The 25 best sights in Salzburg – descriptions and photos

Salzburg sights.

The directory contains the main attractions of Salzburg with photos and descriptions, names in Russian, location map. For museums there are opening hours and entrance fees. From the article you will learn what to see in Salzburg in one day and where to visit outside of it.

It is more convenient to visit the sights of Salzburg with the Salzburg Card. This card allows you to go to some museums without queuing, enjoy free travel on public transport, cable cars and elevators. You can choose the duration of the card – 24, 48 or 72 hours.

After satiating the luxury of Vienna, tourists definitely go to Salzburg. And not only in summer, when the opera festivals are held here. Throughout the year, travelers flock to the city’s historic streets and experience the inimitable atmosphere of bygone days. Salzburg, Mozart’s birthplace and the summer residence of Austrian emperors, is considered the best city in Austria – for a full life and cultural saturation.

Honors are paid to the great composer at the Salzburg Festival, which has been held since 1920. The best musicians in the world perform Mozart’s works, and the event is considered the most important in Europe.

Museums and cathedrals can also help you get enriched spiritually, and you can feel the unity with nature in the national parks. Even outside the park areas, everything breathes with nature: Salzburg is nestled in the Alps, along the Salzach river, and the hills offer a wonderful view of the surrounding countryside.

Walking outdoors surrounded by ancient buildings is another way to pass the time. The Helbrunn country palace has “amusing” fountains, like the “jesting” fountains in Peterhof, and a landscaped park. There is also a zoo on the territory of the complex. In conditions as close to natural as possible, live animals, including quite exotic. You can see not only the familiar foxes and roe deer, but also rhinos and cheetahs.

Do not be surprised by the large number of people in monk’s robes, wandering through the city. This is a characteristic feature of Salzburg, where there are many spiritual schools and faculties.

The city has about 145,000 people – a relatively small number, and therefore the crowds typical of densely populated areas, there. It’s doubly enjoyable because there’s no privacy to be had.

Detailed descriptions of walks around the city, hidden from the eyes of the amazing places, friendly restaurants and cafes and the latest impressions – in reviews of tourist attractions Salzburg.

What to see in Salzburg

The Mirabel palace complex is a monument to forbidden love. Historically, Salzburg has been ruled for centuries.

Helbrunn is a country palace in Salzburg, located six kilometers south of the city. The castle was.

Helbrunn Square housed the zoo, founded back in the 15th century. This object was included in the planning.

This museum presents exhibits about the history of Salzburg. One of the halls of the museum is dedicated to the famous.

Old Residence in Salzburg is located in the heart of the old city (Residenzplatz 1). The complex of buildings of the Residenzplatz.

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The house where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born is located at Getreidegasse 9. This is where the musician’s father’s family lived.

The Mozart residence is another museum of the great composer in his homeland. In this house, once called.

Salzburg sights on the map

  • City information
  • Salzburg Weather
  • Map of Salzburg
  • Where to go
    • Sights (17)
    • Castles, Palaces (3)
    • Temples, Cathedrals and Mosques (7)
    • National parks (1)
    • Museums (5)
    • Restaurants and Cafes (3)
    • Festivals, Holidays, Shows (1)
    • Zoos (1)
    • Viewpoints (1)
    • Mountains (2)
    • Squares (1)

    Salzburg sights in one day

    Old Salzburg is the birthplace of the great composer and Austria’s most famous man, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. And indeed, his presence can be felt in everything, even in the most unusual little things. For example, one of the souvenirs brought from Salzburg is a box of Mozartkugel chocolates. They were invented in honor of the composer by a local confectioner. Near the cathedral is a monument dedicated to him. You can learn about the life and work of the “sunny” composer by visiting the Mozart House and the House where Mozart was born.

    “Postcard” views are provided for tourists who visit the castle and Mirabel Park. Mozart’s son and father once played music in the palace’s marble hall, and today weddings are held here. In the park, the hedge theater and the dwarf garden with amusing sculptures are worth seeing.

    Another remarkable building is the castle Hohensalzburg towering over the city. The fortress has survived since the XI century almost in pristine condition. Inside the castle you can view a collection of medieval weapons and torture devices.

