The most attractive places in Augsburg, Germany.

Augsburg

Augsburg (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Augsburg with descriptions, guides and maps.

Augsburg city, Germany

Augsburg is a city in southern Germany, the capital of the historical region of Swabia. It is one of the oldest cities in the country and the oldest city in Bavaria. Augsburg is a city with a rich historical heritage, a major university and tourist center.

The city is located in southwestern Bavaria on the rivers Lech, Wertach and Zingold. Therefore Augsburg is sometimes called the city of “three rivers”. The city lies at the foot of the northern foothills and hills of the Friedberg. Nearby is a large forested area – the Augsburg National Park. The climate is temperate. Because of its location on the border between maritime climate and dry continental climate the weather is often quite unstable. Rainfall is about 800 mm per year. Summers are warm, but not hot. Winters are relatively mild with some frosts.

Augsburg Panorama

Augsburg panorama

Things to do (Augsburg):

Stroll through ancient Augsburg

€170 per excursion

Stroll through Augsburg

Explore the architectural curiosities of the city and trace its history

Tourist information

  1. The city has a population of about 290,000. Augsburg is the third largest city in Bavaria, after Munich and Nuremberg.
  2. The area is 147 km2.
  3. Language: German.
  4. Currency – euro.
  5. Visa – Schengen.
  6. Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
  7. Augsburg is famous for its plum cake and sausages.
  8. Despite its antiquity Augsburg is a young city. There are many students, pubs, restaurants and stores, most of which are located in the old town. There is a large shopping center – City Galerie.

History

Augsburg is one of the oldest cities in Germany, founded by the Romans in 15 BC. The heyday of the city came in the Middle Ages. At that time Augsburg had not only the status of a free imperial city, but also one of the major trading cities of Europe. Its rich history has left a rich heritage: beautiful historic buildings, majestic cathedrals and parts of the old city fortifications.

Augsburg was founded as a legionary camp, but by the 1st century A.D. it had already become the center of a Roman province. In the early Middle Ages, during the reign of Charlemagne, the city suffered in several battles between Bavaria and Franconia. In 1156 under Frederick Barbarossa Augsburg acquired city rights, and in 1276 it became a free imperial town.

Augsburg Old Town

Augsburg’s Old Town

Augsburg grew and prospered fast because of its location at the crossroads of important trade routes. It enjoyed the status of one of the main trading cities in Europe from the late Middle Ages to the end of the Renaissance. During the Thirty Years’ War the Bavarian troops were garrisoned here. After the Napoleonic wars, Augsburg lost its privileges of a free imperial town and was annexed to the Kingdom of Bavaria. In the 19th century the city was a major industrial center of Bavaria.

World War II did not spare Augsburg. The city was intensely bombed by Anglo-American aircraft, which severely damaged the historic center.

How to get there

The nearest major airport is located in Munich. You can get from Munich to Augsburg in less than an hour by train. Trains leave from the main railway station. You can buy tickets at special ticket machines, which allow you to travel around Bavaria on regional trains at a profit.

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Another option is the airport of Stuttgart. From Stuttgart and Augsburg can also be reached by train.

Augsburg Christmas market

Augsburg Christmas market

Augsburg has regular train connections to many major cities in Bavaria and Germany. The city also has excellent road accessibility (the A8 freeway). Public transport is represented by five streetcar lines and buses.

Attractions

The most interesting sights Augsburg.

Town Hall on the Market Square

Town Hall on the market square

Town Hall is a majestic historical building that is one of the main attractions and a symbol of Augsburg. Town Hall was built in the 20s of the 17th century. It is considered one of the most beautiful secular buildings in the Renaissance style north of the Alps. The town hall is open to visitors from 10.00 to 18.00.

Perlachturm Tower

Perlachturm Tower

Perlachturm is a 70 metre high tower, located close to the Town Hall. The first tower was built in the 10th century on the site of an ancient Roman amphitheater and was a lookout tower. Perlachturm was rebuilt by Elias Holl in the early 17th century in the style of the new town hall. From the observation deck you have a stunning view of the historic center of Augsburg.

Fuggeria

Fuggeria

The Fuggeria is the oldest social settlement in the world, built in the first half of the 16th century for impoverished citizens and containing more than 60 houses.

St. Mary's Cathedral

St. Mary’s Cathedral

St. Mary’s Cathedral is a grandiose Gothic Franciscan church and one of Augsburg’s most beautiful medieval landmarks. The cathedral was built in the 11th century on the site of an old church building from the Carolingian era. The St. Mary’s Cathedral is a Romanesque-Gothic church with two portals, an impressive number of figures, the oldest cycle of glass paintings in the world, a Romanesque crypt, wall paintings and a bishop’s gallery, altarpiece by Hans Holbein the Elder and the “Ecce Homo”, a masterful work by Georg Petels. Hundreds of elaborate ancient tombstones can also be seen here.

