Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. A brief itinerary, interesting facts and preparation for the trip

Itineraries for independent walks in Prague

Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and you can walk along its ancient streets and embankments endlessly, each time discovering something new and amazing. Within the borders of the central part, within walking distance are the most famous attractions. If you prefer individual tourism and set a goal to bypass all the famous places, then make up your own itinerary of the Czech capital for several days in advance, and your walks will be rich and informative.

Day 1. Stare Mesto and Jewish Quarter

Visit Stare Mesto, the heart of Prague and the whole of Bohemia. The oldest part of the Czech capital is famous for its charming little streets, tiled houses and ancient churches. Start your acquaintance with Prague from the Republic Square and the Powder Gate.

Republic Square and the Powder Gate

Republic Square is situated in the eastern part of the Old Town and is famous for the most beautiful monument of the fifteenth century architecture – the Powder Tower, monumental tower in the Gothic style. The Powder Tower was built as one of the entrances to the Old Town from the east when it was the royal residence. Some time after construction began, the king considered the Prague Castle a safer structure. The tower was left unfinished and later served as a gunpowder warehouse, hence its name.

Also here you can see the building of the Public House, which was built at the beginning of the last century on the site of the medieval royal palace. From there, follow Cieletna Street all the way to the main historic area, Old Town Square.

Old Town Square

Old Town Square was once a medieval marketplace, and it got its present-day name just over a century ago. In the XIV century there was erected the town hall, and then installed the famous Prague Astronomical Clock (Orloj) – the symbol of Prague, immortalized on numerous souvenirs. The Prague Astronomical Clock is one of the oldest tower clocks in the world and the only one that remains in working order.

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When planning your tour of Old Town Square, plan your itinerary so as to catch the chime of the clock. The chime of the town hall clock is an incredible spectacle. Prague chimes chime every hour, and there is a whole performance with sculptures of 12 apostles and a golden rooster singing.

Nearby the Old Town Square there is the Týn Church, which is now the city’s main church. Its sharp, pointed spires are visible from many points of the city. There is also a monument to Jan Hus and only a few meters away from it, the Prague midday meridian is marked on the paving stone, where the shadow of the Marian column used to fall at midday.

Charles Bridge

If you go west from Old Town Square towards the Vltava River, you can get to the most famous bridge in the Czech Republic – the Charles Bridge. Enter the Charles Bridge from the Old Town through the Old Town Tower. The bridge is famous for its magnificent sculptures installed in the heyday of Baroque, its bridge span is based on 16 powerful arches. Today you can see copies of the sculptures, while the originals are on display in the National Museum.

Certain sculptures of the Charles Bridge grant wishes! Before you walk across the bridge, think about which dream is your deepest, because you are only allowed to make one wish.

Josefov

Back through the Old Town Tower into the Old Town and walking north along the Vltava River, you will reach the Jewish quarter of Josefov, a former Semitic community. Josefov is known for its numerous synagogues, town hall and old cemetery.

Day 2. Lesser Town and Hradcany

Charles Bridge connects Staré město with Malá Strana, a historic district on the left bank of the Vltava River. The very first settlements on the Lesser Side arose over a thousand years ago.

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Swans, stairway and Kampa island

If you go right from the Charles Bridge, you’ll come to the Kafka Museum with the famous sculpture of David Cerny. A little further is the descent to the Vltava, where snow-white swans are waiting to feed you. Near Kafka Museum you can walk along one of the narrowest streets in the world, which is also a staircase. Spread out on the staircase-street can only be people who have enough slimness. When a pedestrian moves from one end of the street, the other side of the street lights up a red traffic light.

If you go down the stairs from the bridge in front of the Malostransky Towers and walk to the left, you will reach the island of Kampa. It is called an island because on one side it is bounded by the Vltava River, and on the other by the artificial stream called Čertovka. The creek was created by the construction of water mills in ancient times. Some of them can be seen even today in a beautiful state.

