The 23 best sights of Augsburg – descriptions and photos

Augsburg

Augsburg is a city with over two thousand years of history, nestled in the foothills of the Alps in south-western Bavaria, near the confluence of the Lech and Wertach. With 264,700 inhabitants, Augsburg is the third-largest city in Bavaria. Augsburg is also the capital of Swabia, a historic region that occupies southwest Germany and sits on the upper Rhine and Danube rivers.

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Highlights

The city grew up on the site of a Roman military camp that came to these lands in 15 B.C., and owes its name to the Roman Emperor Augustus. During the Middle Ages Augsburg was at the crossroads of important trade routes, so for several centuries it played an important role not only in the country, but also in the fate of all Europe. The commercial fame of the area was great, and the city was enclosed by stone walls, which have survived to this day.

Augsburg has always distinguished itself from its neighbors – it lived richer and looked more and more impressive than the other cities of Bavaria. This is largely thanks to the Fugger dynasty of merchants and bankers, who lived here and who in the 16th and 17th centuries were considered the richest men in the world. The commercial empire of this family occupied a vast territory from the Atlantic coast to the borders of Eastern Europe and stretched from the Adriatic to the North Sea.

Augsburg in 1493

The Fuggers left their hometown a rich architectural and cultural legacy. It was under them that the Fuggerei residential quarter was built, where the poor were allowed to settle for free for the first time. In addition, the wealthy dynasty built a magnificent Renaissance monument in Augsburg – the family chapel in the Church of St. Anne.

Augsburg in 1979

The old Bavarian city has always been famous for its craftsmen. Jewelry art flourished here, and the best goldsmiths in the country lived here. Today, the old jewelry that was made in Augsburg, you can see in many museums in Germany. But these traditions have not fallen into oblivion: a few jewelers’ workshops in the city even today continue to make beautiful gold and silver jewelry to order.

Modern Augsburg is also famous for its university – one of the youngest universities in Germany, which was founded in 1970. Its campus is located almost in the city center, and here study about 15 thousand students.

Tourists usually come for a day or two of sightseeing in Augsburg. And for them in the city built about 40 large and small hotels, which can simultaneously accommodate up to 3.5 thousand travelers.

Mozart’s City

Augsburg was the birthplace of Leopold Mozart – the father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. And not only that – according to extant documents, the Mozart family settled in Augsburg, starting in the XIV century. Around 600 members of the famous family lived in the city and its immediate suburbs at different times.

Leopold Mozart graduated from the town’s gymnasium and, in addition to a good education, he also had excellent skills playing the violin and organ. Leopold was considered an outstanding composer and violinist of his time. He held the positions of court composer and vice-chapelmeister, and was also diligently engaged in pedagogical activities.

Almost all travelers who come to the Bavarian city try to visit the house-museum of the elder Mozart, where he was born, grew up and spent his adolescent years. It is noteworthy that his son Wolfgang Amadeus also visited this house, located on Frauentorstrasse, several times. The Mozart Memorial Museum carefully preserves old documents, furnishings and sheet music. Especially interesting is an antique harpsichord, on which the famous father and son played.

In Augsburg there are even special tours for travelers to places associated with the Mozart dynasty. Their itinerary, in addition to the famous house-museum, include visits to hotels where the musicians stayed, the church where the young Mozart played the organ, the city cathedral, where many members of the Mozart family were baptized, and monuments on the streets of the city.

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Every year in May Augsburg has a large and colorful Mozart festival, which music lovers and professional musicians from all over the world try to visit. During this festival the works of Leopold and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart are performed in Augsburg, and an international violin competition is also held.

Historical and architectural sights

Augsburg is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Germany. It is fortunate. Despite the fact that the city was badly damaged during World War II, there have survived a lot of historical and architectural monuments, and many of them were restored by professional restorers in the postwar period. Wandering around the city, you can see luxurious fountains, ancient streets with beautiful Baroque, Rococo and Art Nouveau buildings, majestic churches and a large town hall.