Hercules Fountain

Hercules Fountain

On Maximilianstraße you can find three unique historical fountains depicting Hercules, Augustus and Mercury. The fountains were built in 1600.

St. Anne's Cathedral

St. Anne’s Cathedral

St. Anne’s Cathedral is an ancient Baroque church founded in the 14th century by Carmelite monks. The church includes two chapels. The Fugger Chapel and his tomb is the earliest Renaissance structure in all of Bavaria.

St. Ulrich Basilica

St. Ulrich Basilica

The Basilica of St. Ulrich and Aphra is a beautiful late Gothic sacral building founded in the 15th century on the grounds of the Benedictine monastery. The basilica was completed in the early 17th century. This Protestant church is Augsburg’s second largest religious structure.

Old Cistercian Monastery

Old Cistercian Monastery

The Old Cistercian Monastery was founded in the early 13th century and functioned until the beginning of the 19th century. A Swabian gallery, a museum and a park are now located there.

Water Tower and Red Gate

Red Gate Waterworks

The waterworks at the Red Gate is a historical ensemble, built in the first half of the 15th century. It contained three water towers that fed the old town until 1876.

Church of St. Moritz

Church of St. Moritz

The Church of St. Moritz is one of the oldest religious buildings in Augsburg and Bavaria. The church was founded in the 11th century. After a fire in the 13th century, the building was rebuilt in Gothic style and later in Renaissance style.

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What else to see in Augsburg:

  • The Arsenal, a historic building built on the site of an old granary in the 17th century. This fortified structure was used as an armory and was built in the Renaissance style. It now houses the Museum of Roman Heritage of Augsburg and its environs.
  • Mozart House – old baroque house of the father of the genius composer.
  • Maximilian Museum – interesting exhibits related to the history and culture of the city and region.
  • Synagogue – sacral Jewish building from the beginning of the 5th century.
  • The Wieselhaus is one of Augsburg’s last surviving Renaissance buildings. It now houses the Fugger and Welser Museum.
  • The Butchers Building is a historic building in the late Renaissance style.

Interesting tours

Nuremberg through the ages

€95 per excursion

Nuremberg through the ages

Hear the history of the most interesting places in the Old Town and get valuable tips from locals

On both sides of the barricades: A walk through Berlin

€110 per tour

On both sides of the barricades: a walking tour of Berlin

Be absorbed in the history of the capital and see its key sights for 3 hours

Augsburg is Germany’s oldest social housing city

Augsburg, Germany is an ancient city in Bavaria. The city is not home to many tourists, so you can enjoy a city break in the Middle Ages, stroll through the oldest social quarter in the world or visit a botanical garden.

Old Town in Augsburg

Overview

Augsburg is a Bavarian city in the south of Germany. Its population is 290,000 people. Area – 146.87 km². The nearest large settlements are Munich (55 km), Nuremberg (120 km), Stuttgart (133 km), Zurich (203 km).

Augsburg is the third largest city in Bavaria, the administrative center of Swabia and the largest industrial center of the country.

Augsburg fountain

This is one of the oldest cities in modern Germany, founded in the 15th century BC. The heyday of the city came in the Middle Ages. Until the 16th century, it was the largest shopping center, and from the 17th to the 19th century, it was the industrial capital of Bavaria.

Augsburg was lucky, because during World War II, it was not badly damaged, and unlike other German cities, it preserved the historic buildings.

Attractions

Compared to other cities in Bavaria, the Swabian capital is not very rich in sights, but you won’t have any trouble finding things to see in Augsburg.

The Fuggerei quarter

The Fuggerei is perhaps the most atmospheric historic part of the city. It is the oldest social settlement in the world, with construction dating back to the time of Jacob II Fuggerre the Younger in 1514-1523.

The old quarter consisted of 8 gates, 7 streets and 53 two-story houses. There was a temple in the center of the town. Interestingly, only very poor people who could not afford to buy their own homes could live in this neighborhood. In fact, this is the prototype of modern apartment buildings.

Today, this part of Augsburg is still home to people who can’t afford to rent expensive housing. When selecting tenants, a special commission also pays attention to religion (necessarily Catholicism) and the number of years lived in Augsburg (at least 2). The gates to the quarter, as before, close at 10 pm, and residents who have not managed to return by this time must pay the keeper 1 euro for admission.

