Qatar – a country rich in oil and gas

This is interesting! Qatar. All about the richest state in the world.

Among the richest countries in the world is a state in the Middle East, Qatar. More than half of the country’s income comes from the export of oil and natural gas. Qatar has been a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries since 1961, but left it on January 1, 2019.

In the richest country in the world, residents can afford not to work, and taxes here are paid only by companies. The country’s official monetary unit, the Qatari riyal, is pegged to the U.S. dollar at a ratio of 1 USD = 3.64 QAR.

50 years ago, Qatar miserably subsisted on pearl mining and sheep breeding. Today, citizens of the country use pearls as jewelry, which is worth millions. Locals in Qatar do not need to work, as the country is very rich and the natives receive money from the state.

The luxury of the Arab sheikhs.

Qatar has a fairly low crime rate, including street crime. The country is considered one of the safest. Many residents do not lock their front doors and leave their cars open. Because of the heat almost all cars in Qatar are white and expensive.

Qatar is a Muslim state, where the laws for women are quite strict. So, according to the law, a woman cannot appear in a public place with her shoulders and knees open – these parts of the body must be covered (not to mention the backs, stomachs and cleavage). Otherwise, you may even be approached by the police. If you’re lucky – you’ll get a warning, if not – you’ll get a fine or even go to jail for a couple of days.

The climate in Qatar is incredibly hot most of the year. Somewhere from mid-spring to mid-autumn it is unbearably hot: 40 degrees and more, the rest of the time it is windy with sandstorms. It’s only comfortable for a couple of weeks in November and the same amount in March and April.

In Qatar, everything is for the people. On any green area can sit freely, so in the evenings and weekends in parks and squares full of people who come as a family and have a picnic right on the grass. For girls from 20:00 to 22:00 all drinks are free.

The service in Qatar is very friendly, you won’t see the disgruntled faces of waiters and you won’t meet unpleasant attitude of salesmen, everyone is very smiling and responsive.

All city events, festivals and exhibitions are free, despite the fact that all the artists are imported, not local.

Qatar has many cinemas, museums, huge shopping and entertainment centers, magnificent promenades and beautiful squares in the cities, well-maintained and well-equipped beaches, but because of the heat you can swim only in the late evening or early morning.

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Since 1984, Qatar has always participated in the Summer Olympics. Since then, Qatar has won four bronze medals and one silver. Qatar has not yet participated in the Winter Olympics.

In 2014, the Qatar basketball team won the title of world champions at the World Championships held in Moscow.

Qatar won the right to host the 2022 World Cup. A metro is being built in the country’s capital for the event.

The state of Qatar is located on the Qatar Peninsula in southwestern Asia and is washed on three sides by the waters of the Persian Gulf. In the south, Qatar is bordered by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The area is 11,586 square kilometers. The population according to 2020 data is only 2,269,672, mostly Arabs. At the same time, the male population is three times more than the female population.

The state religion is Islam. The official language is Arabic. The capital of the country is Doha with 796 thousand inhabitants. In total there are nine cities in the country. About 98% of the population lives there.

According to the Constitution adopted on April 29, 2003 Qatar is an absolute monarchy. The Emir is the head of state. Since June 27, 1995, the Emir has been Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, who, as heir to the throne, overthrew his father Emir Khalifa bin Hamad Al-Thani in a bloodless coup. On June 25, 2013, Qatar’s emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, handed power over to his thirty-three-year-old son, Crown Prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The change of ruler is a national event. In honor of this, June 25th is declared a day off in Qatar.

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.

The Emir appoints the Prime Minister, the members of the Council of Ministers and the Advisory Council. The power of the Emir is limited only to the framework of Shariah. The Advisory Council, consists of 35 members who are appointed by the Emir. The creation of political parties, trade unions and demonstrations is prohibited in Qatar.

According to the IMF, Qatar has been leading in GDP per capita by a wide margin for the past few years. Qatar is the world’s third largest gas exporter and sixth largest oil and oil products exporter, ranking 21st in the world.

The salaries of the local population here are very high, the lowest of which is $4,000 per month. However, life in Qatar is not cheap. But utilities are relatively cheap – 200-300 dollars a month. Dinner at an inexpensive cafe or restaurant costs about $ 30-50 dollars.

