Tasmania Island, a state of Australia, washed by the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Tasmania

Tasmania is an Australian state located on the island of the same name, 240 kilometres south of the Australian mainland, separated from it by the Bass Strait. The area of the island is 68 401 km² and the population is more than 500 thousand people. The capital and at the same time the largest city is Hobart. The other major cities are Launceston, Devonport and Bernie.

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Highlights

There are generally five historic landmarks in Tasmania that stand out. Most recently, they were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site: Fort Arthur Prison, the Coal Mines, the Cascades Women’s Factory, the Darlington Probation Station, and the Brickendon-Woolmers Estates. But still the main attraction of the island, which attracts tourists every year, is the unique nature of Tasmania.

The island has many surprises for travelers. Here you can spend the night in a bush and meet the Tasmanian devil. The Australians themselves call Tasmania “the island of inspiration. And deservedly so.

The island of Tasmania is divided into 5 regions:

  • The capital, the city of Hobart, and its environs.
  • The East Coast (including Flinders Island).
  • Launceston, Tamar and northern Tasmania
  • Northwest Coast (main town – Devonport and Bass Strait Islands)
  • Western Territories

Sightseeing

Hobart and the surrounding area

Hobart was founded in 1804. It is Australia’s second oldest city. The capital of Tasmania is an important seaport. Australian and French ships sail from it to Antarctica.

The city has also become an interesting tourist center. Most of the buildings in the city, even the port warehouses, are built in neo-Gothic style. Combined with the beautiful mountainous landscape of the surrounding areas, they create a unique picturesque landscape.

You can boat or kayak down the Derwent River, grab a cup of coffee under an umbrella in Salamanca Square, and soak up the surf at Battery Point, Hobart’s first suburb. To the southeast are the cool-climate wineries of the Cole Valley and the quaint towns of Huonville and Richmond. From the coastal village of Kettering you can take a car ferry to Bruny Island. In the crescent-shaped village of Cockle Creek, you can feel the breath of the UNESCO World Heritage-listed desert of Southwestern National Park. At Port Arthur Historic Site, located on the Tasman Peninsula, you can learn about the life of mid-19th century prisoners. If you’re staying in Woodbridge, the vast beaches of Tasman National Park are worth a stroll, followed by a delicious dinner at Peppermint Bay Resort. In the Outlands, see 200-year-old oak trees and sandstone cottages and hike the Heritage Highway pioneer trail from Launceston to Hobart. On the Clyde River, the old town of New Norfolk and the pretty town of Hamilton deserve attention. For a taste of the highlands and malt whiskey, visit Botwell, on the southern edge of the Central Plateau.

These territories offer travelers many discoveries, but its main attraction remains the wilderness.

East Coast

From Triabunna you can take a ferry to historic Maria’s Island, where there are no cars at all, but you can walk or kayak. We recommend a stop at Coles Bay Paradise, which overlooks crystal clear Oyster Bay and is at the entrance to Freycinet National Park. At nearby Mount William National Park, you can hike the Bay of Lights trail, which takes you past forest kangaroos, Aboriginal dwellings, wooded areas and white-sand beaches. Then you can go fishing and snorkeling at the picturesque St. Helena Harbor on the shores of George Bay. In nearby Payengana, you can sample farmhouse cheese or visit vineyards and berry farms near the seaside towns of Bicheno and Swansea. In Douglas-Apsley National Park, you can walk but also camp among quiet rivers, waterfalls, rain forests and tall eucalyptus and pine trees. To the north of the coast is Flinders Island, a place where you can dive to view shipwrecks, climb to the top of the pink and gray cliffs of Mount Sagittarius and search for diamonds in Killickrankie.

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Launceston, Tamar and Northern Tasmania

Launceston is home to elegant Edwardian buildings and the magical wilderness of Cataract Gorge. Here you can walk through fern thickets or rappel down, climb to the top, or hang glide down the gorge’s great heights. You can also take a chairlift and cross the gorge. Nearby you can watch birds in their natural habitat in the swampy terrain of Tamar Island or meet kangaroos, wallabies and wombats in Naravntapu National Park. To the northeast are manicured fields and the Scottsdale Forest Ecological Center. Nearby, you can fish in Bridgeport, play golf in front of Bass Strait at Barnbugle Dunes, and wander through cozy lavender fields in Naboula. See penguins at Low Head and fur seals on Tent Island. Ben Lomond National Park offers skiing and climbing in the rugged peaks. You can also visit the Beaconsfield Gold Mining Museum and try a sapphire wash near the Derby Tin Mine along the way. This list of Tasmania’s best sights goes on and on, so it’s best to see it for yourself.

