Stockholm (Sweden) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Stockholm with descriptions, guides and maps.
City of Stockholm (Sweden).
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden, its largest city and cultural center. Located in the southern part of the country on islands between Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. Stockholm is one of the most beautiful cities in Scandinavia, which is famous for its charming old center (Gamla Stan) with medieval houses, modern and innovative architecture, many magnificent museums and green parks. This is one of the most comfortable cities in Europe with wonderful cosmopolitan atmosphere.
Stockholm is often called the “Venice of the North” and it is not surprising. The inner city is situated on 14 islands connected by many bridges. Stockholm was not affected by world wars and major military conflicts, so the historic center has been preserved in excellent condition. The architecture of the old city is quite diverse and contains buildings of all ages, starting from the 13th century. Interestingly enough, 30% of Stockholm is waterways and another 30% are parks and other green pleasures.
What to do (Stockholm):
Sculptures of Stockholm.
See modern creations and understand their interaction with the city
€170 for a guided tour
The Old City: A Visit from Carlson
The secrets of ancient streets and fairy tale characters.
Geography and Climate
Stockholm is located in south-eastern Sweden on the channels connecting the Baltic Sea and Lake Mälaren. The climate is temperate maritime, influenced greatly by the warm Gulf Stream. Summers in Stockholm are cool with an average temperature of about 20 ° C. Winter is characterized by light frosts and frequent thaws.
Stockholm in winter
The inner city is divided into:
- Norrmalm – the northern district of central Stockholm, which includes the main business district with shopping centers, museums, hotels, and restaurants.
- Ostermalm – Stockholm’s eastern district, which is known for expensive housing, luxury shopping and a vibrant nightlife.
- Gamla Stan – the oldest part of Stockholm, located on the island of Stadsholmen. It is a picturesque collection of old buildings and narrow cobblestone streets.
- Södermalm – rugged island with buildings of all ages and plenty of stores, bars and restaurants.
- Kungsholmen is an island in the western part of the inner city.
Information for tourists
- Population – more than 900 thousand people.
- Area – 188 km².
- Currency – the Swedish krona.
- Language – Swedish.
- Time – UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Stockholm ranks fourth among European cities in air quality, second only to Zurich, Copenhagen and Vienna.
- Tourist Information Center is located at – Kulturhuset, Sergels Torg 5.
- Major International Airport Arlanda is located 40 kilometers north of Stockholm. From there you can get to the city by bus and train. Stockholm serves another airport – Bromma. It is located 8 km west of the city center and is used for domestic flights, including Oslo, Copenhagen, Tallinn and Brussels.
- Stockholm is an important port on the Baltic Sea. It has a regular ferry service to many major cities on the Baltic coast.
- Public transport in Stockholm is represented by subways, commuter trains, buses, high-speed streetcars and ferries. They all use a single ticket, which can be purchased in advance in SL centers, kiosks “Pressbyrån” or at tourist information offices.
- The Stockholm Metro has exactly 100 stations and is indicated by a blue “T” on a round white sign.
- Popular shopping areas include Drottninggatan, T-Hötorget (market), Norrmalmstorg, Östermalm (brand stores), Östermalmstorg (Stockholm’s best food market).
- Stockholm is a safe city. It is enough to adhere to basic safety rules and keep a close eye on your belongings.
- Tap water in Stockholm is of very high quality, so there is no reason to buy bottled water.
- North Södermalm elevation – steep view of the Swedish capital (get off at Zinkensdamm metro station, walk along Ringvägen street to the old bridge and along it to the old quarry).
- Hammarbybacken – artificial ski slope.
- Högdalstoppen – artificial hill in the southern suburbs.
- Kaknästornet – restaurant on the top floor of the observatory.
- Observation deck at the top of the Ericsson Globe arena.
In the 12th century on the site of the future capital of Sweden was a small fishing village. In 1187 on the island of Stadsholmen began to build the first fortifications and buildings of the new city. It is believed that Stockholm was founded by Earl Birger in 1252. Thanks to its favorable strategic location, the city quickly acquired an important commercial importance.
At the end of the 15th century in Stockholm, Sten Sture rebelled against the power of the Danes. In 1520 all the instigators of the rebellion were executed. By the 17th century, Stockholm had become one of the most important and largest cities in Sweden. In 1634, it became the capital of the Swedish kingdom.
After the defeat in the Great Northern War, the importance of Stockholm waned. A new round of growth and development of the Swedish capital came at the end of the 19th century, when industry development transformed it into a major trading center. Now Stockholm is one of the most important cities in Scandinavia, a center of science and culture.
