The Wall: 10 greatest walls in history
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In southeastern Turkey, construction has begun on a 900-kilometer-long separation barrier on the border with Syria. When completed, this construction will be on par with the Berlin Wall and other greatest barrier systems in the world.
The Great Wall of China
The largest monument of architecture and history in the world. Its construction began in the third century B.C. in the era of Emperor Qi Shi Huang Ti and its aim was to protect against the warlike nomadic peoples of the North. Subsequently, many rulers of the Celestial Empire until the 17th century built new sections of the site. Now, taking into account all the branches, the total length of the Great Wall of China is almost 9 thousand kilometers.
Fence Against Dingoes, Australia
The next great fence system was not built until the 19th century in Australia. Local farmers had long struggled with wild dingo dogs until they decided to fence off 8,500 kilometers long from them. This structure functions for its intended purpose to this day. There is even a special patrol that drives along the wall and checks its integrity. Some time later, in the west of Australia, an anti-rabbit fence of 3,256 kilometers was also erected.
Demilitarized Zone, Korea
The Korean Demilitarized Zone is a massive fence system that crosses the entire peninsula along the 38th parallel. Walls, barbed wire fences, minefields, tens of thousands of stone blocks with which to block roads in case one of the parties to the conflict breaks through the border. It is noteworthy that the wall itself was created not by North Korea, but by South Korea, because for a long time the latter was noticeably behind North Korea in development, and therefore its authorities decided to separate themselves from their relatives so that people would not flee under communist rule. Decades later, defectors are already heading in the other direction. However, they leave North Korea through the border with China – it is impossible to cross the Demilitarized Zone.
The Berlin Wall, Germany
A symbol of the Cold War, the confrontation of the two systems – the capitalist and the socialist in the second half of the 20th century. The beginning of the construction of the Berlin wall fell in the summer of 1961, when the GDR authorities realized that they could no longer tolerate the mass migration of young, educated citizens to the Federal Republic of Germany (over 200 thousand people a year). On the night of August 13, the once unified city was divided into two. The new border cut streets, houses, and even subway lines. The fall of the Berlin Wall in the fall of 1989 was the end of the Cold War.
The U.S.-Mexico border
More than a million people are believed to cross the border between the rich U.S. and poor Mexico illegally each year. And in order to curb this flow of people, the United States is building an impenetrable wall along the border (it is now about 1,000 kilometers long out of the more than 3,000 total length of the border). There are even projects to make this fence out of glass posts, which is supposed to symbolize the transparency of the American border for those who want to cross it by legal means.
Line of Control, Jammu and Kashmir
The demarcation line between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir has been called the “Berlin Wall of Asia. Once united British India after independence in 1947 split into several states that went to war with each other. The fiercest battles have been fought over the aforementioned state for more than fifty years. Despite the official truce, Pakistani militants regularly attack Indian troops. And to stop these raids the Indian authorities built a 550-kilometer wall between 1990 and 2004.
The Green Line, Cyprus
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Nicosia is called the “last divided capital of Europe. The fact is that right through the historic part of the city, in the middle of the bazaar and tourist attractions runs the so-called “Green Line” – the wall dividing Cyprus into Greek and Turkish parts. However, in the past few years, its importance has become quite conditional – both residents of both parts of the island and tourists can walk freely through the checkpoints.
The Moroccan Wall
The process of decolonization of Africa has led to formerly oppressed peoples becoming oppressors themselves. As an example, the Moroccans, who got rid of the power of France and Spain, took over the Western Sahara, a region which, after the withdrawal of Spanish troops, was to become an independent state. Its new masters fenced off most of the invaded territories with walls and minefields. The official government of Western Sahara controls only a small area with a population of 40,000 people remaining outside this Wall of Shame.
Peace Lines, Belfast, UK
Peace Lines in Belfast is a clear example of how dividing walls can exist even in the world’s wealthiest countries. The history of the British-Irish conflict goes back some one thousand years. In the second half of the twentieth century it turned into a real war, which raged in the streets of Belfast, Derry and other cities of Northern Ireland. To reduce the degree of confrontation, the British authorities decided to separate Catholic (Irish) and Protestant (English and Scottish) neighborhoods with high walls. These barriers still exist to this day. It is true that now the gates are not closed at night.
The Israeli Separation Barrier
The most recent example of the fencing off of one people from another in their common historical territory. In 2003, Israel started building the 703 kilometer long wall, which was supposed to protect the Jewish population against attacks by Palestinian terrorists. However, the results have been mixed. On the one hand the number of terrorist attacks has actually decreased, on the other hand the wall has left a huge number of Arab settlements on the Israeli side and a huge number of Jewish settlements on the Arab side.
The wall between Turkey and Syria
A story that is being made before our eyes. For almost three years now, a civil war has been raging in Syria, which has displaced hundreds of thousands of people. Many of them moved to Turkey illegally, causing destabilization in the border areas there. Therefore, the authorities of the Turkish Republic decided to fence off the restive neighbor with a 900-kilometer wall.