The 18 best sights of Zheleznovodsk – descriptions and photos

The 22 best sights of Zheleznovodsk worth visiting

Zheleznovodsk sights

Zheleznovodsk is the main resort of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, but not every of its attractions is dedicated to this subject. In the center and surroundings there are many architectural monuments, art objects, museums, revealing the city from different sides. Mountains beckon not only with useful springs, but also with wildlife, an age-old forest, fresh air.

In Zheleznovodsk is where to go and what to see, and each visitor, having studied the key tourist points, can make their own route.

Pushkin Gallery

Pushkin Gallery

Pushkin Gallery

The architectural pearl of Zheleznovodsk, made of metal and glass, is located in the resort park. The gallery is decorated with a dome, carved turrets in light gray and blue shades. The unusual building was built in 1902, and its halls were intended for performances and creative evenings.

In the Pushkin Gallery performed stars of the XX century: Isadora Duncan, Leonid Utesov, Joseph Kobzon and others. Even today concerts and art exhibitions are held within its walls.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Kurortny Park, Zheleznovodsk

Every day from 9 am till 6 pm, Saturday and Sunday are days off.

Entrance: Cost of tickets depends on the event.

Smirnov Spring

Smirnov Spring

Smirnov Spring

The well on the site of the natural spring appeared in the middle of the 19th century on the initiative of Dr. S.A. Smirnov who appreciated the usefulness of water with carbon dioxide. Today it has three springs with a temperature of 37 to 50 ° C.

Although the water does not have a very pleasant smell, its taste is pleasant and healing properties, especially for the stomach and intestines, are undeniable. You should drink it right away.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Kurortny Park, the top of Cascade Stairs, Zheleznovodsk.

Opening hours: daily, 7:30-9:30, 11:30-14:30, 16:30-19:00.

Entrance: free of charge

Resort Lake

Resort Lake

Resort Lake

Man-made lake for half a century has become a real Swiss resort of Zheleznovodsk. The lake was dug in 1954 at the foot of the Iron Mountain. Its banks are decorated with colored stones, in the center there is an island, and an arch bridge leads to it.

You can also admire the scenery from the water – by boat or by catamaran. There are cafes, sports courts and amusements nearby.

Address: Lenina ul. 2a, the territory of the sanatorium. 30 years of Victory, Zheleznovodsk.

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Zheleznovodsk sights

Zheleznaya Mountain

Iron Mountain

Zheleznaya Mountain

The main decoration of the urban landscape – Zheleznyaya mountain. Its height – more than 850 meters, on the top there is an observation deck. The mountain is known primarily for its springs that are rich in ions and minerals. There are more than twenty of them: among the springs there are cold, warm and hot – up to 60°C.

After a healthful bathing you can continue through the mountain forest or turn to the eastern slope to the spa park.

Address: north-east of Zheleznovodsk (GPS coordinates: 44.13999729225546, 43.03082077220409)

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Kabanka mountain

Kabanka mountain

Kabanka mountain

Kabanka is famous for its dense deciduous forest and interesting flora: it is home to eight red-listed plants. Its flat top, resembling a steppe, is located at an altitude of more than 760 meters. Anyone who gets to this place can enjoy a breathtaking view of the valley and peaks of neighboring mountains – Razvalka, Zmeika and Zheleznaya.

Address: Zheleznovodsk, suburbs (GPS coordinates: 44.123250, 43.003173)

When you can visit: at any time

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Visiting: free of charge

Medovaya Mountain

Medovaya Mountain

Medovaya Mountain

At about the same height, about 720 meters, is the Medovaya mountain – an ancient volcano, which went to sleep thousands of years ago. There are paths leading up to the top of it, but the rocky tooth can be climbed only with special equipment. Already at the foot of the peak opens the panorama of the city, the view of Beshtau and Mashuk.

Some paths lead through a tall beech forest of fabulous beauty.

