The 25 best sights of Nuremberg – descriptions and photos

The top sights in and around Nuremberg

Nuremberg is the second largest city in Germany after Munich. Over its lifetime, it has seen many historical events. Tourists admire the medieval streets of the Old Town and the centuries-old tradition of craft associations. On what exactly should pay attention in Nuremberg we will find out in this article.

The main sights of Nuremberg

Nuremberg has a lot of sights to tell you about the city’s historical past. One day is not enough to see them all. But you can select a few of the most important sights and devote your time to them.

Nuremberg Castle

The fortress is located in the northern part of town on a rock of sandstone. It is a complex of defensive structures, which includes:

  • Burggrave’s Fortress – the first mention of it dates back to 1105. Some of the buildings have survived to this day. In the 12th and 13th centuries the Chapel of St. Walpurgis was built, which is still active today – Orthodox services are held there.
  • The Imperial Castle – the largest part of the complex, construction of which began back in 1140. The Imperial Castle consists of the Knights’ and Emperor’s Halls, living quarters and the Double Chapel, which consists of two chapels, one above the other.
  • Fortress of the Imperial City – was built in the eastern part of the city. It consists of several buildings, one of which is Luginsland Tower, which appeared in 1377.

Nuremberg Castle

The pentagonal tower and Luginsland are connected to each other by the Imperial Stables, which appeared in 1495.

Church of the Virgin Mary

The Church of the Virgin Mary is located on the Market Square. It was built in the middle of the 14th century by order of Emperor Charles the Fourth. In 1509, a clock was installed on the pediment of the church which is still in use today.

Virgin Mary Church

Every day at noon, a procession of townspeople emerges from the clock to swear an oath to their emperor. The interior of the church is decorated by a Gothic altar dating from 1445.

Market Square

In the middle of the 16th century, the Nuremberg merchants needed a large market square between the North City and the South City, which developed behind the Pegnitz River. It was hindered by the fact that there was a Jewish quarter with a population of a thousand and a half who did not want to move there. But in December 1349 there was an unexpected fire and the quarter was completely destroyed.

Market Square

After the fire, Kaiser Charles the Fourth gave permission for the construction of a large market square and a church. Since then the square has served as:

  • a grocery market;
  • a place for various celebrations and fairs;
  • In the times of the Holy Roman Empire once a year sacred regalia (crown, scepter, sword, sacred spear, etc.) were brought to the square;
  • Christmas market during the holiday season.

The Palace of Justice

This is one of Nuremberg’s main landmarks, built between 1909 and 1912. The Palace of Justice had great historical significance:

  • The palace was used for Nazi Party conventions;
  • from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946, the Nuremberg Trials were held here;
  • In 1960, the prison and palace were handed over to the Bavarian state government;
  • Since 2000, all 600 rooms have been open to the public, even though court hearings are still held there.

Palace of Justice

This palace had 530 office rooms and 80 courtrooms inside. It was connected by an underground passage to the prison where the prisoners were held. Among the prisoners were such famous people as: Hermann Goering, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Rudolf Hess and others.

Nuremberg’s historical mile

The historic mile is a collection of 25 landmarks united by a single route that can be walked on foot. It was designed specifically for tourists to be able to conveniently and quickly walk through all the most important places in Nuremberg.

Historic mile of Nuremberg

The beginning of the path is considered the Freuentor Tower, and the end is near the Butcher’s Bridge. Sometimes the road can diverge and then you have to choose the direction. Along the way, you may come across sights such as:

  • St. Martha’s Church;
  • the customs building;
  • Nassau House;
  • St. Clara’s church;
  • St. Lawrence Church, etc.
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Tuckerschloss Castle.

Located in the historic center of Nuremberg. It was built in 1544 as a family summer residence. It is a three-storey building, the appearance of which combines features of late German Gothic, Italian and French Renaissance architecture.

Tucherschloss Castle

The castle had stood undisturbed for about 400 years, but it was bombed during World War II. Only the western facade of the main building has been preserved, while the outbuildings were destroyed.

