Are you interested in adding a beautiful aquatic plant to your garden or pond? Look no further than the common arrowhead! Also known by its scientific name Sagittaria latifolia, this versatile plant is native to North America and can be found in wetlands, marshes, and along the edges of lakes and ponds.

The common arrowhead is a perennial plant that features vibrant green leaves shaped like an arrowhead (hence the name) and delicate white flowers. Its attractive appearance, along with its ability to improve water quality by filtering excess nutrients, makes it a popular choice for water gardens and natural filtration systems.

In this step-by-step guide, we will take you through the process of planting and growing common arrowhead, from choosing the right location to caring for the plant as it matures. By following these simple steps, you’ll be able to enjoy the beauty of this aquatic plant in your own outdoor space.

How to Plant and Grow Common Arrowhead: Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Prepare the Pot or Pond

Choose a pot or a suitable location in your garden to grow the common arrowhead. If you prefer growing it in a pot, make sure it is large enough to accommodate the plant’s growth. If you choose to grow it in a pond or water garden, ensure that the pond is at least 12 inches deep and receives partial or full sunlight.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Common arrowhead prefers a sandy soil that is rich in organic matter. Make sure the soil is well-draining to prevent waterlogging. If you are growing it in a pot, fill the pot with a mixture of sandy soil and compost, leaving some space at the top.

Step 3: Plant the Common Arrowhead Rhizomes

Take the arrowhead rhizomes, which are fleshy, horizontal stems, and plant them in the prepared pot or pond. Ensure that the rhizomes are covered with about an inch of soil. Space the rhizomes at least 12 inches apart if you are planting them in a pot.

Step 4: Provide Adequate Water

Since the common arrowhead thrives in wet conditions, it is important to keep the soil consistently moist. If you are growing it in a pot, water it regularly to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. If you are growing it in a pond, make sure the water level is always at an appropriate height.

Step 5: Provide Partial to Full Sunlight

Common arrowhead requires at least six hours of sunlight daily to grow well. Place the pot or position the pond in an area that receives partial to full sunlight. This will aid in the growth and development of the plant.

Step 6: Fertilize Occasionally

While common arrowhead does not require frequent fertilization, you can apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer once a year in the spring to promote healthy growth.

Step 7: Control Weeds and Pests

Regularly remove any weeds that may grow near the common arrowhead to prevent them from competing for resources. Additionally, keep an eye out for pests such as aphids and snails, and take appropriate measures to control them if necessary.

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Step 8: Harvest if Desired

If you wish to harvest the edible tubers produced by the common arrowhead, carefully dig them out of the soil in late summer or early fall. Make sure to replant some tubers to allow the plant to regrow for the next season.

Follow these steps, and you will be well on your way to successfully planting and growing common arrowhead!

Choosing the Right Location

When it comes to planting and growing common arrowhead, choosing the right location is crucial for the plant’s health and overall growth. Here are some important tips to consider:

1. Sunlight: Common arrowhead plants thrive best in full to partial sun. Look for a location in your garden that receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Avoid planting them in areas with excessive shade as it can weaken the plant and hinder its growth.

2. Water Source: These aquatic plants require a constant water source. Look for a location near a pond, lake, or slow-moving stream. Make sure the water is clean and free from contamination, as polluted water can negatively impact the plant’s health.

3. Soil Type: Common arrowhead plants prefer growing in moist soil that is rich in organic matter. They can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil. However, avoid planting them in waterlogged or heavy clay soil as it can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases.

4. pH Level: The ideal soil pH for common arrowhead plants is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0). Test your soil’s pH level using a soil testing kit and adjust it if necessary by adding soil amendments like lime or sulfur.

5. Protection from Wildlife: Common arrowhead plants are often attractive to ducks, geese, and other waterfowl. If you have a large population of these birds in your area, consider protecting your plants with bird netting or other forms of deterrents to prevent them from damaging the plants.

6. Climate: Common arrowhead plants are generally hardy in USDA zones 5-11. Consider your local climate and ensure that it is suitable for growing these plants. If you live in a colder region, you may need to bring the plants indoors during winter or provide additional protection to prevent freezing.

By carefully selecting the right location for your common arrowhead plants, you can ensure their successful growth and enjoy their beauty in your garden or aquatic landscape.

Preparing the Soil

Preparing the Soil

Before planting common arrowhead, it’s important to prepare the soil to provide the best conditions for growth. Here are the steps to follow:

1. Choose the right location

Select a location for your common arrowhead plants that receives full sun to partial shade. The plants thrive in wetland areas, so if possible, choose a low-lying area near a pond or stream where the soil stays moist.

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2. Clear the area

2. Clear the area

Remove any existing vegetation, weeds, or rocks from the planting area. The arrowhead plants require space and nutrients to grow, so it’s important to clear the area thoroughly. Use a rake or shovel to clear the debris.