Address: Zheleznovodsk, suburbs (GPS coordinates: 44.134758, 43.009794)

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Razvalka mountain

Razvalka Mountain

Razvalka mountain

The highest of these mountains is Mount Razvalka: the top reaches 926 meters. Its ridge is rocky, precipitous and partially covered with forest. If you look at its southern side, it remotely resembles a lion’s head.

On the northern slope beats the Earl’s cold spring, a little further away you can find permafrost, as well as Selitra Cave and traces of an ancient settlement. Razvalka is a landmark, which is definitely worth seeing from all sides.

Address: Zheleznovodsk, suburbs (GPS coordinates: 44.15428533877284, 43.03427261612154)

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Permafrost Cave

Permafrost Cave

Permafrost Cave

In the early XX century at the foot of the mountain Razvalki an amazing phenomenon was found – a grotto with permafrost. Even in the summer heat its temperature at the entrance remains at about zero degrees.

Nevertheless, because of the difference in pressure inside, condensation forms, which becomes the source of ice outside. It is best to get to the entrance to the adit with a local guide.

Address: Zheleznovodsk, Razvalka Mountain (GPS coordinates: 44.157235468077864, 43.0307325)

Opening hours: 24 hours a day

Entrance: free of charge

Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist

Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist

Church of the Beheading of John the Baptist

In 1914 in Karras a family church with a tomb on the first floor was built at the place of burial of railway engineer Ivan Inozemtsev.

In the Soviet Union the building became the local clubhouse, and the sarcophagi were quickly razed, but with the collapse of the Union they decided to restore the church. The small brick church with five domes and a bell tower can be visited by anyone.

Address: Inozemtsevo, 44 Svobody ave.

Daily from 07:00 to 19:00

Entrance: free of charge

Where to go in Zheleznovodsk and what else to see

Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Church of Grand Princess Olga

Church of Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Grand Duchess Olga of Russia

Holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Church of Grand Princess Olga

The Church of St. Olga, Princess of Russia, is one of the key religious and cultural spaces of the city. For believers it is the main place of worship. But it will also be interesting for ordinary tourists: the building has a beautiful solemn architecture, and the shrines have an interesting history. You can visit the temple with a city guide.

Address: 34, Karla Marksa Street, Zheleznovodsk

Opening Hours: every day from 8:00 to 18:00

Entrance: free of charge

Railway station

Railway station

Railway station

Architectural monuments meet guests of Zheleznovodsk as soon as they get off the train. We are talking about a one-storey building of the station, which was inaugurated on January 1, 1897. Since then the station had time to be in disrepair, then in our time the monument has been restored and even partially put into operation.

Now train trains to Beshtau and Kislovodsk run from the station, and its cozy platform is equipped with benches and lanterns.

Address: Privokzalnaya square, 1 / Lenina street, 73, Zheleznovodsk.

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Opening hours: every day from 07:45 to 18:45

Entrance: free of charge

Sculpture “Eagle

Eagle

Sculpture “Eagle

Another popular art object in the resort park is located near the Smirnov Spring. The eagle is the key symbol of the Caucasus and its main wealth – mineral waters.

It is this bird with open wings that sits on the stone mountain. In its claws, the prey is a snake, the image of which hides all diseases. By the way, the forerunner of the modern sculpture appeared in 1901, and in 1973 the eagle was made of bronze.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Kurortny Park, the top of Cascade Stairs, Zheleznovodsk.

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Museum “Post station stagecoaches”

Museum “Post station stagecoaches”

An old post station that opened in 1875 now serves as a museum building. Its exposition takes its guests a century ago, when stagecoaches and passenger stagecoaches used to run from all over the country to Zheleznovodsk.

Even after the appearance of the railroad, locals and guests periodically used horse-drawn carriages. Today, the post station is a valuable architectural monument and an important cultural point in the city.

Address: Lenin Street, 7

Every day from 10 am to 6 pm, Monday off.

Admission: 200 rubles.

