South Asia in the palm of your hand: a trip to Malaysia
The South Asian culture of Malaysia is able to open a bright world of traditions and a lot of interesting things to travelers from all over the world . The main features of this destination are tropical beaches, unique temples, amazing nature and local entertainment. This country is not only beautiful from the outside, but also very economical to rest! So it is worth considering this wonderful place to all those who want an unforgettable and very economical vacation abroad!
Basic information about Malaysia
The country of Malaysia stretches across the continent of Southeast Asia, and is divided into two parts, “Western” and “Eastern”. The state is divided in two by the South China Sea. The western part of the country is called Malaya and the eastern part is called Sarawak. Also in common parlance, the Malay call the northern part of the state – “Sabah. The country borders with Brunei, Kalimantan, Indonesia and Philippines. The capital cities of Malaysia are Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya. The population of the entire country is 33,080,841 as of 2021. The local people are unevenly distributed between the two parts of the state. Most of the indigenous Malaysians occupy the peninsular part of the country. Among the inhabitants of Malaysia, 70% of the local people are Malay. About 60% are Bumiputra “Austronesian people”. Among the ethnic groups of the inhabitants, 12% are the indigenous Orang Asli tribe. Also among the racial composition: Ibans 30%, Chinese 25% and Indians 10%. In religion, the country allows complete freedom of choice. But according to statistics, 63% of the inhabitants are Muslim. The rest is 22% Buddhism, 11% Christianity, 8% Hinduism, 5%-6% other religions. The main language in the country is Malaysian. The second language in Malaysia is English. Also some people, including Hindus and Chinese, speak their own national languages.
Basic information about Malaysia
Geographic position of the state
Malaysia is divided into two parts of the country, which makes the geographical landscape different. The maritime borders of Malaysia are connected with the other states of Singapore, Vietnam and the Philippines. The peninsular part of the country occupies 40% of the territory. A mountain range runs through the central part of the island territory. Warm bays with comfortable beaches stretch along the west coast of Malaysia. The eastern part of the country has a coastline . A mountain range lies near the border with Indonesia. Malaysia itself is considered a mountainous country with different soils. The country has a river network and lakes with fresh water. The national flora and fauna from the point of view of biologists is very diverse. More than 200 species of mammals, more than 230 species of reptiles, 150 species of reptiles and a huge number of birds and insects live in the forests, mountains and tropics of the state. It is also worth noting the tropical plants, which amount to more than 8,000 species. Also the variety of trees is more than 2000 species. Climate in Malaysia is rather hot and humid.
Inexpensive Hotels in Malaysia
Choose a hotel in the country is the most interesting task for travelers, especially when the prices are very attractive! This state has a large selection of good hotels and comfortable hotels. Among the best and very economical options are leading these destinations:
- Ritz Garden Hotel Lumut
- Oceania Hotel Kota Kinabalu
- Lot 10 Boutique Hotel Kuching
- Hotel Vevo Puchong
- Country Hotel Klang
- Hotel Taiping Perdana
- U Hotel Penang Penang
- Museum Hotel Penang
- Harbour View Hotel Kuching
- Hotel Pi Ipoh
- Telang Usan Hotel Kuching
Inexpensive Hotels in Malaysia
- Hotel ASRC
- Hotel Furama Taiping
- Hotel China Town Inn Kuala Lumpur
- G Langkawi Motel
- V Garden Hotel
- OYO 985 Hotel Nur
- I Leaf Boutique Hotel
- OYO 89961 2 Inn 1 Boutique Hotel & Spa
- Terra Nova Hotel Melaka
- pacific express hotel Central Market
- Creator Hotel
- Memoire Hornbill Hotel
- Legend Inn Taiping
- Sipadan Inn 2
- de Elements Business Hotel
- Ceria Hotel
Inexpensive Hotels in Malaysia
Traditional Malaysian cuisine is made up of international recipes that are characteristic of the country’s locals. Because of the ethnic composition of the inhabitants as well as of the neighboring countries, the cuisines of China, India, Indonesia, and Thailand can be traced. But in spite of this fact, Malaysia has enough of its own national dishes! Rice and noodle products are widely used in the country as the main source of side dishes. Different variations of dishes and cooking methods are made of rice. All dishes are well seasoned with aromatic spices of curry, chili pepper, ginger, garlic, lemon juice, kaffir, galangal and other seasonings. Coconut milk, cloves, coriander, cardamom, cumin, and anise may also be present in many dishes. Due to the variety of spices, fruit juices and aromatic herbs each dish will be different in taste. The Malays themselves are used to eating spicy, sweet and sour food. But it is worth noting that all the dishes of Malaysian cuisine have their own tradition and religion. In this country there are Muslims who do not eat pork and do not drink alcohol! The separate Islamic cuisine of the Malays does not contain these ingredients. That can’t be said about other people, like the Malay Chinese, who eat everything! There are Buddhists among the people, as well as Hindus, who do not eat meat of animals and prefer vegetarian cuisine. That’s why the cuisine of Malaysia is quite diverse! The basic national cuisine products are: rice, noodles, vegetables, fruits, eggs, flour, seafood, fish, spices, cheeses, plant shoots, meat, and poultry. For dessert various sweets are usually made of bananas, pineapples, mangoes and pomelos. Cookies, pastries, yogurts, jams, ice cream and other kinds of sweets are made from tropical fruits. In the beverage category, fruit juices, morses, smoothies, tea, and coffee are in demand. Rice wine, vodka and brandy are the hot drinks. Also locally produced beer can be found.