Gamla Stan – the old town, which is one of the largest and best-preserved medieval urban centers in Europe and one of the main attractions of Stockholm. It is the oldest place in the city, founded in 1252. Gamla Stan is a maze of atmospheric cobblestone streets and old North German architecture.
At the center of Gamla Stan is Storget, Stockholm’s oldest square, surrounded by beautiful old merchant houses. From here begins Köpmangatan – the oldest street in Sweden’s capital, already mentioned in the 14th century. But Storreget also remembers tragic events. In 1520 the leaders of the rebellion against the Danes were executed here, who are considered heroes of the Swedish people.
The Royal Palace is one of the main attractions of Gamla Stan and one of the largest palaces in Europe. It is the official residence of the Swedish royal family (although used only for ceremonies) and contains over 600 rooms. The palace was built in the 18th century in the Italian Baroque style on the site of the castle, which burned down in 1697.
Church of St. Nicholas
The Church of St. Nicholas is considered the oldest religious building in Gamla Stan and is unofficially referred to as Stockholm Cathedral. The church was founded in the 13th century and is an important example of Scandinavian brick Gothic. It is also the seat of the Lutheran Bishop of Stockholm. The church is close to the royal palace, so important state events have taken place here throughout history: coronations, royal weddings and funerals.
The German Church (or Church of St. Gertrude) is located in Gamla Stan in an area where a large German community lived in the Middle Ages. The current building was built in the 17th century in the Gothic Revival and Baroque style on the site of a small medieval chapel. The tall 96-meter tower with a beautiful spire was completed in 1878.
Riddarholmen Church is one of the oldest buildings in Stockholm, located on the island of the same name near the royal palace. This beautiful Gothic church was founded in the 13th century and was the burial place of Swedish kings for nearly four centuries.
Church of St. Oscar
St. Oscar’s Church is one of the largest religious buildings in Stockholm, located in the southeastern part of Ostermalm. The church was built in the early 20th century in the late Gothic style.
Church of St. John
St. John’s Church is a large late Gothic brick church built in the late 19th century. It is located in the district of Norrmalm.
Drottningholm is the summer residence of the Swedish royal family, a magnificent 17th-century palace with a park, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Built in the image of Versailles.
Town Hall is one of the most famous buildings of Stockholm, completed in 1923. About 8 million bricks were used to build the town hall. The building is famous for the Blue Hall, which houses the largest organ in Scandinavia, and the Golden Hall, with 18 million mosaic tiles depicting Swedish history. The Nobel Prize is also awarded here.
Skansen is the world’s oldest open-air museum that presents historical Sweden in miniature. This is more than 150 buildings – houses, churches, schools, stores and workshops, which “tell” about everyday life and life in the country in the Middle Ages.
Vasa Museum – one of the most famous museums of Stockholm, where the main exhibit is a real battleship of the 17th century. Vasa was one of the most powerful ships of that time and the pride of the Swedish Navy. It sank on its maiden voyage 30 minutes after its ceremonial departure. The ship had lain at the bottom for 300 years and was recovered in the middle of the 20th century.
Ostermalm – the most exclusive area of the city with luxury stores, chic restaurants and antique shops.
€91 per excursion
The Story of a Shipwreck
Visit the fascinating museum of the royal ship Vasa that was salvaged from the depths of the sea
€160 per tour
Evening tour of Stockholm
Get acquainted with the city in an hour and a half and enjoy the evening illumination
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and one of the largest Scandinavian cities, known for the colorful buildings of the original color and the “Stockholm syndrome” discovered here. The name of the metropolis translates as “an island fortified with piles” or “an island on pillars. This reflects the peculiarities of the area: Stockholm, with a population of 921,000, occupies 14 islands that are connected by bridges.
Save on your trip to Stockholm!
The picturesque city lies on Lake Mälaren at its confluence with the Baltic Sea. Both world wars spared Stockholm and its magnificent buildings, preserving its Nordic flavor for travelers.
The city is home to the Riksdag, ministries and the Supreme Court, and is also the seat of the Catholic bishop. The Swedish capital has a lot to show tourists: there are more than 100 museums, churches and castles. Stockholm stores satisfy the most demanding customer. Fans of “nightlife” will not be disappointed.
