The 11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt

The 11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt

Egypt is one of the most fascinating countries in the world . Traces of its civilization and its unforgettable legends manifest themselves in a multitude of wonders. To discover them, here are the 11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt.

Despite the millennia that have passed … Ancient Egypt remains in everyone’s imagination . Climbing up the Nile is like going back in time in a dream. Rising from the depths of centuries, pharaohs emerge from their sarcophagi, temples saved from the waters rise with dandy, legends inscribed on papyri become crystal clear.

That which is nicknamed “the gift of the Nile” also lights up with the splendor of its desert and the richness of its green shores. Then comes the apotheosis of the journey at the foot of the pyramids, whose grandeur will exceed all your expectations. Have no doubt, Egypt will be in your memory forever. Although it has more to offer than mesmerizing ancient treasures, let’s start there! Here are 11 of Egypt’s major archaeological sites.

Cities

1. the lighthouse of Alexandria . We begin with the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which is illustrated among the Seven Wonders of the World (yes, that’s right). This masterpiece, which served as a landmark for sailors, had more than just a life-saving function. This monumental tower, 135 meters high, was also used as a propaganda tool.

11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt - Photo 2

Cities

It was a formidable excuse to demonstrate in the eyes of the world the power and wealth of Ptolemy the 1st (commander of Alexander the Great). It was called the “Lighthouse of Alexandria” because of its location at the tip of the island of Pharos. This is why lighthouses are called lighthouses today. Unfortunately, an earthquake caused the destruction of the stone colossus.

Its sacred remains remain visible at the site of the citadel in the heart of the port and are certainly worth a visit.

2. The largest ancient city near Luxor . Among the important archaeological sites of Egypt, one has only recently entered the classification. Indeed, the largest ancient Egyptian city has just been discovered (April 2021) near Luxor. These new ruins, buried so far, must be three thousand years old, and they are already the greatest archaeological find since the tomb of Tutankhamun!

In addition to its enormous size, the site is well preserved and has many everyday treasures that have been quietly awaiting their second life. We can’t wait to learn more about the “lost golden city of Luxor,” its three royal palaces, its animal cemetery, its administrative centers dedicated to the Empire, and other traditional craft workshops.

11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt - Photo 3

Cities

Temples and pyramids

3. Cairo Pyramids . This is by far the most famous archeological site in Egypt. A visit to these legendary monuments alone justifies the trip! The three pyramids of Cairo, in turn, are known by the names of Cheops, Chephren and Meekerin. These exceptional structures (including Cheops, which is considered the first of the Seven Wonders of the World) are as fascinating as they are frightening.

READ
22 best sights of Zelenogradsk - descriptions and photos.

11 most important archeological monuments in Egypt - photo 4

Temples and pyramids

Perhaps it is all the insurmountable mysteries that surround them that make them so appealing… The Pyramids of Cheops, Chephren and Mikerin have ruled the Giza Plateau for thousands of years. They boast the title of structures unequaled in history. Despite many unanswered questions about the route of the stones, some plausible hypotheses are emerging.

4. Luxor Temple . The ancient religious capital of the pharaohs is an unforgettable stop. Nestled between golden dunes and chlorophyll-soaked shores, Luxor is the best illustration of the golden age of the pharaohs and Egyptian civilization. If it has no shortage of temples or stunning tombs, you had to make an effort to select some of them.

The Luxor temple has attracted a large number of tourists and historians. Fiercely guarded by the huge colossi of Ramses II and the obelisk spinning the curvature, it testifies to the religious zeal of the Egyptians. This temple was built in honor of the god Amon. You can also read the course of worship on the bas-reliefs. Enjoy the Luxor Temple at dusk, when the silence and darkness give the place a truly mystical atmosphere.