In 1966, it was decided to fully restore the castle, which took 3 years. In 1988 a museum was opened here, but the owner of the castle is still the Tucher family. The museum reproduces the details of everyday life of the noble citizens of the 16th century.

In the courtyard of the castle, the “Hirschvogel Hall” pavilion was preserved and restored in 2000 and its wall decorations were recreated in their entirety. This one-story house was a prime example of German Renaissance art.

Church of St. Lawrence

This is one of the largest Lutheran churches in Nuremberg, Germany. This church was first mentioned in 1235 and further history of its development was as follows:

  • The erection of the building began in 1287, and was finished 200 years later;
  • In 1477, the Church of St. Lawrence became the largest Protestant church;
  • In January 1945, as a result of the bombardment, the church was badly damaged – the roof and ceilings of the building were destroyed;
  • In 1949-1952 it was rebuilt, and the church welcomed parishioners again.

St. Lawrence Church

The church was built in late Gothic style. The main decoration is a massive rose with a diameter of 10.28 m as a Gothic architectural ornament. The facade is decorated with bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the Bible. And the stained-glass windows of the church are considered the most beautiful in all of Germany.

The “Marriage Carousel” fountain

Located on Ludwigplatz. The fountain was created in 1984, based on the work of the German poet and composer Hans Sachs. The fountain was built to cover the vents from the subway.

Each side of the fountain represents a scene from the life of a couple – pleasant and not so pleasant moments. There are six sculptural compositions.

At first the appearance of such a fountain caused heated debate on whether the city needs such a philosophical composition, and they even wanted to ban it, but today it is the most visited landmark of Nuremberg.

Nuremberg Zoo

It is located in the middle of the Lorenzer-Reichswald forest park, which is part of an extensive nature conservation area. The history of the zoo dates back to the Middle Ages, but this zoo was opened in May 1912. It is home to about 300 species of animals, including:

  • Indian rhinos;
  • the long-eared African elephant;
  • zebras;
  • giraffes;
  • bison;
  • antelopes;
  • deer;
  • horses;
  • Two species of penguins – African and Humboldt penguins;
  • bears, etc.

Nuremberg Zoo

The zoo is also famous for its sea cows – manatees. Here you can see these gentle giants under water. There is also a dolphinarium, opened in 1971.

The Nuremberg Zoo participates in the European Endangered Species Programme with more than 30 species and coordinates reproduction programmes for sea cows, Daurian cranes and tapirs.

St. Sebald’s Church

This church was founded by Protestants in 1273 in the likeness of Bamberg’s St. Peter and St. George Cathedral and is the oldest Gothic church in the city. Its construction took more than 100 years. Several styles, from Romanesque to late Gothic, can be traced in the architecture. In the 17th century, the temple building and its interior were reconstructed and Baroque elements were added to the architecture.

St. Sebald Church

In 1525, the Church of St. Sebald became the first Lutheran church in the city. It is decorated with a Gothic altar, created in the 15th century. Bas-reliefs, which decorate the church portico and columns, created by sculptor Adam Kraft.

To this day, a unique work by the master Peter Fischer the Elder “Madonna in a wreath of rays” and the tombstone of Sebald, who was canonized in 1425, have survived. His relics are kept in the center of the church in a silver ark, in a purple pouch.

The church was badly damaged during World War II, but has since been restored.

German National Museum

This is the largest cultural, historical and art museum of the German-speaking peoples of Europe. It was founded in 1852 by a group of German linguists and historians. The purpose of the museum was to find and collect all available materials on German history, literature and fine art.

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German National Museum

After its reconstruction in 1996, the museum occupies several buildings from different periods. Since its founding, the collection has numbered up to 1.3 million items and covers the entire history of the German peoples from antiquity to the present. These are grouped and divided into sections:

  • Founding and History of the German National Museum.
  • Early history, the Middle Ages, and the later Middle Ages.
  • Everyday culture before 1700.
  • Antique weapons, armor, and hunting equipment.
  • Musical instruments.
  • Bavarian Museum of Decorative and Applied Art.
  • Scientific instruments.
  • Medicine and crafts.
  • Renaissance, baroque, enlightenment era.
  • Folk art.
  • Toy section, etc.