North West Coast

Devonport is one of the largest cities on the Northwest Coast. The Spirit of Tasmania ships come to it and have become a landmark in this pretty port. From here you can hike or bike along the Devonport coast, see murals in Sheffield, and visit the antique stores in La Trobe. From the floating pontoon in Port Sorrel, you can water-ski, kayak, or fish. You can also stroll through the lively markets and picturesque Penguin Beach. A visit to the limestone caves at Mole Creek Karst Caves National Park, which lie beneath the surface of the Great Western Tiers, known to natives as the Cuparuna Niara, is a must-visit. In the old town of Stanley, you can see a steep volcanic plug called “Walnut.” Nearby is King Island, where you can sample cheese produced by famous local dairy farms and view more than 70 shipwrecks underwater.

Western Territories

Here you should check out Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park, kayak to McQuarrie Harbor, hike Ocean Beach, and drive around the pine and myrtle forests in a jeep. From the windows of the seaplane you can see the rarest thousand-year-old Huon pine. Then take the scenic rack-and-pinion railroad to the old town of Queenstown, once home to some of the world’s richest gold and copper deposits. True explorers will enjoy exploring Zeehan’s reckless mining past, which was once a rich silver mining town. From the quiet town of Rosebery, you can take a day trip to Pasminco Mine or walk to Montezuma Falls, Tasmania’s highest waterfall. You can admire the rugged peaks and mirror-like lakes of Cradle Mountain Lake St. Clair National Park. The Western Territory is also home to Mount Ossa, Tasmania’s highest mountain.

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Tasmania’s Nature

Without a doubt, the biggest and most important attraction of the island of Tasmania is its nature. The many kilometers of beaches with the purest white sand attract a large number of tourists. Tasmanian Rainforest in 1982 was recognized as a natural heritage of mankind, the “lungs of the planet. It includes two state reserves, four national parks, state forests, and two conservation areas. The island is considered one of the last pockets of pristine nature in the Southern Hemisphere. Thanks to the excellent preservation of natural complexes, Tasmania is considered one of the benchmarks of natural beauty on the planet.

The island’s nature is unique and unparalleled around the world. Rivers National Park is the heart of Tasmania’s wildlife. Here you can see deep river valleys, tropical forests, picturesque gorges, mountain peaks, striking the imagination. And in the midst of all this beauty, a large number of protected rivers meander.

Tasmania’s flora and fauna are very original, with many endemic species.

On Tasmania, 44% of its land is rainforest, and 21% is national parks. It’s a rare combination. Trout-infested lakes, rivers and waterfalls replenished by rain and meltwater feed forests that are home to euphorbia tirucalli, Eucalyptus regalis and Gannus, Myrtles, Notophagus cunningham, Acacia blackwood, Sassafras, Eucriphia lustris, Phyllocladus aspialis, Dixonia antarcticum and Dacridium franklinii. Today, environmentalists struggle with miners, paper makers, and hydroelectric builders. The bare desert of Queenstown, a mining and industrial town, is a stark reminder of the consequences of the thoughtless waste of natural resources.

The area’s fauna has also suffered, especially the tilacine, or marsupial wolf, a grayish-yellow animal that resembles a dog. Because of the dark stripes on its back and rump, it was called a tiger. This lean, fearful carnivore was fond of dragging poultry and sheep. Bounties were given for tilacines killed, and by 1936 they had disappeared.

Tasmania’s other unique marsupial, the Tasmanian devil, may be facing extinction because of a unique cancer, a facial tumor. Currently, scientists in Australia are working intensively to prevent the disease from spreading among Tasmanian devils. Tasmania is also famous for the slender-billed petrel. Beginning its flight in the Tasmanian Sea, and practically circling the Pacific Ocean, the petrel returns year after year to its sandy nesting grounds.

