Popular sights of Britain

Britain’s top sights

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Great Britain includes England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. Each of these countries is beautiful in its own way, with its own traditions, history, architecture and locals. Below are the main attractions of Britain with their brief descriptions.

England is the most visited part of Britain. The number of interesting places here is beyond counting. This country is also known for its castles, cathedrals and other buildings. Among the most famous castles of England are architectural masterpieces such as Windsor Castle.

Great Britain's main sights

Windsor Castle

The capital of England is London, and it is here that the majority of tourists traveling in England stay. Among the attractions of London are such places as the Tower, Big Ben, Westminster and Buckingham Palace.

Great Britain's main sights

Palace of Westminster

Great Britain's main sights

But do not limit yourself to England. There is hardly a tourist who is not captivated by the beauty of Scotland’s sights. Here the nature goes hand in hand with the architecture and the centuries-long traditions of the Scottish people.

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh – one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Here is located the famous Edinburgh Castle, the most popular among the castles of Scotland. The main street of the city and is the main attraction of Edinburgh, and is included in the list of the most beautiful streets in the world.

Great Britain's main sights

Edinburgh Castle

Getting to know the sights of Ireland you can learn about many untouched by man areas with amazing nature.

Let’s take a closer look at the main sights of Britain .

Great Britain's main sights

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a World Heritage-listed stone megalithic structure (cromlech) in Wiltshire, England. It is located about 130 km southwest of London, about 3.2 km west of Amesbury and 13 km north of Salisbury.

One of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, Stonehenge consists of circular and horseshoe-shaped structures built from large menhirs. It is at the center of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England. The site itself and its surroundings were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986, along with Avebury. Stonehenge has been handed over by the British Crown to English Heritage, while the immediate surroundings belong to the National Trust.

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Great Britain's main sights

Big Ben (Eng. Big Ben) – the name of the largest of the six bells of the Palace of Westminster in London, often this name refers to the clock and the Clock Tower in general, which since September 2012 is officially called “Elizabeth Tower”.

This clock on the Tower of Parliament of the United Kingdom can be heard all over the world. Air Force radio microphones broadcast their chime every hour. It is with the first strike of Big Ben on the night of 31 to 1 that the planet officially moves into the New Year according to the international time standard.

Palace of Westminster (Westminster Palace) – a building on the banks of the Thames in the London Borough of Westminster, where meetings of the British Parliament are held. It is the seat of the British Parliament: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Great Britain's main sights

Connected to Trafalgar Square by Whitehall Street. The architectural style is neo-Gothic.

Great Britain's main sights

Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarchs (currently Queen Elizabeth II). It is located opposite the Pall Mall and Green Park with a white marble and gilded monument to Queen Victoria. When the monarch is in the palace, the royal standard flies above the roof of the palace. Buckingham Palace serves as the residence and office of Her Majesty the Queen and as the seat of the Crown Office. It is one of the few operating royal palaces in the world today.

The Tower of London and Tower Bridge

The Tower of London (Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, Tower of London) is a fortress. The Tower of London – one of the main symbols of Britain, which occupies a special place in the history of the English nation.

The Tower, a fortress standing on the north bank of the Thames, is the historic center of London and one of the oldest buildings in England. As the Duke of Edinburgh wrote in his book celebrating the 900th anniversary of the Tower, “over its history the Tower of London has been a fortress, a palace, a storehouse of royal jewels, an arsenal, a mint, a prison, an observatory, a zoo, a tourist attraction.”

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Tower Bridge – a drawbridge in central London over the River Thames, near the Tower of London. Opened in 1894. It is also one of the symbols of London and Britain. Tower Bridge was commissioned in 1894.

The Tower and the Tower Bridge – one of the main attractions of Britain, standing on a par with the famous Big Ben.

Great Britain's main sights

View of the Tower and Tower Bridge

Great Britain's main sights

British Museum – the main historical and archaeological museum of the British Empire (now Britain) and one of the largest museums in the world. It is the third most visited museum in the world (2012).

It is a truly ancient and beautiful attraction in London, which is among the main historical and cultural heritage of the British people.

The British Library is the national library of Great Britain. The law about its creation by merging the library of the British Museum and some less significant collections was passed by the Parliament in 1972; the new library building in London was opened on July 1, 1973.

Great Britain's main sights

The second largest library in the world after the Library of Congress (USA, Washington) (the number of items exceeds 150 million).

Great Britain's main sights

The name of Trafalgar Square is a square in the center of London where the three main streets of Westminster, the Strand, Whitehall and Mall, converge at the place of Charing Cross.

Originally named King William IV Square, it received its final name in honor of England’s victory at Trafalgar in 1805. The square is an important transport interchange. The Charing Cross Underground station of the Bakerloo and Northern lines also comes to it.

Great Britain's main sights

London National Gallery

The London National Gallery is a museum in London containing more than 2,000 examples of Western European paintings of the 13th to early 20th centuries. The fifth most visited museum in the world. The National Gallery is located on Trafalgar Square. The paintings in the gallery are exhibited in chronological order.

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Great Britain's main sights

The Tate Modern is a London gallery of modern and contemporary art, part of the Tate group of galleries, which exhibits the national collection of British art from 1500 to the present day. Tate Modern has a collection of world art since 1900. In the rating of the museums of the world with the highest attendance (2012) it takes the 4th place.