Attractions of the country
One of the best privileges of traveling in Malaysia are the vivid sights ! In the state you can see a lot of interesting things, buy original things, try a unique massage, immerse yourself in nature and look at unusual temples. And among the items listed are still little things, because the main attractions are waiting ahead! And these are:
- “Batu” cave temples.
- High towers “Petronas”
- Nature Park “Niah”
- Sungai Snake Temple.
- Malaysian Crystal Mosque
- Kinabalu High Peak
- Putra Water Mosque
- One of the best parks “Sunway Lagoon
- National Zoo of Malaysia
Attractions of the country
- Kek Lok Si Buddhist Temple
- Menara TV Tower Kuala Lumpur
- Negara People’s Mosque
- Ancient Jamek Mosque
- Sunni “Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque
- High Statue of Hindu Deity “Lord Murugan Statue
- Persekutuan Wilayat Main Mosque
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque
- Kuala Lumpur Bird Park
- The Ancient Fortress of Afamosa
- National Visual Arts Gallery (Malaysia)
- Langkawi Skycab Bridge
- Tun Mustapha Tower
- Thean Hou Temple, a six-tiered temple
- Penang Hill Resort
- Kellies Castle
Attractions of the country
- The Former National Palace Istana Negara, Jalan Istana
- Kuala Lumpur National Textile Museum
- Malacca Zoo
- The Largest Government Museum in Malaysia
- National Planetarium Negara
- Sabah Sabah State Mosque
- Chinatown Petaling Street
- Legoland Malaysia Resort Theme Park
- Payar Island in Kedah
- “Gurney Drive, George Town
- Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre
- “Teluk Cempedak Beach
- The revered Zahir Mosque
- Gunung Mulu National Park
- Tempurung Cave in Gopeng
- Berjaya Times Square Theme Park
- Tengku Tengah Zaharah Mosque
- Malacca Straits Mosque on the Island
- Tunnel of Time” Museum of Memorabilia
- Maritime Museum (Malaysia)
- Historical Palace of Malacca Sultans
Attractions of the country
More than 500 other fun and interesting things to see and do in the country!
The national currency is the “Malaysian Ringgit” – “MYR”. The country is quite developed payment system, as well as accepted as currency of U.S. dollars. To pay for goods, services, cafes, and other things it is better to use your local currency! But if travelers do not want to spend money on exchange fees, you can negotiate a purchase for dollars! It is also worth noting that in the country you can also pay in rubles by multicurrency card Visa, MasterCard or American Express. But in some places of payment a small commission will be charged! Anyway in Malaysia you can pay according to your own convenience and the country gets a good endowment!
The level of security in the country
Malaysia – is considered one of the safest countries for tourists. The statistics of crime, crime and disorderly conduct does not exceed 2% of 100%. In tourist areas a lot of police, and resorts and hotels are always under guard. But there are rules and little nuances which are worth knowing for tourists!
- To visit the country is required to have the necessary vaccinations.
- Female travelers should be wary of Chinese hotels, which are brothels.
- The beaches of Malaysia are considered safe near the shoreline. Beyond the shore, however, there are strong currents and poisonous sea creatures!
- It is forbidden to bring up religion, politics, and pointing fingers at locals in the country!
- It is dangerous for tourists to wander through the jungle and mountain (non-tourist) areas! There are poisonous snakes and insects in Malaysia!
The level of security in the country
The country can attract many due to its unconventional tastes, rainbow culture, incredible constructions, wonderful nature reserves, colorful cuisine and impressive amusement parks! This place will give everyone who wants an economical vacation with a lot of diverse sensations!
