Cities of Italy. Foggia
Foggia is located on the territory of Italy, at the “spur” of the Apennine boot, as the capital of the eponymous province belonging to the region of Puglia. To date, the city has preserved many historical monuments of the cultural heritage of the past, making it of great interest to many tourists from different countries.
Since ancient times Foggia was famous as a supplier of grapes, wine, olives and vegetable oil, wool, wheat and cattle, so these areas serve as an important economic component in the life of the city to this day. In addition, mechanical engineering and the paper and chemical industries are well developed. Throughout its history Foggia has been exposed to several destructive earthquakes, so the basis of the cityscape today are modern buildings, but the preserved old buildings bear the breath of the past and are the embodiment of a bygone era, and are an essential part of the rich excursion program. Today, the provincial capital in many ways corresponds to its status, having comfortable hotels for all tastes, plenty of stores, restaurants and entertainment venues. It is also well served by the transport network, which allows to easily travel between provinces and regions.
Foggia covers about 500 square kilometers and has a population of about 150,000 people. Time is 1 hour behind Moscow in summer and 2 hours in winter. Time zone is UTC+1 and UTC+2 in summer. The phone code is (+39) 0881. Official website www.comune.foggia.it.
A brief historical excursus
The first settlements on this piece of land date back to the Neolithic Era and the town itself was founded around 1000 A.D. by shepherds who found a tablet with an image of the Madonna surrounded by flames. They thought it was a sign from above and decided to build a settlement here. It is known that in the XI century this area was not very livable due to the high degree of marshland, but during the reign of the Norman Duke Robert of Guiscard it dried up, after which the area became a good springboard for further growth and development. In the XIII century, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire – Frederick II Hohenstaufen chose the city as his residence and built a royal palace here. After the emperor’s death, Foggia fell into decay and lost its importance.
Unceasing wars and periodic earthquakes constantly interfered with its former glory. The city began to revive in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and a noticeable economic boom followed after the reunification of Italy in 1861. With its important strategic location, it was always in the epicenter of significant events, which was strongly reflected during the Second World War, when Foggia was seriously damaged by the bombing of the Allied forces, but was liberated from the Nazis in 1943. Now, the provincial capital is considered one of the most prosperous cities in the region.
Weather conditions, characterized by relatively warm winters and hot summers, allow you to come here throughout the year. During the period from December to February the average temperature ranges from +5… +7 degrees and from May to September the thermometer column is steadily going up +25, regularly going above +30. The precipitations fall throughout the year in rather moderate quantities.
How to get there
An important hub of transportation in the region, Foggia has its own airport and is also connected by bus and rail to the surrounding areas and villages.
Within the city limits, with the exception of the historic center, buses are actively used as public transport. In addition, there are rental agencies for cars and bicycles.
Attractions and entertainment
Most of Foggia’s historical sites are concentrated in the Old Town area. One of its symbols is the Cathedral of Santa Maria di Foggia, in Piazza Francesco De Sanctis. It was built in 1170 in Romanesque style and was rebuilt in the XVIII century. Now, thanks to the sacred icon of the Madonna of the Seven Veils, with the image of the Virgin of Cyriotis, the temple serves as a pilgrimage site for hundreds of thousands of worshippers. Other prominent religious buildings include the Church of St. Augustine, the Church of Jesus and Mary, the Church of St. Clare, the Church of the Cross and the Church of St. John the Baptist. The heart of the city is the street Arpi, where the remains of the ancient fortress wall with the gate Porta Arpi, the house of the Italian composer Umberto Giordano and the palace of Frederick.
The name of the street is connected with the city of the same name, the ancestor of which was the legendary Diomedes – the hero of Homer. At one time there were a lot of important events that influenced the course of history here and now people prefer to stroll here as well as visitors to the provincial capital. In Piazza XX Settembre, about 100 meters from the Cathedral, rises the Custom House that was rebuilt on the site of an older building by Giustino Lombardi, a royal engineer during the Renaissance period. At the end of Via Alessandro Manzoni there is a striking monument called Epitaffio dedicated to the so-called “Royal Route”, related to the cattle drives of Philip IV and later Charles II.
