The history and sights of the Hamburg metropolis.
Gallery Kunsthalle is one of the most important in Germany. It features an altar by Bertram from 1383 and an altar of St. Thomas by Master Franke from 1424. The exhibition includes medieval art, Hamburg Baroque paintings, French artists and a collection of prints.
Hamburg History Museum
Hamburg History Museum is the most interesting of all the museums in the city. A visit to the museum gives you an insight into the fascinating history of the city, which in twelve centuries changed from a small fortress in Hamburg to a major port city and a gateway to the world for all of Germany.
Port of Hamburg
The port of Hamburg is called the “Gateway of Germany to the World” because it is the largest port in the country. In addition, it is the third largest port in all of Europe. It is worth noting the impressive size of the river gate – it occupies a tenth of the city and has more than 300 berths.
Hamburg Botanical Garden
The history of the Hamburg Botanical Garden began in the 19th century with a simple vegetable garden used for apothecary purposes. Over time, the area began to be replenished with plants from various countries, brought to the port of Hamburg. The garden now covers as much as 24 hectares!
Gallery of Modern Art in Hamburg
The Gallery of Modern Art opened in 1997 in an unusual cubist building next to the Kunsthalle. The architecture of the museum has caused a lot of controversy. Today under the roof of the gallery works of contemporary artists from 1960 to the present day are collected.
Hamburg Dungeon is not just a horror show, it’s a true story, albeit with a dark “shade”. It is told in the gloomy dungeons of the old Hanseatic warehouse in the famous Speicherstadt. Sinister characters, for 1.5 hours introduce the audience to the life of the port city of different times.
Hamburg Opera House
The Hamburg Opera House was founded in 1677 and has been attacked by fate more than once in its more than 300-year history. From the country’s economic crisis, when the theater was forced to cease operations, to the devastating bombing during World War II.
Hamburg Zoological Museum
Hamburg is not only one of Europe’s largest port cities with an endless string of typical tourist attractions and architectural monuments. There are also places in the city where you can get an overall impression of Hamburg and take unique pictures.
The Rickmer Rickmers
The three-masted barque Rickmer Rickmers is one of the last great sailing ships of commercial shipping. Built in 1896 at the Bremen shipyards, the ship carried both rice from Hong Kong and saltpeter from Chile. Later the Rickmer Rickmers served as a training ship in Portugal.
A miniature wonderland in Hamburg
There are about a dozen different museums in the Hamburg port district of Speicherstadt. But one of them, the Miniature Wonderland, stands apart. What began as a railway model, it gradually transformed into a country with huge cities, spacious meadows and even an airport!
Johannes Brahms Museum in Hamburg
The Johannes Brahms Museum was opened thanks to the support of Hamburg entrepreneur and philanthropist Alfred Topfer in 1971. The museum’s exhibits include sheet music and concert programs.
Museum of Arts and Crafts in Hamburg
The Museum of Arts and Crafts has a rich collection of ancient material culture throughout Germany. In the museum you can see works of European, German and Asian art and works in the Art Nouveau style.
Falkenstein Dolls Museum
The Falkenstein Doll Museum is not just another toy museum with rare and antique exhibits. It is a place where people come to immerse themselves in a world of nostalgia, beauty and inspiration. The Falkenstein Doll Museum is an illustrated epic of European culture of the last three centuries.
Cap San Diego Museum.
“Cap San Diego” is the world’s largest maritime museum, housed in a cargo ship that represents an era that has already entered the annals of history. The ship is considered the last surviving of a group of large-cargo ships built between 1961 and 1962.
Museum of Erotic Art in Hamburg
The Museum of Erotic Art in Hamburg was opened by a private individual. The impressive exhibit includes works of art from the Rococo of Paris, the Classical Modern and Impressionism to contemporary works. There are also Japanese color woodcuts, paintings on silk, sculpture and lithography.
Promenade at the Niederhafen harbor
In the middle of the 20th century a serious flood hit Hamburg. After the catastrophic devastation, the city authorities built a system of protective structures, part of which were placed in the harbor Niederhafen. Today it has not only a practical but also an aesthetic function.
Hamburg Fish Market
As the locals say, if you haven’t seen the Fish Market, you haven’t been to Hamburg. But you have to be mentally prepared for a tour of the Fischmarkt (also known as the Fish Market), because you have to wake up early in the morning. According to a long tradition that survives to this day, sellers could sell fish only until the church service.
St. Nicholas Church in Hamburg
St. Nicholas Church in Hamburg was once the highest church in Europe. Gorgeous Gothic cornices, lancet windows with amazingly beautiful stained glass windows. Alas, it’s all in the past – the temple was destroyed in the bombing of World War II.