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The Fuggerei Quarter, Germany

But still today it is more of a tourist area, which is much loved by travelers. Here you can:

  1. Take a walk.
  2. Go to the Fuggerei Museum, which consists of two rooms. The first shows the dwelling of people in the 15th century, and the second is the room of the modern occupants.
  3. See the small Fuggerei church, where services are still held.
  4. See the fountain and the monument to Jacob Fugger, Augsburg’s famous patron of the arts, who financed the building of the neighborhood.
  5. Stop by the beer garden.

The legend says that the doorknobs were specially made in different shapes and sizes so that people who came home late at night (and there was no electricity back then) could find their own door.

If you want to take a break from the bustling Augsburg streets, you should visit this neighborhood.

  • The address is Jakoberstr. 26 | At the end of Vorderer Lech, 86152 Augsburg, Germany.
  • Opening times: 8.00 – 20.00
  • Price: 5 €.

Botanischer Garten

The only botanical garden in Augsburg, covering an area of 10 square kilometers, consists of:

  • Japanese Garden. The largest part of the botanical garden. Here you can admire the minimalist flowerbeds, succulents, small fountains and picturesque bridges over the river.
  • Medicinal Plant Garden. Herbs and flowers, which are used to combat a number of diseases, are planted here. The collection includes about 1200 species of plants.
  • Rose Garden. More than 280 varieties of roses grow in this part of the park. They are planted both in beds and in special beds. Each rose blooms at a certain time of year, so whenever you come, you’re sure to see a couple of buds open.
  • Wild Herbs and Ferns Park. Perhaps one of the most interesting parts of the botanical garden. The plants are planted right in the grass, but this in no way prevents you from enjoying their beauty.
  • Collections of cacti, succulents and thrush. These are some of the most famous collections found within the botanical garden. About 300 species of succulents and over 400 species of cacti are represented.
  • A tropical garden with butterflies flying and orchids growing year-round.

Tourists note that the botanical garden is very well maintained: no overgrowth or garbage.

  • Address: Dr.-Ziegenspeck-Weg 10, 86161 Augsburg, Germany.
  • Opening times: 9.00 – 19.00
  • Cost: 9 €.

Augsburg Zoo

The zoo, located near the city center, you can see about 2500 animals from five continents, 350 species of birds. Augsburg Zoo covers an area of 22 hectares and is divided into the following parts:

  1. The Sea Basin. Sea lions, seals and dolphins live here.
  2. Pavilion with an aquarium. It is home to over 200 species of fish and 10 species of urchins.
  3. Aviaries with animals. The spacious aviaries are lions, zebras, giraffes, tigers, llamas and other animals.
  4. Outdoor area. Ponies and goats walk in this area.

The zoo often hosts performances and festivities. Also at 1 p.m. you can see how the zoo staff feed the seals.

  • Address: Brehmplatz 1, 86161 Augsburg, Bavaria
  • Opening hours: 9 a.m. – 4:30 p.m. (November – February), 9 a.m. – 5 p.m. (March, October), 9 a.m. – 6 p.m. (April, May, September), 9 a.m. – 6:30 p.m. (all summer).

Cost in euros:

Population Category. Winter Summer Autumn/spring
Adults 8 10 9
Children 4 5 5
Teens 7 9 8

Central Square and Town Hall

Augsburg’s central square is the heart of the Old Town. The main historic buildings are located here, and on weekdays there is a farmer’s market. In December, before Christmas, a Christmas fair opens where residents and visitors to Augsburg, Germany can buy traditional German sweets, Christmas toys, decorations, woolen goods and souvenirs.

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The most important building on the square is the Augsburg City Hall, which for centuries remained the tallest in Europe (and even today its size is impressive). On the facade of the main building is an image of a black double-headed eagle – the symbol of the Free Imperial City.

The main room of the Town Hall is the Golden Hall, where solemn events are held up to this day. On the gilded ceiling – images of saints and emperors, on the walls – ancient frescoes.

Many tourists say that this is the most beautiful town hall on the territory of modern Germany. And this is the attraction, which is often seen in photos of Augsburg in Germany.

  • Where to find: Rathausplatz 2, 86150 Augsburg, Bavaria.
  • Opening hours of the town hall: 7.30 am – 12 noon.

Perlachturm Tower

Perlachturm Tower – the main watchtower of the city. Its height reaches 70 meters and it was built in 890. On top of the landmark is a clock.

If you climb to the top of the landmark, you can get to the observation deck: From here you can look at the city, which is visible as if in the palm of your hand, and take beautiful pictures of Augsburg. But first you have to climb the 261 steps.

