Salzburg (Austria) – the most detailed information about the city with photos and videos. The best sights of Salzburg with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Salzburg (Austria)
Salzburg is a city in Austria, located in the western part of the country, near the border with Germany. It is the birthplace of the great Mozart and one of the most famous cultural centers of Europe, attracting millions of tourists who want to plunge into the magical atmosphere of baroque, music and art. Salzburg is a unique city, combining beautiful landscapes, beautiful historic architecture, art and culture, as well as tradition and modernity.
First of all Salzburg is famous for the fact that the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born here. In addition, the city is famous for its cultural events and festivals. Lovers of architecture and history Salzburg amazes by the ancient streets of the historic center and the masterpieces of Baroque, which are included in the list of World Cultural Heritage UNESCO. Separately worth mentioning the stunning nature. Salzburg is nestled on the banks of the Salzach River. Here the mountain landscapes collide with the plains, and the northern foothills of the Alps are so close you can sometimes feel your hand on them.
Best time to visit
Salzburg is beautiful at any time of year and season. From April to October it’s warm enough. You can either walk around the city or go on a trip to the surrounding area. In winter in Salzburg is very beautiful and in spite of the chill, relatively comfortable.
The high season in Salzburg is the summer and Christmas holiday period. To enjoy the city and save a little money, it is better to plan a trip for March-April or October-November.
Winter in Salzburg
How to get there?
Salzburg has an international airport which is located 5.5 km from the city center. Buses 2, 8, and 27 take you to the historic center in less than 20 minutes. You can also fly to Vienna Airport first and take the comfortable train to Salzburg.
Trains are one of the most popular means of transportation in Austria. There are many routes to Salzburg from Budapest, Linz, Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, and Zurich.
Popular rail routes to Salzburg:
- Budapest-Salzburg : daily, departure every two hours, travel time – 5 h 12 min – Salzburg : daily, departure every two hours, travel time -1 h 28 min
- Stuttgart-Salzburg : daily departure every 2 hours, travel time – 4 hrs 01 min
- Departure from Frankfurt to Salzburg: daily, travel time: 5 h and 39 min.
- Zurich-Salzburg : daily, every two hours, travel time – 5:23 hrs – Salzburg : 3 times a day, travel time – 4:25 hrs (change in Willach) – Salzburg : 2 times a day, travel time – 6:53 hrs (change in Willach) – Salzburg : 3 times a day (change in Willach), travel time – 6:28 hrs
You can find timetables and buy tickets here – https://tickets.oebb.at/en/ticket
Buses are a good way to get from Munich and some other cities in Germany. In Austria the bus service is not very popular. And even from Vienna there are not many bus services to Salzburg.
A tourist map of Salzburg
Shopping and shopping
The most famous shopping streets of Old Salzburg – Getreidegasse and Linzer Gasse offer excellent shopping. Here you can find stores of brands such as Louis Vuitton, Prada, Hermès, as well as a variety of boutiques, jewelry stores, etc. For shopping and souvenir lovers, there are more than 900 stores selling rarities, local delicacies and much more.
- Höllrigl – Austria’s oldest bookstore
- Josef Holzermayr Desserts on the Old Market
- Kirchtag – leather goods
- Universitätsplatz – fruit and vegetables.
- Kajetanerplatz – farmers’ market (every Friday)
- Christmas market on Cathedral Square (Domplatz) – seasonal
- EUROPARK – more than 140 stores and restaurants, 1,000 international brands Scotch & Soda, Zara Home, Bershka, Hollister, Superdry, Tommy Hilfiger, Swarovski, Liebeskind Berlin.
- Shopping Arena, Alpenstraße – 70 stores, 5 min by bus from city center
- Designer Outlet Salzburg – discounts from 30 to 70%. Located between airport and city center.
The first settlements on the site of today’s Salzburg existed since the Neolithic. Later it was settled by the Celts, who were conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC. The city was named Juvanum. In the 5th century AD the city was conquered by the Ruguian tribe.
In the 7th century, the Duke of Bavaria granted the land to Bishop Rupert, who founded several monasteries that later became the center of the medieval city. In the 8th century Salzburg became the bishop’s residence and got its modern name associated with the main trade – the extraction of salt deposits.
In the 11th century the history of the visiting card of the city – the fortress Hohensalzburg.
In the 13th century, Salzburg became part of the Holy Roman Empire as a principality. Later the city becomes an independent bishop state. Final independence from Bavaria was achieved in the 14th century. It is interesting that at the time of its greatest prosperity the bishop’s power extended far beyond the borders of modern Salzburg and its environs. Archbishops ruled these lands until the early 19th century.