Restaurants, cafes and eateries in Foggia offer a wide variety of dishes and drinks, allowing guests to appreciate all the culinary delights of Puglia. Of particular note are the local wines, with their unmistakable flavors.
Foggia’s stores, markets and stalls offer all kinds of goods and souvenirs, from traditional straw hats and jewelry to beautifully decorated sweets and gift bottles of wine in unique containers.
Foggia is in sync with the Italian countryside, combining a modern European city and a touch of medieval charm, which makes it even more attractive and seductive.
Foggia (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Foggia with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Foggia (Italy).
Foggia is a city in southern Italy in the region of Puglia. It is considered a sacred link between the North and South of the country, as well as the “breadbasket of Italy”. Foggia is not the most popular tourist destination in Puglia. It is a typical “working town”, surrounded by pasta factories and other agro-processing industries. However, Foggia has some iconic sights and beautiful architecture.
What to do (Italy):
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Geography and climate
Foggia is located to the North of Bari on the Tavolere delle Puglia Plain, 35 km from the Adriatic Coast. The city has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by a somewhat continental (greater temperature variations and cooler winters than in the coastal part of Puglia).
- Population – 149.2 thousand people
- Area – 509,26 km 2
- Language – Italian
- Currency – Euro
- Visa – Schengen
- Time – Central European UTC +1
Foggia is famous for its street food and local products. We recommend trying pizza, panzerotti, pucci or scagliozzo here.
The area around Foggia is part of one of the largest Neolithic settlements (period between the sixth and fourth millennium BC) and the cradle of agriculture in Italy. In the 2nd millennium B.C. Arpi, center of the ancient Italian region Daunia, flourished here.
The modern nucleus of Foggia began to form in the 11th century after the Norman Conquest. During the reign of Frederick II, who built an imperial palace here, the city flourished as one of the centers of southern Italy. In the 16th century after the conquest of Puglia by the Spaniards, Foggia fell into decline.
In the mid-17th century, a plague epidemic swept through the city. In 1731 a third of Foggia was destroyed by an earthquake. The city continued its development only in the 19th century.
How to get there
The nearest international airport is located in Bari, you can also consider the airports of Naples and Rome. The city has rail connections to the capital of Italy as well as to Milan. There is a bus service between Foggia and Naples.
The cathedral of Foggia, located in Piazza Francesco de Sanctis, is the main attraction of the city and stands out proudly against the other buildings of the historic center. It was founded in the 12th century and rebuilt in the 18th century after an earthquake destroyed much of its facade. The facade of the cathedral is beautifully Baroque and has fantastic decor and intricate stonework.
Inside, the church is richly decorated with colorful religious paintings, and its windows let in plenty of light that cascades down onto the old wooden pews. The cathedral’s architecture is highlighted by its tall bell tower, which is an iconic symbol of Foggia.
Church of Jesus and Mary
Piazza Umberto Giordano is one of Foggia’s central squares, famous for its relaxed atmosphere and surrounded by stores, cafes and restaurants. In the square there is a sculpture of Umberto Giordano, the famous Italian opera composer. You can also admire the Baroque Church of Jesus and Mary, built in the 16th century by the Franciscan order.
Located in the heart of the city, Dogan’s palace dates from the 15th century and is one of the oldest buildings in Foggia. The palazzo originally served as a customs center until it was transformed into a luxurious residence.
The Karol Wojtyla Park is named after Pope John Paul II. The park is a garden with walkways, fountains, sculptures and a wide open boulevard.
Church of San Giovanni Battista
The Church of San Giovanni Battista was built in the 16th century and originally belonged to the Order of Malta. The building has Baroque features and the title of a small basilica.
In Piazza Nigri in the northern part of the old town is the city museum, which has an interesting collection of ancient artifacts.
Delle Croci is a Baroque church erected in the late 17th century on the site where the Capuchins placed seven crosses on the way of the penitential procession. The complex consists of a Baroque triumphal arch, five chapels and a church in the shape of a Latin cross.
The Gargano National Park is a 40-minute drive from Foggia. It covers an impressive 118,000 hectares and is one of the largest in the country. Gargano is famous for its beautiful landscapes and vast stretches of picturesque rocky coastline.
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