“The Chilehouse is one of Hamburg’s most striking architectural symbols. The building, unique in its architecture, is deservedly included in the world top monuments of expressionism. And the creator of the construction, Fritz Höger, was inspired to this daring project by the banal lack of land.
Normally, districts built on the water look romantic and cozy. Hamburg’s Speicherstadt is a little different. Its ambience is dark, like the Venice of a cyberpunk movie. Stately red brick buildings line the smooth, dark waterways.
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany after Berlin. At the beginning of the 19th century the freedom-loving Hamburg was under Napoleonic occupation, but soon managed to regain its sovereignty. The independent spirit of modern Hamburg is reminded by the inscription on the Hamburg City Hall: “The freedom that our ancestors achieved for us, let posterity keep it with honor. Not every European metropolis can boast its own anthem, but Hamburg has one. It is not for nothing that it is called the city-state.
In addition to its rich history, Hamburg is primarily interesting for its sights. For example, take bridges. There are over two thousand of them! That’s more than if you add up all the bridges of Venice, London and Amsterdam. And theaters and museums? Hamburg has about a hundred of them!
Megacities love to stand out with their flamboyant skyscrapers. Hamburg has a lot of modern architecture, but medieval sites are carefully preserved as well.
Despite being an industrial and commercial center of Germany, Hamburg manages to remain a green metropolis. There are at least 120 parks, including two major botanical gardens with plants brought from all over Europe and Asia.
In Russia not a wedding ceremony takes place without the march of Meldenson, and few people know that the composer of the hymn of the newlyweds – it is from Hamburg. By the way, the famous Liverpool four The Beatles began their career in one of the Hamburg districts, when very few people knew them in their homeland.
You didn’t have time to see everything at once? No problem, you can always return to Hamburg again and again!
Hamburg (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Hamburg with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
The city of Hamburg (Germany)
Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, located on the banks of the Elbe River. It is one of the richest cities in the country, the largest port and a real “gateway to the world. Hamburg has been the center of European trade since it joined the Hanseatic League in the Middle Ages. This brought the city enormous wealth and left a rich cultural and historical heritage. The maritime flair and tradition of the Hanseatic League permeates Hamburg: from the architecture and sights to the culture, food and screeching of the seagulls in the streets.
Hamburg is located in northern Germany on the southern tip of the Jutland Peninsula, in an area that lies between continental Europe and Scandinavia. The city stands at the confluence of the Elbe River and its tributary the Alster. The administrative unit is the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, bordering on Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony.
The terrain is quiet with small variations in elevation. The highest point is just over 100 meters above sea level. The surrounding countryside offers spectacular natural landscapes, lakes and parks, orchards and farmland.
Hamburg has a maritime climate with warm (sometimes cool) summers and mild winters. The warmest months are July and August. The coldest is January. Precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year. From November to February in Hamburg, often cloudy and wet. In winter, small frosts and snowfalls are not uncommon.
Hamburg in winter
The main milestones in the history of Hamburg:
- 808 – Emperor Charlemagne ordered the foundation of a fortress at the confluence of the Elbe and Alster for defense against the Slavic tribes. A settlement grew up near the fortress, which gave life to the new city.
- 1189 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa grants Hamburg the privileges of an imperial free city, which together with its favorable location turns the city into one of the trading centers of Europe.
- 1241 – Hamburg and the prosperous trading city of Lübeck formed an alliance, which later develops into the association that we know as the Hanseatic League. This was a powerful impetus for the subsequent economic and cultural development of the city.
- 1264 – the city authorities issued a law for the protection of swans, which forbade the killing and eating of these birds. In Hamburg it is believed that as long as swans live here – the city will grow and prosper (it is interesting that in Bremen there is such a belief about Roland).
- 1284 – the great fire, which destroyed almost all the buildings of the city.
- 1350 – plague epidemic in which half of the population died.
- 1558 – The foundation of the stock market.
- 1810 – Napoleon’s invasion.
- 1842 – Another great fire destroys and damages a third of the city and many historic sites
- 1871 Hamburg becomes part of the German Empire with wide autonomy rights. The city’s port became the second largest in Europe.
- 1892 – Cholera outbreak caused by the city’s rapid growth and poor water quality.
- 1945 – Over 39,000 tons of bombs were dropped on Hamburg, destroying more than half the city and 80% of the harbor.
Historically, Hamburg has always had a variety of foods and gastronomic traditions. Local sailors who went to other countries and the crews of foreign ships were constantly bringing something new to Hamburg’s cuisine.
