The 20 best sights of Colmar – descriptions and photos

Colmar

Colmar (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Colmar with descriptions, travel guides and maps.

Colmar (France).

Colmar is a charming city in the north-east of France in the province of Alsace, department of the Upper Rhine. Known for its old half-timbered houses along the canals, its wines and as the birthplace of Auguste Bartholdi, creator of the famous Statue of Liberty. Colmar is one of the most picturesque and photogenic cities in Alsace, which has well preserved its cultural and architectural heritage.

All the attractions of Colmar are located in its old town, which has survived remarkably well in spite of the world wars. The historic center of the city is quite large, but it is still convenient to explore on foot. See the old town of Colmar and take a walk through its streets.

Colmar

Colmar

Things to do (Colmar):

Charming Colmar

€118 per tour

Charming Colmar

Immerse yourself in the fairytale flavor of the most beautiful city in Alsace on a soulful sightseeing tour.

Through the fairytale streets of Colmar

€124 for a guided tour

Through the streets of Colmar

The image of an authentic city with the inimitable Alsatian style on a walk with a cultural historian…

Geography and climate

Colmar is situated on a plain on the banks of the Loch, at the foot of the Vosges Mountains, a few dozen kilometers from the Rhine and the German border. In fact, the plains of Alsace divide the Vosges and the Black Forest. The city is conveniently located between Strasbourg and Basel.

Colmar has a relatively mild temperate continental climate with relatively dry weather, which is great for the famous wines of Alsace. The average rainfall during the year is about 600 mm, most of which occurs between June and September. Temperatures are about 24 degrees in summer, and only about 5 degrees from December to February with frosts, most common in January. Snow is also possible at this time.

Colmar in Winter

Colmar in winter.

Information for tourists

  1. The population is 70.3 thousand people.
  2. Area – 66.6 square kilometers.
  3. Language: French.
  4. Currency – euros.
  5. Visa – Schengen.
  6. Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.

Best time to visit

Colmar can be visited all year round. But the most magical time is before Christmas, when the city acquires a simply magical charm.

Colmar just before Christmas

Colmar before Christmas

History

Colmar was first mentioned in the 9th century. It became a free city in the Holy Roman Empire in the 13th century. Due to its border location, the city was repeatedly under German rule and experienced strong German influence. Colmar joined the Union of Ten Cities in the 14th century. Because of its location, it developed rapidly during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

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The Old Town

In the old town

Colmar suffered greatly in the process of the Reformation, the subsequent peasant wars and the Thirty Years’ War. By the Treaty of Nimwegen the city is part of France. In 1871, Colmar becomes part of the German Empire. After World War I, the city became French again. During World War II, Colmar was one of the last French cities to be liberated. The city has maintained a rich architectural and cultural heritage, including a former monastery church, several monasteries, a remarkable theater, canals (for which Colmar is called “Little Venice”), and beautiful medieval houses.

How to get there

Colmar is about 60 kilometers south of Strasbourg airport. The airport of Basel is also close. With these two cities, as well as with Freiburg, Colmar has a regular train service. Trains run every hour. The city has good vehicular accessibility from France as well as from Germany and Switzerland.

On the Streets of Colmar

In the streets of Colmar

Shopping

In the historic center of Colmar you can find a variety of stores. It is considered to be quite profitable to buy clothes and shoes here. Because prices here are lower than in neighboring Germany, Switzerland and even Strasbourg. Notable is the typical Alsatian pottery.

The Streets of Colmar

The streets of Colmar

Alsace is known for its pastries and wines. The local dishes include Kugelhopf (pie), Tarte flambée (Alsatian pizza with sour cream), choucroute (sauerkraut), pretzels with salt and Choucroute aux Poissons (fish dish).

Many people call Colmar the wine capital of Alsace, so wine is definitely worth tasting or buying as a souvenir. During the Christmas holidays you can drink orange juice with honey and spices, as well as spicy hot wine (mulled wine).

Colmar

Colmar

Attractions

The old town is the main attraction of Colmar. Wandering through the old streets is the best way to explore it. In the historic center you can find many old buildings from the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The highlight of it is the beautiful half-timbered buildings. In the streets of Colmar you can find almost all architectural styles from Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Classical to Empire, Eclectic, Art Nouveau. The historic center is an open-air architectural museum.