Kensington Palace is a royal residence located in Kensington Gardens in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London. The palace has been the residence of the British royal family since the 17th century. At present it is the official residence of the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke and Duchess of Kent and the Prince and Princess of Kent. Kensington Palace is also used unofficially by Prince Harry and his cousin Zara Phillips.

Great Britain's main sights

Until 1997 it was the official residence of Diana, Princess of Wales, and until 2002 of Princess Margaret.

Great Britain's main sights

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle, the residence of the British monarchs in Windsor, Berkshire, England. For over 900 years the castle has been an unshakable symbol of monarchy, perched on a hill in the Thames River valley. It is “the most romantic of all the castles in the world,” according to the 17th-century writer Samuel Peeps. It is the name of the current ruling royal dynasty in England.

Great Britain's main sights

Westminster Abbey

St. Peter’s Cathedral Church in Westminster, almost always called Westminster Abbey, is another major British landmark, a Gothic church in Westminster, London, to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It was built with interruptions from 1245 to 1745, but retains a Gothic appearance. Traditional place of coronation and burial of monarchs of Great Britain. Along with the nearby St Margaret’s Church, the Abbey is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Great Britain's main sights

Chatsworth House in Derbyshire is one of the most splendid “treasure houses” in England, and for centuries it was the main residence of the Dukes of Devonshire of the Cavendish family. It is a rare example of Baroque aesthetics in England, rivaling Blenheim Palace and Howards Castle in refinement of architecture and decoration.

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Great Britain's main sights

Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is the most famous castle in Scotland. It is a beautiful ancient fortress built on a high cliff in the heart of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. The structure is Edinburgh’s main and most visited attraction.

Great Britain's main sights

London Eye

The London Eye is one of the world’s largest Ferris wheels and is located in London’s Lambeth district on the south bank of the River Thames.

From a height of 135 meters (about 45 floors) you can see almost the entire city. The Ferris wheel is a family project of the architects David Marks and Julia Barfield. It took them six years to bring the project to life.

Great Britain's main sights

The Arena O2 (English. The O2 Arena) is a multipurpose indoor stadium located in the center of the entertainment complex The O2 Greenwich Peninsula in Southeast London, England. It holds up to 23,000 people, depending on the event. It is one of the largest indoor arenas in Europe, along with Manchester Evening News Arena (MEN Arena), Lanxess Arena in Cologne, Belgrade Arena and the Olympic Arena in Moscow. In 2008, the O2 Arena became the busiest stadium in the world, surpassing the MEN Arena, which had been the largest since 2001.

Great Britain's main sights

Old Trafford

Old Trafford (or Theatre of Dreams, a nickname coined by Sir Bobby Charlton) is Manchester United’s home stadium.

The stadium, located in the Trafford area of Manchester, has been United’s home arena since 1910 with a short break from 1946 to 1949.

Great Britain's main sights

Wembley

“Wembley Stadium, also known as New Wembley, is a soccer stadium located in London, England. The stadium was opened in 2007 on the site of the old Wembley Stadium. The old Wembley, also known as Empire Stadium, was one of the most famous soccer stadiums in the world until it was demolished in 2003.

The new Wembley seats 90,000 spectators and is the second largest stadium in Europe.

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens

Great Britain's main sights

The Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew), or Kew Gardens, a complex of botanical gardens and greenhouses covering 121 hectares in South-West London between Richmond and Kew, is a historic parkland landscape of the XVIII-XX centuries.

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Great Britain's main sights

Hyde Park

Hyde Park is a royal park covering 1.4 km² in central London. To the west it adjoins Kensington Gardens. It is a traditional place of political meetings, celebrations and parties.

Great Britain's main sights

Loch Ness

Loch Ness (Loch Ness, Gaelic: Loch Nis) – a large deep freshwater lake in Scotland, 37 km south-west of Inverness.

The lake is widely known in the world because of the legend of the Loch Ness Monster. There are numerous commercial routes on the lake for tourists who want to enjoy the scenic nature and perhaps see the mythical monster.

Great Britain's main sights

The Cotswolds is a ridge of hills in Great Britain, the northwestern rim of the London Basin. It’s located in the western part of central England, mainly on the territory of Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire. One of the officially recognized areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the UK.

Great Britain's main sights

The London Underground (London Underground) – is rightfully considered one of the main attractions of Britain. It is one of the largest in the world, its network consists of 11 lines of a total length of 402 km, of which 45% goes underground. The subway is the fourth longest in the world after Seoul, Beijing and Shanghai. The London Underground has 270 stations.

Great Britain's main sights

Silverstone circuit

Silverstone Circuit is a track located near the village of Silverstone in Northamptonshire, UK. It is the most famous British track, hosting the British Grand Prix in the Formula 1 class, from 1950 to the present day. Also, the circuit hosts the BRDC International Trophy (BRDC International Trophy), formerly one of the major non-Formula One World Championship races.

Great Britain's main sights

London Heathrow Airport

London Heathrow Airport (ICAO: EGLL, IATA: LHR) is the largest international airport in London. It is considered the third busiest passenger airport in the world (2011) and the first in Europe. It is located 24 km (15 miles) west of central London. It includes 5 passenger terminals and one cargo terminal.

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