Sights of Brazil

Sights of Brazil

The Amazon is one of the natural wonders of the planet, familiar to everyone since school. In terms of popularity this river can compete with the Egyptian Nile and the Indian Ganges. The unique ecosystem of the longest waterway on earth.

Statue of Christ in Rio

The 38-meter-high Christ the Redeemer Monument is Rio de Janeiro’s calling card. Every year nearly 2 million travelers from all over the world come to the foot of the statue, which sits atop Corcovado Mountain and offers a picturesque panorama of the bay and the city.

Rio de Janeiro Botanical Gardens

The Botanical Garden is located in the eponymous district of Rio de Janeiro, in the “South Zone” of the city. It is not a very large, but quite pleasant park. Here you can get acquainted with the variety of Brazilian and not only Brazilian flora.

Sugar Loaf Mountain

Sugar Loaf Mountain is a mysterious exotic place in Rio. What is it? A 396-meter-high mountain overlooking Guanabara Bay, Rio’s second most important viewpoint after Corcovado. From the top you have a stunning view of the seascapes, the panorama of the night city and the famous statue of Christ.


Copacabana is the world famous beach in Rio de Janeiro. It is the center of partying, a reflection of the spirit of Brazilian culture – vibrant, positive and incendiary. Copacabana’s famous sand sculptures add extra flavor to the beach. New sculptures regularly appear on the beach, real masterpieces that amaze the imagination of viewers.

– Individual and group sightseeing tours of various lengths.


Corcovado is a granite mountain located in the Tijuca National Park, just left of downtown Rio de Janeiro. The mountain owes its fame to the statue of Christ the Redeemer erected at its very top. Because of the statue, Corcovado is visible even from the sea, and the mountain is also visible from many areas of Rio.


Right on the Atlantic Ocean lie Brazil’s most beautiful national park, the Lenções Maranhãenzis (Portuguese for “Maranhãenzis sheets”). It is undoubtedly one of the most mysterious places on our planet.

Tijuca Forest

The Tijuca forest in Rio is considered the largest “urban forest” in the world. It covers an area of 32 sq. km. The name itself translates from Tupi as “swamp” and is associated with the Tijuca Lagoon in today’s Barra da Tijuca.

Celaron’s Staircase

This staircase (“Escaderia Celaron”) became world famous thanks to the Chilean artist Jorge Celaron. He laid it out in a bright, colorful mosaic, dedicating his work to the Brazilian people. In 1990, the artist began the restoration of the old staircase, which began right in front of his house.


The Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro is not only one of the largest sports facilities in the country, but also a real landmark of the city. The facility was built more than 60 years ago for the FIFA World Cup in Brazil, but even today it is amazing.

São Bento Monastery in Rio de Janeiro

The Monastery of São Bento (St. Benedict) is located on the hill of the same name (“Morro de São Bento”) in downtown Rio. It is an amazing example of colonial Brazilian architecture. And the interior of the convent church is worth a visit.

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Museum of Modern Art in Rio de Janeiro

The Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Rio de Janeiro (MAM) is located in the northeastern part of Parque Flamengo, in the Centro district. Its appearance coincided with the development of the park: the concrete museum building, designed by Alfonso Eduardo Reidi, was completed in 1955.


November is the rainy season here. The rivers break their banks and the Pantanal becomes a marshy ocean, but you can still see some small islands of vegetation.

Ipanema Beach

Ipanema is the second most popular beach in Rio de Janeiro (after Copacabana). It is located in the south of the city and is considered one of the safest and richest areas of Rio. In Tupi, Ipanema translates as “bad beach,” which is not even a tiny bit true.

Portuguese Royal Library in Rio de Janeiro

There are actually two famous libraries in Rio, one more beautiful than the other. But the Portuguese National Library is more famous. Its not too monumental, but very recognizable building has been filmed many times.

Santa Teresa district in Rio de Janeiro

Santa Teresa is a favorite neighborhood of artists, much more picturesque and stylish than Lapa, they say. You can get up here on the colorful rattling old “bondes” streetcar, the only surviving one in Rio.

