The Japanese are the most advanced nation in Asia

Where did the Japanese come from?

The country of the Yamato sons is known not only for its outstanding technical achievements, but also for its distinctive and ancient culture. Suffice it to say that numerous social and technical achievements of mankind were already known in Japan, at a time when in the rest of the world the order was much more primitive. In Asia itself, the Japanese are considered to be a somewhat special people, in a positive and negative way, who are aware of their own exclusivity and do not seek to merge with the surrounding peoples. A thing in itself.

But where, in fact, did the Japanese come from?

Japan, despite the antiquity of its state, was populated relatively late by its current population. Already in quite historical times, Chinese chronicles record the relocation of a certain Wa people from the Korean peninsula to the current islands of Japan. It should be noted that this was not a quick or peaceful process! In groups and clans, the most ancient of which is the “Teng clan”, Japanese tribes that spoke the language of the Altai group and were anthropologically close to Koreans, moved to the archipelago. Japan, on the other hand, was densely populated: the south was inhabited by tribes of the Austronesian type, close to the modern inhabitants of Indonesia and Southeast Asia. And the whole north was inhabited by the Ainu tribes, a huge mystery to historians.

The Ainu have an appearance that combines features of all the major races: light skin color and large build from Caucasoids, wide nose and cheekbones from Mongoloids, extremely strong growth of beard and mustache from Australoids. Probably, if we put aside the freak hypotheses that the Ainu are ancient Caucasoids, they are remnants of humanity before the division of mankind into different races. And thanks to isolation they survived in Japan in pristine form!

The first state in Japan, called Yamato, was founded before the victory over the numerous aborigines. However, the Ainu were not the first inhabitants of Japan either; they were preceded by the Jumon era, where the main population was the proto-Ainu population, although very close to the Ainu themselves. The settlement of Japan was therefore reminiscent of the settlement of Britain, where one strong culture was conquering the other, at the same time exterminating and mixing the population. Despite the policy of brutally exterminating the Ainu, the Japanese failed to assimilate them and remove their cultural influence completely. The Ainu continued to make up the majority of the country’s population, actively mixed with the Japanese, and gave the Japanese many place names and hydronyms, as well as such phenomena as the institution of samurai and geisha. With the Yamato period begins a struggle between the Japanese and the Ainu, which took almost 1,500 years. At first the Japanese were militarily inferior to the Ainu, but over time they seized the initiative and began to dominate. The Ainu rebelled almost every hundred years, sometimes joined by Japanese peasants, but it was not a radical change, and Japan’s land was steadily expanding. Eventually, the resistance of the Ainu people was completely crushed, and to curb it henceforth, the Japanese imposed cruel rules which minutely regulated every step of Ainu life, introduced the need to report to a “senior in settlement” of the Japanese, the observance of rituals which degraded Ainu dignity, and the regular relocation of young Ainu across the country to tear them away from their native culture.

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The Ainu were broken and defeated, surviving only in the far north of the country and on Sakhalin.

But it should be noted that the Ainu had a significant influence on the anthropology and culture of Japan, and as for the samurai, most of their clans were of Ainu origin.

The Ainu conditioned the differences in appearance and culture that are evident between Japanese, Chinese and Koreans. The modern Japanese bizarrely blend Mongoloid ancestry from the Japanese Wa tribes, Ainu and Australoid influences from the indigenous peoples of Japan. The Japanese, although mono-ethnic, are quite strongly mixed in origin. They can be seen easily in the modern residents of Japan, some of them, usually of southern ancestry or of lower class more like the Thais or residents of southern China, the other part has features which seem Euro-Mongoloid to us, resembling rather Kazakhs or Bashkirs than, for example, residents of China. They come from the northern part of Japan, the descendants of the ruling classes and samurai, who in 90% of cases have Ainu ancestry, but they don’t advertise the fact. Being of Ainu descent during the 1,500 years of genocide has become more of a derogatory and disadvantageous factor, which they try to hide. So in Japanese we have to do with an amazing mixture of unimaginably ancient inhabitants of Asia, the times before the division of human races, and completely modern Southern Mongoloid people.

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Everyone knows that Americans are not indigenous to the USA, just like the current population of South America. Did you know that the Japanese are not the indigenous population of Japan?

Who lived here before the Japanese?

Before them, there were the Ainu, a mysterious people whose origins are still a mystery. The Ainu were neighbors of the Japanese for some time, until the latter managed to push them northward.

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The fact that the Ainu are the ancient masters of the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands is evidenced by written sources and numerous names of geographical objects, the origin of which is associated with the language of the Ainu. And even the symbol of Japan – the great mountain Fujiyama – has in its name the Ainu word “fuji”, which means “the deity of the hearth”. Scientists believe that the Ainu inhabited the Japanese islands about 13,000 years B.C. and formed the Neolithic Jomon culture there.

The Ainu were not farmers, but rather hunters, gatherers, and fishermen. They lived in small settlements, quite distant from each other. Therefore, their habitat was quite extensive: the Japanese islands, Sakhalin, Primorye, the Kuril Islands and the south of Kamchatka. Approximately in the 3rd millennium BC, Mongoloid tribes, which later became ancestors of the Japanese, came to the Japanese islands. The new settlers brought with them a culture of rice, which enabled them to feed a large population in a relatively small area. Thus began the hard times in the life of the Ainu. They were forced to move north, leaving their ancestral lands to the colonizers.