The oldest part of Augsburg and the most popular tourist attraction is the Fuggerei. It is a real city within a city and the oldest social settlement in the world, which was founded in 1516 by Jacob Fugger. People lived in Fuggerei practically for free, as the rent per year was only 1 Rhine thaler (about 0.88 euro-cents). Only an indigent Catholic citizen of the town who was clean before the law could get in. It was the duty of the inhabitants to pray three times a day for the founder of the settlement. Today there are 67 houses with 142 tiny apartments, a church, an old well and a stone fortification wall with gates.

The tall, picturesque town hall is a real symbol of Augsburg (Rathausplatz 2). It was built in the early 17th century in the traditions of Renaissance architecture. Art historians believe that at the time of completion of construction Augsburg City Hall was the highest in the world, as it had more than 6 floors. And today it remains one of the largest town halls in Germany. After World War II, almost completely destroyed the building was rebuilt and placed there the city administration.

All travelers who come to Augsburg, tend to get in the Golden Hall – the main room of the Town Hall, where almost all of the city’s celebrations take place. This magnificent hall is located on the second floor of the Town Hall and is impressive for its size – an area of about 500 square meters and 14 meters high. The hall has two entrances and is splendidly decorated with skilful wood carvings, wall paintings and gilding, and its floor is ornamented with marble slabs.

The third architectural landmark in Augsburg, included in almost all tourist itineraries, is the old St. Anne’s Church, built at the beginning of the 14th century. It is located near Town Hall Square (Fuggerstrasse, 8). This temple is a place of pilgrimage of Lutherans from all over the world, because here in 1518 the famous theologian and founder of one of the main branches of Protestantism – Martin Luther escaped from arrest. St. Anne’s Church is also interesting because it houses the Fugger family chapel, which was built according to sketches of the famous artist Albrecht Dürer.

This is not the only place to see Augsburg. If you come to the old Bavarian city, it’s worth visiting the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary. This five-aisled church was built from the ninth to the fourteenth century. On its southern wall there are unique stained-glass windows with images of Christian saints. These are the oldest stained-glass windows that exist in the world (XII century). Pilgrims come here to worship the miraculous icon of the Madonna, which is kept in the crypt of this temple. Next to the cathedral are the beautiful Bishop’s Palace and the elegant Court Garden.

Augsburg Museums

Augsburg can rightly be called the city of museums – there are more than fifteen of them. In Augsburg there is a museum of nature and a planetarium, museums of puppet theater and surrealistic art. At the city synagogue opened museum of Jewish culture. And in the nearby suburbs of Augsburg can visit the popular Museum of Aeronautics and the world’s largest globe. Curiously enough, inside it is placed a museum exhibit, which tells about the history of maritime trade.

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However, the largest museum collection in Augsburg has the Maximilian Museum (Fuggerstraße, 1). It is very convenient that this oldest city museum is located in the center of the pedestrian zone, not far from the famous City Hall. The beautiful building it occupies was built in the Middle Ages. In the museum you can see everything that made the city of masters famous – antique jewelry, late Renaissance sculptures, carved furniture, ceramics, unique measuring instruments and clocks. You can also see skillfully made models of ancient buildings.

The Roman Museum presents archeological findings that were made in Augsburg and its environs. The valuable collection is housed in the picturesque Dominican church of St. Magdalen (Dominikanergasse 15). Tourists come here to see Roman sculptures and ancient tombstones, models of ancient villas and weapons, coins and household utensils.

Art lovers will be delighted to visit the Augsburg Art Gallery located in the Schaezler Palace (Maximilianstraße 46). The luxurious palace building was built in the second half of the 18th century and is considered an outstanding Rococo monument in the city. It impresses not only on the outside, but also on the inside. There are huge mirrors on the walls, and the stucco ceilings are decorated with beautiful paintings. The gallery is divided into two parts. One contains paintings by Van Dyck, Tiepolo, Veronese and Canaletto, while the other exhibits works by Dürer, Burgkmayr, Cranach the Elder and Holbein.

A curious collection about the origins of the Christian faith is located in the Diocesan Museum of St. Aphra (Kornhausgasse, 3-5). Here unique treasures from the Augsburg diocese are on display – textiles from the 9th to the 13th centuries, bronze doors of the city cathedral and vestments of the clergy.

