The 5 smallest countries in Europe

Top 10 smallest countries in Europe

The European continent contains 50 countries, and some of them are located partly in Europe and in Asia. Europe itself has an area of about 3,930,000 miles. Back in 2016, the continent had a population of 738 million.

Most are familiar with the proverb “small but small. When it comes to the tiny countries of Europe, this classic adage is especially relevant. Small nations and small city-states certainly have no shortage of history and quirkiness when it comes to the European continent.

If you’re trying to decide whether or not to take a trip to small nations, here are 10 of the smallest countries in Europe, and you’ll know they’re worth adding to your itinerary.

10. Montenegro – 13,812 km².

Untouched beaches, quaint fishing villages, quiet coves and a growing number of resorts attract visitors to the Adriatic coast of Montenegro .

However, the mountainous landscape is also popular, exposing tourists to age-old forests, clear lakes, winding rivers and snowy peaks. Areas such as Kolasin are also favorites for skiers during the winter months.

Montenegro also has an incredibly rich history that is colored by its rebellious nature, especially as it tries to resist the spread of the Ottoman Empire.

9. Kosovo – 10 887 km²

Kosovo, the newest country in Europe, declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. However, this declaration is not without controversy, and Serbia (along with several other countries) does not recognize Kosovo’s sovereignty.

Kosovo’s capital, Pristina, is a vibrant and friendly city. In recognition of the United States’ assistance to Kosovo in the 1990s and 2000s, you can find a statue of Bill Clinton in Pristina. Streets were also named after Clinton, George W. Bush, and Bob Dole.

8. Cyprus – 9,251 km²

Cyprus, officially known as the “Republic of Cyprus”, is a tiny island which is filled with many cultures and histories for a place of its size.

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Located in the Eastern Mediterranean with a population of over one million, it is the third most populous island in the Mediterranean Sea. Head here if you like good food, history and good weather.

7. Luxembourg – 2 586 km².

Home of the last remaining Grand Duchy in the world , Luxembourg is practically a “pocket” country filled with fabulous castles. Vianden is one of the best examples of a true medieval castle, making it ideal for those who appreciate history or historic architecture.

In Luxembourg, the country’s capital, you can stroll through the charming Old Town district and find a café that serves dadd mate gaardebounin, a national dish consisting of smoked pork, cream sauce, beans and potatoes.

Outside the city of Luxembourg, the nation is mostly rural. Nature lovers can stroll through the dense forest of the Ardennes or explore various nature parks, including the rocky gorges in the Müllertal region and the Moselle River valley.

6. Andorra – 468 km²

Andorra, located between Spain and France, is actually a principality, which means that instead of being ruled by a king, it is ruled by a prince or duke.

Andorra is even more unique in that it has two co-presidents: one is the elected president of France and the other is the Spanish Catholic bishop. Go to Andorra if you want to experience a nation of only 77,000 inhabitants, excellent ski resorts (in the winter months) and Romanesque architecture.

5. Malta – 316 km²

Malta, also known as the Republic of Malta, is a collection of three tiny islands with a population of over 400,000 people and its own Maltese language.

Most of the population speaks English, and most of the people who live there are also half-British. Located between Sicily and the coast of North Africa, it is one of the most populous countries in the world.

Beautiful golden sandy beaches and clear blue water make Malta a good summer destination. Many British people travel to Malta in the summer, enjoying great food and sailing.

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4. Liechtenstein – 62 km².

Located right between Switzerland and Austria, the tiny country of Liechtenstein has about 37,000 inhabitants and is only 25 km long, but is considered the richest country in the world per capita.

Liechtenstein abounds in magnificent architecture, and the alpine forests are natural wonders. Winter sports enthusiasts also adore Liechtenstein for its location in the Alps.

Most new visitors begin their discovery with the capital of Liechtenstein, as here you can find the fabulous Vaduz Castle, which is an important historical landmark.

3. San Marino – 61 km²

Located in northeastern Italy quite close to Florence, beautiful San Marino bears the title of one of the oldest republics on the continent. Also known as “The Most Serene Republic of San Marino” it has a population of only 33 000 inhabitants and was founded on September 3rd 301 years.

However, the Republic was not officially recognized as an independent country by the Pope (at that time one of the most important people in the world) until 1631.

The Old Town of San Marino is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cobblestone streets and medieval walls allow travelers to immerse themselves in history. In addition, a trip to the Old Town itself is unique.

If you arrive by car, park at the bottom of the Old Town. Then you can go up into the mountains or head to Borgo Maggiore for a funicular ride.

The Piazza della Liberta has magnificent architecture and houses the parliament and the government of the republic, making it both beautiful and historically relevant.

The First Tower looks like a castle from a storybook, balancing on the side of a cliff and overlooking a breathtaking landscape. The Basilica of San Marino, a neoclassical church built in 1836, has Corinthian columns and a stunningly ornate ceiling.

2. Monaco – 1.95 km²

The second country in our guide to small countries in Europe is Monaco . The little fairy-tale country, located on the French coast of the Mediterranean Sea, along the Côte d’Azur, seems to have just come out of a fairy tale.

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The clear blue sea, the rock of Monte Carlo and the luxurious ambiance of the tiny streets make it the perfect place to visit in Europe. Monaco and its capital, Monte Carlo, are well known for the large number of casinos, boutique hotels, and the famous Formula 1 Grand Prix that run through the streets of the city every year.

If you are visiting the French Riviera, the stretch of coastline that runs along the South of France, you can visit Monte Carlo and nearby places like Nice, Menton, Cannes and Provence. Ideal, especially in spring and summer.

1. Vatican City – 0.44 km²

First on our list of the smallest countries in Europe is Vatican City . In the land of Italy, there is a very small country in the capital of the country. The Vatican is more than just a place. It is the place of the Catholic Church, where the Pope lives and celebrates rituals. The pope is the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

It is also one of the most visited places in the world, thanks to its ancient history and popular masterpieces anchored within the walls of the smallest city in the world. Visit the Vatican from the inside and admire the view of the Sistine Chapel and the magical gardens.

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