Step-by-Step Guide to Planting & Growing Taro (Colocasia esculenta)

Taro, scientifically known as Colocasia esculenta, is a tropical plant that is popular for its starchy tuberous roots. It is commonly found in Southeast Asia, Africa, and Polynesia, and is a staple food in many cultures. Taro is not only versatile in the kitchen, but it is also a beautiful addition to any garden or landscape.

If you are interested in growing your own taro, this step-by-step guide will walk you through the process from planting to harvesting. Whether you have a large garden or a small patio, taro can be grown in containers or in the ground. Just follow these simple steps and you’ll be enjoying your own fresh taro in no time.

Step 1: Prepare the Soil

Before planting taro, it’s important to prepare the soil. Taro prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Start by clearing the area of any weeds or debris. Loosen the soil with a garden fork or tiller, and amend it with compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility. Taro also thrives in slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 6.5, so consider testing your soil and adjusting the pH if needed.

Continue reading the article on Gardening Advice to learn more about the remaining steps for planting and growing taro.

Selecting the Right Location

When it comes to planting and growing taro, selecting the right location is crucial for the success of your crop. Taro plants thrive in warm and humid climates, making them well-suited for tropical and subtropical regions. Here are some factors to consider when choosing the right location for your taro plantation:

Sunlight Choose a location that receives ample sunlight. Taro plants require at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. Avoid planting them in areas that are heavily shaded or prone to long periods of darkness.
Soil Taro plants prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should be loose and friable, allowing the roots to penetrate and spread easily. Avoid areas with heavy clay soil or soil that retains too much water, as it can cause root rot.
Water Taro plants require a consistent supply of water throughout the growing season. Therefore, it is important to select a location with access to a reliable water source. Avoid areas with poor drainage or that are prone to flooding, as excessive water can cause the tubers to rot.
Temperature Taro plants thrive in warm temperatures between 75°F and 95°F (24°C and 35°C). It is important to choose a location where the temperature is consistently within this range. Avoid areas that experience extreme temperatures or frequent fluctuations, as it can negatively impact taro growth and tuber formation.
Wind Although taro plants can tolerate some wind, excessive wind can cause the leaves to shred and the plants to become stunted. Therefore, it is advisable to select a location that is well-protected from strong winds, such as near a windbreak or surrounded by other tall plants or structures.
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By considering these factors and selecting the right location for your taro plantation, you can provide optimal growing conditions for your plants and ensure a successful harvest.

Preparing the Soil

Before planting taro, it is important to prepare the soil to create the ideal growing conditions for this root vegetable.

1. Location and Sunlight

Choose a location that receives full sunlight or partial shade, as taro plants thrive in these conditions. Ensure that the area is protected from strong winds, as they can damage the plants.

2. Soil Type

2. Soil Type

Taro plants prefer soil that is well-draining and rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH for growing taro is slightly acidic to neutral, between 5.5 and 7.0. Conduct a soil test to determine the pH level and amend the soil as necessary.

If the soil is compacted, it is beneficial to loosen it up by adding organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure. This will improve drainage and help the roots establish more easily.

3. Clearing and Digging

Clear the area of any weeds, rocks, or debris to give the taro plants a clean and clear space to grow. Start by removing any existing vegetation and then use a shovel or fork to dig the soil to a depth of around 12 to 18 inches.

Break up any clumps of soil and remove large rocks or roots that may hinder the growth of the taro plants.

4. Adding Amendments

Based on the results of your soil test, add any necessary amendments to improve the soil quality. This may include adding organic matter, such as compost, to improve fertility and enhance moisture retention.

Note: It is important to consult the soil test results or seek advice from a local gardening expert to determine the appropriate amendments for your specific soil conditions.

Once the amendments have been added, mix them thoroughly with the existing soil to ensure an even distribution.

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5. Watering

After preparing the soil, water the area thoroughly to settle it and ensure that it is evenly moist. This will help create a favorable environment for the taro plants’ root development.

Keep in mind that taro plants require consistent moisture, so it is important to maintain regular watering throughout the growing season.

By properly preparing the soil, you are setting the foundation for healthy taro plants that will produce an abundant harvest of this tasty and nutritious root vegetable.

Choosing and Preparing Taro Tubers

When it comes to planting and growing taro, choosing the right tubers is crucial to ensure a successful harvest. Here are some guidelines for selecting and preparing taro tubers:

Step Action
1 Choose healthy tubers: Look for taro tubers that are firm and free from any signs of decay or damage. Select tubers that are medium to large in size, as smaller tubers may not produce as well.
2 Inspect the skin: The skin of the taro tubers should be smooth and free from blemishes or cuts. Avoid tubers with wrinkled or discolored skin, as these may indicate rot or disease.
3 Check for eyes: Taro tubers should have visible eyes or buds, which are small indents on the surface. These eyes will sprout and develop into new plants.
4 Prepare the tubers: Before planting, it’s important to prepare the taro tubers. Start by soaking them in water for a few hours to hydrate them. Then, remove any excess soil or roots attached to the tubers.
5 Cut large tubers: If you have large tubers, you can cut them into pieces, making sure that each piece has at least one eye. This will allow you to plant multiple taro plants from a single tuber.
6 Treat with fungicide: To prevent fungal diseases, you can treat the cut surfaces of the tubers with a fungicide. This will help protect the tubers and promote healthy growth.