Ostrovskie baths

Ostrovskaya baths

Ostrovskie baths

At the end of the 19th century the building for hydrotherapy and mud treatment in the Eastern style was constructed in Zheleznovodsk under the direction of the architect P. Suzor. Even today it looks like a mosque because of the dome, the Arabic ligature and the design of the courtyard.

Now the baths, named after the Minister of State Property M.N. Ostrovsky, are closed for restoration, but the monument can be viewed from the outside.

Address: Lenina Street, 50, Zheleznovodsk

Opening Hours: Daily, twenty-four hours a day (you can see the building only from outside)

Entrance: free of charge

Slavyanovskiy source

Slavyanovskiy spring

Slavyanovskiy source

Lovers of hot baths should first of all visit Slavyanovskiy source. The water, extracted at a depth of 300 meters, reaches 56°C. It is used not only for spa procedures, but also as a healing drink for kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. The spring is decorated by a century-old pump room in blue and white colors.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Kurortny Park, terrenkur No. 1, Zheleznovodsk

When you can visit: daily, 7:30-9:30, 11:30-14:30, 16:30-19:00

Entrance: free of charge

The health resort in Zheleznovodsk

Zheleznovodsk health resort

The health resort in Zheleznovodsk

The terrenekur is a popular method of treatment and rehabilitation with the help of mountain walks. The low mountains of Zheleznovodsk with various levels of slope of the trails are excellent for such therapy.

Beautiful landscapes around maintain a positive emotional charge. At the moment, three terrainkuras are open: around Zheleznovodsk Mountain, to Razvalka and to the cold Grotto or Selitryanaya rock. Each route is different in length and complexity of the passage.

Address: Parkovaya street, Resort Park, start from the stele at the Pushkin Gallery

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Zheleznovodsk sights in one day

Palace of Emir Bukhara

Palace of Emir of Bukhara

Palace of Emir Bukhara

The monument with an Eastern twist is located in one of the parks of Zheleznovodsk. A staircase with golden lions and Arabic script leads to it, and the palace itself is decorated with Moorish arches, sky-colored mosaics, carved frames and verandas.

The building was built in 1868 for the Russian army general Seyid Abdullah Khan. Bukhara and Khorezm masters did the finishing work. In the XX century the palace was a hospital, then – a treatment and prevention center. Today it belongs to the sanatorium. Telman sanatorium.

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Address: Lermontov Street, 2a, Zheleznovodsk

Opening Hours: Daily, twenty-four hours a day (you can see the building only from outside)

Lermontovsky source

Lermontovsky spring

Lermontovsky source

The mineral spring was officially opened in 1810. Its temperature is about 40°C and its water springs out at an altitude of 600 m on the slope of Iron Mountain. The modern name the spring got only in 1964 – in honor of the 150th anniversary of M. Lermontov.

The famous poet repeatedly drank from the spring, and his last days were spent in a nearby cottage. Everyone can drink the water in the pump-room, and it is recommended especially for those who have problems with gastrointestinal and excretory system.

Address: Lermontova street, 12, Zheleznovodsk.

Daily working time: 7:30 – 9:30, 11:30 – 14:30, 16:30 – 19:00

Entrance: free of charge

Kurortny Park and Cascade Stairs

Kurortny Park and Cascade Stairs

Kurortny Park and Cascade Stairs

The main park of Zheleznovodsk was founded in 1825. Its modern area has reached two square kilometers. Guests enjoy the mountain air, drink from mineral springs, walk along forest paths, admire architectural sights and sculptures.

One of the most eye-catching objects is the Cascade Stairs, almost a kilometer long. It is the longest in the south of Russia.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Zheleznovodsk

Opening hours: 24 hours a day

Entrance: free of charge

Wishing Egg

Wishing Egg

Wishing Egg

One of the paths of the most popular park leads to an unusual sculpture. Its name is “The Sign of the Zodiac”, although popularly the art object is called the “Wishing Egg” because of its shape.