Malaysia is one of the most developed Asian countries, which is divided into island and continental part. As its territory, the country can be divided into two dramatically different worlds: futuristic skyscrapers of Kuala Lumpur here neighbors with the pristine nature of Kalimantan, modern shopping centers – with traditional markets, fashionable resorts – with original villages. Whatever the aims of a trip to Malaysia, it will in any case be rich and fascinating.
Geographical position of Malaysia
The state is located in Southeast Asia. Many residents of Western countries are still unable to say exactly where Malaysia is located. This is due to the fact that in different years under its flag were different countries. A look at the world map today shows that Malaysia is located on the border with Thailand, Singapore, Brunei and Indonesia.
The South China Sea divides the state into two parts: the eastern part, which is located in the north of Kalimantan, and the peninsular part, located on the Malacca Peninsula. The eastern part accounts for 60.3% of Malaysia and the peninsular part for 39.7%.
Climate of Malaysia
The territory of the state extends in close proximity to the equator. That is why the climate of Malaysia can be described as equatorial. Throughout the year, it is quite humid and hot. The annual rainfall is almost 2500 mm and the average temperature is +27°C.
The climate of the eastern and peninsular regions of Malaysia can vary greatly. The eastern part is more influenced by humid sea masses, while the peninsular part is influenced by continental air masses. The coldest region of Malaysia is the Kinabalu Mountains region. Here the temperature can drop to as low as +10°C.
From about the end of spring to the beginning of autumn the south-western monsoons prevail in the country, and from November to March the north-eastern monsoons. In different parts of Malaysia the rainy seasons are at different times of the year. In the west, it lasts from April to May; in the northeast, it lasts from mid-autumn to the end of winter.
Nature of Malaysia
This Asian country is characterized by a rich flora and fauna. This is primarily due to the fact that Malaysia has access to the South China Sea, and there are many full-flowing rivers flowing throughout its territory. High humidity and constant heat caused the lush vegetation growth.
Malaysia is home to a large number of animals, among them:
- 210 species of mammals;
- 620 species of birds;
- 150 species of snakes;
- 80 species of lizards;
- 150 species of amphibians and many other animals.
Favorable conditions are created here for Indochinese tigers, Kalimantan orangutans, elephants, smoky leopards, Müller’s gibbons, Sumatran rhinos, Malay bears, and other rare and endangered species. The largest number of endemic animals is found in the mountains and forests of Malaysia, which occupy 58.2% of its territory.
State system and symbols of Malaysia
The country is a federal constitutional monarchy consisting of 13 states. This is well demonstrated on the national flag of Malaysia, the Jalur Gemilang. It shows horizontal stripes (states), a crescent moon (Islam), and a 14-pointed star (13 states and the federal government).
According to the 2010 census, Malaysia’s population is nearly 28.5 million. The majority are Austronesian (Malay, Orang Asli, Ibana, Bidayuh), ethnic Indian, and Chinese. Despite such a diverse national composition, the official language of Malaysia is Malay. English is used in education and is considered the country’s second official language.
The Constitution of this country proclaims freedom of religion, but the state religion of Malaysia is Islam. Besides it, the following religious confessions are registered here:
- Christianity (Catholicism, Protestantism);
- Taoism and others.
Since 1967, the official currency of Malaysia is the Malaysian ringgit. The banknotes have a portrait of Tuanku Abdul Rahman, the country’s first supreme ruler.
Major cities of Malaysia
There are more than 10 settlements on the territory of the country with the population of 0.5-1.5 million people. The city of Kuala Lumpur has been the capital of Malaysia since 1963. It is located in the south-west of the Malacca Peninsula, where the Klang and Gombak rivers meet.
Malaysia’s largest cities also include:
- Ampang Jaya;
- Subang Jaya; ; ; ; .
Almost all of these megalopolises can boast a developed infrastructure and an abundance of attractions. Of particular interest to tourists is the city of Kuching in Malaysia, which is also called the cat city.
The best resorts in Malaysia
These days, tourism is one of the three main sources of income of this state. This is largely due to the fact that Malaysia is ideal for holidays with children, friends and large companies. This is one of the prosperous countries in Asia, where every tourist will find something to his liking. But still most of them go to Malaysia for beach holidays. Here along the coastline is concentrated a huge number of comfortable resorts. Most of them are located on the shores of the Andaman Sea, others – along the coast of the South China Sea.
The best resorts of the country are located on the islands:
- Penang in Malaysia. To combine a cultural and beach vacation, you should go to the west of Malaysia. There are a lot of temples, parks and other places of interest.
- The island of Langkawi in Malaysia. It is created exclusively for beach holidays. Here you can stay in a secluded bungalow and become the owner of his own beach, albeit temporarily. If you look at the photos of this part of Malaysia, you can see that it is literally surrounded by lush greenery and crystal clear turquoise water. The island has a duty-free trade.