Not far from the nests of thin-billed petrels, where they arrive only at night, lives another bird that “flies” underwater, the little penguin – with a short beak and weighing no more than a cat.

Tourists

The island will appeal to all fans of mountain hiking and water sports. Lovers of travel and wildlife will also appreciate this land, because the island is home to many amazing animals that are found only here. Tasmania is also known for its nature reserves, which are located between the mountain peaks and crystal clear lakes.

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There are fashionable hotels and luxurious resorts where you can spend unforgettable vacations.

How to get there

The island is served only by local flights, so to get to Tasmania you’ll need to arrive on the mainland. It doesn’t take long to get to the island, with flights to Tasmania’s airports in Hobart, Launceston and Devonport available from many mainland cities – Sydney, Canberra, Perth and Melbourne. For example, a flight from Melbourne takes no more than an hour. The service is provided by local airlines Qantas, Virgin Blue, Jetstar, Regional Express and Tiger Airways.

Shuttle buses can then be taken from Tasmanian airports to the hotel. The distances between the cities are not too big, so the buses drop tourists right at the hotel’s door. The fare ranges from $10 to $22. For the return trip from the hotel to the airport, you need to book a seat on the bus in advance and arrange a boarding time by phone.

Melbourne and Devonport are also connected by a ferry service from the Spirit of Tasmania Marine Transportation Company, making the journey itself quite exciting. Travel time takes 9 to 11 hours, and fares range from $120 to $180 for a seating position, $170 to $280 for a bunk in a cabin. Prices vary depending on the season. If you want to bring a car on the ferry, it will cost an additional $65. Tourists should keep in mind that rented cars are often subject to a ban on travel between the mainland and the island. You should clarify this point with the rental agency.

Moving around the island

There are many ways to get around Tasmania: by car, bus, plane, train or bicycle.

One of the most convenient ways to get around Tasmania is by car, which you can easily rent from one of the many rental agencies. You will need an international driver’s licence and cash or a credit card for a deposit. Traffic in Australia is left-handed, so travellers should be alert and wear their seatbelts. Vigilance is especially useful at night, as exotic animals of all sizes are always trying to run across the road.

Roads Tasmania strongly loop, turning into a steep serpentine, so the speed limit of 100 km / h should not upset you. As a rule, it can be unnecessary.

There is also a network of bus routes on the island. It is served by the major transportation companies Redline Tasmania and Tassielink. Pre-booking online or by phone is mandatory.

Tasmanian carriers Tasair, Airlines of Tasmania and Sharp Airlines offer domestic flights between the island’s major cities: Hobart, Devonport, Launceston and King, Flinders and Cape Barren Islands.

There is one West Coast Wilderness Railway on the island, running along the West Coast between Strahan and Queenstown. Travel time is three hours and passengers are even offered lunch.

Another popular and useful way to get around Tasmania is by bicycle. You can ride it on your own or join a group tour lasting from 1 to 25 days.

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Tasmania’s Top 5 National Parks:

  • Freycinet National Park and Weinglas Bay
  • Mt Cradle National Park – Lake St Clair
  • South West National Park
  • Mount Field National Park
  • Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park

Local delicacies and stores

Due to historical events, local restaurants have long featured mostly English cuisine. But today on the island of Tasmania you can find cafes with every cuisine in the world. From traditional delicacies of the island we recommend you to try the freshest and tastiest seafood: lobsters, salmon, Atlantic trout – an exotic deep-water fish bred on local sea farms, and a variety of shellfish: mussels, oysters and abalone.

Tasmania, like Australia, is renowned for its smooth, fragrant, unctuous wine. Secretly, the best wineries are in the Tamar Valley. Sparkling drinks and local beers also hold the brand. Cascade and Boag’s brands are popular throughout the country.

King Island, part of Tasmania, is known for its cheese factories, and Hobart is home to the Cadbury chocolate factory.

Tasmanian honey is also noteworthy. It’s made from the pollen of the leatherwood shrub, Eucrifia lustre. Honey has an indescribable flavor and contains a full range of vitamins.