Salzburg is the true capital of European Baroque
The greatest prosperity of Salzburg came in the 16-17 centuries. It was at this time the city acquired the status of the Baroque capital of Europe. The archbishops, inspired by the architecture of Rome, invited Italian masters who rebuilt the historic center in Baroque style.
In the 15th century the first brewery was built in Salzburg. The main income remained the extraction of salt.
The power of the bishops ceased during the Napoleonic wars. In 1810 the former Duchy became part of Bavaria, and 6 years later – Austria, of which it is still part.
World War II, despite the bombing of the city, virtually no damage to the main attractions of Salzburg.
Salzburg at night
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The city of Salzburg is often called the “Northern Rome”. And it’s completely deserved. The city on the Salzach river is one of the capitals of European art and culture, and the close ties to Italy are underlined by the architecture. The old town of Salzburg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beautiful Baroque cathedrals, well-preserved medieval burgher houses and spacious squares fascinate even the most discerning tourist.
Salzburg is Mozart’s city, where he was not only born and grew up, but also truly became part of the city’s culture. A square, chocolates, rubber bath ducks, and ice cream are named after the great composer. In the house on Götreidegasse, where the future genius of music was born, there is now a museum. There you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the 18th century and explore the exhibits related to the life and work of the great composer.
To take a trip to Mozart’s sites in Salzburg, start your itinerary at Mozartplatz. This is where Constanze, the composer’s widow, lived in house number 8. Visit the house museum where little Amadeus was born. Then you can go to the cemetery of St. Peter, where his sister Nannerl is buried. In St. Sebastian’s cemetery his father and wife found their last resting place.
Salzburg Summer Festival
The Salzburg Summer Festival is one of the most famous cultural events in the city. For a few weeks it transforms Salzburg into a world capital of music culture. Over 200 events are scheduled for the Salzburg Summer Festival: opera, theatre performances and concerts. For the schedule and program, see the official website – http://www.salzburgerfestspiele.at/
Christmas holidays in Salzburg
Salzburg is a city with a wonderful Christmas atmosphere. The city sparkles with lights and decorations, and the aromas of hot mulled wine, spices and muffins waft from the streets of the Old Town. Christmas vacations in Salzburg are magical memories. Therefore, this is the highest tourist season. Important – plan such a trip about six months in advance.
The Christmas market on Cathedral Square and Residenzplatz are definitely worth a visit. Cozy Christmas markets in the fortress Hohensalzburg and near the park Mirabel. All in all, you will experience the spirit of Christmas in Salzburg to the fullest.
Salzburg at Christmas
Cuisine, food & drink
Salzburg invites you to enjoy the food and have a good time at authentic pubs, cozy cafes, expensive restaurants, and cheerful bars. There’s everything here for gastronomic tourism. And whether you are a gourmand, a gourmand, an unpretentious eater or a fashionable party animal, no one will go hungry in Salzburg.
The main and most famous Salzburg dessert is Mozartkugel – green pistachio marzipan with a thin layer of nougat covered in a delicious chocolate glaze. Another iconic dessert is the Salzburg Knockerli, a traditional Burger delicacy that is three soufflés baked in the oven until crusty and sprinkled with powdered sugar.
The main non-alcoholic drink is coffee. If you want to feel the atmosphere of an old Austrian coffee house, welcome to “Tomaselli” on Alten Markt (Market Square). Café “Bazar”, “Sacher” located on the waterfront of the river Salzach, pastry shop “Schatz” between street Getreidegasse and the Green Market as well as “Wernbacher” on Franz Josef street can also boast a cozy atmosphere and old traditions.
The most popular alcoholic drink is beer. And it is no worse than in neighboring Czech Republic and Germany. Beer has been brewed in Salzburg since the late 15th century. At the moment in the city has 10 breweries. The oldest among them is Stiegl, which exists since 1492. The largest beer restaurant in Austria is located just in Salzburg – Augustinerbräu. I can honestly say that the local beer in almost all taverns – excellent.
Salzburg tavern map
Salzburg map of restaurants / cafes with traditional and Austrian cuisine
Salzburg is not only the city where Mozart was born and raised, the center of cultural events and festivals. It is a place with a high concentration of interesting and famous sights: the fortress Hohensalzburg, the Mozart Museum, the Getreidegasse and Helbrunn Palace. Also one big attraction is the historic center of Salzburg. It is a true baroque pearl of Europe. The old town (churches, houses, gardens and fountains) was rebuilt at the request of the princes and bishops during the 17th and 18th centuries.