A beautiful fountain.

The fountain is installed on the Market Square of the city. Its construction began in 1385 and ended in 1396. By design, the fountain symbolizes the medieval system of values – ideological and state principles of the Holy Roman Empire.

Beautiful Fountain

The composition of the fountain consists of historical characters:

  • In the upper row on the Gothic spire are 8 figures, including Moses and the Old Testament prophets.
  • In the middle row are 16 figures of ancient rulers and heroes symbolizing the unity of the human race.
  • At the feet of the heroes are the enemies of the city.
  • At the bottom you can see another 16 historical figures.

Albrecht Dürer House Museum

According to some reports, this house, where the museum is located and which Dürer bought in 1509, was built back in 1420. After the master’s death the house was owned by many, and in 1826 the city authorities bought the building in order to decorate Dürer’s memorial room in honor of the 300th anniversary of his death.

Albrecht Dürer House Museum

In 1871, the building was taken over from the city to the “Albrecht Dürer House Society,” which began organizing the house-museum. The house itself represents:

  • 4 floors, 2 of which are brick and the other two are half-timbered.
  • There are diagonal beams made of coniferous wood and give the house a look characteristic of the buildings of the Middle Ages.
  • At the end of the 19th century there is a gable bay window, which was removed from another building to cover the window, equipped with a mechanism for lifting provisions.

During the Second World War, the museum managed to survive and reopened in 1949. There are many works of drawing and painting on display, as well as an engraving press on which the master worked.

City Park

The Nuremberg City Park (Stadtpark) was laid out in 1759. It is located 2 km from the church of St. Sebald, outside the historic center of Nuremberg.

City Park

Since 1856 the park has been redeveloped in the English style. Since 1962, in the park is its famous landmark – the Neptune Fountain, which is a copy of the same name fountain, which was bought by Russian Emperor Paul I in 1797 and installed it in the palace and park complex Peterhof.

During the Second World War the park was badly damaged, but since 1958 has been re-opened to visitors.

Toy Museum

Located in an old mansion built in 1517. An interesting collection of this museum has 65,000 exhibits of the 18-20 centuries. It occupies an area of over 1200 square meters. On the four floors of the museum you can find the following exhibits:

  • antique rag dolls;
  • wooden dolls;
  • doll-houses;
  • soft toys;
  • model trains and cars;
  • The world’s largest collection of tin toys by Lehmann.

Museum of Toys

Along with post-war toys you can also find electronic toys of our time. There are wooden toys on the first floor, dolls on the second, metal toys on the third and an exhibition of toys of our time in the attic.

What to see in the neighborhood?

If you have time or desire, you can take a walk around the outskirts of Nuremberg and visit several small towns:

  • Fürth, an old town with houses built in the 17th and 18th centuries. Right in front of the train station is the Theater building.
  • Bamberg – here you can enjoy the presence of small, colorful houses. There are also houses that are built right on the river – you can look at them from a special bridge. On the way from the station you can visit the town hall and then look at the cathedral.
  • Erlangen – on the way to Bamberg, you can stop to see this university city, which is home to a large Russian community.
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What can I see in Nuremberg in 1 day?

If you have only one day to see the city, do not be sad because this is enough time to see many interesting places:

  • Women’s Tower – Start your let with this fortress wall surrounding the Old Town and built in the 14th century.
  • The Chamber of Customs is the next point on the map, a monumental building from the 15th century in which grain was once stored and goods imported into the city were weighed.
  • The Nassau House is the only surviving residential tower in Nuremberg and was built presumably in the 12th and 13th centuries.
  • The Hospital of the Holy Spirit – built in the 14th century. Next look out for the monument to the synagogue that was erected in honor of the city’s main synagogue, which was blown up by the Nazis in 1938.
  • The ruins of St. Catherine’s Monastery – was built in the 13th century, but was destroyed during World War II.
  • Fembo House – the only surviving Renaissance house. It was built in the 16th century and now houses the city museum.
  • The Seven Rows was Germany’s first social housing. The original versions of social housing were built in the 15th century, but during the war all the houses were destroyed and new ones were built in their place, which are exactly the same shape as the old ones.