    The educational part of vacation is associated with a visit to museums. First of all Salzburg Museum, which tells the history of the city, and the Ethnographic Celtic Museum.

    As part of a bus tour of Salzburg, you will see the Mirabel Palace, the residence of Mozart, Leopoldskron Palace, where the movie “The Sound of Music” was filmed, look at the old town. A boat ride on the Salzach River is also included.

    Mirabel © Irina Dementieva

    Attractions in and around Salzburg

    There are quite a few places within 40-140 kilometers of Salzburg that are really worth a trip. Wasted time is not worth it – from there you will bring not only memories but also a hundred colorful, unearthly photos.

    A half-hour drive from the city center is a nature park Untersberg, shrouded in legends of mystical creatures guarding the countless treasures of the stone bowels. Tourists are taken to the top by cable car. From the mountain offers an amazing view of the valley and Salzburg. The park provides hiking trails. Especially popular are the ice caves. A little further north is the largest ice cave in the world – Eisraisenvelt.

    To the east of this can be found a whole system of caves – Dachstein – but only three of them are accessible to tourists.

    Near the Eisraisenvelt there is Hohenwerfen Fortress with its mighty watchtowers, magnificent ceremonial halls and ancient weapons depository. Medieval everyday life is illustrated by hunting bird shows and costume shows.

    We go further, about 10 km, and find ourselves in the Liechtenstein Gorge. The main thing worth seeing here is a 150-meter waterfall.

    From more distant places it is recommended to visit the magnificent High Tauern National Park with the three-step Krimml Falls and the high-mountain road Grossglockner (if you travel by car).

    There is an active salt mine 20 km from Salzburg, near the town of Berchtesgaden. Visit the very bowels of the salt mine on the miner’s train and take a ferry ride around the underground lake. It’s a fascinating adventure for adults and children.

    Along with the mines in Berchtesgaden you can also visit Hitler’s Tea House “Eagle’s Nest” (Kelsteinhaus) .

    25 popular attractions in Salzburg

    Charming Salzburg lies in the Salzach River valley among the picturesque Alps. The hills within the city offer breathtaking views of the mountain range – covered in silvery snow in winter and emerald greenery in summer.

    Salzburg is the birthplace of the incomparable Mozart, the birthplace of his musical genius. The city has a large number of concert halls and churches where classical music is played. In the summer of Salzburg hosts the iconic Salzburg Opera Festival, which brings together the best performers from all over the world.

    The streets of Salzburg are a mixture of medieval and baroque architecture, giving the city a fascinating and unique character. The austere Romanesque form of the Hohensalzburg fortress is interspersed with the symmetrical lines of classical cathedrals and baroque mansions, while the narrow stone streets contrast with the wide green lawns of the palatial landscape parks.

    What to see and where to go in Salzburg?

    The most interesting and beautiful places to walk. Photos and a brief description.

    Residenzplatz

    The main square in Salzburg, located in the old part of town. The architectural ensemble of the area was formed by the XVII century. Around the area is located the seat of the archbishop, the cathedral, burger mansions XVI-XVII centuries. The central place is occupied by a magnificent Baroque fountain. It was commissioned by Archbishop Guidobald von Thun of Salzburg in the 1660s and was designed by artists from Italy.

    Residenzplatz.

    Kapitelplatz

    A broad square in the old town of Salzburg, right under the walls of the city fortress. The baroque buildings nearby house the residences of the higher clergy. The most attractive composition for tourists is the modern monument to Paul Fürst. This confectioner invented the famous Mozartkugel candies. The structure is made in the form of a golden ball on a pedestal, topped with a human figure.

    Kapitelplatz.

    Hohensalzburg Fortress

    Romanesque castle of the XI century, built under Archbishop Gebhard. The stern bulk of the fortress rises above the city and is its architectural dominant feature. Over the centuries, the castle had been rebuilt and strengthened many times, and gradually it became a virtually impregnable bastion. For nine centuries Hohensalzburg stands in the background of the picturesque Alps, during which time it has withstood several sieges and served as a barracks and a gloomy prison.

    Hohensalzburg fortress.