Not surprisingly, Hamburg’s cafes and restaurants present a huge variety of dishes that belong to a wide variety of cuisines. And in the city you can find a wide variety of food establishments: from exclusive and prestigious restaurants to typical gastronomic cafes, from modern and stylish to traditional family restaurants.
Despite this, do not underestimate the cuisine of Hamburg, which can offer simple and complex traditional dishes. The most popular are:
- Labskaus (stewed meat).
- Rote Grütze – berry dessert with custard.
Streets of Hamburg
Historically, markets have always been one of the highlights of Hamburg. And nowadays there are plenty of weekly markets in the largest Northern German city for food and flea markets where you can find a variety of interesting items from household goods to collectibles.
Hamburg’s most popular market is the fish market or Fischmarkt. This is one of the oldest and legendary markets in the city, which began its history in 1703. Located at St. Pauli Fischmarkt 2. The market is open on Sundays from 5 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. (from 7 a.m. in winter).
Fishmarket in Hamburg
The Isemarkt is held on Tuesdays and Fridays in the Eppendorf district. It is the largest open-air market in Europe, where you can buy almost everything from food to books and tools. Hamburg also has a night market, which is based on Spielbudenplatz.
Every Saturday from 8.00 to 16.00 on the street Neuer Kamp held one of the major flea markets – Flohschanze. Here you can not only buy different interesting and collectible things, but also to gawk at different curiosities.
Hamburg Christmas Market
If you are planning a trip from late November to late December, then be sure to visit the wonderful Christmas Markets. During this time, Hamburg is filled with winter magic: thousands of lights reflect in the Alster, the Elbe and the canals, and the air fills with the smells of roasted almonds, warm mulled wine and spruce sprigs. The eyes of all tourists light up with romantic light, turning Hamburg into a real Christmas fairy tale. In the Christmas markets you can buy arts and crafts, delicious delicacies and food.
- Santa Pauli
- Christmas market at the Michel
- Winter Pride
Hamburg is a shopper’s paradise. There are stores on almost every corner that sell everything from souvenirs to household items, clothing, and jewelry. There are also large shopping malls.
If you love dress up, then Hamburg is your Mecca. In the city center there is a huge number of stores from trendy international brands to local designers’ products. The Hanseviertel, Europapassage, Jungfernstieg Mönckeberg and Spitalerstrasse will help you take more than just great memories from Hamburg. Between the arcades, cafes, and stores of the Alster promenade, you can spend an entire day in any weather!
For those who prefer to do everything at once, we recommend the malls. Hamburg’s largest shopping malls:
- Alsterhaus – five floors and 24,000 square meters of stores. Address: Jungfernstieg 16-20
- The Mercado is a large shopping center in the pedestrian area of Ottensen. Here you can find food, books, perfumes and clothes. Address: Ottenser Hauptstraße 10
- Levantehaus – Cafes, fashion, bakeries, souvenirs. Address: Mönckebergstraße 7
- Hamburg Meile – 150 stores and food court. Address: Hamburger Str. 27
- Europa Passage – More than 120 stores. Address: Ballindamm 40
How to get there
Getting to Hamburg is easy. The city is characterized by excellent transport accessibility:
- International Airport connects Hamburg with 120 cities worldwide.
- Railroad – to almost all major and minor cities in Germany and some cities in other European countries.
- bus service is also quite developed and popular. It is very advantageous to travel by bus Flixbus.
- Car with excellent roads becomes a very fast and convenient way to travel. Hamburg is easily accessible by car from all parts of Germany via four freeways (Autobahnen-A) and six federal highways (Bundesstrassen-B).
Hamburg boasts an extensive public transportation system, including the subway, light rail network, buses, and ferries. Single (single trip), daily (1 day), weekly, monthly and annual tickets are available in ticket machines. Tickets are valid for all types of public transport. Public transport is open from 4.30 to 1.00 (24.00 on weekends).
Public transport in Hamburg – map
S-Bahn and U-Bahn
A key element of Hamburg’s public transport system is the network of rapid transit and regional rail lines that connect the city center with the surrounding area. There are four U-Bahn lines, six S-Bahn suburban lines and nine regional rail lines that connect Hamburg to other cities in the region.
The rail network is complemented by a wide range of bus routes, both intracity and intercity.
There are six ferry lines serving the harbor and the Elbe River. These routes have two-digit numbers beginning with 61. All ferries stop at Landungsbrücken.
The bicycle is one of the most popular means of transportation
Interesting places around Hamburg
North Sea and Baltic Sea: Islands and beaches
If you have a free day, we recommend a trip to the Wadden (Watt) Sea, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a succession of shallow stretches of water along the coastline. Next, you can stop by the coastal town of Cuxhaven. Or Sylt, which is Germany’s northernmost island. It is well known for its beaches and surfing. The best way to get to these places from Hamburg is by train.
Streets of Hamburg
Medieval Towns: Lübeck, Wismar and Lüneburg
You’ve probably heard of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck before. After all, it was once the leading city of the Hanseatic League. To this day, the city has preserved its unique historical heritage and its center has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a must see in Northern Germany. Wismar is just one hour from Lübeck. This charming city has been awarded World Heritage status by UNESCO for its beautifully restored town houses.
Lüneburg completes the list of must-see historic towns on the outskirts of Hamburg. This medieval city still remembers the times when it was one of the richest cities in Northern Europe. You can easily and quickly get here by car or train.
Attractions in Hamburg
With its cultural and historical heritage and maritime charm, Hamburg is one of the most beautiful and interesting cities in Germany. “Gateway to the World”, as the port city on the Elbe is often called, offers tourists to experience the sights of the past and modern times of one of the main and richest Hanseatic cities.
Landungsbrücken or simply the Pier (Pier) is one of the symbols of Hamburg that offers gorgeous views and unsurpassed historic buildings.
Two towers with beautiful green roofs mark the 205-meter long terminal between the lower harbor, the Reeperbahn and the Fischmarkt. Located on the Elbe, Landungsbrücken (German: Landungsbrücken, meaning illuminated boarding bridges) was once a harbor for ships and now functions as a link for underground and commuter trains. Also, all Hamburg ferries depart from here.
The Port of Hamburg is the second largest seaport in Europe and one of the nine largest container harbors in the world. Over eight million containers are handled here every year. Despite its purely practical use, the port is one of the most popular attractions in Hamburg and northern Germany.
About 13,000 ships from all over the world call at Europe’s second largest port each year. From the port terminals to the historic “Speicherstadt” warehouses, the boarding bridges and the modern container port you can feel and hear the flavors and languages of many countries, feel the rich maritime past of Hamburg and experience the real atmosphere of the Free Hanseatic City. And if you take a ferry trip or visit one of the legendary museum ships, you will convince yourself once again that Hamburg is the maritime capital of Northern Germany.
Speicherstadt (Speicherstadt) – one of the main attractions of Hamburg, the world’s largest integrated warehouse complex, built in 1883. Since 1991 it is a historical and architectural monument. The warehouses are built on oak piles, and the entire area is pierced by canals that flood at high tide and become accessible to ships. You can take a trip through the narrow canals in small barges to enjoy the architectural details, if, of course, the tide is in.
It is highly recommended to walk in this area after dark, when Speicherstadt is shrouded in an aura of mystery. At this time of day, the red brick buildings and steel bridges are expertly illuminated by 800 spotlights. And the atmosphere is simply magical: the illuminated facades of the old gothic port buildings, their reflections in the water of the canals and the spicy aromas of goods from all over the world.
HafenCity combines tradition and modernity in a unique symbiosis, offering a true architectural and cultural delight. The modern architecture of HafenCity creates an interesting contrast to the historic warehouse district of Speicherstadt.
The architectural dominant feature of the district is the futuristic Elbphilharmonie with its impressive glass facade and wave-shaped roof, which rises from the former Kaispeicher building at the western end of HafenCity. Inside are two concert halls, a hotel and residential apartments. Between the old warehouse and the glass structure is a public viewing and visiting area that extends around the entire building. This state-of-the-art structure opened in January 2017.
The Miniature Wonderland is the largest model railroad system in the world and has been voted Germany’s most popular tourist attraction. Visitors can admire different countries and even a miniature airport. In addition to impressive miniature versions of Hamburg are represented: the mountainous German region of the Harz, the Austrian Alps, France, Italy, North America and Scandinavia. A very interesting place for all inquisitive people.
The city hall is an eclectic neo-Renaissance building of the late 19th century in which the Hamburg city government sits. It is the sixth building of this type in the city. The others, for certain reasons, have not survived to this day.
Church of St. Michael
Church of St. Michael
St. Michael’s Church is one of the most famous religious buildings in the city and its tower has become one of the symbols of Hamburg. It was built at the beginning of the 20th century. The previous buildings were damaged during the fires. The tower is 132 meters high with the largest bell tower in Germany and offers a fantastic view of the city.
The planetarium is one of the oldest observatories of its kind in the world, located in the northwestern part of Hamburg and opened in 1930. The building itself is a modernized old water tower from the early 20th century.
Video – City of Hamburg
€156 for a guided tour
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