own tusk by a warrior named Diarmaid. The appearance that the summit has today arose as a result of the last Great Glaciation. At first it had a high hump, but it was cut off by the creeping glacier. Ben Balben is composed almost entirely of limestone rocks, its age is more than 320 million years.
This type of peak is called a table mountain, they seem to have cut off the top, very steep slopes. It is not easy to climb Ben Balben, but adventurers and persistent climbers from around the world do not cease to conquer it. It is very difficult to climb it from the north side, there are steep steep slopes, blowing constantly cold winds from the Atlantic Ocean. But those who reached the top, do not regret the difficulties, because from the mountain offers breathtaking views. This peak is a true miracle of the world, created by nature.
Karymskaya Sopka – Kamchatka’s giant
Located in the area of the Eastern Ridge in Kamchatka, it is a stratovolcano, which is active. Its absolute height is 1468 meters, and its top is a truncated cone with a regular shape. The crater of the volcano emits hot gases constantly, the volcano itself is in a basin (caldera) of an ancient volcano, which was formed during the Holocene, formed of ash and lava. At night, all around is illuminated by the red glow from the volcanic vent.
Karymskaya Sopka is a very active and restless volcano, one of the most active in the world. More than 20 eruptions have been recorded since 1850 alone. Not far from the Sopka is Lake Karymskoe. In 1996 there was a powerful underwater explosion, which killed almost all life. Even today, curious tourists come here to observe the stunning scene: smoke is constantly pouring out of the crater, sparks and ash are erupting. It is a fascinating picture of nature.
On the northern side of the Karymskaya Sopka is a ridge of caldera ridge. If you climb it, you can see the most beautiful scenery and an incredible picture: at the bottom of the volcano cavity there is a flow of lava, it is hardened and looks like a curved river. The cone of the volcano is surrounded by a ring of this solidified lava, it is a real fantastic sight.
Belukha – the heart of the Altai Mountains
One of the world’s most beautiful mountains is located in Russia and is one of the largest peaks in the country, the highest point of the Altai Mountains. Other names:
- Katun peak
- Kadyn Bazhy
Occupies the territory of Ust-Koksinsk district in Altai Krai, the border between Kazakhstan and Russia passes through its massif. The Katun river flows from the mountain slopes, and from the base of Belukha to the peak it is abundantly covered with snow. The mountain massif consists of two peaks, they look like irregular pyramids and are called Western Belukha and Eastern Belukha. Their heights are 4,435 and 4,509 meters respectively. On the mountain slopes and its valleys there are 169 glaciers, the total area of which is 150 km2. Belukha bears about 50% of the glaciers of the Katunsky range, it is more than 60% of the total area of its glaciation. On this ridge Belukha takes the leading place by the number of glaciers.
In the area of the Katun mountain region there is a lot of diverse types of vegetation. Fir, Siberian spruce, cedar, mountain ash, and birch grow here. Of the animals live small mammals, rarely can be seen lynx snow leopard, mountain Siberian goat. Very diverse world of birds, there are even individuals included in the Guinness Book of Records:
- golden eagle
- Altai snowcock
- big lentil
Roraima is mysterious and unique.
Table Mountain is located in South America in the Guiana Highlands, Roraima State, Brazil. It is part of the Canaima National Park. The top of the mountain is a plateau with an area of 34 km 2. The Amazon, Orinoco and Essequibo rivers originate here. The height of Roraima is 2 338 m. The appearance of the mountain, the views from its summit, the fauna and flora, which is represented by rare specimens, many of which can only be seen here, is striking. The unusual appearance is like a table, there are rocky waterfalls, small lakes, forests, part of Roraima is above the clouds. Not everyone will dare to conquer this mountain peak, but those who were able to accomplish this feat could see the world from its summit – stunning, bright and colorful.
The local Indians believe that the mountain is home to the goddess Quin, who is the progenitor of man on Earth. Flocks of white clouds give Roraima a special mystery, they appear due to the fact that this place begins rivers. Waterfalls pierce the plateau from all sides, a lot of cracks diverge from the mountain, they can not be overcome without special bridges.
Another amazing phenomenon is Roraima’s love of lightning. Almost every day a large number of lightning strikes the surface of the plateau. The mountain contains all the beauty of the planet, even the air here seems special, mysterious.
The Dolomite Alps are a natural work of art
A unique natural site, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Dolomite Alps are striking in their views. It is located in Italy, in the Eastern Alps, is part of the Southern Limestone Alps. The massif is bounded by the river valleys of the Piave, Isarco, Pusteria, Adige, and Brenta. It was named after the geologist who first explored the area, Deod de Dolomier. Here is the focus of tourism for fans of ski resorts.
The mountains are composed mainly of limestone, dolomite, include 18 peaks, whose height is more than 3,000 meters. All of them cover an area of 15 900 km 2. Due to erosion processes, vertical precipices, bare cliffs, long, narrow valleys with glaciers and karst forms were formed. Avalanches, landslides, and floods are frequent here. Two times there were very strong storms, followed by landslides, which led to a breach of the dam in a tributary of the Piave River. As a result, the village was flooded.
Dzhomolungma – an impregnable beauty
The world’s largest and most beautiful peak beckons tourists and adventurers. Everest, or Jomolungma, also called Shenmufeng, Sagarmatha, is the highest peak on Earth, its height above sea level is 8,848 meters. Many times people have tried to conquer these beautiful peaks of the world and quite a few of them died. The ascent is very difficult and today it is a serious challenge for climbers who believe that success depends on weather and equipment.
A total of 234 people have managed to climb here. The most difficult part of this most beautiful mountain in the world is the last 300 meters, which is called “the longest mile on Earth. To pass it, you have to overcome an extremely steep stone smooth slope, which is covered with dry snow. It takes about 2 months to climb Dzhomolungma, during this period a person loses weight from 10 to 15 kilograms. At the very top the air temperature is -60 degrees, strong wind.
The Carpathian Mountains are a majestic peak.
Carpathian Mountains stretch over the territory of several countries:
In ancient and medieval periods, the mountains were called Sarmatian, another name Ugrian or Hungarian. The outer part of the eastern Carpathians is the most dangerous seismic zone. The epicenter is the Vrancea zone in Romania, where earthquakes reach 8 points. The most devastating earthquakes occurred in 1940 and 1977. Tourists like to ski, fish and admire the stunning, beautiful scenery here. There are also mineral springs here.
Kilimanjaro – a fabulous sleeping volcano
The highest stratovolcano in Africa is located in northeastern Tanzania. It is the highest point on the continent, its height is 5 895 m above sea level. Formerly this one of the most beautiful mountains in the world was called Kaiser Wilhelm Peak. Kilimanjaro rises above the Masai plateau.
The mountain is not very active as a volcano, but it is constantly attracting the attention of explorers, especially in the past few years. 11 100 years since the last Ice Age the top of the mountain is covered with a snow cap, which is melting fast. Most likely, according to experts, the melting is not caused by temperature measurements, but by a reduced amount of snowfall.
The peaks of the mountain can only be climbed by experienced mountaineers, and there are year-round climbs. On the lower slopes of the local people grow bananas, coffee, above there are mountain forests, where grow exotic plants, live interesting birds and animals. Even higher are the glaciers, which form an amazing, beautiful contrast to the deserts of Africa.