They say that in order for it to make dreams come true, you need to rub your star sign and spin the stone ellipsoid. Egg is fixed in the frame and there is a sundial on top of the frame.

Address: Parkovaya Street, Kurortny Park, terrenkur No. 1, Zheleznovodsk

When you can visit: at any time

Visiting: free of charge

Pokrovskaya Church

Pokrovsky Church

Pokrovskaya Church

Modern building of the church was reconstructed from the monument of 1912, which was originally intended for work of mineral baths. In the mid-1990s the dilapidated house was given to the Russian Orthodox Church and over the years it has turned into a church with a dome, a Sunday school, an icon painting and woodcarving workshop and a chapel with a blessed spring.

Here you can also see such sacred objects as the icon of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary at the end of the XVIII century and the icon of St. Ignatius with a part of his relics.

Address: Lermontov Street, 3a, Zheleznovodsk

Opening Hours: every day from 8:00 to 18:00

Entrance: free of charge

Zheleznovodsk City Museum of Local Lore

Zheleznovodsk Museum of Local Lore

Zheleznovodsk City Museum of Local Lore

The local Museum of local lore in Zheleznovodsk appeared only in 1980s. Its exhibitions reveal the history of the area, beginning with the ancient ocean Thetis.

Here you can also learn about significant personalities of the region, see archaeological finds and other historical artifacts, including those related to our time.

Address: Lermontov Street, 3, Zheleznovodsk

Working time: every day from 9:00 to 18:00, Saturday and Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00, Monday – day off

Admission: adults – 100 rubles, students – 50 rubles, under 16 years old – free of charge.

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Zheleznovodsk sights on the map

FAQ

Church of St. Equal-to-the-Apostles Grand Princess Olga, Railway Station, Sculpture “Eagle”, Ostrovskie baths, Slavyanovskiy spring, Pokrovskiy Church.

Spa lake, Museum “Post station stagecoaches”, Terrenkur in Zheleznovodsk, Zheleznovodsk City Museum of local lore, Spa Park and Cascade Stairs.

Pushkin Gallery, Smirnov Spring, Spa Lake, Egg of Wishes, Spa Park and Cascade Stairs.

Local guide to Zheleznovodsk

This small resort town is located at the foot of Mount Zheleznovodsk and on its slopes. In Zheleznovodsk there are more than 20 sources of mineral water, a beautiful mountain-forest climate and clean air. The resort is surrounded by a real forest, where among the ancient trees laid hiking trails, where you can meet squirrels, rabbits and deer.

Atmosphere

The climate of Zheleznovodsk is similar to that of the Middle Alps – the summer at the resort is long but not hot, the autumn is warm, and the winter is soft and short, so you can have a good rest in the city in any season.

Wonderful weather, shady parks, historic architecture and healing waters have been attracting visitors here for over 200 years. The mountain air, silence and magnificent views create an ideal atmosphere for a therapeutic vacation.

Map of attractions Zheleznovodsk

Map of Zheleznovodsk sights

10 things to do in Zheleznovodsk

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Take a walk in the Kurortny Park

This is an atmospheric woodland park that seamlessly transitions into a real forest. The main attractions of the resort are concentrated in the park: drinking springs, Pushkin Gallery, Cascade Stairs, Cave of Eternal Permafrost, Cave of Ancient Man, sculptures, monuments and decorative lake. Hiking trails to the Razvalka and Iron Mountain start from the park. At the main entrance there is a rental of bicycles and electric scooters.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Try the water from the Lermontov spring

This is the very first pump room opened in Zheleznovodsk. It appeared in 1810. Here you can drink water Lermontov, Pushkin and Glinka. Blue semi-rotunda with six white columns is an example of 19th century architecture.

Nearby is the Lermontov Park and a monument to the poet.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Go down the Cascade stairs

The main avenue of the resort park ends with the Cascade Stairs, it leads from the Smirnov Gallery to the lake.