3. Loosen the soil

Arrowhead plants prefer loamy soil that is well-draining but still retains enough moisture. Loosen the soil in the planting area using a garden fork or tiller. This will improve the soil’s structure and allow the roots of the arrowhead plants to penetrate easily.

4. Amend the soil

If the soil in your chosen location is heavy clay or sandy, you may need to amend it with organic matter to improve its quality. Mix in compost, well-rotted manure, or peat moss to increase the soil’s fertility and ability to retain moisture.

5. Test the soil pH

5. Test the soil pH

Common arrowhead plants prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil. Test the soil pH using a soil testing kit or send a sample to a local agricultural extension office for analysis. If the pH is too high or too low, adjust it accordingly by adding sulfur or lime.

6. Create a planting bed

Create a planting bed that is at least 6 inches deep and large enough to accommodate the desired number of arrowhead plants. This will ensure sufficient space for root growth and proper establishment.

7. Prepare a water source

Since arrowhead plants require consistently moist soil, it’s essential to have a water source nearby. Consider installing a soaker hose or irrigation system to provide regular watering.

Soil Preparation Checklist:
Choose the right location
Clear the area
Loosen the soil
Amend the soil if necessary
Test the soil pH
Create a planting bed
Prepare a water source

Planting the Arrowhead Tubers

Planting the Arrowhead Tubers

Planting arrowhead tubers is a simple process that requires minimal effort. Follow these steps to ensure successful growth:

  1. Choose a location: Select a spot in your garden or pond that receives full sun to partial shade.
  2. Prepare the soil: Arrowhead plants prefer sandy or loamy soil. Remove any weeds or grass from the planting area and loosen the soil with a garden fork or tiller.
  3. Soak the tubers: Place the arrowhead tubers in a bowl of warm water for a few hours before planting. This will help hydrate the tubers and encourage faster growth.
  4. Dig holes: Dig small holes in the prepared soil, ensuring they are deep enough to accommodate the tubers. Space the holes about 18 to 24 inches apart to allow enough room for growth.
  5. Plant the tubers: Place one tuber in each hole, making sure the pointed end is facing up. Cover the tubers with soil, gently patting it down to secure the plants.
  6. Water the area: After planting the tubers, water the area thoroughly to help settle the soil and provide the plants with the necessary moisture.
  7. Maintain moisture: Arrowhead plants thrive in wet or marshy conditions, so be sure to keep the soil consistently moist. Water the plants regularly, especially during dry periods.
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By following these steps, you can ensure that your arrowhead tubers have the best chance of thriving and producing beautiful foliage and flowers.

Providing Adequate Watering

Proper watering is essential for the healthy growth of common arrowhead plants. These plants thrive in wet or marshy conditions, so it’s important to provide them with sufficient water. Here are some guidelines to follow:

1. Keep the soil moist

1. Keep the soil moist

Common arrowhead plants require consistently moist soil. Aim to keep the soil damp but not waterlogged. Check the moisture level regularly by inserting your finger into the soil. If it feels dry, it’s time to water.

2. Water deeply

When watering, make sure to water deeply. This means watering until the soil is soaked all the way through. Shallow watering can lead to shallow root growth and weak plants.

3. Use the right watering technique

To avoid waterlogging the soil, it’s best to water common arrowhead plants from the bottom. Fill a tray or saucer with water and place the plant container in it. This allows the roots to soak up the water they need while preventing excessive moisture on the leaves.

Caution: Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems. Make sure to only provide adequate water and avoid letting the plant sit in standing water.

By following these watering guidelines, you can ensure that your common arrowhead plants have the optimal conditions for growth.


What is the best time of year to plant common arrowhead?

The best time to plant common arrowhead is in the spring, after the last frost has passed and the soil has warmed up.

What kind of soil does common arrowhead prefer?

Common arrowhead prefers to grow in rich, organic soil that is moist and well-drained.

How deep should I plant the common arrowhead tubers?

When planting common arrowhead tubers, they should be planted about 1-2 inches deep in the soil.

Can I grow common arrowhead in a container?

Yes, common arrowhead can be grown in a container as long as the container is large enough to accommodate the plant’s mature size and has enough water to keep the soil consistently moist.

How long does it take for common arrowhead to flower?

Common arrowhead typically flowers in the summer, about 2-3 months after planting.