Attractions on the map

A map of Nuremberg will help you compose an interesting itinerary that will allow you to see as many sights as possible and not waste your time:

Map of Nuremberg

Tourist Reviews

Yelena, 26, marketing specialist, Moscow We got to Nuremberg on Christmas Eve. Those who have heard or seen their Christmas fairs know what I’m talking about. During this period, the whole city is filled with fairs, and each one is different in some way. We are glad we got here at this time of year. Every sight seemed even more magical and ancient.

Victor, 32, driver, Tomsk. Nuremberg appeared to us exactly as we had read about it – a beautiful, ancient city, the attractions of which begin almost at the train station. We were there about a week and that was enough time to look carefully and not miss anything.

What to see in Nuremberg, you can also find out in the following video:

Nuremberg is a city that has a lot to offer the visiting tourist. Once here, you can start your day by visiting museums, cathedrals, churches, and more. You’ll be spellbound by the old town as you take this trip and you’ll be transported back in time to see these beautiful old buildings.

Nuremberg sights

Brandenburg Palace of Justice New Museum Museum Nuremberg Fortress Museum Church of Our Lady of Sorrows Natural History Museum

This site compiles the sights of Nuremberg – photos, descriptions, and tips for travelers. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you can find answers to questions: what to see in Nuremberg, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places in Nuremberg.

Zeichhaus

Zeichhaus (photo)

The “zeichhaus” was a building that was already used in the Middle Ages to store weapons and military equipment. The zeichhaus may also have been used to store food for the military. In Nuremberg, Germany, there is also a preserved building that has been used for this purpose since the 15th century. The Nuremberg zeichgaus is a stone building with two towers.

During the Second World War was a huge loss to the building, it was almost completely destroyed, and only thanks to the efforts of restorers was it restored. The building now houses the Nuremberg police station, but it is still an eye-catcher for tourists as its front elevation is preserved in its original state and is of historical interest.

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Coordinates: 49.44937900,11.07755200

Museum of Industrial Culture

Museum of Industrial Culture (photo)

The Museum of Industrial Culture was created in the 1980s and is located in the premises of an old factory. The theme of the museum is the history of industrialization in Europe and Germany in particular. The basis of the collection consists of various objects reflecting the history of technological and industrial development and immersing the visitor into the world of social and cultural life of Nuremberg in the XIX-XX centuries.

Thanks to the original and creative way in which the material is presented, all information is presented holistically, from various angles – socio-cultural aspects, technical, economic and other points of view. To show the life of ordinary people – this is what the creators of the museum and its staff are striving for. So that our contemporaries could understand the simplest things – how our ancestors went to school, how they treated their teeth, what entertainment places they went to, what devices they used, and so on. That is why the main hall of the museum looks something like a city street.

Of great interest is the school section of the museum devoted to the 500-year history of education in Germany. Its exposition displays the history of school development, novelties that appeared in the school life, educational materials of different times and used in different countries. A visit to the Museum of Industrial Culture is a short trip back in time to the past.

Coordinates: 49.46134600,11.11146900

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Museum of Communications

Museum of Communications (photo)

The Museum of Communications is the direct heir of the Royal Bavarian Transport and Postal Museum, which was founded in the late 19th century. In 1899 a major exhibition on the history of the railroad was opened, followed three years later, in 1902, by a section on the history of the Bavarian post and telegraph. Construction of the building in which the museum is located today, began in 1914, but was interrupted by World War I and was not completed until 1925.

The history of the Bavarian post office and the development of communications, which extends back almost 500 years and covers the period from the present day, is presented to the visitors of the Museum of Communications. The main topics of the permanent exhibition are dedicated to the development of postal transport, travel by “postal”, the history of telephony and telegraphy. Among the exhibits of the museum you can see the original postal carriages and cars, once engaged in the delivery of correspondence, as well as a variety of technical devices. Everything from antique telegraphs and teletypes to the latest satellite communications equipment is on display. The museum also has an extensive collection of films and videos.

Coordinates: 49.44544200,11.07437400

In photo mode you can view the sights in Nuremberg by photo only.