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The capital, Doha, is the country’s main port, an important industrial, cultural and commercial center. Other relatively large cities are the oil and commercial port of Umm Said and Zikrit, a shallow port on the west coast.

Since 1992, Qatar has worked closely with the U.S. in the military sphere.

Qatar has been repeatedly accused in recent years by various experts, media and politicians of various countries of sponsoring and supporting Islamist terrorist organizations such as: Al Qaeda, Taliban, Hamas, Islamic State, Jabhat Fatah al-Sham.

Terrorists

Since 2017, a number of countries neighboring Qatar, viz: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Libya, Mauritania, Comoros, Maldives and Mauritius have announced that they have severed relations with Qatar because of its links to terrorist organizations, interference in the internal affairs of states in the region and the spread of Al Qaeda, Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic State ideology. In addition, these neighboring countries have imposed a complete blockade on Qatar.

capital Doha.

Since the VII century, Qatar was an integral part of the Arab Caliphate. In the XI-XIV centuries. under the rule of the Emirs of Bahrain; at the beginning of the XVI century – the Portuguese, then – the Ottoman Empire. In 1916-1971 Qatar was under British protectorate.

Ubaid culture, coming from Mesopotamia

The peninsula on which Qatar is situated today was inhabited as early as the III-II millennium B.C. The results of numerous excavations conducted in the country indicate the spread in ancient Qatar of the Ubaid culture, which came from Mesopotamia. The first written mention of the country dates back to the first century AD.

Ubaid culture, coming from Mesopotamia

According to historical information, in the III millennium BC. Qatar was part of the State of Dilmun centered on the island of Bahrain. Dilmun was a rich and prosperous state at that time due to its location on the busy trade route between India and the Near East. The inhabitants of the peninsular state were predominantly engaged in growing crops and smelting copper, as well as trading.

ancient city

Then the Phoenicians and then the Iranians established themselves on Qatar’s territory. Then Qatar for several centuries was part of Alexander the Great’s empire.

In the 7th century, Qatar became an Islamic state within the Arab Caliphate. After the collapse of the Caliphate in the 10th century, the history of Qatar is inextricably linked to Bahrain. From the 13th century to the 14th century, Qatar’s population lived under the rule of the Emirs of Bahrain. In the 1470s, the country gained de facto independence, but Qatar was obliged to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire. In the 1510s Qatar, together with Bahrain, became part of the Ottoman Empire until the 18th century.

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The Al-Thani dynasty seized power over Qatar at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, under whose leadership the territory of Qatar took on its modern shape by the end of the 19th century. An important moment in the country’s history is that the members of the Thani dynasty decided to adopt a new radical version of Islam – Wahhabism (according to existing concepts in Russia, Wahhabism is a group of religious currents extremely intolerant of members of other faiths and religions).

The spread of Wahhabism in Arabia prompted Britain and the Ottoman Empire to intervene again in the political affairs of the Middle East and Qatar, and to settle their rule there. In 1871, however, the Ottoman Empire reoccupies Qatar and establishes its regime there, under which rule was exercised by the Turkish pasha.

ethnographic village, museum

But as early as 1987, Sheik Kassem bin Mohammed Al Thani, who came to power, united the warring tribes and was therefore considered the founder of the Principality of Qatar. He pursued an independent policy towards Turkey until 1913, the end of his reign, at which time Turkey officially ceased claiming territory to Qatar and ceded that right to Great Britain, which not only had military control over Qatar but also conducted international negotiations on behalf of the country, established foreign relations and benefited from the sponge and pearl industry.

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani

At the same time, the British discovered major oil fields in the country, for the development of which they were granted a concession for 75 years. However, the people of Qatar did not want to put up with the power of the British colonizers. In 1960, as a result of mass popular demonstrations, the reactionary government was ousted and Sheikh Ahmed bin Ali Al-Thani took his place. Slavery was officially abolished in the country.

national museum

Qatar soon became an advocate of Arab solidarity and sharply condemned the 1967 Israeli aggression against the Arab countries, contributing material and financial resources to a fund to help the inhabitants of Palestine.

