The 40 best sights in Busan – descriptions and photos

The 40 best attractions in Busan – description and photos

Busan is located in the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa according to the Köppen climate classification). Very high and very low temperatures are rarely registered. From May to July, in late spring and early summer, the city is usually cooler than the inland areas of the peninsula because of the ocean effect. In late summer and early fall, August through September, the weather is hot, sweltering, and typhoons can hit the city at this time. On September 15, 1959, Super Typhoon Sara passed along the coast of the city and caused catastrophic damage. On September 12, 2003, an unusually strong typhoon Mamie also caused significant damage to ships and buildings, killing 48 people.

October and November are the most comfortable times in Busan with clear skies and pleasant temperatures. Winters are cold and relatively dry with strong winds, but much milder than in other parts of Korea, with the exception of Jeju-do and a few south coast islands. Busan and the surrounding areas have the least amount of snow compared to other parts of Korea because of its location. Snowfall averages only about 6 days a year. Even small accumulations of snow can do a lot of damage to this city because of the mountainous terrain and the lack of snow driving skills of local motorists.

Climate of Busan (1971-2000)

Indicator Jan. Feb. March Apr. May June July Avg. Sen. Oct. November Dec. Year
Average high, °C 7,6 9,1 13,0 17,8 21,5 24,0 27,3 29,2 26,1 22,1 16,1 10,3 18,7
Average temperature, °C 3 4,3 8,3 13,4 17,4 20,5 24,2 25,7 22,1 17,3 11,3 5,6 14,4
Average minimum, °C -0,7 0,5 4,6 9,7 14,0 17,7 21,9 23,2 19,2 13,7 7,6 1,8 11,1
Precipitation rate, mm 38 45 86 136 154 223 259 238 167 62 60 24 1492
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration
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Geography and climate of Busan

The city is located in the subtropical climate belt which doesn’t have significant temperature fluctuations. Most tourists come here in October-November, when the weather over Busan is sunny and comfortable for rest.

But it is better not to go to Busan in late summer. During that time it’s hot and stuffy on the Korean Peninsula’s coast, plus the risk of powerful typhoons increases.

Port - 13th Floor of Lotte Department Store

It’s not hard to find Busan on a map of Asia. The city is located on the shore of the Korean Strait, in the southeast of the peninsula on which the country is located. Its territory is crossed by two rivers – Nakdong and Suyongan, between which the most densely populated quarters of urban development are located.

Busan itself is surrounded on all sides by picturesque mountains.

History [ edit | edit code ]

According to the “Samguk Saga,” the city originated at the beginning of our era as Kochilsanguk (or Kochilsangun), Tonnoguk, Changsanguk or Nesanguk, and in 757 Konchilsangun was given a new name, Tongnae[3]. The name Busan is first mentioned in the geographical description “Sinjeung tonguk yoji seungnam” in the Joseon ehopu[3]. According to the Sinjeung tonguk yoji seungnam, the word Busan is the name of a port and a fishing village in the south of the Dongnae urban district, and it came from the word combination “pot-mountain” based on the shape of the mountain by which the village is located[3]. The port in this village was called Busanpo . There were other settlements on the territory of today’s Busan, and there is also a burial site of the V-VI centuries.

From the beginning of the fifteenth century until 1592, Busanpo in Tonne was the main trading port of the country. It was primarily used for trade with Japan. With the capture of the city in 1592 by Japanese troops under the command of Toyotomi Hideyoshi the Imda War began. From 1598 to 1876 Busan was closed to foreign trade, then became the first city in Korea to open to it, but until 1883 it traded only with Japan. After the opening of the port the Japanese built their own street in Pusan and then their own quarter. It became a Japanese protectorate in 1910 and the Japanese quarter was separated from Dongnae and became an independent city named Busan, with Dongnae as the lower town, a county.

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Busan became a major commercial and industrial center. It was connected to the Japanese city of Shimonoseki by a railroad ferry. Busan has been the administrative center of Gyeongsangnamdo Province since 1925[4]. During the Korean War of 1950-53, it was the temporary capital of the Republic of Korea, as it was the farthest point from the DPRK border and the main military base of the United States and its allies on Korean territory. From August 4 to September 18, 1950, the Busan perimeter remained South Korea’s last line of defense. After the war it remained the center of the province until 1963, then became a city of direct subordination, annexing most of the Dongnae territory to itself, and since January 1995 it has been a metropolitan city[5].

Tourist reviews

Busan is not only a port and a major city. Photos of the streets and beaches of this locality are vivid proof of that.

First of all, Busan is a famous seaside resort and tourist center.

Location of Greater Busan Area

Unlike Seoul, which is already accustomed to a huge number of foreign tourists, Busan is not yet burdened with a lot of attention from travelers. It is hard to say whether it is good or bad for the city. But a tourist from some distant country will be looked at here with genuine and unconcealed interest. Everyone who traveled to Busan talks about it.