Nuremberg Castle

Nuremberg Castle (photo)

The Nuremberg Castle, a monumental architectural monument from the Middle Ages, towers over the Old Town and is one of the main landmarks of the city. From this vantage point you can get a great view of the historic part of Nuremberg, as well as the nearby artisan quarter. For the convenience of tourists in the southern part of the fortress is equipped with an observation deck, from which a perfect view of the surrounding area in a radius of more than ten kilometers.

King Conrad II chose the highest place for the construction of the fortress – the top of the sandstone cliff, and in the first half of the 11th century work began on the construction of the fortress walls. Gradually, a town was formed around the fortress, and in 1105 the burgrave was formed. A little over a hundred years later, by a decree of Emperor Frederick II, Nuremberg acquired the status of an imperial city. In 1427 the castle was sold to the city authorities by the last burgrave of Nuremberg – Friedrich VI Hohenzollern.

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The castle, which had stood for several centuries, was badly damaged during the Second World War, but was rebuilt immediately after the war. Now it is one of the most popular monuments of architecture. There are archaeological excavations on the territory of the fortress, during which scientists have discovered traces of ancient settlements founded before 1000. One of such finds was the foundation of a round watchtower, the walls of which were more than two meters thick, as well as numerous artifacts.

Coordinates: 49.45762300,11.07681500

The Church of Our Lady

Church of Our Lady (photo)

The Church of Our Lady is the Catholic parish church of the city of Nuremberg.

It is located on the east side of the main market. The beautiful church is one of the most famous sites in Nuremberg.

The church was built by order of Emperor Charles IV. There used to be a synagogue on the site of the church.

The church of Our Lady was consecrated in 1358. At one time it served as the imperial court chapel. The church was rebuilt in 1810-1816 because it was converted into a Catholic parish church. The church building was badly damaged during World War II. In 1946 – 1953, the postwar damages were repaired. The church was also restored in 1989-1991 and in 2003.

Coordinates: 49.45421100,11.07812900

Natural History Museum

Museum of Natural History (photo)

The Nuremberg Natural History Museum is not only one of the most interesting museums in the city, it is also a real treat for every visitor, especially the youngest guests. Numerous exhibits and interactive technology makes it possible to introduce children to different areas of scientific knowledge. Here you can learn a lot of interesting facts from the field of geology, archeology, paleontology and ecology.

The Natural History Museum opened its doors to visitors in 1801, it was founded by the city’s Natural History Society. The collection is assembled in such a way that the main exhibits are grouped by industry. The exhibits include an extensive collection of a variety of minerals and fossils. A separate exposition is devoted to Eastern Siberia. The museum often hosts temporary exhibitions as well as viewings of popular science films, fascinating lectures and seminars.

Coordinates : 49.45174300,11.08480700

The Palace of Justice

Palace of Justice (photo)

The Palace of Justice became famous for the famous Nuremberg Trials of Nazi criminals, which were held within the walls of the palace after World War II.

The building was built in 1909-1912. The congresses of the Nazi party were regularly held there. The city even received the unofficial name “the city of the Party Congresses of the Reich”.

The building survived the bombing of World War II with only minor damage. The palace was connected by an underground passage to the prison where the accused were held (capacity of about 1,000 people). Among the famous figures who were imprisoned there were Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Franz von Papen, Arthur Zeiss-Inquart, Joachim von Ribbentrop and others.

All of the 600 rooms of the palace have been open to tourists since 2000.

Coordinates: 49.45445600,11.04636700

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New Museum

New Museum (photo)

The new museum is located near the central station of Nuremberg. This unusual museum was opened in 2000. The New Museum of Modern Art and Design is a modern building surrounded by a glass facade. It presents collections of fine and decorative art, unique collections of objects brought in from all over the world, which you can spend hours studying and examining.

Apart from the permanent exhibition, the museum regularly organizes exhibitions and various events, thanks to which you can get a more than complete idea of contemporary art, expand the boundaries of your imagination and look at the world in a new way.

Coordinates : 49.44813000,11.08001100

The most popular attractions in Nuremberg with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Nuremberg on our website.

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