Malostranská Square and St. Nicholas Cathedral

The direct route from the Charles Bridge through the Lesser Town towers will take you to Mostecka Street. In the past you could take the royal chariots from Prague Castle to the Old Town via Mostecká Street. Today there is a large number of souvenir shops, boutiques and guest houses. If you leisurely walk along Mostecká Street, you’ll come to the main square of the district – Malostranská and the St. Nicholas (Mikoláš) Cathedral. In ancient times, trade routes passed here, which necessitated the construction of a stone bridge between the Lesser Town and central Prague.

Explore the Malá Strana district, which is famous for its many palaces and parks. These unique structures, built centuries ago, are of great architectural value.

Walking through the streets of Mala Strana, you may notice a curious fact: some houses have figures or drawings of animals instead of house numbers. The fact is that the numbering of buildings appeared here only in the XVIII century, and until then, homes were numbered that way. The ancient signs have survived to this day.

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Prague Castle and St. Vitus Cathedral

To get to the Prague Castle, from the Church of St. Nicholas you need to turn off at Nerudova Street. On Nerudova Street a large number of magnificent palaces and each mansion – a real work of art. Artists, writers, and journalists lived here. To the right of Nerudova Street you can see the main royal residence of the Czech Republic – Prague Castle, now the Presidential Palace. There are more sights here than anywhere else in Prague.

In front of the palace stretches Hradčanské Square, where tourists are constantly crowded, which is justified: every hour at the entrance to the presidential palace the change of the guard takes place, causing a storm of delight of travelers.

When planning your itinerary, don’t forget to time your visit to coincide with the changing of the guard ceremony. And if you get here at noon, you’ll get a musical accompaniment to the spectacle.

Also near Prague Castle you can see the Marian Column – a symbol of deliverance from plague epidemic, monument to the first president of Czechoslovak Republic – Tomáš Masaryk, Matyáše Gate and Chapel of the Cross. But the main attraction here is the grandiose St. Vitus Cathedral, one of the most beautiful churches in the world. Spire towers of the cathedral can be seen from almost anywhere in Prague. Incredible delight causes the facade of the temple with magnificent stucco, bas-reliefs, sculptures, stained glass windows and carved detail. In the cathedral you can go to a concert of organ music. The old instrument was once played by Mozart himself.

Zlata ulitsa

Not far from Prague Castle there is a small street with cobblestone sidewalk and miniature houses painted in different colors – Zlata Alley. They say it got its name from the local alchemists who mined gold for the king. Each house holds the history of its inhabitants, and in many buildings there are interesting exhibitions. To get to the Golden Lane, you need to buy a ticket.

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Let us tell you a secret: in the evening hours, when houses and exhibitions are closed, on the Golden Lane you can stroll completely free.

Third day. Nové Mesto

Dedicate a separate day for a walking tour of Prague to the New Place. This area is not called New Place correctly, because it was founded in the 14th century. The land was developed specifically to connect the Old Town and Vysehrad.

National Theater and Wenceslas Square

Walk from the Charles Bridge on Masaryk embankment in the direction of Nové Město, you will see the largest theater in the Czech Republic – the National Drama Theater. The majestic building, built in neo-Renaissance style, is considered one of the symbols and treasures of the country. Not only the works of Czech playwrights, but also the world’s greatest authors are staged on the stage of the National Theater.

The center of New Place Prague is Wenceslas Square, one of the largest not only in the Czech Republic, but also in the world. The main attraction of the New Town resembles a wide boulevard with splendid architecture buildings on both sides, lots of stores and restaurants. This is where all the most solemn events of the capital are held. The dominant feature of the place is the majestic monument to St. Wenceslas. Behind the monument is the grand building of the National Museum of Prague.

Dancing House and Faust House

On the territory of Nové Město, near one of the bridges over the Vltava River, you will see a house with an original design which is very popular among tourists. It was built in the 90s and the construction was supervised by the president Havel himself. The architectural component is two cylindrical towers, one of which is standard, while the other is deconstructive and resembles a dancing female figure.

A little farther and to the east, rises the pink and gray building of Faust’s House. Legend has it that the great witch doctor lived here and was sent to hell from here by Mephistopheles.

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The walking alone will give you an unforgettable impression of what you see. If you want to learn a little more about the history of the city and its sights, book a guided tour of Prague.

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