Colmar Architecture

The architecture of Colmar

“Little Venice” is a district of Colmar with picturesque houses by the water. Located just beyond Coifhus.

Take a boat tour of “Little Venice”.

Fish quarter

The Fish Quarter

The Fish Quarter is a historic neighborhood where fishermen and fishmongers lived. The area is located between downtown and “Little Venice”. In 1706, a massive fire destroyed about 40 houses, rebuilt in the 1980s of the 20th century.

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Dominican Church

Dominican church

The Dominican Church is a medieval church of the Dominican order. Its foundation dates back to the 13th century. Exhibitions and fairs are often held on the square.

Church of Saint Martin

Saint-Martin

Saint Martin is the main religious building in Colmar and one of the main masterpieces of Gothic architecture in Alsace. The church was built between 1235 and 1365. The latest restoration revealed that Saint Martin was built on the foundations of an ancient building from the 11th-12th century. The people of Colmar consider the church their Münster, but St. Martin currently has the status of a monastic church.

Pfister

Pfister

The Pfister is one of the oldest and most beautiful buildings in Colmar with paintings and wooden elements, built in 1537 by a silver merchant. Despite its distinctly medieval features, it is the first example of Renaissance architecture in Colmar. The wooden gallery, the octagonal tower and wall paintings depicting biblical and secular scenes made the house one of the city’s symbols.

Coifhus

Coifhus

Köifhus or the old customs house is a 15th century building located at the crossroads of the main routes of the medieval city. The Coiffus is the oldest public building in Colmar. It had a dual function: the first floor served as a warehouse and a place to collect taxes for goods, the second as a meeting place for the city authorities.

Chapters House

The House of the Chapters

The Heads’ House is an interesting early 17th-century German Renaissance-style building. The house owes its name to the one hundred and six heads and masks decorating its facade.

Sights of France

The main sights of the cities and regions of France, as well as places of interest for tourists, with descriptions and photos. Location of these interesting objects and places on the map. The most popular attractions: Le Louvre, Napoleon Tomb, Eiffel Tower, Versailles, Notre Dame de Paris, Cocade Russian cemetery. The ranking is based on your visits.

Top Sights (1332).

On the map France – Paris Museums and exhibitions

The Louvre was both a fortress and a royal palace, and now it is one of the largest museums in the world, receiving up to 10 million visitors a year. Built in 1190 under Philippe-Auguste as a fortress, the Louvre lost its defensive function in the 14th century and architect Charles V Raymond du Templ began .

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Napoleon Bonaparte’s tomb is under the gilded dome of the Cathedral of St. Louis of the Maison des Invalides. As you know, Napoleon died on St. Helena on May 5, 1821. In 1840, King Louis-Philippe obtained the consent of Great Britain to return the ashes of the exile to France. On December 14 of the same year.

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Eiffel Tower – the symbol of Paris, its silhouette is visible almost everywhere. Every day thousands of tourists come here. But that wasn’t always the case. The steel tower on the Champ de Mars is a monument to the daring of the 19th century. In the second half of the century France, demonstrating its technological leadership, carried out a series of all.

On the map of France – Ile-de-France Architecture and monuments

Versailles is the most famous royal residence in the world. Surrounded by a famous park, it is located sixteen kilometers southwest of Paris. History of Versailles The first mention of the castle on this site dates back to the twelfth century. In 1623, the young Louis XIII, who at times needed solitude (o.

On the map of France – Paris Architecture and monuments

Notre Dame de Paris is one of the most famous churches in the world, an outstanding monument of architecture, glorified by poets, writers, artists. The slender mass of the cathedral on the island of Cité can be seen from afar. When the Roman Emperor Constantine in the early 4th century recognized Christianity, it was here, on the site of a former pagan.

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Cemetery Cockade – the second largest Russian cemetery in France (after the Parisian Sainte-Geneviève-de-Bois). More than three thousand Russians have found rest here. Many of these names are the pride of Russia. In the mid-19th century the Côte d’Azur was loved by Russian aristocracy. Members of the royal family spent their vacations here.