    Mirabel Palace & Gardens

    The palace and gardens were built in the early 17th century, and were rebuilt in baroque style in 1727. After a fire in 1818 it was practically erected anew, taking the calm neoclassical style as a basis. “Mirabel” means “beautiful” in Italian. The palace was built for the secret wife of Archbishop von Reitenau, and after his deposition other Salzburg archbishops lived here until the 19th century. Later the complex was handed over to the city authorities.

    Mirabel Palace and Gardens.

    Helbrunn Palace

    The elegant Helbrunn is located 6 km from Salzburg. It was erected in the early 17th century for Archbishop M. Zittikus designed by architect S. Solari. In front of the palace laid out a park in manner of Mannerism, decorated with figures of stone monsters, fountains, secret grottos and artificial ponds. The interior furnishings of Helbrunn are done in a rather sumptuous manner, especially the main hall and the music room.

    Helbrunn Palace.

    Leopoldskron Palace

    The palace is located in the southern part of Salzburg. It was erected for Archbishop Leopold Firmian in the 18th century. The architectural design was developed by a monk of the Order of St. Benedict, who was also a talented architect. Leopoldskron was intended to house the archbishop and his family. The palace interior is dominated by a slightly ornate rococo style with rich wall paintings.

    Leopoldskron Palace.

    Klessheim Palace

    The former archbishop’s palace that was used by Hitler for official receptions in the 20th century. Many politicians visited it, including the Fuhrer’s closest ally B. Mussolini. Nowadays there is a casino on the premises. The palace complex is surrounded by a picturesque classical park in the English style and golf courses. There is a restaurant of fine European cuisine on the territory of the palace.

    Palace Klessheim.

    Salzburg Cathedral

    Salzburg Cathedral, one of the most notable and picturesque sights in the city. This cathedral houses the font in which the great Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was baptized. The majestic facade of the building is in the architectural style of the early Baroque. The cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The very first church on its site appeared in the VIII century, until the XVII century the cathedral survived several fires and destruction, after which it was demolished and completely rebuilt.

    Salzburg Cathedral.

    Collegienkirche

    The main chapel at the University of Salzburg, located in the heart of the city. The church was erected between 1694 and 1707 and was designed by J. von Erlach. This master also worked on the architectural plans for the Karlskriehe Church and Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. The Collegienkirche is in the “Habsburg Baroque” style; the main facade is decorated with figurative stucco in the later Rococo style.

    Collegienkirche.

    Church of St. Francis

    One of the oldest churches in Salzburg, dating back to the 8th century. The church has been rebuilt many times, making its appearance absorb several architectural styles. Due to this fact, the Franciscan church looks quite unusual and interesting. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, the interior of the building was dominated by Baroque features, and the facade was also seriously restored.

    Franciscan church.

    Nonnberg Abbey

    Nonnberg Abbey is where the history of Salzburg began. The abbey was founded by St. Rupert in the eighth century, and since that time has functioned as a convent for noble women of aristocratic families (only since the nineteenth century have they begun to accept ordinary girls). Thanks to the generous donations of the rich sisters, the abbey had amassed an impressive fortune and became an important influence in the surrounding area.

    Nonnberg Abbey.

    St. Peter’s Abbey

    An active male monastery founded by the patron saint of Salzburg, St. Rupert, in the seventh century. Unlike Nonnberg Abbey, some parts of the monastery are open to the public. The complex has been rebuilt many times over the centuries and is now dominated by the elegant Baroque style of architecture. The relics of St. Rupert are buried in the monastery church of St. Peter, and there is also the crypt of W.A. Mozart’s sister, Anna Maria Mozart.

    Abbey of St. Peter.

    St. Peter’s Cemetery

    The cemetery is located next to St. Peter’s Abbey in the historic center of Salzburg. This place has long been a unique and invaluable historical heritage of the city and has become one of the most popular attractions. The remains of many famous citizens are buried here. According to studies, the first graves appeared in the first centuries AD. Nowadays, the cemetery features surviving tombs from the 12th century.

    Cemetery of St. Peter.

    Residence of the Archbishop

    On the main town square there are two residences of the Archbishop – Old and New. The old building was erected in the beginning of XII century and was rebuilt many times. In the XV century, the residence was restored under Dietrich von Reitenau. Now there is an art gallery. The New Residence was erected at the beginning of the 17th century and is now home to the Sattler City Museum.