- On the island of Tioman in Malaysia prefer to rest lovers of diving and ecotourism. The infrastructure here is not very well developed, but the nature is almost untouched.
- Redang. To explore the wildlife should go to another island of Malaysia – Redang. During the period from late summer to early autumn, you can watch the migration of giant sea turtles.
- Borneo. No less picturesque island of Malaysia is Borneo, also known as Kalimantan. It is located in the South China Sea. Here are the best beaches of Malaysia, covered with white sand and surrounded by coral reefs.
Attractions in Malaysia
In addition to well-appointed resorts, there are many other interesting objects in this country. Tourists who do not know what to see in Malaysia, must see:
- Kinabalu Mountains; ; ;
- Istana Alam Shah Palace;
- Bangunan-Sultan Abdul-Samad Palace; .
Two large skyscrapers are the most often depicted on postcards of this country. These are the Petronas Towers, located in the capital of Malaysia. Since 1998, they are the tallest twin towers in the world. But all the attractions in Malaysia are concentrated not only in Kuala Lumpur and its suburbs. Many interesting sites are located far outside the capital. For example, the Batu Caves, the most revered Hindu shrine in Malaysia, are located in Selangor.
To get acquainted with these sights, you need to plan a trip itinerary in advance. You can also sign up for tours in Malaysia. They are usually organized by travel agencies. If you come to Malaysia during the holidays, you can see a lot of colorful festivals and performances.
Hotels in Malaysia
This country is attractive to tourists because you can find accommodation for every taste – from a luxury five-star hotel to a budget hostel. As a rule, the most respectable hotels are located in major cities of Malaysia. Camping in protected areas and Chinese hostels are also popular here. Unpleasant fact about Malaysia is that in addition to the basic amount you have to pay a tax of 5-10% of the total cost of living here.
Restaurants and Cuisine of Malaysia
The multinational composition of the country has also reflected on its culinary traditions. The cuisine of Malaysia is based on the dishes of Aborigines as well as of China, India, Thailand, and the islands of Java and Sumatra. The same dishes may be prepared differently in different states.
Most dishes in Malaysia consist of rice, especially the Nasi Lemak variety. It is served with nuts, cucumber, fried anchovies, eggs, and chili peppers. Other popular foods include noodles, fish, seafood, beef (for Muslims) and pork (for other religions). When visiting restaurants in Malaysia usually leave a tip of 5-10% of the order amount.
Safety in Malaysia
The country is among the safest states in Southeast Asia. But to avoid trouble, every tourist in Malaysia must strictly follow the following rules:
- Drink only bottled or boiled water;
- Watch your belongings and documents;
- Do not sunbathe topless;
- Take off your shoes when entering a temple or a Malaysian home;
- not to stroke children’s heads.
Before visiting a mosque or a Malay village, one should wear closed clothes. In Malaysia, it is forbidden to take food with the left hand and then pass it to a local. It can be considered as an insult, because the left hand is used only for hygienic procedures.
Shopping in Malaysia
For shopping in this country, it is better to go to major shopping centers or traditional markets. Tourism in Malaysia is an important industry, so the most comfortable conditions are created for travelers here. In every city there are souvenir stores, where every tourist will find a memorable gift. Those who do not know what to bring from Malaysia, you should pay attention to the work of local craftsmen. They are usually made of silver, batik and wood. In addition, the country is famous for its giant spinning spinning wheels, kites and high-quality gold.
Transportation in Malaysia
The country has a well-developed transport infrastructure. The length of roads in Malaysia is about 98.8 thousand km, and railroads – 1,849 km. It is through railway transport that the country is connected with Thailand and Singapore.
There are 58 airports all over Malaysia, the busiest of which are located in Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu. The national air carrier is Malaysia Airlines. Malaysia also has seaports, the largest of which is located in the city of Klang.
How to get to Malaysia?
Currently, there are no direct flights to Kuala Lumpur from Russia. But tourists who dream to celebrate the New Year or the May holidays there can not worry about how to get to Malaysia. During these holidays you can take advantage of charter flights from Moscow, Novosibirsk and Yekaterinburg. At other times, you can fly to Malaysia on your own through Doha, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Beijing or Tashkent. In addition, planes to this Asian country regularly take off from every European capital. They land at airports in the following cities in Malaysia:
It is better to take out a health insurance policy before the trip. Many tourists are also concerned about whether tourists need a visa to Malaysia for Russians. Tourists planning to stay in the country for less than 30 days don’t need a document.