On the map of France – Disneyland Entertainment

Disneyland Paris is one of the most popular attractions not only in France, but throughout Europe. People often prefer this amusement park to the Louvre or the Eiffel Tower. And yet the park could have ended up in another country. After the huge success of Japanese Disneyland, the Walt Disney Company decided.

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Palais Lascari is one of the most curious buildings in Nice. It is located in the heart of the Old Town on the rue Droit, so narrow that from the street to appreciate the beauty of the palace is impossible. But inside the tourist is met by chic interiors, magnificent frescoes and the Museum of Musical Instruments – the second largest in .

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Extraordinarily beautiful Place Massena is on a scale not inferior to Paris. This is the real center of the city, which wants to walk and walk. The square is almost two centuries old: it was born during the rapid development of the city in 1820-1830. Its development was facilitated by its ideal location between the Star.

On the map France – Cannes Architecture and monuments

Promenade de la Croisette is the world-famous boulevard in Cannes, stretching along the sea line. The three-kilometers long promenade connecting the old and new ports has become famous thanks to the Palais des Festivals and Congresses, which hosts the Cannes Film Festival, and now La Croisette is not just the most popular street of the city.

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The military school, the École Militaire, is located in buildings overlooking the Champ de Mars. It houses the current French Military Academy, excursions are not allowed here. But a tour of the complex is worthwhile: its buildings are magnificent. The impetus for the creation in France of a military school were the results of the war for the Austrians.

On the map of France – Bormes-les-Mimosas Architecture and monuments

Most recently, in the summer of 2014, the presidential residence of Fort Breganson was opened to tourists. It is located on the Côte d’Azur, in the town of Bormes-les-Mimosas in the Var department. Now everyone, though by appointment, will be able to visit the place of summer rest of the French presidents. С.

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The ancient city, located on the site of modern Nîmes, was called Nemaus. In the II century BC the Romans took over the settlement. In the I century they built an amphitheater in the image and likeness of the Colosseum in Rome. Since 1840, the structure is a historical monument. Nowadays it is considered a .

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Montmartre is a former suburb of Paris lying about 4.5 kilometers north of the Cité. The former village entered the city limits only in 1859. Today it is one of the most attractive places for tourists – there is a magnificent basilica of Sacre-Coeur from where you can enjoy an incredible view of the Par.

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The Avenue of the Stars near the Palais des Festivals et Congrès in Cannes can be one of the biggest disappointments for the tourist. First of all, it is not an alley at all. The imagination draws two rows of palm trees, with the handprints of the idols embedded in the sidewalk between them. But it’s not like that, and tourists, sometimes for a long time, don’t get to see it.

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The cliff of St. Virgin – one of the main attractions of the famous resort of Biarritz, a kind of its “visiting card”. The cliff was connected to the mainland rock and they formed a single peninsula. It has been an observation point on top of the cliff since ancient times. There was a lege.

On the map of France – La Rochelle Active Recreation

The island of Ré near La Rochelle used to be a place where salt was mined and fish were caught. And now it is a popular resort – there are beaches, health centers, infrastructure for active recreation – cycling, golfing and horseback riding. The island is located in half an hour drive from.

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The house-museum of Alexandre Dumas-Father is located in the Paris suburb of Port-Marly. It is not just a house – not for nothing does it bear the name “Chateau de Monte Cristo”. It is an enchanting, embodied fantasy of the great novelist, “one of the loveliest follies,” as Balzac wrote of the place. When Dumas conceived it.

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Mount Mont Valérien just west of the Bois de Boulogne is actually not a mountain, but a hill only 162 meters high. It offers an impressive view of the Défense district. But the mountain is known not so much for the views as for the glorious and sorrowful pages of French history associated with it. The highest point of the Pari.

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There is a local legend in Poitiers associated with the church of Notre-Dame-la-Grande. According to it, at the beginning of XIII century, a certain city official decided to commit a betrayal – to give the keys from the city gates to the English troops besieging Poitiers. He almost carried out his plans, but did not find the key at the right time.

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