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This step-by-step guide on planting and growing Common Arrowhead is incredibly helpful! As a male gardener, I found it easy to follow and understand. The article provides detailed instructions on how to plant the Sagittaria latifolia, commonly known as the Common Arrowhead, which is a beautiful aquatic perennial plant. I appreciate that the guide starts with tips on choosing the right location for planting. It emphasizes the need for full sun to partial shade, as well as a soil that is sandy or loamy. This information is crucial for successful growth and a healthy plant. The article then proceeds to outline the process of planting the Common Arrowhead. It suggests starting with crowns or rhizomes that can be obtained from a garden center or online. The step-by-step instructions, complete with illustrations, make it easy for beginners like me to follow along. Furthermore, the guide provides invaluable tips on maintaining the plant. It explains the importance of keeping the soil consistently moist to replicate the natural habitats of the Common Arrowhead. Regular fertilization is also recommended to promote healthy growth. What sets this guide apart is its attention to detail and troubleshooting. It informs readers about potential pests and diseases that may affect the Common Arrowhead and offers solutions to combat them. Overall, I found this step-by-step guide on planting and growing Common Arrowhead to be an invaluable resource. The clear instructions, helpful illustrations, and additional tips make it an essential read for anyone interested in cultivating this beautiful aquatic plant. I highly recommend it to fellow male gardeners and anyone looking to add a touch of natural beauty to their backyard.

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As an avid plant enthusiast, I found this guide on planting and growing Common Arrowhead extremely informative and helpful. The step-by-step instructions provided a clear understanding of the process, making it easy for someone like me to follow along. I particularly appreciated the detailed description of the ideal growing conditions for Common Arrowhead, including the preference for shallow, freshwater environments with full sun exposure. The tips on soil composition and the need for occasional flooding were also valuable insights. The article emphasized the importance of proper planting techniques, such as burying the tubers in the soil and spacing them appropriately. This kind of practical advice is essential for ensuring the success of any gardening endeavor. Moreover, the guide’s section on maintenance and care was comprehensive and thoughtful. From watering and fertilizing to pruning and pest control, it covered all the necessary aspects of nurturing Common Arrowhead plants. I especially found the information on managing the plant’s spreading habits and controlling weed growth extremely useful. Overall, this step-by-step guide provided all the information I needed to start growing Common Arrowhead in my garden. I am confident that with the help of this article, I will be able to create a beautiful and thriving aquatic environment for these fascinating plants. I highly recommend it to anyone interested in adding a touch of natural elegance to their outdoor space.


This step-by-step guide on planting and growing common arrowhead is incredibly helpful for anyone interested in adding this beautiful aquatic plant to their garden. The detailed instructions provided make the process seem so easy and accessible. I particularly appreciate the emphasis on selecting a suitable location for planting, as this has a significant impact on the plant’s growth and overall health. The article’s suggestion to choose a sunny spot with partial shade and fertile soil is a great tip that I will definitely keep in mind when planting my arrowheads. The instructions on preparing the planting area are clear and easy to follow. I love how the article highlights the importance of removing any existing weeds or debris to ensure the arrowheads have ample space to grow and thrive. Additionally, the recommendation to loosen the soil and create a small depression for planting is a useful tip that I will definitely utilize. The information provided on planting depth and spacing is also incredibly valuable. I appreciate knowing that the arrowhead corms should be planted about 2-4 inches deep and spaced around 12-24 inches apart. This will help me ensure that my plants have enough room to spread and establish themselves properly. Lastly, the article’s instructions on watering and maintaining the plants are crucial for their long-term success. The reminder to keep the soil consistently moist, without overwatering, is a helpful reminder. I also appreciate the advice to provide additional moisture during dry spells and to regularly remove any dead foliage. Overall, this step-by-step guide has equipped me with all the necessary information to successfully plant and grow common arrowhead in my garden. I can’t wait to see these beautiful aquatic plants flourishing and adding a touch of elegance to my outdoor space. Thank you for this informative article!

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Great article! As a nature enthusiast, I’ve always been intrigued by aquatic plants, and the Common Arrowhead has caught my attention. This step-by-step guide provides such valuable information on how to plant and grow this beautiful plant. The article starts off by explaining the ideal conditions for growing Common Arrowhead, such as full sun and wet soil, which is really helpful for beginners like me. I found the section on preparing the planting area particularly insightful. It suggests removing any weeds or grass and digging a shallow hole for the rhizome. The step-by-step instructions make it easy to follow along and understand the process. The article also goes into detail about watering and fertilizing the plant. I appreciate the emphasis on keeping the soil consistently moist, especially during the hot summer months. The tips on using organic fertilizers and avoiding chemicals are great for those looking to grow the plant in a more natural and eco-friendly way. Another aspect I found interesting was the part about controlling pests and diseases. The article provides useful tips on how to prevent problems like aphids and leaf spot. I think this is essential information for anyone looking to grow Common Arrowhead successfully. Overall, this step-by-step guide is a comprehensive resource for anyone interested in planting and growing Common Arrowhead. The clear instructions and helpful tips make it accessible for beginners, while the in-depth information ensures that even experienced gardeners can benefit from this article. I can’t wait to start my own Common Arrowhead garden and enjoy its beauty in my backyard.