At the bottom of the stairs – Ferrum Square and the boulevard-book. It is dedicated to M. Lermontov and is externally painted with excerpts of the poet’s works. Designers accurately reproduced the handwriting of the writer and his sketches. Poems and excerpts from the novels of Mikhail Yurievich can be heard from the buzzer.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Visit the Pushkin Gallery

This is the symbol of Zheleznovodsk. It is located near the main entrance to the Resort Park, on the main avenue. The gallery is made of prefabricated metal structures. Thin sharp spires, stained glass windows, turrets and patterned arches make the gallery look like a fairy palace. Gallery was bought at a fair in Nizhny Novgorod and moved to Zheleznovodsk in 1902. It operates to this day, there are exhibitions and concerts.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Make a Wish

There are two places in Zheleznovodsk that, according to local legends, make dreams come true. The first is a sundial “Signs of the Zodiac”. This is an arch, in the middle of which a giant stone is installed. The sculpture is decorated with images of astrological symbols and animals of the Chinese horoscope. The stone can be scrolled. This feature has become a ritual: it is believed that if you make a wish and then spin the block, it will come true.

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Another magical place is the stone that fell from the Iron Mountain in 1892. The fall was provoked by the undermining of the site where the hiking trail was laid. The boulder was left at the site of the landing and a commemorative plaque was carved. You will meet both landmarks in the Resort Park.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Admire the palace of Emir of Bukhara

The old palace looks like the one from the pages of the book “One Thousand and One Nights”. It was built in 1912 by order of the Uzbek prince Seyid-Akhad Bogodur-Khan. A year later the ruler died, and his heir presented the building to the imperial family, in it opened the mineral baths.

A staircase leads to the palace, guarded by stone lions. In the palace has a veranda and minaret, and the walls are decorated with oriental ornaments.

The palace is located in the spa park at the address: Lermontov Street, 2A.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Visit the cave of permafrost

This is a tunnel that was drilled in the middle of the last century to study the Razvalki mountain. All year round, the temperature there is 0 degrees Celsius. In the summer, cold air escapes from cracks in the rock, covering the grass with frost. In winter, there is the opposite effect – the warm air rises to the top, melting the snow.

The cave length is 400 meters. The adit has several branches, but it is impossible to get lost in it. It is located in the depths of the resort park, at the foot of Razvalki mountain.

If you are ready for a long walk, you can head from here to the Cave of Primitive Man. Tools of the Bronze Age people were found there. The path to both caves lies through the forest, with wooden poles pointing in the direction.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Taste the mineral water of the Smirnov spring

Three springs of mineral water with a temperature of +37, +40, and +51 °C lead to the drinking gallery. This is medicinal water, especially beneficial for the digestive system.

The gallery is located at the beginning of the spa park, its main decoration is the colonnade. 200 years ago there was a pit from which hot mineral water springs. Moscow doctor S. A. Smirnov proved the healing properties of water, so the sources bear his name.

The square in front of the gallery is decorated by a fountain, in the center of which there are three two-meter bronze narzan mugs.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Visit the ‘Postal Stagecoach Station’.

In Zheleznovodsk there is a post station, built in 1875. Two rooms of the station is a museum, devoted to the Caucasian period of Nikolai Tolstoy, and the third room is a reconstruction of the postal station with authentic historical exhibits. In the courtyard of the museum an old stagecoach is installed.

What to see in Zheleznovodsk

Take a boat trip on the resort lake

A small lake is another place for leisurely walks and active entertainment. There are organized picnic areas and you can rent a boat or catamaran. The water offers great views of Iron Mountain, Serpentine Mountain, and Razvalka Mountain. Several trails to the mountains and the park begin at the lake, and there is a sunbathing area, outdoor exercise equipment, and playgrounds for children.

Local products

In Zheleznovodsk worth trying something that is not available in other regions: mountain honey, local wines, walnut and cornel jam, pine cone jam, herbal teas and Caucasian sweets to them (figs, baklava, churchel, halva, rahat-lukum).

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