More than 300 people visit this landmark in Augsburg every day and on holidays this figure reaches 700.

  • Address: St. Peter am Perlach, 86150 Augsburg, Bavaria
  • Opening hours: May – October (10 a.m. – 6 p.m.)
  • Cost: €1.5 (charged at the observation deck).

During World War II, the German Ohmichen family opened their own puppet theater. They made the characters for the performances and decorations with their own hands, and the first performances were held in their small house.

Puppet Theater Museum

Now the puppet theater is a separate building and is managed by the grandchildren of the founders. There is a museum at the theater. Here you can see both modern and old models of the puppets, look at the process of making scenery and learn how to write a script. In the museum from time to time held master classes in puppet production.

  • Address: Spitalgasse 15, 86150 Augsburg, Germany.
  • Opening time: 10.00 – 17.00.
  • Cost: 6 euros.

Like most temples in the city, the Basilica of Sts. Ulrich and Aphra was built in the Baroque style: white walls and ceilings, gilded partitions and a magnificent altar. However, there are also a number of Gothic elements. These are, first of all, the wooden organ, and secondly, the lancet windows.

Basilica of Sts.

In the temple you can see a rich collection of Orthodox icons from Russia and antique icon covers. Also, the Basilica of Saints Urlich and Aphra is known for the fact that under the altar is the tomb of Saint Aphra.

Services are still held in the cathedral, so there is no problem getting into the building.

  • Address: Ulrichplatz 19, 86150 Augsburg, Bavaria.
  • Open: 9.00 a.m. – 12.00 p.m.

St. Mary's Cathedral

St. Mary’s Cathedral (Dom St. Maria) or Augsburg Cathedral is the oldest Roman Catholic church in Augsburg. It was built in the 15th century, and the last restoration was completed in 1997.

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The interiors of Augsburg Cathedral in Augsburg are decorated in the Baroque style: snow-white ceilings, frescoes on the walls and a gold altar. There are also a number of elements characteristic of the Gothic style. These are window stained glass windows and lancet arches.

Unfortunately, it is no longer possible to get into the church for free, as there are no services and it works only for tourists. Also, you can not go to the cathedral at any time: you must come to the time of the tour, which begins daily at 14:30.

  • Address: Hoher Weg, Augsburg, Germany.
  • Price: 2 euros.

Where to stay

Augsburg Hotel

In Augsburg there are about 45 hotels (most of all hotels without stars). Bavaria is a very popular tourist region, so hotel rooms should be booked at least 2 months before the trip.

Room for two in the high season in a 3 * hotel will cost 80-100 euros, which is somewhat cheaper than in neighboring cities. Typically, this price includes: free Wi-Fi in the hotel, breakfast (European or American), all necessary equipment in the room and facilities for people with disabilities.

Apartments for two people with European renovation in the center of Augsburg will cost 40-45 euros. All apartments have all the necessary appliances and essentials.

The city is small, so wherever you stay, you can get to the attractions of Augsburg, Germany fairly quickly.

Transport links

Augsburg is located in a very good location, so you won’t have any problems getting to the city. Nearest airports:

  • Augsburg Airport – Augsburg, Germany (9 km);
  • Memmingen-Allgäu Airport Memmingen, Germany (76 km);
  • Franz Josef Strauss Airport – Munich, Germany (80 km).

Nearest large cities:

  • Munich – 55 km;
  • Nuremberg – 120 km;
  • Stuttgart – 133 km.

The main flow of tourists goes to Augsburg from Munich, and to get from one city to another is most convenient by train. You need to take the train Re at the station München Hbf and get off at Augsburg Hbf. Travel time – 40 minutes. Ticket price is 15-25 euros. You can buy tickets at the Central Station in the city. Trains run every 3-4 hours.

All prices on the page are for May 2019.

Interesting facts

Feast of Peace

  1. Wolfgang Mozart’s grandfather lived in one of the houses in the Fuggerei quarter. Thirty years later, his girlfriend also settled in the house next door. A festival of peace
  2. Every year on August 8, Augsburg celebrates the Feast of Peace. It is the only official public holiday that exists only in one city.
  3. During the national holidays, a race takes place in the Perlachturm tower: You have to climb to the top of the landmark in less than a minute. The winner receives a pleasant surprise.
  4. Augsburg is one of the greenest cities in Germany.

Augsburg, Germany – a city with well-preserved historical sites, which is not inferior in beauty to Nuremberg and Munich.

Video: trip to Augsburg.

Author: Maria Protasenya

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