St. Sebastian’s Cathedral in Rio de Janeiro

The Metropolitan Cathedral (aka St. Sebastian’s Cathedral) in Rio looks like a Mayan pyramid, a metropolitan skyscraper, or an industrial chimney of a thermal power plant – anything but a cathedral. And that’s what makes it one of the most interesting in South America.


In the heart of South America’s humid rainforest, where there are “many, many wild monkeys,” flows a river under the exotic name of Solimoes. Many people think of it as a tributary of the Amazon, but it is not. It is the Amazon itself, or rather its central part.

Fort Copacabana

Fort Copacabana is a striking example of turning a military facility into a peaceful and even recreational one. At the beginning of the 20th century it was erected to protect the city – on a promontory – an ideal place for coastal artillery. The fort was often the site of landmark events during the civil wars.

Rio de Janeiro Art Museum

The National Museum of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro was officially founded in 1937 at the initiative of the then Minister of Education and opened a year later. However, the collection itself appeared much earlier, in the early 19th century, when the Portuguese court moved to Brazil.

Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. It is not surprising that on a vast area of more than 8.5 million square kilometers, which it occupies, is concentrated a large number of natural, historical and architectural sights. Let’s take a closer look at them.

Brazil’s natural attractions

The Sugar Loaf, Iguazu Falls, the mysterious Amazonia region, the Amazon River Queen, the world famous beaches of Copacabana, Leblon and Ipanema, more than 20 national parks and reserves – all this is part of the natural treasure house of Brazil. And all this annually attracts millions of tourists from all over the world.

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The mysterious Amazon region is particularly popular. Occupying one third of the territory of the country, it is, just imagine, the main “lungs” of our planet! The Amazon jungle produces more than 50% of oxygen, which is breathed not only by Brazilians, but also by the good half of humanity. Why are they called mysterious and enigmatic? Because only 30% of the plants and trees growing here have been studied by scientists. There are unique animals and mammals that are not found anywhere else on the planet. These include the giant capybara – a rodent as tall as a dog, toy – tiny monkeys weighing less than 100 grams, water boa anaconda up to 12 meters long.

Amazonia is also home to over 200 ancient Indian tribes. Until now, the indigenous population of South America lives according to ancient customs, not knowing the charms of civilization.

Architectural and historical sights of Brazil

The oldest cities, ancient monasteries and churches are built here in the Portuguese manner. The main treasure of the local architecture is the city of Oru Preto, on the territory of almost every structure is a monument.

But the most popular architectural structure in the country is the statue of Christ the Redeemer on Mount Corcovado. A 38-meter stone statue is a kind of “calling card” of Rio de Janeiro. And this city, in fact, is one of the main pearls of Brazil. Not for nothing it has been the center of tourism in South America for more than 400 years. It is rivaled by São Paulo, the main industrial and business center of the country.

Brazil has the world’s largest stadium – its name is Maracana. Every soccer player in the world dreams of playing soccer here at least once. But, alas, this honor is not for everyone.

The capital of Brasilia is an architectural treasure in itself. The city layout resembles a jet plane, or as claimed by the chief architect Lucio Costa, a giant butterfly.

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Brazil is one of the five largest countries in the world. On its territory collected a huge number of attractions – both natural, architectural and historical.

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Who should go to Brazil and why?

There are many cultural attractions in this bright and hospitable country. The most famous is the statue of Christ in Rio de Janeiro – it is definitely worth seeing if you find yourself in Brazil. The Royal Library of Portugal, the Palacio de Planalto and the Teatro Amazonas are also worth a visit. The Museum of Modern Art and the Copacabana Fort can tell you a lot about the country’s history and culture.

If you like quiet walks and animal watching, go to the bird park, the Pantanal protected area or the Tijuca National Park. You can go to see the Iguazu River waterfall complex, and enjoy incredible views from the heights of Sugar Loaf Mountain.