Cinema Center

What are the surprises of the resort? Every tourist who came here strongly recommends visiting a huge fish market in Busan, grandiose and astonishing the Buddhist temple of Pasong, hot springs of Haeundae, and, of course, wonderful beaches of Busan.

Seasoned travelers even call Busan the “crossroads of the planet” – it is so interesting and cosmopolitan. At the same time, the city is very provincial. Walking through its streets and alleys, you can see it for yourself.

Park Hyatt Hotel at Haeundae

You won’t have any problems with accommodation and active entertainment in Busan, either. The most luxurious and pleasant hotels in the city, according to numerous reviews of tourists, are: Paradise Hotel, Lotte Hotel, Haeundae Grand Hotel, and others.

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Along with expensive five-star hotels, there are also less expensive accommodation facilities, as well as a lot of hostels for a budget holiday.

Russian map of Busan – Tourister.ru

The settlement on this site emerged at the beginning of our era. The word “Busan” translates from Korean as “pot. This is the appearance of the mountain where the Korean metropolis is nestled.

As early as the beginning of the 15th century, Busan port became the main trading port of the country.

Haeundae Beach in Busan

Modern Busan is the largest metropolis in Asia with developed transport infrastructure, skyscrapers and shopping centers. It is here that the tallest office building in South Korea is located, as well as the largest department store in the world!

Kamcheon Village

The village of Kamcheon, which is actually part of one of Busan’s neighborhoods, resembles either a Mediterranean Italian city or the colorful nontouristy neighborhoods of Havana. Small colorful houses fill the entire slope, forming a single colorful canvas.

Camcheon Village

However, Kamchhon became attractive to travelers only in 2009, when the authorities decided that another interesting tourist attraction to the city does not hurt. The history of the village itself began in the mid-20th century, when the country was raging in the Civil War, and Busan to the south was a relatively safe place, where refugees rushed. In the 1950s, no one cared about decorating their homes, so Kamchon was built up as a complex of unattractive wooden barracks, which were later torn down and replaced by the cute little houses we know.

Kamcheon Village Road Exposition

Exposure on the street of Cam Chong Village

The first place to start is the upper part of the neighborhood where there are several viewing platforms from which you can see all this charm in one glance.

Tourist reviews

Busan is not only a port and a major city. Photos of the streets and beaches of this locality are vivid proof of that.

First of all, Busan is a famous seaside resort and tourist center.

Location of Greater Busan Area

Unlike Seoul, which is already accustomed to a huge number of foreign tourists, Busan is not yet burdened with a lot of attention from travelers. It is hard to say whether it is good or bad for the city. But a tourist from some distant country will be looked at here with genuine and unconcealed interest. Everyone who traveled to Busan talks about it.

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Cinema Center

What are the surprises of the resort? Every tourist who came here strongly recommends visiting a huge fish market in Busan, grandiose and astonishing the Buddhist temple of Pasong, hot springs of Haeundae, and, of course, wonderful beaches of Busan.

Seasoned travelers even call Busan the “crossroads of the planet” – it is so interesting and cosmopolitan. At the same time, the city is very provincial. Walking through its streets and alleys, you can see it for yourself.

Park Hyatt Hotel at Haeundae

You won’t have any problems with accommodation and active entertainment in Busan, either. The most luxurious and pleasant hotels in the city, according to numerous reviews of tourists, are: Paradise Hotel, Lotte Hotel, Haeundae Grand Hotel, and others.

Along with expensive five-star hotels, there are also less expensive accommodation facilities, as well as a lot of hostels for a budget holiday.

Economy

Night View of Busan

Night View of Busan

Kijang County is home to East Asia’s largest nuclear power plant, Kori.West of Busan is the plant of Renault Samsung Motors.

Finance

Busan is home to the Korea Exchange and the Busan International Financial Center.

Busan

Busan is the administrative center of Busan and the second largest city in South Korea, after Seoul. The city has about 3.7 million residents.

Coordinates of Busan

Latitude: 35.16445, Longitude: 129.0718

How to get there

How to get to Korea’s Sea Capital? It’s not hard to do!

Busan Beach, Haeundae Beach

If you find yourself in the Korean capital, you can get to Busan by train, bus or plane. Seoul to Busan flights are served by Korean Airlines as well as Asiana.

Planes from the Korean capital take off every 30 minutes.

You can go to Busan from Seoul by train (a high-speed train ride takes about 3 hours) or by bus. The latter option is acceptable for those who want to enjoy the beautiful South Korean scenery.

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Aerial View

From Russia you can fly to Busan without connecting flights. You can do it from Vladivostok if you book flight tickets in advance.

Busan is a big city, so to get from the airport to the center, you will also need to spend time and some money. It is also worth considering.

Busan Airport is located on the western edge of the metropolis. There are plenty of options to get to the city center. It can be a cab, a municipal bus or the so-called light subway.

Port Strategy

There is another rather exotic way to get to this South Korean resort city. We are talking about the ferry “Vladivostok – Busan”, which sails to South Korea once a week. However, it sails to the town of Donhae on the eastern coast of the peninsula. The cost of such a trip is about $250.

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