The best sights of the Czech Republic

Czech sights

In 1342 Judith Bridge was destroyed by a flood, it was decided to build a stronger and more reliable bridge in its place. Until 1870, it was called The Stone Bridge. As the legend goes, the strength of the construction was in the composition of the mortar, binding stones: eggs, milk, wine, collected from around the kingdom. Of the three dozen sculptures decorating the bridge, only one, Jan Nepomutsky, is made of bronze.

A wish will come true if you make one by touching the statue.

Wenceslas Square

In the Middle Ages it was the site of markets, including a horse market with horse fairs. The square got its present appearance in 1920. Administrative buildings, stores and restaurants appeared around. Gradually a business center with popular streets 28 October and Na Przykopa emerged. The central sculpture of St. Wenceslas on the horseback, erected in 1912, is a meeting place “under the tail” for locals and tourists.

Wenceslas Square is more like a wide boulevard, a kilometer long.

Kampa Island

If you go down the stairs from Charles Bridge, you will find yourself in a fabulously idyllic place in the middle of a modern metropolis. The island is surrounded by the waters of the Vltava River, ýertovka River and the hand-made canal from the 12th century, which supplies water to the mills. The wheel is 8 meters in diameter and slowly turns, adding to the peacefulness of the landscape. The island is a place of attraction for artists, writers, intellectuals and creatives.

Here passes the narrowest street in the world .

Prague Castle

Along the hilltop bank of the Vltava River stretches the largest fortress in the Czech Republic. It is a historical and political center, founded back in the 9th century, and attracts many tourists from different countries. It concentrates the largest number of attractions per square meter of the Czech Republic. The president’s residence is also located in the Grad. The entrance to the palace is from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. and a ticket costs 2 to 6 euros.

A front gate leads inside, guarded by a guard of honor, which is changed at noon.

Zlatá Street

This medieval alley at Prague Castle consists of colorful houses built into the arches of the fortress wall. Jewelers lived there and gave the street its modern name. Each of the houses has its own history and theme, and they are open to visitors.

In one of the houses, in the early 20th century lived Franz Kafka.

National Museum

The museum building overlooks Wenceslas Square, being its dominant feature. The monumental building with a dome in neo-Renaissance style from the end of the 19th century is the main treasury of the Czech Republic. The museum has been in existence for 200 years and a major renovation was completed only in 2018. The large collection is housed in a modernist concrete and glass building. Admission is free from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

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Under the dome is the Pantheon with sculptures of famous figures of Czech culture .

St. Vitus Cathedral

Architectural masterpiece of Gothic style is located in the territory of Prague Castle and serves as a residence of Archbishop. The construction of the temple lasted for six centuries. This fact is embodied in the decoration of the church in styles of different eras. Here worked the best masters from Europe, and the decorations were made by Alphonse Mucha. There are stained-glass windows by his sketches. You can visit the church from 10.00 to 17.00 for free.

The stone staircase leading to the observation deck has three hundred steps.

Old Town Hall with chimes

The famous astronomical clock with the Eagle’s chimes is probably one of the unique pieces of antiquity that strikes our modern imagination. Every hour hundreds of tourists watch the miniature wooden sculptures of Greed, Vanity, Death, Lust and the Twelve Apostles.

For 600 years the clock face has been showing the present and ancient Czech times, the sign of the Zodiac, the phase of the moon and other things. The clock is a decoration of the Old Town Hall, which grew over six centuries.

Town Hall visit from 11.00 to 18.00 on Mondays, on other days from 9.00 to 18.00. The tour costs 10 €, with a discount of 6 €.

In the town hall you can find the town hall, which is located in the apartment where Kafka lived.

Dancing House

The original landmark of Prague is an unusual building. The silhouette of the house, in the form of a dancing couple, is made of concrete and glass. Construction began in 1996 at the suggestion of President Havel. Nowadays, several offices of international companies are functioning in the house.

What at first caused a storm of indignation among the local population, the unusual building has become one of the “highlights” of Prague.

Strahov Monastery

The first building appeared in 1140 on the site of outposts guarding Prague. From the word “guards” originated the name of the monastery. Gradually, new buildings were added to the area, and in 1258, the monastery was badly damaged by the fire. As a result of several reconstructions, the architecture of the premises perfectly combines several artistic styles. Among the buildings, the church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary stands out for its unique decoration. Within the walls of the monastery is a huge library and art gallery.

The opening hours are from 9.00 to 17.00, the ticket to the gallery is 4.8 euros and to the library 4 euros.

At the monastery operates a brewery, whose drink tourists can taste in the beer hall “Monastic Brewery Strahov.