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Cultural Sites and Museums

Statue of Christ the Redeemer

statua hrista

The statue is a landmark of Rio de Janeiro and the whole of Brazil. The 38-meter-high statue sits atop Corcovado Mountain, which offers spectacular views of the city and beautiful bays.

Construction of the statue of Christ was timed to coincide with the 1,000th anniversary of the country’s independence and began in 1921. The opening and consecration of the monument took place 10 years later.

Museum of Modern Art

musei iskustv

The museum is located in Rio de Janeiro and is one of the most important cultural institutions in Brazil. It opened in 1948 – at the time it exhibited a large collection of art from around the world.

In the late ’70s, the museum had a fire that destroyed a large part of the collection. But today, there are about 11 thousand pieces on display, including sculptures, paintings, graphics, and more.

The cathedral of Our Lady of Carmel

sobor presviatoi devi

A Catholic church located in the center of Rio de Janeiro, it was built in the 17th and 18th centuries. Only the first floor of the exterior with three portals has survived unchanged, while the façade and towers have been reconstructed.

In the facade niche is a statue of St. Sebastian, the patron saint of the city. The interior decoration of the cathedral is made in rococo style, and near the altar there is an urn with the ashes of Pedro Alvarez Cabral, the discoverer of Brazil.

Teatro Amazonas

theatr amasonas

The building of the opera house is located in the center of the city of Manaus. It was built during the “rubber rush” at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The demand for rubber soared at the time that local planters became rich and were able to hire famous opera singers.

After the ruin of the rubber business owners the theater fell into disrepair and was abandoned, but in 1991 it received a second chance. Now it hosts the Amazon Opera Festival every year, which attracts thousands of visitors from all over the world.

Gastronomic Museum

gastronomicheski musei

Located in El Salvador and is distinguished by a very unusual exhibition, which introduces guests to the history of national cuisine and customs of the country. Not only classic exhibits, but also videos are offered to the attention of visitors.

There is a restaurant on the museum’s territory, where you can taste many of the dishes that the guide tells you about. There is also a souvenir store.

Portuguese Royal Library

portugalska biblioteka

This massive old building can be called a true temple of science and knowledge. Its grandeur strikes not only in appearance, but also inside (mostly wood).

Once inside the library, you find yourself in the realm of books, which are neatly arranged on carved shelves rising to the ceiling. The latter is lavishly decorated with transparent mosaics – through its colored glass, light enters the library.

São Paulo Cathedral

kafedralni sobor

The construction of the Neo-Gothic-style cathedral began in 1913, but it was not opened until 40 years later, as the work was badly hampered by the wars. It is the main Catholic church and the largest church in São Paulo. It is shaped like a Latin cross with a dome and five naves. A special feature of the cathedral is the organ, which has five keyboards and 12 thousand pipes.

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Copacabana Fort Museum

fort musei kopokabana

At the beginning of the twentieth century the fort was erected to protect the city, but closer to the next century the political situation stabilized and the need for a security structure was no longer necessary. Therefore, Fort Copacabana became a museum of the Brazilian army.

The exposition tells about the construction and the principles of use of the fortifications. There is a regular changing of the guard ritual for visitors. There are also concerts of the military orchestra.

Natural attractions and parks

Adam and Eve waterfall

vodopad eva

This waterfall can be called the most beautiful natural attraction of the country. It is part of the Iguazu River cascade complex on the border with Argentina. It is best admired on a sunny day, when clouds of small splashes reflect bright rays of light, forming a rainbow. There are safe viewing platforms for tourists everywhere.

Bird Park

park ptic

On the territory of 17 hectares of birds live in a natural environment. They are in huge aviaries where visitors can enter to interact with the feathered residents.

Tourists especially like toucans, which are eager to make contact with people and give into the hands. The park is home to about 900 different species of birds, including exotic parrots, herons, falcons, eagles, ostriches, flamingos and many others.

Sugar Loaf Mountain

gora saharna

This rock, which gave its name to the mountain complex, is a symbol of Brazil along with the statue of Christ. Its name comes from the fact that when sugar was produced from cane, the product was transported in pieces of a similar shape.