The 11 most important archaeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 5

Temples and pyramids

5. Karnak Temples . When you get to the temples of Karnak, you immediately understand the meaning of the words “excess” and “ingenuity”. This archaeological site in Egypt dedicated to the god Amon stands out as the largest religious complex erected in antiquity. For nearly two thousand years, many pharaohs, including those from the famous Ramses line, participated in its expansion. The numbers are maddening: one hundred and thirty-four columns, an obelisk almost thirty meters high, thousands of elaborately carved hieroglyphs.

The 11 most important archaeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 6

Temples and pyramids

6. Temple of Horus . The temple of Horus in honor of the god of the same name is located on the left bank of the Nile. This place of worship is not only the most imposing in Egypt after Karnak, but also one of the best preserved. Get ready for a direct immersion in the splendor of the pharaohs of yesteryear, this time with influences from Greek architecture.

The colossal pylons and ornate walls seem to have appeared yesterday. However, we know the exact date of its foundation, 237 B.C.!

The 11 most important archaeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 7

Temples and pyramids

7. Temple of Philae . A visit to this archaeological site in Egypt allows us to combine the discovery of one of the country’s most picturesque religious complexes with a wonderful boat ride. Indeed, the Temple of Philae is located on the island of Aguilka. This main sanctuary was dedicated to the worship of the goddess Isis and tells the story of her love affair with Osiris.

The interior of the temple is dazzling, richly decorated with ancient colors. Another treasure of the temple is the “Sound and Light” show, which takes place as darkness falls under the starry vault to the rhythm of soft illumination. This nighttime and divine visit is widely known; be sure to book in advance.

READ
Where to go in Vladimir - 45 best attractions for tourists

The 11 most important archaeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 8

Temples and pyramids

Cemeteries

8. Saqqara Necropolis . The Saqqara Necropolis is one of those archaeological sites in Egypt that has been in the news a lot lately. In 2020, archaeologists unearthed fifty-nine new sarcophagi there. However, the first studies of this funerary complex have already elevated it to the rank of the largest necropolis of ancient Egypt.

When the new tombs were opened, perfectly preserved mummies were found, decorated with motley hieroglyphics and frozen in finely traced faces. In addition to the burials of the pharaohs, the necropolis of Saqqara contains several mummified animals, temples and the pyramid of Djoser.

11 most important archaeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 9

Cemeteries

9. The Valley of Kings and Queens . In the middle of orange dunes the Nile spreads out. The river licks its banks dotted with temples and magnificent pyramids. We were not far from Luxor and Karnak. Let’s go to the other side, to the west, where the sun sets. This is the land that the kings of the new empire chose to bury. Far from being more humble than their ancestors resting in the pyramids, they rather thought that a more humble burial would protect them from depredations.

But that’s not counting the thieves’ instincts, knowing full well that no king went to the afterlife without kilos of gold and jewels… Among the most beautiful tombs you will find the tombs of Seti I, Ramses III, Ramses IV, Ramses VI. This mesmerizing complex is also known as the Necropolis of Thebes.

A little deeper in the mountains you can also find the necropolis of the queens, princes and princesses of the new dynasties. The sacred site harbors hundreds of tombs that sleep peacefully. The most impressive is undoubtedly the famous Nefertari, frozen in an intact frame and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.

Not far away, don’t miss the tombs of the artists and the tombs of the sculptors of the Valley of the Kings.

11 most important archeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 10

Cemeteries

Statues

10. The Colossi of Memnon . On your way back from the Valley of the Kings and Queens, stop at the foot of the Colossi of Memnon. These two sculptures of cyclopean proportions, the last survivors from the temple of Amenhotep III, are the last surviving archaeological digs. These two stone giants, emerging from the sandy ground as if in the middle of nowhere, represent the pharaoh.

The latter is represented with a peaceful face, hands resting on his knees, looking up at the rising sun. 18 meters high, 1,300 tons: once again, the builders of Ancient Egypt lacked audacity.