UN

On May 29, 1970, the country’s first government was formed, consisting of ten ministers, seven of whom were members of the Thani dynasty. And on September 1, 1971, Qatar became an independent state, in connection with which a new treaty of friendship was concluded with Great Britain. Qatar was officially recognized by most countries of the world and was admitted to the UN and the League of Arab States.

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the league of arab states

In 1975, all the capital of oil producing and refining firms in Qatar was bought by the Qatari government. Since then, the Emir and the ruling dynasty have run all of the state’s domestic politics.

The Great Golden Mosque is a monument to coffee.

In 2003, Qatar held a popular election for an established Central Municipal Council with deliberative functions, which is supposed to carry out activities to improve governance at the regional level. The post of Prime Minister was established and a permanent constitution was adopted.

This is the summary of the information we have brought to your attention. I hope it has helped you to get to know and understand this mysterious and very rich country better.

How the richest country in the world lives: the whole truth about Qatar

Qatar is a country, born in which you will never have to work, but if you do want to work, you will have just a huge salary! Qatar provides its citizens with free higher education, excellent medicine and pays them such an allowance that they can implement almost any of their desires! How did they do it?! Why them?!

The local population.

Journalist and researcher Eric Weiner once took a trip around the world. Weiner had one goal: to find out where people were happiest. He visited those countries considered the happiest in the world, including India, Switzerland, Thailand, Holland, Iceland, America and Qatar, and then wrote a book about his search for happiness, How I Became Famous, Skinny, Rich, Happy Me.

So here’s how Weiner describes Qatar ” Qatar is comparable in size to Connecticut. But unlike Connecticut, there is no old money in Qatar. Only shiny new coins. Fifty years ago, Qatar subsisted on pearl mining and sheep farming. Today, the only pearls they take into account are wrapped around their necks and worth millions.”

According to Weiner, almost all the workers (flight attendants on planes, staff in hotels) are not locals: Indians, Filipinos, Egyptians, because locals in Qatar don’t particularly need to work, since the country is very rich and the natives get money from the state.

Qatar is the third largest exporter of natural gas and one of the largest exporters of oil and petroleum products. Nevertheless, you can still see the local Arab population in Doha (the capital of Qatar), but mostly locals occupy managerial positions. According to various estimates, the proportion of newcomers in the country ranges from 40 to 60%. Salaries for expats are quite decent, so the average salary in Qatar is about 4 thousand dollars a month. Local currency is Qatar real which is about 18 rubles at the current exchange rate.

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Safety

Qatar has a rather low crime rate including street crime. The country is considered one of the safest. “For me, it is important that in the city you can not worry about the safety of personal belongings or wallet. Many residents don’t lock their front doors and leave their cars open. There are cameras on every corner.

One evening I was walking through my neighborhood, and I live in the private sector – there’s nothing around but villas. A local couple saw me walking alone and offered to help me: they thought I was lost and offered to take me home. Girls alone rarely walk the streets here”, – writes in Tinkoff-magazine Olga Sheveiko, who moved to live in Qatar for work.

Dry Law

Qatar is a Muslim country, that’s why alcohol is difficult here. However, it is not so difficult that you cannot get it at all. It is, of course, sold, but in a limited number of places, such as hotels and restaurants, and it is quite expensive.

No taxes

In 2009, Qatar’s Finance Minister Hussein Kamal introduced a flat 10% corporate tax starting in 2010. There are no more taxes in the country: no transport or income tax, none at all. Only companies pay taxes at a rate of 10% of total revenue for the year.

Medicine

Qatar has an excellent medical system, both for locals and guest workers. Each invited worker company is required to issue an insurance policy. In public clinics service to locals is free.

Treatment, medicines and even operations performed abroad (if required) are paid by the state. Uncomfortable, however, that all medicines, including, for example, nasal drops for colds – sold only on prescription.

Beaches

Despite the fact that the country has access to the Persian Gulf, the beaches in Qatar are quite difficult. Hotels located near the coastline have their own beaches, but if you’re not a guest, you have to pay to enter.

But that’s not even the point. In Qatar there is a dry tropical climate, and in the summer the temperature rises above +40 degrees. Therefore, in summer it is possible to swim either very early in the morning or at night. During the bathing season water heats up to +27 degrees, and the most successful time for a beach holiday is considered the spring and autumn. Qataris themselves like safari and kitesurfing.

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