But the Ainu were skilled warriors, skilled with the bow and sword, and the Japanese could not defeat them for a long time. A very long time, almost 1500 years. The Ainu knew how to handle two swords, and they carried two daggers on their right hip. One of them (cheiki-makiri) served as a knife for committing ritual suicide – harakiri. The Japanese were able to defeat the Ainu only after the invention of the cannon, having by that time learned much from them in the art of war. The samurai code of honor, the ability to wield two swords and the aforementioned hara-kiri ritual – these seemingly characteristic attributes of Japanese culture were, in fact, borrowed from the Ainu.

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Scientists are still arguing about the origin of the Ainu. But the fact that this people is not related to other indigenous peoples of the Far East and Siberia is a proven fact. A characteristic feature of their appearance is very thick hair and beard in men, which the representatives of the Mongoloid race are deprived of. For a long time it was thought that they may have common roots with the peoples of Indonesia and the aborigines of the Pacific, as they have similar facial features. But genetic research has ruled out that possibility as well. The first Russian Cossacks who arrived on Sakhalin even took the Ainu for Russians, as they didn’t look like Siberian tribes, but rather resembled Europeans. The only group of people from all the analyzed variants with whom they are genetically related is the Jumon people, who presumably were the ancestors of the Ainu. The Ainu language is also very much out of the modern linguistic picture of the world, and it has not yet found a proper place. It turns out that during the long period of isolation, the Ainu lost touch with all the other peoples of the Earth, and some researchers even identify them as a special Ainu race.

Today there are very few Ainu left, about 25,000 people. They live mostly in northern Japan and are almost completely assimilated by the population of this country.

The Ainu in Russia

The Kamchatka Ainu first came into contact with Russian merchants at the end of the 17th century. Relations with the Amur and Northern Kuril Ainu were established in the 18th century. The Ainu considered the Russians, who differed in race from their Japanese enemies, as friends, and by the middle of the 18th century more than fifteen hundred Ainu had accepted Russian citizenship. Even the Japanese could not distinguish the Ainu from the Russians because of their external resemblance (white skin and australoid facial features, which are similar to those of the Caucasoid in a number of ways). When the Japanese first came into contact with the Russians, they called them Red Ainu (Ainu with blond hair). Only at the beginning of the nineteenth century did the Japanese realize that the Russians and the Ainu were two different peoples. Nevertheless, to the Russians the Ainu were “hairy”, “swarthy”, “dark-eyed” and “dark-haired”. The first Russian explorers described the Ainu as similar to Russian peasants with swarthy skin or more like gypsies.

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The Ainu were on the Russian side during the Russo-Japanese wars of the 19th century. However, after their defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1905, the Russians abandoned them to their fate. Hundreds of Ainu were exterminated and their families forcibly transferred to Hokkaido by the Japanese. In the end, the Russians failed to reclaim the Ainu during World War II. Only a few Ainu decided to stay in Russia after the war. Over 90% left for Japan.

Under the terms of the Treaty of St. Petersburg in 1875, the Kurils were ceded to Japan, along with the Ainu people living there. The 83 Northern Kuril Ainu arrived in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky on 18 September 1877 and decided to remain under Russian rule. They refused to move to reservations on the Commander Islands, as the Russian government suggested. Then, beginning in March 1881, they walked for four months to the village of Yavino, where they later settled. Later the village of Goligino was founded. Nine more Ainu arrived from Japan in 1884. The census of 1897 mentions 57 people in Golygino (all Ainu) and 39 in Yavino (33 Ainu and 6 Russians)[11]. Both villages were destroyed by the Soviet authorities, and the residents were resettled to Zaporozhye in the Ust-Bolsheretsky District. As a result, three ethnic groups assimilated with the Kamchadals.

The North Kuril Ainu are currently the largest subgroup of Ainu in Russia. The Nakamura family (of South Kuril paternal lineage) is the smallest, with only 6 people living in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. On Sakhalin, there are a few who identify themselves as Ainu, but many more do not recognize themselves as such. Most of 888 Japanese who live in Russia (2010) have Ainu ancestry without even acknowledging it (pure Japanese are allowed to enter Japan without visas). The situation is similar with the Amur Ainu living in Khabarovsk. And it is believed that no one of the Kamchatka Ainu is still alive.

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In 1979, the USSR crossed off the ethnonym “Ainu” from the list of “living” ethnic groups in Russia, thus proclaiming that this people on the territory of the USSR became extinct. Judging by the 2002 census, no one wrote the ethnonym “Ainu” into fields 7 or 9.2 of Census form K-1

There is such information that the Ainu have the most direct genetic relationship in the male line, oddly enough, with the Tibetans – half of them are the carriers of the close haplogroup D1 (group D2 itself practically does not occur outside the Japanese archipelago) and the Miao-Yao peoples in the southern China and Indochina. As for the female (Mt-DNA) haplogroups, the Ainu are dominated by the W group, which also occurs in small numbers among the other East Asian peoples.

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