    Residence of the Archbishop.

    Mozart’s Birthplace

    The house, located at No. 9 Götreidegasse. The great musician’s family lived here from 1747 to 1773. The future genius was born in this house. The museum was founded in 1880 with the support of the International Mozart Foundation. The museum exhibit consists of various items that belonged to the family and to Wolfgang Amadeus personally. Among the exhibits are the musician’s childhood violin and harpsichord, letters, portraits and scores.

    Mozart's Birth House.

    Mozart House

    House at Marktplatz where Mozart and his family lived until 1780. Many of the great composer’s immortal works were written there. In 1944 the building was destroyed by a bomb, so nothing remained of the old interior. The house was restored in the 1990s at the expense of the International Mozart Foundation. A small collection consists of personal belongings of the maestro, musical instruments and interior items.

    Mozart House.

    House of Nature

    A popular entertainment center and museum, which is especially loved by children. The exhibition is housed in two buildings on eight floors, includes more than 30 rooms and a full-fledged science center. In the House of Nature one can learn a great deal about the fauna and flora of Austria and the rest of the world, gain a lot of useful historical information, travel through the human body and look at prehistoric dinosaurs.

    House of Nature.

    Salzburg Landestheater

    The history of the theater began in the second half of the 18th century with a production of “The Grace of Princes” by K. Schmidt. Schiller’s early plays were often staged on the theatrical stages. Throughout its existence, the theater changed its name more than once. The old building was demolished in 1892. The modern building appeared in the 1940s. Currently the Landestheater is the main stage of the Federal Land of Salzburg.

    Salzburg Landestheater.

    Mozarteum

    Conservatory and concert hall named after W.A. Mozart. The Mozarteum was founded in 1870 as an international foundation to assist young talented musicians. Ten years later a music school was opened on its basis. In 1924 the Mozarteum received the status of a conservatory. Here students are trained in playing various instruments, conducting, music theory, and creating musical works.

    Mozarteum.

    Puppet Theater

    The Salzburg Marionette Theater has existed since 1913, it is considered the oldest in Europe. For more than 100 years it has gained worldwide popularity. Children and adults alike enjoy attending performances. The central place in the repertoire is taken by works staged to the music of W. A. Mozart. Operas, ballets, dramas and operettas are performed with the participation of marionettes.

    Marionette Theater.

    Getreidegasse Street

    A picturesque street in the old town, long considered the center of trade in Salzburg. And to this day here are the best (and most expensive) stores of the city with bizarre signs and almost museum-like interiors. Götreidegasse is home to a couple of hundred year old boutiques of international brands and local shops. The street starts at Residenzplatz and cuts through the old part of Salzburg.

    Street Getreidegasse.

    Red Bull Hangar 7

    A modern and rather unusual museum based on the collection of aircraft of the founder of the energy drink Red Bull. The museum is located on the territory of Salzburg Airport. There are many rare items in Hangar-7: sports models of aircraft, light recreational aircraft, and more. At the museum operates a restaurant with excellent cuisine.

    Hangar 7 Red Bull.

    Europark

    An impressive shopping center, on the territory of which more than 100 stores are located. Here you can find both expensive designer things and products at more democratic and affordable prices. The mall also hosts cafes, various entertainment events for adults and children, and concerts. Shopping center Europark is a major leisure center for families in Salzburg.

    Europark.

    Capuchinerberg

    In the past Capuchinberg Hill was part of the fortifications of Salzburg, but in 1594 a monastery was built on top of it by Archbishop W. Dietrich von Reitenau. Now the mountain is used as a place for walks and recreation in the lap of nature. Convenient hiking trails are laid out on the gentle slopes. From the top of Capuchinberg offers a picturesque view of Salzburg, the surrounding valleys and the spurs of the Alps.

    Capuchinerberg.

    Salzburg Zoo

    Like any good European zoo, the Salzburg Zoo upholds the concept of a natural habitat for animals. The animals are kept in conditions close to those of nature. The zoo territory is divided into zones: “savannah”, “steppe”, “mountains”, “forest” and others. Each animal is kept in the corresponding “natural zone”, which creates the most comfortable conditions for the health and life of the zoo inhabitants.

    Salzburg Zoo.

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