Old Town

The Old Town area of Prague is the most attractive place for tourists, a concentration of major attractions. Narrow paved streets with ancient cathedrals, squares, bridges create an atmosphere of mystery, curiosity. One of them – Karlova leads travelers from the Small Square to the Charles Bridge.

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The old place hides underneath the early buildings of a storey high with labyrinths of streets, cellars.

Týn Church

Its silhouette is recognizable: two pointed towers can be seen on postcards, magnets, souvenirs. The temple was built for two centuries. In the cathedral there are burial places of famous people of Bohemia. Architecturally, the facade of the temple is interesting. According to legend, one of the sculptures held a golden vase, in which storks nested. They carried frogs to their nestlings. When one of them fell on the head of a noble parishioner, the bowl had to be removed. Visiting hours are 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.

In the church you can listen to the oldest organ in Prague.

Clementinum

The premises of the former Jesuit monastery of St. Clement are situated on the crooked Karlova Street. Now it is a huge complex, including: an astrological tower, open since 1775, the Meridian Room, and a remarkable Baroque library hall. Classical music concerts are held in the Mirror Chapel with its unique acoustics. The opening hours are from 10.00 to 18.00, the ticket price is about 10 euros.

To visit the Mirror Chapel it is necessary to make an appointment in advance.

Toy Museum

Visit the corner of childhood, marveling at toys up to 2 thousand years old! A huge collection of toys from different countries, exclusive, the latest. Many can be touched, the most valuable are behind the glass. Unique, one of the largest museums in the world is located in Prague Castle in an old room. The museum is open: 9.30 – 17.30, ticket price 2,8 euros for adults, 2 euros for children.

Among the exhibits is the very first Barbie doll, born in 1959.

Kinských Palace

On Old Town Square, among a straight line of ancient buildings, one protrudes several meters forward. Its handsome white and pink facade is accentuated by an exquisite decoration and a long balcony supported by columns. The building houses exhibits from the National Gallery, presenting art from the Old World, Asia, and the Middle East. Opening hours: 10.00 – 18.00. Tickets cost 2 euros, with discounts for seniors.

For visually impaired visitors, acrylic copies of exhibits are made so they can be touched.

Queen Anne’s Summer Palace

An unusually beautiful, elegant Renaissance structure resembling a malachite casket is a gift from Ferdinand I to his wife. It was designed by Italian architects and replicates Roman villas. The palace is located in the Royal Garden, which also deserves special attention from tourists. Now in the halls of the palace are held exhibitions of artists. To visit the palace is open from 10.00 to 18.00. The cost of tickets depends on the exhibit.

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In front of the palace there is a singing fountain from the 16th century, made of bronze with the addition of precious metals.

Holašovice Village

A corner of country life in the center of Europe. The traditional buildings of villages from the 17th and 19th centuries have been preserved here. The site is protected by UNESCO, so the rural architecture is carefully preserved. Rural Baroque houses have been preserved. About 40% of the houses were built before 1827, and only 5% are modern buildings. The village has retained its typical South Bohemian layout.

During an epidemic of plague from 1520 to 1525, almost the entire village population perished, only 2 people remained. A plague column was erected to commemorate the event.

Krumlov Castle

It is an architectural ensemble, consisting of 5 courtyards and a castle of 35 m high in the center. Construction began in the 12th century. The first courtyard has a fountain from the 16th century. Architecturally, the castle gardens are interesting: the landscape is arranged in terraces, which descend from the castle to the lake. There is an unusual auditorium garden, which rotates in a circle, and the park serves as the stage.

In the theater of Krumlov Castle you can see ancient scaffolding, costumes, machinery room of the 17th century.

Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul in Brno

The jewel in the city is the 12th-century church. The 84-meter spires can be seen from any part of Brno. As relics, the cathedral keeps a figure of the Virgin Mary with a baby and an ancient organ with gold plating. The cathedral is open to visitors: from 7 a.m. to 6:30 p.m.

There is an active chapel with a Renaissance altar on the grounds of the church.

Old Town Hall

Nowadays it is a historical and cultural center of Brno. The town hall building is decorated with a stuffed dragon. Legend has it that for a long time the dragon terrified the locals. The prisoner of Špilberk Castle threw the poisoned skin of a calf to the monster and in so doing freed the people from their fears. A stuffed dragon has decorated the town hall ever since.

One of the towers at the entrance, gives the impression of “falling”.

World of Miniatures in Ostrava

The Minimuni area is a world in miniature. There are models of the most famous buildings in Europe, as well as all the Seven Wonders of the World. The park is interesting for both adults and children, who especially like the miniature railroad and the canals on which the ships sail. For visits the park is open from 10.00 to 18.00, for adults the ticket costs about 3 euros, for children under 15 years of age 1.5 euros.

The park offers entertainment activities.