If you are traveling with a group, we recommend buying the Tassie Dining Card. The card gives you discounts of 15% to 50% in restaurants, bars and cafes in more than 40 cities across Tasmania. Discounts are also available at some grocery stores, liquor stores and cookeries. The card comes with a 32-page guide to restaurants in Tasmania to help you make the right choice. The card costs $39 and is valid for 30 days for a group of up to six people.

There’s plenty to see in the stores, too. Tasmania has long been isolated from civilized life, and its colonial past and passion for preserving antiques has contributed to the local flavor. In the stores you can find unique antiques, such as furniture, furnishings, silver, books, coins and porcelain. They decorate the home interior, giving it a cozy atmosphere, or become a find for collectors. Particularly in demand are furniture pieces made from exotic woods – myrtle and kauri. You do not have to worry about the delivery of a chic sofa, as most antique stores offer services for the delivery of goods abroad. We also hint that the largest antiques market is in Hobart. It is called The Antiques Market.

There are precious merino goats walking around the island, which has made Tasmania famous for its wool products. Everyone can buy woolen yarn or ready-made products.

The island is also home to many galleries of paintings, arts and crafts and folk crafts. You seem to find endless sources of inspiration here.

Tasmania Island, Australia.

Tasmania was discovered by the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in the mid-17th century and is named after him. It is washed by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The island is located 240 km south of Australia and is separated from it by Bass Strait. The island has an area of 68,401 square kilometers. The capital and largest city of the island is Hobart. Population is 495,354 (2011 data).

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It is believed that Tasmania was originally inhabited by Tasmanian aborigines (the last four pure-blooded Tasmanians were photographed in the 1860s). Findings indicating the presence of Tasmanians in this region are at least 35,000 years old. Numerous bays form the shores.

In Tasmania, 44% of the territory is covered by rain forests. There are many nature reserves (national parks protected by the state occupy 21% of the territory) and very beautiful places, which together with good infrastructure make the island a true paradise for tourists.

The island has very strict environmental controls. Even those who come from mainland Australia, Tasmania undergoes additional control. This is due to the fact that here are very rare species of animals and plants, which have long died out in other parts of the world. Such an amazing nature is due to the peculiarities of the formation of the continent and the island.

It is believed that about 250 million years ago, Tasmania, along with the rest of Australia, New Zealand, Antarctica, South America, Africa and India formed part of the huge continent Gondwana. It occupied more than half the globe, and much of it was covered by forests.

Even now, much of the island is covered by impenetrable forests, which have not yet been fully explored. Tasmania is also famous for its vineyards and orchards. On Tasmania’s east coast in the Freirent National Park, you’ll find great sandy beaches. In the park itself you can admire wildlife, fish and dolphins. The rivers are home to a large number of trout, etc.

It is believed that the island of Tasmania, about 10,000 years ago, was part of mainland Australia, and was separated from the mainland by rising ocean levels. Much of the island is made up of subducted magma, so there is a lot of diabase which has formed many mountains and cliffs, sometimes unique in their beauty and uniqueness, for example the columns of the Organ Pipes at Mount Wellington near the town of Hobart.

In the southwest, Precambrian quartzites from very old marine sediments form some strikingly sharp ridges and mountains like Federation Peak and Frenchmen’s Cal. To the northeast and east you can see granites similar to the coastal granites of mainland Australia. Mineral-rich volcanic rocks characterize the northwest and west. Limestones with magnificent caves are also found in the south and northwest.

The island has not had any volcanic activity in recent times, so the relief is dominated by isolated steep-sloping plateaus and highlands 600-1000 m high, making Tasmania the most mountainous state in Australia.

The Midlands lowland situated downstream the Macquarie River is relatively flat and used mainly for agriculture, it separates the Eastern Highland, where the highest point is Legs Tor (1572 m) from the Central Plateau (the highest point – Mount Ossa, 1617 m, which is the highest peak of the island of Tasmania.

The islands of Tasmania, as an administrative state of Australia, include King, Shuten, Satellite, Louise, Hunter, Robbins, Deel and Maraya.

Truganini, last Tasmanian The marsupial or Tasmanian devil, or marsupial devil (lat. Sarcophilus harrisii)

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