Following these steps will help you choose and prepare taro tubers for planting, ensuring a successful start to your taro growing journey.

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Planting Taro

Planting taro requires careful preparation and consideration of the right growing conditions. Here are the steps to successfully plant and grow taro:

Step 1: Choose the Right Location

Taro plants thrive in warm and tropical climates with temperatures between 68°F to 90°F (20°C to 32°C). Select a location in your garden that receives full sun or partial shade.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Taro grows best in well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Choose a spot with fertile soil and ensure it is loose and crumbly. Amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve fertility and drainage.

Step 3: Plant Taro Corms

Plant taro corms in the prepared soil, ensuring they are spaced about 2-3 feet apart. Place the corms horizontally in the soil, with the rounded end facing upwards and the pointy end facing downwards.

For container planting, choose a large container with drainage holes and fill it with well-draining potting mix. Plant one taro corm per container.

Step 4: Watering

Keep the taro plants consistently moist by watering them regularly. Taro plants require plenty of water, especially during dry spells or hot weather. Avoid overwatering as it can lead to rotting of the corms.

Step 5: Mulching and Fertilizing

Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the taro plants to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. Additionally, fertilize the plants with a balanced fertilizer every few weeks to promote healthy growth.

Follow these steps and with proper care and maintenance, you’ll soon be enjoying a bountiful harvest of taro!

Maintaining Taro Plants

Once you have successfully planted your taro plants, it is important to maintain them properly to ensure their healthy growth and productivity. Here are some key steps to follow:



Taro plants require a consistently moist soil to thrive. Water them regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil evenly moist. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot. Mulching the soil around the plants can help retain moisture and prevent weed growth.


Applying fertilizer to your taro plants is crucial for their healthy growth. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer that is rich in organic matter. Apply it every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Be careful not to overfertilize, as this can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of tuber development.

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Weed Control

Weed Control

Keeping the area around your taro plants weed-free is important, as weeds can compete with the plants for nutrients and water. Regularly remove any weeds that appear, taking care not to damage the plants’ shallow roots.

Pest and Disease Management

Pest and Disease Management

Monitor your taro plants regularly for any signs of pests or diseases. The most common pests that affect taro plants include aphids, slugs, and snails. Use appropriate organic pest control methods to manage them. Common diseases that affect taro plants include leaf blight and corm rot. Ensure proper plant spacing and good air circulation to prevent disease outbreaks. If necessary, use fungicides approved for taro plants.


Harvesting taro plants can usually be done when the leaves start to turn yellow and die back. Carefully dig up the tubers using a garden fork or spade. Rinse off the soil and store the tubers in a cool, dark place with good ventilation. Use harvested taro tubers within a few weeks for best flavor and quality.

By following these maintenance steps, you can ensure the healthy and productive growth of your taro plants. With proper care, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious taro tubers for culinary use.


– [Taro Plant Care Guide](

– [Common Taro Pests and Diseases](

– [How to Harvest and Store Taro](

– [Fertilizing Your Garden](


What is taro?

Taro, also known as Colocasia esculenta, is a tropical plant that is grown for its edible tubers. It is a staple food in many cultures and has a starchy texture with a nutty flavor.

How do I plant taro?

To plant taro, you will need to start with a healthy tuber and choose a location with moist and fertile soil. Plant the tuber in a shallow hole and cover it with soil. Keep the soil consistently moist and provide the plant with partial shade. Within a few weeks, you should start to see new leaves emerging.


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Great guide! I’ve always been interested in growing my own taro, and your step-by-step instructions were really helpful. I appreciate how you broke down the process into manageable steps, making it easy for beginners like me to follow along. The tips on choosing the right location and preparing the soil were particularly useful. I also liked that you included information on when and how to harvest the taro, as that’s something I wasn’t familiar with. The pictures were a nice touch and helped to visualize each step. One thing that would have been a nice addition is a troubleshooting section, with common problems that may arise during the growing process and how to solve them. Overall, this was a fantastic guide and I can’t wait to start growing my own taro!

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As a female reader, I found this step-by-step guide to planting and growing taro (Colocasia esculenta) extremely helpful. The article provided clear instructions, making it easy for me to follow along and start my own taro garden. I appreciated the detailed information on choosing the right location for my taro plants. The article explained that taro prefers a warm and humid climate, as well as rich soil. This was great advice, as I live in a region with these conditions and now feel confident that I can successfully grow taro. The guide also discussed the importance of preparing the soil before planting taro. It advised me to add organic matter like compost to improve the soil’s fertility and drainage. This was a useful tip, as it will help ensure the health and proper growth of my taro plants. I enjoyed learning about the different methods of propagating taro, such as using corms or suckers. The article explained the steps involved in each method, which allowed me to choose the one that suited me best. The clear instructions and accompanying images made it easy for me to understand and visualize the process. Furthermore, the tips on watering, fertilizing, and mulching taro were essential for me as a beginner gardener. The article stressed the importance of providing consistent moisture to the plants without overwatering. It also provided recommendations on suitable fertilizers and the benefits of mulching. I will definitely keep these tips in mind to ensure the well-being of my taro plants. Overall, I found this step-by-step guide to planting and growing taro extremely informative and user-friendly. It has given me the confidence to start my own taro garden, and I can’t wait to see the results. Thank you for providing such valuable information!

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