READ
Visiting Harpa Concert Hall in Reykjavík, Iceland: schedules, prices, tips

11 most important archeological monuments in Egypt - Photo 11

Statues

11. Sphinx . We end with one of the most significant archaeological sites, not only in Egypt, but in the whole world. We are clearly talking about the setting Sphinx, erected facing the rising sun during the two equinoxes. A true icon, this guardian of the city of the dead and the pyramids of Cairo has been exploring the desert and time for five thousand years. If the Sphinx is the star of many movies, books and photographers’ portfolios, it is far from revealing all its secrets.

11 most important archeological monuments in Egypt - photo 12

The half-man-half-animal statue is over twenty meters tall and seventy-three meters long. According to Egyptologists, nothing was left to chance, not even his position. Some suggest that there is strong astronomical symbolism in its position. In any case, the spectacle of the sun setting over the shoulder of the Sphinx will be one of the most beautiful in your life.

The 11 most important archaeological sites in Egypt

The Nativity Scene

In 205 in the Sahara, an Italian archaeologist discovered strange rock paintings. He remained silent about them for 11 years, not knowing how to interpret them, and only in 2016 announced that the drawings are the nativity scene known to all Christians with a stable and a baby in a manger. Except that the rock fresco is at least 5,000 years old, which means that it was made three millennia before the birth of Christ. What, then, is the rock painting depicting? Mystery.

A whale fossil 40 million years old

Whale Fossil 40 Million Years Old

In 1902, archaeologists discovered the well-preserved remains of an ancient ancestor of the whale, the Basilosaurus, who lived here 40 million years ago, in the desert area of Wadi al-Hitan. The animal was either pregnant, or on the eve of its death had eaten a colleague, as it had another Basilosaurus in its belly. Since then, 9 more Basilosaurus skeletons have been discovered in the same area, including the only complete intact skeleton known to scientists today. The area has long been nicknamed the “Valley of the Whales,” which sounds extremely mysterious considering that today it is a bare desert.

“Alien black boxes.”

One of the strangest and most recent finds discovered near the pyramids, south of Giza, are 24 empty black granite boxes weighing over 100 tons each. Scientists have been shocked by the filigree work on the hard stone and are still in the dark as to the purpose of these crates, made over 3,000 years ago. Some even claim that the crates were not made by ancient Egyptians, but were left on Earth by mysterious visitors from the stars.

The oldest giant skeleton

The oldest giant skeleton

The body of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Sa-Nakht is considered the oldest known remains of a giant man. His height reached 1.90 centimeters – unprecedented for ancient people! According to scientists who studied Sa-Nakht’s skeleton, this was the first known case of true gigantism on Earth.

READ
10 places to visit in Guatemala
The secret entrance to the pyramids

The secret entrance to the pyramids

An Egyptian by Imani Naji discovered a secret passage under the basement of his house. As it turned out, the passage led to one of the great pyramids of Giza. Digging in his own garden, the 33-year-old resident of the village of Al-Harameh discovered a tunnel lined with stone slabs leading directly into the pyramid of Khufu (Cheops). Archaeologists believe this passage led to a secret temple on the banks of the Nile, but they still have a long way to go to find the true purpose of this ancient tunnel.

Mummified fetus

Mummified fetus

The youngest mummy was discovered by British archaeologists in 1907. An unborn human fetus was placed in a miniature coffin. Its age, according to scientists’ estimates, was 16 to 18 weeks. It was presumed to have died as a result of a miscarriage from its mother. “The care with which the fetus was buried demonstrates the great respect the Egyptians have for the mystery of human life,” said Julie Dawson, head of storage at the British Fitzwilliam Museum.

Tutankhamun’s erect penis

Erected penis of Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun’s mummy was one of the most startling discoveries by Egyptian scientists. But what struck them most was that the pharaoh, buried according to all Egyptian traditions, differed from other mummies in a small detail: he was placed in the tomb with a fully erect penis. Fortified with resin, the organ was raised at a 90-degree angle. Scientists do not know why this was done, assuming, however, that it had something to do with the religious activities of Tutankhamun, who rejected the new religion of sun worship propagated by his father, and during his short reign (he was in power from 10 to 19 years) tried to return the people to the old gods.

