The Hague, Netherlands – the administrative center of the province of South Holland

The Hague

Gravenhage, city in the Netherlands, administrative center of the prov. South Holland, seat of the Royal Court and Government. In the XII-XIII cc. on the place of the city was a forest, where a fence separated the hunting grounds belonging to an earl of Holland. Two names of the town are connected with this: Den Haag from Dutch Haag/hagen ‘fence, hedge’, the Russian traditional name The Hague, and s’Gravenhage – ‘count’s hedge’.

Geographical names of the world: Toponymic dictionary. – M: AST . Pospelov E.M. 2001 .

(‘s Gravenhage , lit. ‘earl’s fence’, in English The Hague ), city and port in the West of the Netherlands , seat of the royal court and government of the country, place of meetings of parliament. The city has 445,000 inhabitants and the population of the suburbs is up to 700,000 (2001). It is known since 1097. From the end of the 16th century it is a place of sessions of the General States (now it is a parliament). In 1899, 1907 and later many international conferences were held here. The center of G. preserves its old appearance. The rectangular ensemble of the Palace of the Holy Trinity (13th-18th centuries, the Gothic Knight’s Hall – ca. 1280), the Classicist Mauritshuis Palace (1633-35). Among the monuments of architecture: the government buildings Binnenhof and Buitenhof, Gothic Sint-Jacobskerk church (XIV-XVI centuries), Renaissance Old Town Hall (XVI century), Heusten-Bos Palace (XVII-XVIII centuries), the Nyivekerk Church (XVII century), Royal Library (XVIII century). The seat of the UN International Court of Justice, Europol. Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Museums: Mauritshuis (Royal Cabinet of Paintings), International Press Museum, Post, etc. Electrical, radio, aircraft, food, light industries. Manufacture of artistic articles of glass, wood, gold and silver. Sea resort. Most foreign embassies are situated here. In the northern outskirts – Scheveningen – beaches, resort area, lighthouse, Madurodam children’s village.

Dictionary of modern geographic names. – Yekaterinburg: U-Factoria . Under the general editorship of Acad. V. M. Kotlyakov . 2006 .

is a city in the Netherlands, the seat of the Queen, the General States and the Government of the Netherlands, the administrative center of the province of South Holland. The population of The Hague is 445.3 thousand people, and the Greater Hague, including Scheveningen, Rijswijk, Voorburg and Wassenaar, has a population of 773 thousand. The Hague (“Di Hage”) is first mentioned as a hunting ground of Dutch Count William II in a historical document from 1242. His father Floris IV had already built a hunting lodge on this site in the late 1220s, on the bank of a fish-filled pond in a forest. He spent most of the year there with his family and retinue. William II, who was proclaimed king of Germany in 1247, built Binnenhof Castle on the site of the lodge, which is partly preserved to this day. His son Floris V preferred this castle to all other castles. So gradually The Hague became the political and cultural center of the county (its full name “s’grafenhage” means “fenced earl’s manor”). In the Middle Ages, the palace life early gave the Hague its luster, and the presence of a wealthy nobility accelerated the development of economic activity. In 1581 the provincial states of Holland and the States-General firmly established The Hague, but it did not receive city rights until 1811 under Napoleon, when the Netherlands was part of the French Empire. In the palace complex Binnenhof the most beautiful building is the Knights’ Hall (1280), where the Queen annually on the third Tuesday of September inaugurates the regular session of Parliament. In the same complex a part of the premises is reserved for the halls, where the Upper Chamber of the General Assemblies meets. The modern building of the Second Chamber of Parliament with a facade overlooking the square, where the government offices are located, is also annexed here. Not far from the square in the heart of the city are the Mauritshuis Museum, the Royal Museum of Painting and the Queen’s Reception. Noordainde Palace on the narrow shopping street of the same name is used for official ceremonies, while the residential palace of Queen Beatrix and Prince Claus is Heiss Ten Bos, slightly north of Noordainde Palace in The Hague Forest. On Lahe Voorhout, a street in the center of The Hague, rises another of the royal palaces that once belonged to the wife of King William III, nearby is the Royal Library, built in 1738. Foreign embassies and diplomatic missions surround the majestic 1813 square. A little further away, in the direction of Scheveningen, is the imposing Peace Palace, built at the expense of Andrew Carnegie and inaugurated on August 28, 1913. The International Court of Justice of the United Nations now sits there. In The Hague there are many educational, scientific and cultural organizations, including the Higher Military Academy, the Higher Naval Academy, the Academy of International Law. The most famous of the museums is Mauritshuis, named after Jan Moritz, Count of Nassau, by whose decree the building was built in 1633-1644. In 1821 the museum of painting was opened there, which presented a collection gathered in 1795-1815. The exceptional value of the exhibited paintings (although there are only about 300 of them) makes Mauritshuis one of the best museums in the world. Masterpieces by renowned Dutch artists are on display here, including Jan Vermeer’s View of Delft and the Girl’s Head, Paulus Potter’s Bull, and Rembrandt’s Anatomy Lesson by Dr. Tulp.

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In The Hague, there are also the Municipal Museum, the Hague History Museum, the Mesdag Panorama (representing the fishing village of Scheveningen in 1881 on a canvas of 120×14 m), the Meermann-Westrenianum Museum (books issued before 1501, antiques, etc.), state and regional archives, the archives of the Royal House. In the city there is an open-air museum – Madurodam, where models of all major buildings and structures of the Netherlands are represented. The Hague also has many cultural societies and theaters. Particularly famous is the Dutch Dance Theatre under the direction of Jiri Kilian. The Hague was badly damaged during World War II when the Germans destroyed entire neighborhoods in order to build coastal fortifications and the Bezeuidenhout neighborhood was destroyed in a massive bombing by British aircraft. After 1945 the city expanded rapidly, occupying every available corner of municipal territory. The resort suburb of Scheveningen, destroyed during the war, was largely rebuilt, and the pier was replaced by a modern one – longer and wider. To accommodate the further growth of The Hague, the neighboring smaller towns of Rijswijk, Wassenaar and Voorburg were annexed. Since 1963, however, the city’s expansion and population growth has slowed. A number of houses in the center were demolished for the construction of administrative buildings, but only half of them were built. So in 1969 the Netherlands Congress Center was opened here, an area of 4.5 hectares, one of the largest in the world. The Hague is a major center of tourism. This determines its unusual social structure. About 22% of the working-age population are employed in state, provincial or municipal institutions. The proportion of the elderly is high. The city is dominated by low-rise buildings. A large area is occupied by gardens and forest parks. Although economic activity is of secondary importance, The Hague is home to the headquarters of Royal Dutch Shell and many other companies. It has almost no heavy industry. There are companies of electrical, electronic, food and clothing industries. Produced luxury goods and works of art, pottery. Printing production is established. There are two fishing ports to the south of the Scheveningen resort, where more than 40% of the country’s herring catches are sold. Nearby there are enterprises connected with the processing and canning of fish. The Hague is a major transport hub of the Netherlands. The city is connected by rail with Rotterdam, Amsterdam and Utrecht, there is a special line to Rotterdam – Hofplein, a regular bus service to Leiden, Katwijk, Nordwijk, Delft and other neighboring communes is maintained. The passenger sea port is located in Scheunningen.

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Encyclopedia Krugosvet . 2008 .

The Hague

The Hague (Netherlands) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of The Hague with descriptions, guides and maps.

The Hague (Netherlands) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of The Hague with descriptions, guides and maps.

The Hague (Netherlands).

The Hague (Den Haag) – the capital of the Southern Netherlands, a city located in the western part of the Netherlands on the North Sea coast. Is the seat of government, parliament and the royal family. It also has offices of major international organizations. The Hague is the third largest city of the Netherlands after Amsterdam and Rotterdam, often called the “judicial capital of the world”, because international courts are located here. The city is an amazing and harmonious combination of historic buildings and modern architecture.

A miniature park of the most famous Dutch sights for children and adults

The Hague is located in the western part of the Dutch North Sea and is the largest city of its coast. The city is divided into eight districts. The heart of The Hague is the Center, where the most important attractions are located. The climate is temperate maritime with cool summers and mild winters.

Panorama of The Hague

Panorama of The Hague

Things to do (The Hague):

€155 per tour

The Royal Hague

The Royal Hague

History and themes of the city on a sightseeing tour

€125 per sightseeing tour

The Masterpiece Box: The Mauritshuis Museum

Amazing stories from the lives of artists and their creations.

  1. Tourist information
  2. Population – 527.7 thousand people
  3. Area – 98.1 sq. km
  4. Currency – euro.
  5. Language – Dutch.
  6. Visa – Schengen.
  7. Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
  8. The Hague was founded as a hunting ground, so there is just a huge number of parks and green spaces.
  9. Most of the stores and several shopping centers are located in the area of Spuistraat and Grote Marktstraat.
  10. Grote Markt is a place where there are numerous bars, restaurants and pubs. Although the prices here, of course, are quite high.
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Nightclubs and similar establishments are concentrated on Place Plain.

History

The Masterpiece Box: The Mauritshuis Museum

The Hague

The Hague

The Hague did not receive city rights until 1806. In the 19th century the city grew and developed rapidly, remaining one of the largest and most important in the Netherlands.

How to get there

The Hague has a common airport with Rotterdam. From the airport you can take the Line E bus to the Central Station.

The Masterpiece Box: The Mauritshuis Museum

The city is a major railway hub. Trains from Amsterdam, Schiphol Airport, Utrecht, Groningen as well as Cologne, Prague, Berlin, Frankfurt, Basel and Copenhagen go to the central station.

The Hague

The Hague is connected to Amsterdam (A4 and A44), Rotterdam (A13) and Utrecht (A12) by free freeways.

Attractions

The Hague

The most important sights in The Hague.

Peace Palace

Peace Palace

The Peace Palace is one of the most photographed buildings in The Hague and is the seat of the International Court of Justice of the United Nations. This grand Neo-Renaissance building was built in the early 20th century.

Binnenhof

Binnenhof

The Binnenhof is the seat of the Dutch Parliament and the oldest place in The Hague. The palace complex is located on the site of an old hunting castle, from which the history of the city began. Passing through the famous front gate you can get into the courtyard, in which there are many historic buildings. Binnenhof is located in the heart of The Hague. This place has been one of the main centers of Dutch politics since the 15th century.

Binnenhof – courtyard

Binnenhof - courtyard

In the courtyard one can admire the main building of the 13th century, the Knights’ Hall, a masterpiece of Dutch Gothic architecture that was used for official royal receptions. In front of the Knights’ Hall is a gilded neo-Gothic fountain from the 1600s, with a statue of William II.

Scheveningen

Scheveningen

Scheveningen is a famous seaside resort and one of the districts of The Hague that is famous for its sandy beaches. One of its most beautiful places is the huge jetty that literally juts into the North Sea. An observation deck and a 50-meter Ferris wheel are available for viewing.

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Nordeinde

Nordeinde

Nordeinde is the official residence of the King of the Netherlands, an early 17th century palace. A little to the side is a small, quiet palace park, the entrance to which is free.

Plaine

Plaine

The Plein is the central square of The Hague, located near the Binnenhof. It represents a square. Was built in 1632. Statue on the square is dedicated to William of Orange.

Old Town Hall

Old Town Hall is a historic building from the 16th century in the Renaissance style. It is a national monument.

Old Town Hall

History and themes of the city on a sightseeing tour

€125 per excursion

Holland in an hour and a half: The Madurodam

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