China Sights – Top 40 Places to See
China Sights – Top 40 Places to See
China is a country of contrasts and incredible opportunities. This place can be called the true paradise for the budget tourist. The sights of China are not only unique and unique flavor, exotic food and unforgettable shopping. It’s many thousands of years of fascinating history of one of the oldest nations in the world.
Historical sights of China
1. Great Wall of China.
It’s hard to find a more famous landmark in China than the Great Wall of China. The only thing that can be compared to it in its majesty and scale is the Egyptian pyramids. The first stone was laid back in the 7th century, after which the construction of the wall went on for more than 1,000 years.
The total length of the construction is 20,000 km. Until now, the construction has survived only partially. For tourists are open such sections as Badaling, Mutyanyu, Jinshaling and Simatai. The observation decks of the wall offer an unforgettable view of China’s natural beauty.
2. The Terracotta Army
The Terracotta Army is also considered to be an important historical site. In the past, according to tradition, after the death of a ruler, all his subjects and army were buried alive with him. In the same case, we can talk about the humanism of Qing Shi Huangdi, who ordered only the statues of his soldiers to be buried with him. Each statue is made of clay and painted a light terracotta color. The weight of one sculpture is about 135 kg. In total in the tomb there are from 7 to 9 thousand statues.
Next to the landmark is the Museum of the Terracotta Army, which is also a place of archaeological excavations. During the tour, visitors can learn all the details about the creation of the army and watch a short film.
3. Forbidden City Gugun.
In the Celestial Empire is very respectful to the rulers, so many attractions in China are associated with the history of the life and rule of the emperors. One of these places is the forbidden city of Gugun. For centuries it served as the residence of the rulers of the two most powerful dynasties, the Qing and the Ming.
In order to keep out outsiders, the city was fenced on all sides by a moat with water and a high wall. The city was entered through five gates, each of which was guarded by guards. Nowadays, the Forbidden City is not forbidden at all. Anyone can come here and learn more about its history.
4. Mausoleum of King Nanyue
Perhaps one of the most eloquent testimonies of the former luxury and power of China. King Zhaomei, the ruler of Nanyue, was buried here in the 2nd century BC. According to orders after his death, all his treasures were buried with the king. Among them were bronze bells, household and interior items, jewelry, ancient screens and even incense burners. According to Jaome, all this must have come in handy for him in the afterlife. The highlight of the mausoleum is the king’s burial garment made of jadeite and embroidered with silk threads.
5. Longhua Pagoda
For those who do not know what to see in China besides the world-famous sights, local travel agencies recommend a visit to the Longhua Pagoda. It dates back to 251 year and is considered one of the oldest shrines of the Celestial Empire. It is impossible to enter the pagoda itself, because it is on the verge of destruction due to such an advanced age. However, this place is able to impress and its external appearance. The 40-meter shrine is made of stone and wood. Its roofs are covered with black tiles and decorated with sculptures of mythical creatures. The local garden, where dozens of peaches and peonies bloom in the spring, also attracts tourists.
6. National Museum of China
To see all the most important sights of China at once it is better to go to the National Museum, located in the capital. It incidentally has the status of the most visited museum in the world. Its collections consist of more than 620 thousand exhibits. The museum exhibits introduce visitors to different periods of China, ranging from antiquity to our time. The Jade Prince is the museum’s landmark. It is the burial robe of Prince Zhongshan made of jade plates and gold wire.
7. Summer Imperial Palace
At one time this place was no less important than the Forbidden City. The palace was intended for the recreation of the imperial family and for personal receptions. On the territory of the complex is the palace itself, a large park and a lake. The palace ensemble, consisting of 3,000 buildings, is striking for its luxurious decorations. All the halls of the palace are decorated with paintings, sculptures and antique utensils. The furniture is made exclusively of expensive fabrics and wood and is decorated with jewels. The main structure of the ensemble is Renshoudian Palace, where the emperor himself used to sit.
8. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
The memorial to the first president of China is located in Guangzhou at the foot of Mount Yuexiu. The building itself is a unique for China architectural structure. It is made without using any supports and is supported only by the side walls. The hall is full of materials related to the personal life and state activities of Sun Yat-sen. The walls of the memorial are decorated with works of art and wood carvings. The surrounding area is decorated with a lush garden with orchid trees and a monument to China’s first president.
9. Gate of Heavenly Tranquility
Another landmark in China, ranked as an important historical site. The building was erected in the first half of the 15th century and over time it became the main symbol of the country. The image of this building can be seen on the emblem of China. One can get into the tower through five entrances, each of which is accessed by a marble bridge. At the entrance, visitors are greeted by bas-reliefs of dragons and statues of lions. The facade of the building is decorated with a large portrait of Mao Zedong.
10. Houhai Lake
This artificial body of water was created over 700 years ago as a gift to the heir to the Yuan dynasty. The lake shore quickly became overgrown with thousands of Chinese houses, some of which still decorate the waterfront. Despite its fairly modern appearance, many stores and restaurants, Houhai Lake is still an island of color in such modernized Beijing.
Top 40: China’s Top Sights to Visit
Brief description China is one of the largest countries in the world. A few weeks is not enough to travel around the country and enjoy its beauty. Culture and way of life of local people differs greatly from the Western. The magic of the East combines high technology with ancient things and places worth visiting.