In addition to the popular Leopold Mozart House Museum, Augsburg has several other memorial sites that commemorate the outstanding inhabitants of this Bavarian city. The house-museum, located near the embankment of the river Lech, is dedicated to the life and work of the famous German writer Bertolt Brecht (Auf dem Rain, 7). In this old house he was born in 1898. Visitors can see things that belonged to the Brecht family, manuscripts, documents, first editions of the writer’s books, his portraits and a death mask. This house-museum is a functioning cultural center, dedicated to the literary heritage of the famous playwright. It is noteworthy that every year in February theaters of the city hold a festival of theatrical performances based on plays by Bertolt Brecht.

It is also interesting to visit the museum of the automobile factory MAN (Heinrich von Buz Str., 28). While working at this plant, engineer Rudolf Diesel invented the internal combustion engine in 1893. In the history of heavy-duty vehicles many interesting materials are on display: the world’s first diesel engine, models of the first trucks, unique historical photos and the first patents for automobile inventions.

Augsburg’s parks and natural attractions

The Augsburg Botanical Garden occupies 10 hectares and is considered one of the best in southern Germany (Dr. -Ziegenspeck-Weg, 10). Tourists come here all year round, because in any season in this garden some plants are in bloom. One of the thematic areas of this picturesque man-made park is dedicated to the gardens of Japan. It was made by Japanese craftsmen on the type of the famous Kyoto gardens. Curiously enough, the Japanese themselves consider the Augsburg Garden the best ever created outside of the Land of the Rising Sun.

Tourists love to stroll along the flowering alleys, admire the picturesque flowerbeds and luxurious rose garden, a collection of cacti and succulents, medicinal plants and ferns. Chairs and loungers are installed on the territory, and in summer you can even sunbathe here. Especially for guests of the city in the botanical garden have created an excellent restaurant, where you can have lunch and drink excellent local beer at a reasonable price.

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Near the botanical garden is the famous Augsburg Zoo. The animals here are kept in large aviaries rather than the traditional cramped cages. And on the size of the area of this zoo is considered the largest in Bavaria.

If you wish, you can take a fantastic trip from the city to the large national nature park “Western Forests”, which is located on the southwestern outskirts of Augsburg.

Local beer and Bavarian cuisine

When you come to Augsburg, it’s definitely worth sampling the excellent local beer. It is brewed in the city’s breweries in the old Bavarian tradition. The largest brewery in Augsburg is the Riegele brewery, which was established in 1396. Other breweries – “Drunken Hare”, “Hasen-Breu”, “King of Flanders”, “Fortuna” and “Bavarian Pub” are known far beyond Augsburg. And the most popular beer in the city is barrel “Bier vom Fass”.

The dishes of traditional Bavarian cuisine are popular around the world and go perfectly with beer. First of all it is meat delicacies. Without sausages and sausages in the city it is hard to imagine any feast. In addition, Bavaria is famous for great cheeses and excellent pastries.

There are many restaurants in the city – more than 370, so it is impossible to go hungry. When visiting Augsburg, you should try a delicious snack “obazda” made of grated cheese and butter with the addition of chopped herbs. This delicate dish is eaten with freshly baked pretzels or thinly sliced radish.

Local cuisine will delight connoisseurs of well-cooked meat. The stewed pork with a side dish of sauerkraut or potato salad is very popular here. The hearty “Eintopf” soup is also well worth ordering in any of the restaurants. It is made in a rich broth with pasta, vegetables and fragrant smoked sausages. During hunting season local restaurants serve perfectly prepared game dishes.

For dessert, locals love to eat pies with various fillings. The unusual “Datschiburger Torte” pie has a fantastic taste and is made according to a special recipe that is kept secret. It is so appreciated in Augsburg that the citizens often refer to themselves as “Datschiburger Torte”.

Souvenirs

If your visit to Augsburg happens to be on Christmas Eve, then for souvenirs it is best to go to the traditional Christmas fair held at the Town Hall Square – Rathausplatz. At other times of the year you can buy good souvenirs in the stores of the Old Town, at the city market (Stadtmarkt) as well as in the shopping centers “City Galerie Augsburg” (Willy-Brandt-Platz, 1) and “SaleWahaus” (Bahnhofstraße, 1).