Cosmic Ornaments

Space Ornaments

Jewelry discovered in 1911 in a tomb in the village of El Guerza, estimated to be 5,000 years old, is thought to be the oldest on Earth. The beads were made of cosmic iron, brought to Earth by meteorites nearly 2,000 years before the Iron Age, and joined in a single necklace with pieces of gold and precious stones. But for science, iron beads are the most precious. The presence of cobalt and germanium confirms their cosmic origin, and their age suggests that perhaps they were not processed on Earth, forging did not yet exist.

Mummies of crocodiles

Crocodile Mummies

One of the most interesting finds were the mummies of 47 young crocodile. According to scientists, they were victims of the crocodile god Sebek. Some Egyptologists even believe that the Egyptians purposely bred crocodiles for sacrifice to Sebek, the river god, although the adult crocodiles caught were an object of worship for them.

Book of spells

Book of spells

In the 1970s, a 1,300-year-old book of incantations was discovered in Upper Egypt. It was written in the 7th and 8th centuries in Coptic. The book has not yet been fully deciphered, but scientists have already discovered love spells, spells to cast out evil spirits, healing spells, and cursing spells in it. Scholars have called it “The Egyptian Handbook of Witchcraft.” They believe the as-yet-un deciphered part of the book holds even more secrets that will reveal the truth about the beliefs of the past.

READ
22 best places to see in Sviyazhsk - descriptions and photos
Underwater City

Underwater City

Heraklion (Tonys in Egyptian) was a major trading city of antiquity. According to legend, it was founded by Alexander the Great, and it was here that Cleopatra was crowned. For many years it was thought to have been erased from the face of the earth. Some scholars even considered it mythical, like Troy. But archaeologists have discovered it in the sea, close to the mouth of the Nile, at a depth of 50 meters. Heraklion was discovered only recently, in 2000, and since then its innumerable treasures have opened more and more secrets of history to archaeologists.

Breweries for the gods

Breweries for the gods

The ancient Egyptians loved to drink and even held special “Drinking Festivals”. They also had special breweries dedicated to the gods. This was discovered recently when archaeologists found a 3000-year-old tomb with an inscription stating that the “chief brewer of the god of the dead” was buried there. Egyptologists confirm that alcohol played an important role in ancient Egypt both as a means of amusement for the people and as an offering to the gods. And beer was both the most popular and the most accessible type of drink.

Six prehistoric species of bats

Six prehistoric species of bats

In 2008, during excavations near Cairo, while studying fossilized remains, archaeologists discovered the skeletons of six prehistoric species of bats. The most striking thing was that all of them were not extinct, but related to currently existing species. This has forced scientists to seriously consider the origin of modern bats: previously it was thought that they first appeared in Europe, but now it turns out that they may have originated in North Africa.

The Secret City Under the Pyramids

The Secret City Under the Pyramids

The real underground labyrinth of 1500 rooms was discovered under Giza in 2008. Egyptian authorities tried to deny its existence, but scientists still brought the truth to the world. But what was the purpose of the underground city? Scientists still know no more about it than politicians do.

The Boats of Abydos

The Boats of Abydos

The boats of Abydos were intended to transport the pharaohs to the afterlife. They were found in the sands of Egypt, their age is estimated at 3000 years. Archaeologists found a total of 14 boats, ranging in length from 18 to 25 meters. Each could carry 30 rowers. This giant fleet still amazes historians with its power and perfection: before the discovery of boats Abydos they thought the Egyptians were much less skilled in shipbuilding.

Rating
( No ratings yet )
Like this post? Please share to your friends:
bucketlisttc.com
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: