Pakistan – a country with beautiful nature and special architecture

Top 20 most beautiful sights of Pakistan (+ PHOTOs)

This amazing country in Southeast Asia, absorbed centuries-old traditions, incredibly beautiful landscape, ancient rituals, as well as the openness and hospitality of the local population. Although, for the sake of justice, let us note that for many years life in Pakistan remained closed to Europeans, and staying in this country was not safe. Now the modern world looks at the Asian state with different eyes, and today in our small review we present the most beautiful sights of Pakistan.

Lahore Fortress

Lahore Fortress

In the heart of the Pakistani city of Lahore is the Shahi Kila Fortress, a World Heritage Site.

The first fortifications here date back to the 12th century, and the present fortress was begun to be built under Emperor Akbar at the end of the 16th century. Besides fortress walls and towers, the historical-architectural complex includes a majestic Mirror Palace and a beautiful Pearl Mosque.

The massive Alamgiri Gate, which has long become the architectural symbol of the Pakistani city, leads to the fortress.

Jinnah Mausoleum

Jinnah Mausoleum

In the heart of Karachi is a majestic mausoleum, the tomb of the founder of the state of Pakistan M. A. Jinnah.

The construction was made of the most beautiful white marble, and the real decoration of the mausoleum are four Moorish arches. The massive structure with side of 75 meters crowned by a massive dome, and the total height of the tomb is 43 meters.

The mausoleum, which was built in the 1960s, has become a place of pilgrimage for the people who come to pay tribute to the founding father.

Badshahi Mosque

Badshahi Mosque

The beautiful mosque in Lahore was built in 1674 by the last of the Mughals, the illustrious Emperor Aurangzeb.

It was built at a time when Mughal style of architecture was in its heyday. The mosque has a huge inner courtyard. The main building is made of red sandstone, and the eight minarets and the mosque itself are crowned with white domes.

Badshahi Mosque

On the upper floor was created a small museum, where among the exhibits are the main Islamic relics. Locals consider their mosque the largest in the world and its architectural style the most original.

On the pages of most-beauty.ru you can also read an article about other no less beautiful mosques in the world.

Mohenjo-Daro

Mohenjo Daro

On the territory of Pakistan are the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, one of the oldest cities on Earth, founded in the Indus Valley around 2,600 BC.

For 9 centuries, the city was the center of the Harappan civilization and the most important commercial and artisanal settlement of the time.

Regular excavations began on its ruins in 1922, during which majestic temples, public and residential buildings were discovered. The oldest city on earth has surprised archaeologists with its almost perfect layout.

Faisal Mosque in Islamabad

Faisal Mosque in Islamabad

One of the world’s largest and most original in terms of architectural design, the mosque in Islamabad was built over a period of 10 years, from 1976 to 1986.

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The funds for the design and construction were given by King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, and it was therefore consecrated in his honor.

The building breaks the stereotypes and traditional canons of Muslim shrines construction. The ultra-modern mosque can accommodate up to 300,000 people at a time.

Rohtas Fortress

The Fortress of Rohtas

This mighty Punjabi fortress was erected by the personal order of Sher Shah in 1543 to protect the land of the hawars from the devastating Mughal raids.

The fortress was named in honor of the bloody battle of Rohtar, where Sher Shah’s troops had decisively defeated the superior Mughal forces.

As a result of the betrayal, the fortress was seized by the Mughals and became the most important strategic point of their great power. With time it lost its military purpose and became a monument of fortification architecture.

The Wazir Khan Mosque

Wazir Khan Mosque

In the reign of Shah Jahan the most beautiful mosque was built by the order of the governor of Lahore Wazir Khan in the 1430s; it has become an important cultural and religious center.

The walls of the mosque were brightly painted and the facade was decorated with mosaics and marble. Many generations have managed to keep a unique monument of Islamic architecture and the interior decoration takes tourists back to the XVII century.

Today the Pakistani government and public organizations are pushing for the Wazir Khan Mosque to be inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Noor Mahal Palace

Nur Mahal Palace

The luxurious palace in the city was completed in 1875 and the fifth ruler of Bahawalpur province, struck by its beauty, moved his residence there.

The architect was the Briton Mr. Heenan, making a peculiar experiment. He introduced elements of Venetian architecture to the traditional Indo-Saracenic style.

In 1947 the palace was looted. And only in 1999 it was possible to partially restore its internal exterior. Today, a huge collection of ancient arms and other artifacts related to the history of Punjab are kept in the monument of architecture.

Baltit

Baltit

In an important strategic point in the Hunza Valley, the first stone walls and a tower began to appear as early as the eighth century, and in time the walls were strengthened and the fortress acquired its present appearance.

The main function of the fortress was to control the trade routes and protect the population during the attacks of the enemy. A hall for receiving foreign delegations was on the upper floor of the fortress, and other rooms were equipped as expositions of the Karimabad museum.

Its walls and towers offer magnificent views of the picturesque mountain scenery of Pakistan’s Gilgit district.

Port Fountain of Karachi

Karachi Harbor Fountain

The most picturesque fountain in Asia and the most unusual in Pakistan blows up in the port city of Karachi.

The fountain pours one of the highest and most powerful jets of water in the world into the sky. The structure itself is located on a platform, and began working fountain in 2006, pleasing locals and many tourists.

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Not far from the unique landmark are narrow port streets with its national coloring, where you can try dishes of national cuisine and the famous Pakistani tea.

On the pages of our Most-beauty.ru you can see an article about other amazingly beautiful fountains of the world!

Chogori Mountain

Chogori

The Baltoro mountain range system includes the most beautiful mountain Chogori, which is the northernmost eight-thousandth peak of the earth and the second highest after the famous Dzhomolungma.

The word “Chogori” itself dates back to the ancient Balti language, and literally means “high”, because the height of the mountain is 8 614 m. Europeans learned about it in 1856, during an expedition to the Karakokum, and designated it as “K2”.

The mountains of Pakistan are beautiful but dangerous. The ascent of Chogori is very difficult, because in the history of mountaineering only 284 people have climbed to its summit.

Shalimar Gardens

Shalimar Gardens

Within the borders of Lahore, in the XVII century, the Emperor Jahangir for his beautiful wife Nur Jahar laid out a beautiful park, which over time became the public domain of the state.

The garden and park complex is striking in its splendor. Within the park are beautiful mosques, pavilions and palaces decorated with marble.

The gardens are laid out on three terraces, and among the buildings of waterfalls flow down, lure cool avenues with ornamental trees, as well as pleasing to the eye numerous ponds.

Taxila

Taxila

From Sanskrit the city’s name translates as “Takshi Rock” and from the 5th century B.C. the city was the capital of the Gandhar State.

According to the holy book of the Ramayana, Taxila was founded at the crossroads of three trade routes by Rama’s younger brother Bharat. In the 4th century, the city was besieged by the troops of Alexander the Great, but the ruler of Gandhara managed to make peace with the great commander.

In the I century AD the majestic ancient city was destroyed by a massive earthquake, and people were forced to leave it.

Mohatta Palace

Mohatta Palace

In 1927 in Karachi, the renowned Oriental architect Aga Ahmed Husain commissioned a prominent businessman to build a luxurious palace that became a summer residence for the businessman Shivratan of Mohatta.

In 1947 the building was purchased by the government of Pakistan and housed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the capital was moved to Islamabad, the palace became the property of Jinnah’s sister.

Now the building is a kind of museum of architecture and life of the early twentieth century, and his chic rooms and halls take tour groups.

Derawar Fortress

Fortress of Derawar

This square-shaped fortification structure grew in the middle of the Holistan Desert, not far from the urban settlement of Bahawalpur, in the first half of the 18th century.

It is noteworthy that the ruler of Bahawalpur ordered the construction of the fortress on the ruins of an older fortress. In 1748 the Nawabs lost control of the fortress and returned to the walls only in 1804.

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The fortress has stood the test of time and dry winds, and has perfectly preserved its original appearance to this day.

Daman-e Koh Lookout

Daman-e-Koh

To the north of the Pakistani capital a luxurious park is perched on a hill whose true gem is the observation deck.

Standing 730 m above sea level and more than 150 m above the city itself, it offers picturesque views of Islamabad surrounded by majestic mountain peaks.

Daman-e-Koh

In the wintertime monkeys come to the park above the city in search of food. In winter, one must be extremely careful within the park and on the grounds, as cheetahs may descend from the mountains during heavy snowfalls.

Ship Cemetery

Ship Cemetery

Modern ships are designed to last a long time, but they also fall into disrepair. Disposing of these giants of the sea is a costly affair and countries like Bangladesh, India and Pakistan make good money on it.

The ship graveyard in Pakistan, of course, is an impressive sight, and has already become a kind of landmark of the country. Here you can see ships of different sizes and modifications.

Because of the cheap labor and, more importantly, the more lenient laws regarding environmental protection, such cemeteries in Pakistan have grown enormously in recent years.

Pakistan Monument

Attractions of Pakistan

The Pakistan Monument was built in the historic district of the capital in 2007, and is a national memorial.

The four large petals represent the provinces of Pakistan, and the three small ones represent the three territories of the country.

The monument was erected in honor of the fighters for the establishment of the country who died as a result of the Pakistan Movement.

Bibi Jawindi tomb

The Tomb of Bibi Jawindi

Bibi Javindi tomb was built in 1493 by the Iranian prince Dilshad. It is one of the most beautiful structures in the region. It is located in the small Pakistani town of Uh, founded by Alexander the Great.

The exterior of the building is octagonal in plan and has three tiers, the upper part of which supports a dome, while the interior is circular because of the thick angular walls rising up the two floors. The interior and exterior of the building are richly decorated with Islamic scriptures, carved wood and bright blue and white mosaic tiles known as faience.

Minar e Pakistan

Minar e Pakistan

Minar-i-Pakistan is a beautiful 62-meter minaret built in the center of Lahore, Pakistan’s second largest city. It was in Lahore in 1940 that a resolution was signed, laying down the principles of the future structure of the country. Recall that it was only in 1947 that Pakistan became an independent political entity on the world map.

To conclude

In conclusion, we note that the name of the country literally translates as “country of the clean”, but in fact, it is an acronym, in which the “P” is taken from Punjab, the “A” from Pashtuns, the “K” is Kashmir, the “S” from Sindh, but the ending “Tan” is from Baluchistan.

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As we see, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan can provide tourists with a variety of recreation and thematic excursions to memorable historical sites where wonderfully converged three world religions – Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity, and most importantly, preserved the remains of ancient civilizations.

Pakistan

Pakistan is a very interesting country for tourism. On the territory of this country there are very picturesque places and real historical values, which count several thousand years. These are ancient settlements and the most ancient kingdoms, as well as traces of the Macedonian and Great Mongols. The tops of the Himalayas beckon travelers with their beauty and grandeur, and in their foothills there are ancient monasteries and settlements of the heirs of the ancient tribes. Pakistan is still on the way of developing its tourism industry. Good infrastructure here is only in some major cities. But this does not diminish the beauty and interest of this wonderful country.

So where to start exploring Pakistan?

Pakistan

Lahore Fortress.Pakistan

This majestic and rather pompous building was erected in the 12th century. The order for its construction was given by Akbar the Great himself. Once upon a time Guri ruled in it. As the fortress was situated on the border with other countries, it was destroyed many times, but it always restored its strong walls. Now this ancient structure of red sandstone can be admired by any traveler.

Pakistan-Lahore Fortress.

Jinnah Mausoleum.Karachi

This shrine is a popular attraction for both locals and visitors to Pakistan. Pakistanis very often come to this place to honor their hero. It was built for the founder of the country in the 60s. The look of this mausoleum is luxurious, and all because of the snow-white marble that it was built of. This tomb acts as a symbol of the city of Karachi.

Pakistan-Mausoleum of Jinnah.Karachi

Badshahi Mosque.Lahore

This magnificent mosque was built by a great emperor who was part of the Great Mongols. It is situated on the lands of the city of Lahore. The construction of this sacred temple began as early as the 17th century. It has rather austere look with regular features and is built from red sandstone which is the reason of its color. On top of the mosque you can see the snow-white domes.

Pakistan-Mosque of Badshahi.Lahore

Faisal Mosque.

In the city of Islamabad there is another religious temple, which will interest guests of the country with its view. Built it at the expense of the King of Saudi Arabia. It is interesting in that it is not built according to Muslim canons, its design has a rather modern style. It looks quite unusual, you can not immediately understand that it is a mosque. But the structure is really very beautiful.

Pakistan- Faisal Mosque.

Wazir Khan Mosque.Lahore

You can not go past this religious building. It is also located in picturesque Lahore, and amazes travelers with its beautifully decorated walls. This architectural masterpiece is an example of the effort people put into building their religious temples. For the locals it is of course a very important shrine and for the tourists it is a beautiful architectural building.

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Pakistan-Wazir Khan Mosque.Lahore

Rohtas Fortress.Pakistan

Once famous and revered warlord Sher Khan built this massive fortress. Its main purpose was to guard the second emperor of the Great Mongol family. The fortress walls are 18 meters high. This place really looks very protected because of its appearance. During the great raid, it was never taken.

Pakistan-Fortress of Rohtas.Pakistan

Fortress Baltit.

This fort was erected in order to control the behavior of countries, during the trade relations of Pakistan with other Asian countries. Order was simply kept in check from this place. The fort was built in a very unusual style. It has only three floors. The first two have a good museum, and the third is still used to receive very important visitors from other countries.

Pakistan-Fortress of Baltit.

Derawar.

Another majestic fortress, which is situated in the land of Pakistan. Its view is simply amazing and astonishing. When you are riding a camel through the lifeless desert of Holistan, and this structure stands before you, it is breathtaking. The walls here are 30 meters high and have a very interesting shape. The straight wall alternates with wide round columns. This fort has retained its powerful primordial look.

Pakistan-Derawar.

Mohatta Palace.

Another luxurious architectural landmark that should be a must stop on your tourist itinerary. This palace is located in the city of Karachi. It was erected in the 20th century. Earlier here lived a very famous and rich businessman, and all his descendants. Now, the palace offers interesting guided tours and introduces tourists to the interior decoration.

Pakistan-Palace of Mohatta.

Ancient City of Taxila. Pakistan.

During archaeological excavations almost completely restored the features of this ancient settlement. It is located on the banks of the Indus River. In the 5th century BC this place was famous as a resort area. But then, one century later, the army of Macedon came here, after which an important deal for these places was concluded. But in the 1st century AD, after a terrible earthquake, the city was razed to the ground.

Pakistan- Ancient City of Taxila.

The ruins of the city of Mohenjo-Daro.

Another archaeological site in Pakistan that is worth a visit for travelers. These ruins belong to a city that once belonged to the Harrapa civilization. It was wiped off the face of the earth several thousand years ago. And no one can find a reason for it until now. Some even suggest that it fell because of a nuclear explosion.

Pakistan- Ruins of Mohenjo-Daro.

Shalimar Gardens in Lahore

A favorite landmark of the city, both locals and visitors to Pakistan. These beautiful man-made gardens began to be planted as early as the 17th century by the emperor. He dedicated this picturesque park to his wife. It is a very beautiful place where tourists love to hike. The whole park is studded with decorative lakes and waterfalls. There is also a very beautiful landscape here.

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