As a souvenir from Augsburg you can bring delicious gifts to relatives and friends – high-quality sausages and cheeses made by local factories, and excellent quality cake “Swabian Mozart”, which has a long shelf life and is quite able to stand the trip back home.

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Transport

The city is accessible by streetcar (5 routes), bus (33 routes), S-Bahn commuter trains (6 lines) and cabs. At night, the so-called “night” buses, whose routes partially duplicate the “day” ones, run through the city. A ticket for a single trip on public transport costs 1.2 euros. It is convenient that most of Augsburg’s historical sights are located in one place – within the pedestrian zone of the Old City and it is not difficult to walk around them.

How to get there

The nearest airport to Augsburg is in Munich, 45 km from the city. It has the status of an international airport and is named after the former Prime Minister of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauss. This airport is the second largest in Germany, and provides an annual passenger traffic of 9 million people. A special Lufthansa bus runs from Munich to Augsburg six times a day, taking 1 hour and 10 minutes to reach the city.

You can get to Augsburg by train from all major cities in the country. The train takes 6 hours from Berlin, 45 minutes from Munich, 3 hours from Frankfurt, 4.5 hours from Dusseldorf and 1.5 hours from Stuttgart. The central train station is located 1 km from Town Hall Square, on the southwestern edge of the Old Town.

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Finally, this Bavarian city can be reached by car. The closest freeway to Augsburg is the federal motorway A8 (Munich – Stuttgart). From Munich the road to Augsburg takes just under an hour (68 km).

Augsburg Attractions

Virgin Mary Cathedral Augsburg Railway Park Hockey Hall of Fame Augsburg Zoo Basilica of Saints Ulrich and Aphrah Zibentischangen Park Schätzler Palace Museum Leopold Mozart House

The site contains the sights of Augsburg – photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guidebooks and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you can find answers to what to see in Augsburg, where to go and where to stay in Augsburg.

Virgin Mary Cathedral

Virgin Mary Cathedral (photo)

The Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, located in the German city of Augsburg, is considered the main cathedral of the diocese of Augsburg. The cathedral is a five-nave church (the church has five longitudinal rooms), which was built from the ninth to the fourteenth century. The main decorative elements of the cathedral are paintings on the aisles depicting the Mother of God, performed by the German artist Hans Holbein the elder.

The main attraction of the cathedral of Our Lady are the five high windows on the southern wall. In them are inserted stained glass windows, made in the technique of “transparent mosaic”, depicting the saints. These stained-glass windows are valuable in that they were made in XII century and are the most ancient stained-glass windows in all Europe.

For a long time, the bronze double-leaf door in the southern portal, made in the XI century, was considered to be the cathedral’s landmark. It is divided into 35 panels, on each of which is written a subject from the Bible. The bronze doors are now replaced by a replica, which was commissioned by the cathedral in 2000. The real doors are in the temple museum.

Coordinates : 48.37297000,10.89705600

Augsburg Railway Park

Augsburg Railway Park (photo)

Augsburg Railway Park is currently under construction but is ready to receive visitors. It is one of the largest and most extensive cultural and museum projects in Bavaria. The railway park consists of four main buildings on an area of about 35,000 square meters and 29 museum exhibits brought here from the member states of the European Union.

In addition to locomotives you will be interested to attend lectures about the history of train construction and development of railway construction in the world. The museum regularly organizes all sorts of events and themed parties devoted to trains. Moreover, there are creative studios where visitors can draw, hold literary readings, theatrical performances and exhibitions.

When going to the museum, be sure to take your children with you. Don’t think that they will get bored on excursion, because there is a mini-train that takes young visitors through the whole territory of the museum.

Coordinates: 48.34834900,10.89433200

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Hockey Hall of Fame Germany

Germany Hockey Hall of Fame (photo)

Germany has been playing hockey for about a hundred years. As a tribute to the German tradition of the game on ice and to the merits of the players, coaches and referees, the Hockey Hall of Fame of Germany was established in 1988.

It is not that easy to induct hockey players into the Hall of Fame – there are strict criteria. During the previous 90 years of hockey in Germany, a total of only about 210 people were included. Among them are outstanding coaches, players and team captains who have made major contributions to the history of the game and its development, as well as winners of major world championships.