The capital is Beijing.
Currency is Chinese yuan.
Language Chinese, there are also dialects, but within autonomies.
Time differs from Moscow by +5 hours. In summer the time does not change.
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Localrent.com – car rental broker for local rental companies.
Where to go and what to see in China?
The most interesting and beautiful places, photos and descriptions.
1. The Great Wall of China (North China).
Those who have decided to go to this wonderful state of the East, it is necessary to visit the Great Wall of China. Its construction began around the III century BC, and was conceived as a boundary between the poor territory of the Celestial Empire and its rich lands. Scientists have established that the full length of the wall is just over 21 thousand kilometers, and its height is 7 meters. Several fragments are available for visitors, the most popular of which is located seventy kilometers north of the Chinese capital. In the mid-twentieth century, this section was restored specifically for foreigners. And since 1988, the entire wall is under the protection of UNESCO.
2. longji terraces (Pingyang village)
These rice terraces are located near the village of Pinyang. Because of their shape they are sometimes called the “Dragon Ridge”. The height of the mountain where they are located, has a height of 1.1 kilometers. There are hotels for tourists on the slopes of this splendor. In different seasons this place may look different, but it is always beautiful and amazing, which attracts foreigners.
3. Potala Palace (Lhasa, Tibet)
The palace was built on the mountain of the same name and ranks first in the ranking of high-altitude palaces in China. It is located 3,767 meters above sea level in the city of Lhasa, which is in the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet, and has been home to 10 different Dalai Lamas for over 300 years. The building was built in 1645, but had already been a fortress since 637.
The huge palace is divided into two parts and contains over 1,000 rooms and 200,000 statues. The red palace was the place of worship and prayer of the Dalai Lamas and the white palace was their main residence. The building has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1994.
4. the Terracotta Army (Xi’an, Shaanxi Province)
When the ruler Qin Shi Huang celebrated his 13th birthday, construction began on his tomb. The young emperor’s entourage persuaded him not to take warriors to his tomb after his death, and he agreed to replace them with sculptures made of clay. This is how an army of terracotta warriors was formed, with the faces of each differing from the others. Only living concubines and treasures were buried with the ruler. This splendor was built over 38 years. The tomb was not discovered until 1974, after which it was added to the UNESCO heritage list.
5. The Forbidden City of Gunung (Beijing)
The Celestial Empire is quite respectful of its rulers, which is why most of the attractions of China have a connection with the life of the emperors. Such places include the Forbidden City of Gunung. For several centuries it was considered the residence of the rulers of the most powerful Qing and Ming dynasties. In all, twenty-four imperial families lived here. To prevent intruders from entering the city, it was enclosed by a moat with water and a high wall. Now the Forbidden City is not forbidden at all. Visitors can enter the land of Gunun and learn about its history.
The Forbidden City, located in the center of the capital, has a rectangular shape with corner watchtowers. There are 9,999 buildings covering 72 hectares. The Imperial Garden is famous for its splendor: pools of stone, lots of greenery, arches, etc.
6. Venice of China (Zhouzhuang)
Chinese Venice or Oriental Venice is located thirty kilometers from Suzhou. The old town is built on the Jinghang Canal. It features white houses and villas of the local rich who liked Zhouzhuang. Fourteen small bridges made of stone were built across the water channels. The main mode of transport is the boat. Among the famous structures is the house of a millionaire of the time. The mansion has a hundred rooms, and the area reaches two square kilometers. Chinese Venice is considered a very romantic and picturesque city.
7. Jiuzhaigou National Park (Sichuan Province)
The National Park is located in southwest China in the northern part of Sichuan Province. The area of the park is 720 square kilometers. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a World Biosphere Reserve.
The elevation ranges from 2,000 to 4,500 meters. Jiuzhaigou is famous for its beautiful colored lakes, numerous multi-level waterfalls and peaks often covered with snow. The park has been in operation since 1972, and is a popular eco-tourism area in the PRC.
8. Giant Buddha in Leshan (Sichuan Province)
The Giant Buddha is located at the confluence of the Ming and Dadu rivers, near the city of Leshan. It was carved into the rock during the Tang Dynasty between 713-803 and is an incredible 71-meter-high stone sculpture, which is the largest and tallest stone Buddha statue in the world. There is an observation deck near the sculpture. Individual fragments of the Buddha are densely covered with mountain flora, but his face is still clean, just like thousands of years ago. The Buddha and its surroundings are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
9. Hong Kong and Victoria Bay (south coast of China)
Hong Kong is China’s southern city, extending over 260 islands, with its own social, economic and political status. It is currently a huge financial and business district that plays a major role in the world. The city is of great value for tourists because it combines the lifestyle of the West with ancient traditions and the latest skyscrapers create a contrast with the ordinary houses of the villages.
Victoria Cove is the third largest on earth. It is a cultural, historical, tourist and economic center.
The bay is considered an ideal area for photography and video shooting, as Victoria has picturesque scenery and amazing views of Hong Kong. The waterfront of the bay belongs to the most beautiful places with unique modern architecture, which can be admired from the opposite side of the rounded coastline. Here you can find many cafes, restaurants, stores, souvenir shops, museums and a large entertainment center.