The streets of Stockholm Strandvägen Embankment The statue in the background on Riddarholmen Island
From castle to major city
Stockholm was first mentioned in historical chronicles in 1252. The founder is considered Jarl Birger – known as the “king without a name. Under his leadership, a fortress grew on the island of Stadholmen. The location was so good that trade flourished in these places. But the locals did not live quietly – in the XV century there was a rebellion. Rebels called on Sweden to secede from Denmark. But the uprising failed, and its leaders were executed.
In 1634 the city has the proud status – it was named the capital of the Swedish kingdom. In the XIX century, Stockholm occupied 14 islands. In the XIX century the population of Stockholm jumped from 75,000 to 300,000 people, which led to a number of social problems: before 1861 the city had no sewage, and he was almost the dirtiest city in Europe. But today Stockholm is one of the most beautiful and cleanest capitals in the world. In the city and its surroundings live about 1.6 million people.
Among the important milestones of the city’s development is the establishment of the Nobel Prize Award ceremony in the early 20th century. You can learn about the history of the city thanks to the exhibits collected in the Historical Museum. Much of it is devoted to the medieval history of the settlement.
Stockholm 1693 View of Stockholm from a hot-air balloon. 1868 Traffic jams in 1925
Getting to know the center
The central and oldest district, Gamla Stan (Old City), sits on three islands. Here you’ll find the Bunde Mansion, the Elders’ House, the German Church – the most famous buildings in the city. The main pride of the area is the Royal Palace. Nearby are the Armory and the Treasury. Also here is the Nobel Museum and the Knight’s House.
The center of the ancient district is the Great Square. Here in the 15th century was a mass execution due to a rebellion. It is said that the number of white stones on the facade of the red building corresponds to the number of victims. In addition to the famous sights, in the center you can look at the narrowest street. Its width is only 90 cm.
Famous sights of the capital
The pride of Stockholm – the Royal Palace. The building was designed by a representative of the Scandinavian Baroque, the Swedish architect Tessin Jr. This is the largest operating residence in the world, so tourists do not have access to all the rooms of the palace. But what they do get to see is impressive: the state regalia in the treasury, antique military equipment in the Armory, and the chic furnishings of the rooms. The changing of the guard is also regularly observed – daily at 12:15, and on Sunday at 13:15.
St. Nicholas Church in Stockholm
Do you want to touch the oldest structure? The first stone building is the Church of St. Nicholas – it was erected in 1264. Inside – a huge hall, impressive height of the vaults, many benches. Even the handles with Masonic symbols speak of the antiquity. This is the main cathedral of the country, and to this day here is the coronation of Swedish monarchs. There is a statue of St. George the Victorious made of oak, as well as his relics. On the occasion of holidays the church is decorated, for example, for Christmas there are installations with biblical themes. At the entrance you can buy a short booklet, including one in Russian. From time to time, St. Nicholas Church hosts organ music concerts. Together with the Royal Palace, the temple forms a remarkable composition.
Near the cathedral are two other landmarks – the Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Nobel Library. In the same building as the “temple of knowledge” is the Nobel Museum. All the exhibits resonate with the most prestigious award. You can find out information about Alfred Nobel, Nobel Prize winners and their works.
Interior of St. Nicholas Church Building of the Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm Nobel Museum in Stockholm Stockholm City Hall
A symbol of Stockholm is the Stockholm City Hall, located on Kungsholm Island. This place is associated with Nobel Prize winners – banquets and balls in honor of the famous prize are held here. Today the building is occupied by the City Council and the Central City Administration. First look at the Town Hall should be seen from a distance. The building with the tower, where the three royal crowns are decorating, looks majestic. The building stands on the shore of pristine Lake Mälaren, where rainbow trout live. There is a patio adjacent to the twentieth-century building. On the 106-meter tower there is an observation deck, which is open from May to September.
Golden Hall of the Town Hall
The main hall of the Town Hall is made of handmade brick, and its area is comparable with the size of a soccer field (1600 square meters). There is a powerful organ with 10 thousand pipes in the building, there is also a Golden panel with images of historical subjects. There are excursions in Swedish and Russian.
Another “classic” attraction is the Knight’s House. This building is considered the most beautiful in Stockholm. It was erected in the XVII century. The hall is made in the style of the late Renaissance. The statues that decorate the building symbolize virtue. In past centuries, the Upper House of Parliament met here, and today three times a year, the nobility of Sweden meets here.
The Royal Opera House in Stockholm
Visit the elegant hall of the Stockholm Opera as well. In its decoration, it rivals the palaces of Sweden’s monarchs. The majestic hall for up to a thousand guests, framed by patterns and sculptures from the XVIII century. The gold foyer is astonishing with its shimmering crystal.