Karlstejn Castle

For lovers of Gothic art – the castle is the epitome of rugged beauty. The town with the same name is located 30 km from Prague. The construction of the castle was involved in the Czech king and Roman emperor Charles IV, its premises were used to store the royal treasures. The uniqueness of the castle rooms is in their location, depending on the importance. Entrance to the castle is free from 10.00 am to 3.00 pm or until 5.00 pm in the summer.

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Upstairs, near the castle walls, there is a museum of wax figures.

The castle was intended only for spiritual and secular needs, so women were forbidden to enter.

The fabulous Telj.

This little village museum is a tiny little town of 25 square meters, protected by UNESCO. Every house, alley, and square is a work of art. In the center of the town there is also a magnificent Renaissance castle.

In the church of St. James there are remnants of 15th century paintings.

Sychrov Castle

This was the residence of the noble French aristocratic family of the Rohan family. The interior has preserved the chic and peculiar charm of the late 19th-century setting. The castle is surrounded by a magnificent English park, preserved in its original form. Visiting from 10.00 to 17.00, the price of a tour from 2 to 6 euros.

The area was repeatedly used for movie shooting.

Zbiroh .

The castle is located among the dense forest on a rock and keeps secrets of centuries. In the cellars of the castle in oak barrels stored wine, and it is also a place of masonic ceremonies. On the territory of the castle are staged historical performances and knightly tournaments. In summer the castle is open from 11.00 to 23.00, the price of a tour 2 euros.

The deepest well in Europe – 163 m – is situated in the castle.

Moravian Karst

The most famous karst caves in Europe, of which there are more than 1000. Only five of them are available for visits. One can take a boat trip down the underground river, see the bizarre canyons and lakes. Tours start from Prague at 6:30.

Particular attention is attracted by a chasm depth of 138 m.

Hluboka nad Vltavou Castle

The Czech Windsor – so sometimes called this 13th century fortress reconstructed in the Tudor style. The snow-white castle is adorned by a well-groomed park with a lake and a hunting lodge. Magnificent halls are provided for collections of artists, art objects. Opening hours are from 9 to 17, the price of a tour is about 35 euros.

The beauty of the castle, the areas around attract filmmakers to make movies.

Mill Colonnade

More than 400 years ago the first spring was discovered on the site where the beautiful architectural structure rises. In addition to the therapeutic properties of the local water, travelers can admire the beauty of the lines and shapes of the galleries above the springs.

The upper part of the colonnade is decorated with 12 sculptures, symbolizing the seasons.

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Peter and Paul Church

The Church of St. Peter and Paul in Karlovy Vary has the status of a branch of the Russian Orthodox Church. The construction of the church was initiated by the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna at the end of the 19th century and funded by her. Visiting hours: from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Since 1918, clergymen from Russia have taken refuge in the temple.

Jellyfish

On the outskirts of the town of Kutna Hora stands a medieval knight’s castle. The interior corresponds to its purpose: a collection of armor, weapons, antique furniture, things. A dungeon with a number of passages keeps centuries of secrets. For visits the castle is open from 9 to 18, the ticket price is 4-6 euros.

To see a white deer in the local park is good luck.

Kostnitsa in Sedlec

This is probably the most unique temple, because the inside is made of human bones. In the Middle Ages there was a method of burial in the form of the remains of bones. The sight is eerie, because the columns are “decorated” with human skulls, chandeliers and all the trim is made of parts of the skeleton. Opening hours: 9.00 – 18.00, admission €3.

The Kostnica is a place where you feel the transience of life.

Review: “Creepy place, I wouldn’t recommend to the impressionable people.

Vlasha courtyard

In the past there was the Prague Mint. The palace got its name after the Italian experts involved in the currency reform. At one time it was the royal residence. Visiting hours are from 9.00 to 17.00, admission €3.

If you sit on the bench by the fountain, with your back to it, and hit the tray of the statue of the miner in the center with a coin, wealth is guaranteed.

“Bohemian Switzerland.”

The national park is located on the border with Germany and continues into Germany. The uniqueness of the reserve in the rock formations of sandstone. They have been growing for 10 million years from the sand which rose from the bottom of the sea and are now about 1 km thick.

There are deer in the forests and bats in the rock crevices.

Konopište Castle

An ancient fortress located 2 km from the town of Benesov, founded in the 13th century, has changed its appearance many times. Now it is a complex with a well-kept park and a residence of Archduke Fedinand, who escaped here with his non-monarchic bride. This story made the castle popular.

Couples who want to get married in a romantic setting come here.

Brewery

Pilsner Urquell has been making its famous beer for over a century. Every hour there are guided tours with a tasting. Visitors get acquainted with the process of beverage production, see the huge shops and modern equipment. Starts at 8 a.m., the entrance fee is 10 euros.

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