In the Hockey Hall of Fame, visitors can learn more about the biographies of the champions, see cups and medals, hockey equipment and the uniforms worn by the athletes during the fateful games.

Here you can join hockey yourself. There is an ice arena on the grounds of the Hall, equipped for visitors and home matches of local teams. You can have a great time playing or just skating.

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Coordinates: 48.37515800, 10.87911800

In photo mode you can view the sights in Augsburg by photo only.

Augsburg Zoo

Augsburg Zoo (photo)

Augsburg Zoo, located in Augsburg, Germany, offers visitors a variety of ways to spend their time.

Spectators are invited to feed seals, can ride elephants, and can interact with pets in the contact zoo.

The zoo is home to about two thousand animals and birds. A quarter of the zoo occupies the African Panorama – aviaries inhabited by giraffes, zebras, antelope and watusi. From where visitors to the zoo stand, it seems as if all these animals are grazing together.

Coordinates: 48.34860600,10.91600500

Basilica of Sts. Ulrich and Aphra

Basilica of St. Ulrich and Aphra (photo)

The Basilica of Saints Ulrich and Aphra, located in the German city of Augsburg, is considered a real longevity among churches.

The first church on this site was built back in the 5th century. It was destroyed, as were many subsequent buildings located on this site and dedicated to St. Ulrich and Aphra.

The present basilica dates from the 15th century. There are relics of the holy martyr Aphra, who in 304 gave her life for the faith, and of bishop Ulrich, who saved the city from the ravages of the Hungarians in the 10th century.

The Bartolomeo Chapel in the Basilica of Sts. Ulrich and Aphra contains 30 Russian icons from the 17th to 19th centuries.

Coordinates : 48.36197000,10.90009700

Zibentischanlagen Park

Zibentischangen Park (photo)

Zibentischanlagen Park is a unique landscape park in Augsburg, which is located in Bavaria. The idea of founding such an area emerged at the end of the 19th century. The total area of the park is 27 hectares, and its dimensions are 250 meters in width and 1.5 kilometers in length. Ludwig Leybold began to work on the territory in 1870. Industrialization had severely displaced the green spaces, and they had to be restored. Based on this, Carl von Effner in 1874 began to create a plan for the creation of the park.

In the 1950s, sports fields and play areas were made and new greenery was planted. The most serious intervention in the landscape of the park is the creation of miniature golf courses here, this happened in 1967.

In 1908, a fountain was built on the south side of Siebentischanlagen in memory of Baron Edmund von Schaezler, who participated in the expansion of the park.

Coordinates : 48.34506900,10.91358000

Schaezler Palace

Shetsler Palace (photo)

Schaezler Palace, located in the German city of Augsburg, was built by a local banker in the 18th century.

An urban legend says that the French queen Marie Antoinette attended the palace opening banquet.

Currently, the palace building with its luxurious interiors: full-height mirrors on the walls, stucco and paintings on the ceilings, is divided between the German Baroque Gallery and the State Art Gallery.

The German Baroque Gallery displays paintings by Veronese, Van Dyck, Canaletto and other great masters.

In the State Art Gallery visitors can see works by old masters – Dürer, Holbein, Burgkmayr.

Coordinates: 48.36503900,10.89926000

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Leopold Mozart House Museum

Leopold Mozart House-Museum (photo)

The Leopold Mozart House Museum, located in the German city of Augsburg, was the birthplace of the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s father and teacher.

Leopold Mozart lived in the house until he moved to Salzburg. The house is now the most important point in the city’s itinerary dedicated to the Mozart family.

The museum exhibits furnishings, documents, and notes of the Mozart family.

The main exhibit of the museum is the harpsichord, on which both Mozart the father and the son played.

Coordinates : 48.37557600,10.89565000

The most popular attractions in Augsburg with descriptions and photos for all tastes. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Augsburg on our website.

More sights in Augsburg

Mercury Fountain, Augsburg, Germany Center for Contemporary Art H2, Augsburg, Germany Holbein House, Augsburg, Germany Augustus Fountain, Augsburg, Germany Fuggerei Quarter, Augsburg, Germany Railway Museum, Augsburg, Germany

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