View of the Hohensalzburg
Hohensalzburg is the landmark of Salzburg and one of its main attractions. Emerged in the 11th century, the ancient fortress has been watching over the city for centuries from the top of the Mönchsberg. It is worth noting that Hohensalzburg is the largest surviving medieval fortress in Central Europe.
The beginning of the construction of the fortress Hohensalzburg dates back to 1077 and is associated with the prince bishop Gebhart. Over the centuries, the fortress was constantly rebuilt and expanded, until in the early 16th century, Leonhard von Keutschach gave it its present appearance. The fortress was created for defensive functions. Interestingly, during its long history, it was never taken.
Hohensalzburg is open to visitors all year round.
- From January to April and October to December from 9:30 to 17:00
- May through September from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
- Christmas and Easter from 9:30 to 18:00
In the castle, besides wonderful panoramas of the city you can look at well-preserved medieval chambers, a museum with historical exhibits from the life of the Archbishops, weapons and uniforms of the city regiment. We recommend you take the funicular from Festungsgasse to the castle.
Buy tickets to Hohensalzburg Fortress online and find out the price – http://www.salzburg-burgen.at/de/hohensalzburg/tickets.htm
Mirabel Palace and Park Complex
On the right bank of the Salzach River is one of the most romantic spots of the city, the Mirabel Palace and Park Complex. Built in the early 17th century by Wolf Dietrich as a gift to his beloved, it offers a beautiful baroque palace and park. This place is a real dream for those who want to have an unforgettable wedding. The Parade Hall of the Archbishops is considered one of the most beautiful wedding halls in the world. Mirabel Park is a beautiful Baroque park in the heart of Salzburg, founded at the end of the 17th century. From here you have stunning views of the old city and the Mönchsberg.
Mirabel Palace and Park Complex
In the park are located:
In the heart of the Old Town is the charming old Götreidegasse. In addition to the house where Mozart was born, there are trendy stores, cozy cafes and restaurants. On this street you can not only enjoy the atmosphere of the old Salzburg, but also relax in cozy cafes or go shopping.
Helbrunn Palace and Park Complex
Another beautiful and romantic place is Helbrunn Palace with its fountains. Located on the southern outskirts of Salzburg on the mountain of the same name. The palace and park were designed as a summer residence for the archbishops and were built in 1615. The large palace park is a synthesis of natural and landscape gardening. It is a great place for walks and sports.
Historic streets and squares
- Alter Markt is one of the oldest squares in Salzburg. The old market square is surrounded by old medieval houses of rich burghers. In the center is located Florian fountain. Interestingly, it performs its functions to this day.
- Domplatz & Marienstatue – the most beautiful baroque square of the old city.
- Linzergasse – Ancient street on the right bank of the river Salzach with beautiful architecture.
- Mozartplatz is a square named after the great composer. In the center of the square rises a monument to Mozart.
- Residenzplatz – historic square in the heart of Old Salzburg. The main attractions are the residence of the archbishops and the beautiful fountain, which is considered one of the most important Baroque monuments in modern Europe.
Churches of Salzburg
Salzburg Cathedral is the city’s main church. A masterpiece of sacred architecture with a mighty dome and two towers that dominate the face of Salzburg.
Salzburg Cathedral is an imposing example of monumental early Baroque architecture. The present cathedral was built in the 17th century. Although its history began as early as the 8th century. The cathedral museum features rarities related to the 1,300-year history of this religious edifice. Admission to the Cathedral is free. Opening hours are from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (until 7 p.m. in summer).
The University Church is a beautiful baroque temple built in the first half of the 18th century.
The Capuchin monastery towers over the city on top of the Capuchinerberg. At first a fortified structure was formed here until at the end of the 16th century, Archbishop Wolf Dietrich called the Capuchin monks. The monastery is built on a mountaintop in a simple and modest architectural style. Nevertheless, the Capuchin monastery, with its protruding bastion overlooking the city and the forest in the background, is one of Salzburg’s hallmarks.
The Monastery of Nonnberg is one of the oldest monasteries in Salzburg and played an important role in the formation of the city. It was built in Gothic style on Romanesque foundations. It has preserved magnificent frescoes from the 10th and 11th centuries, which are among the most significant Romanesque paintings on Austrian soil.
Church of St. Francis
The Franciscan Church is one of the oldest churches in the city, perhaps even older than Salzburg Cathedral. This slender Gothic church, in which you can find traces from Romanesque architecture to modern details.
The Church of St. Sebastian is a small Baroque church. The church was originally built in the Late Gothic style in the early 16th century. It was rebuilt in Baroque style in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Austria, Salzburg – reviews
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