You can get to the mountain by means of a mechanical elevator or on foot via a climbing route. Sugarhead is surrounded by the waters of Guanabara Bay, which together with the scenic nature makes this place attractive to tourists.



The Pantanal is a huge marshy area covering 150,000 km2 and is a tectonic depression which joins the deltas of the Paraguay and Cuiaba Rivers. Due to frequent floods, it has become a swamp.

The Pantanal is a protected area, home to rare plants as well as exotic butterflies, animals and birds. Here you can go on safari by boat, catch and roast piranhas on a fire, communicate with monkeys.

Devil’s Throat Falls

vodopad glotka diablo

“Devil’s Throat” is also part of the Iguazu complex. This unusual waterfall consists of 14 water streams, which fall down from a height of 106 meters. It was discovered in 1541 by the traveler Eldorado Cabeza de Vaca.

Tourists can watch the powerful waterfall from observation decks, but Devil’s Throat looks best from a helicopter – all the water streams open in one panorama.

Tijuca National Park

nac park tiguka

The park was created in 1961 by presidential decree to preserve the rainforest. It is the smallest national park in Brazil – its area is about 4,000 hectares. There live here venomous snakes, raccoons, armadillos, primates, lizards and anteaters. There are also a lot of feathered birds: in the park you can see various parrots, hawks, buzzards and hummingbirds.

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Fernando di Noronha Archipelago


The archipelago consists of more than 20 islands of volcanic origin, with only one of them, the largest, inhabited. The island has a fairly well-developed infrastructure: there are hotels, an airport, many restaurants serving seafood.

Clean water and deep places near the archipelago attract diving lovers. Also on the island is the famous beach Kakimba do Padre, which is ideal for surfing. And the Gulf of Golfinchos is home to spotted dolphins.

Remarkable buildings

Palacio de Planalto

dvorec plantalu

The palace is located in the capital of Brazil and is the official residence of the country’s president. It also houses the offices of the chief of staff and the vice president. The main building has five floors and a helipad.

Temporary thematic exhibitions of the federal government are held in the lobby of the palace. The largest hall is the Hall of Mirrors and is used for ceremonial events. It is decorated with sculptures and frescoes by modern masters.

Rio Niteroi Bridge

most rio

The largest bridge in South America, also called the Costa y Silva, is a girder structure and crosses Guanabara Bay, connecting Rio and the municipality of Niteroi. At its highest point, the bridge reaches 72 meters, so large ships can enter the bay unimpeded.

Quinta de Sa Cristavo Palace

dvorec kinta

The Neoclassical imperial palace is located in the city park of Quinta in Rio de Janeiro. It was originally the residence of the Portuguese royal family and from 1822 it was home to members of the Brazilian emperor’s family, who left the palace after the declaration of the Republic. Today the building houses the National Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Carioca Aqueduct


The aqueduct in the center of Rio de Janeiro is a unique bridge that had important historical significance. It is an impressive example of colonial architecture that served to bring water to the inhabitants of the city from the Carioca River.

At the end of the 19th century it was turned into a bridge for postal streetcars and later adapted to carry passengers. The aqueduct offers a beautiful view that fascinates locals and visitors.

Alvorad’s Presidential Palace

presidentski dvorec

In the palace, which is located in Brasilia on the shore of the artificial lake Paranoa, lives the president of the country with his family. The building has three floors and covers an area of 7000 sq. km. The first floor is intended for official receptions.

The second floor is occupied by the living quarters of the president’s family and guest rooms. The basement is occupied by a kitchen, administrative block, medical center and a conference room.

Lacerda elevator

laserda podiemnik

An unusual elevator, which serves as public transportation, is located in El Salvador. The city is located on the coast of the ocean, so it is characterized by strong variations in altitude.

For the convenience of movement was created a special elevator, which consists of two towers: in one are placed elevator cabins, and in the other – counterweights. With the elevator you can get from the Lower Town to the Upper Town and vice versa.

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