Oslo, Norway: see places to visit

Oslo, Norway: see places to visit

Oslo, Norway – the most detailed information about the city with photos. Oslo main attractions with descriptions, guides and maps.

Oslo (Norway)

Oslo is the capital and largest city of Norway, located in its southeastern part of the Baltic Sea on the coast of the Gulf of Oslo-fjord. It is one of the most modern and environmentally friendly capitals in Europe with an abundance of interesting (mostly modern) architecture, museums, restaurants and stores. As the third largest city in Scandinavia, Oslo is a surprisingly compact, comfortable and peaceful city, where modern landscapes mingle with the stunning natural beauty of fjords and wooded hills.

What to do (Oslo):

1000 years in 1000 meters

€138 per tour.

1,000 Years in 1,000 Meters

Walk down Oslo’s main street and trace the city’s history

On the traces of World War II. Oslo during the war.

€150 for the tour.

In the footsteps of World War II. Oslo at War

Walk through the center of the Norwegian capital and see it with new eyes

Geography and climate

Oslo is situated in the southeastern part of Norway at the northern end of the Bay of Oslo-fjord, which is part of the Baltic Sea and runs deep into the Scandinavian Peninsula. Around the city are about 40 islands and more than 300 freshwater lakes. Relief – the hills, covered with forests.

The climate is temperate with a significant marine influence. Winter is fairly mild with little frost. Summer is cool with an average temperature of 15-17 degrees. For the year falls about 800 mm of precipitation. Interestingly, the capital of Norway is located at the same latitude as our St. Petersburg, but the climate is much milder.

Oslo in winter

Oslo in winter

Information for tourists

  1. The population is more than 600 thousand people.
  2. Currency is the Norwegian krone.
  3. Visas are Schengen.
  4. Time zone (UTC): +1, in summer +2.
  5. The area is 454 sq. km.
  6. Tap water is of excellent quality and you can drink it.
  7. TaxFree is refundable from a minimum purchase of 315 kroner or going to a restaurant for 290 kroner.
  8. The official language is Norwegian. Many Norwegians speak English fluently.
  9. The voltage in the power grid is 220 V.
  10. Surprisingly, there are not many ATMs in modern Oslo. You can only find them at banks, train stations (airports), 7-eleven or Narvesen supermarkets.
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History

The first written mention of Oslo dates back to 1048. The city was founded by the Norwegian King Harald III. In Norwegian the name is translated as “mouth of the river Lo”. In 1299, the capital of Norway moved from Bergen to Oslo. In the Middle Ages, the city consisted of 400-t wooden houses surrounded by city walls, 9 churches and two fortresses – the royal castle and the castle of the bishops.

In 1348 Oslo lost its privileges as the capital of Norway when Norway became part of Denmark. As part of the Danish kingdom Norway was until 1814.

Oslo Panorama

Oslo Panorama

In 1624 a huge fire almost completely destroyed the old city, which was abandoned. The new city was founded a few miles west of it and named Christiania in honor of the Danish king. The ruins of several churches have survived to this day. More of the medieval Oslo has not survived anything else.

In 1814, Norway became part of Sweden. Oslo regained its historic name in 1924.

How to get there

Oslo Airport is the largest in Norway and one of the largest in Scandinavia, performing about 100 domestic and international flights. It is located 50 km from the city. In order to get to the center of the city you can use the train service. High-speed train for 180 NOK will bring you to Oslo in 20 minutes. The normal train, which departs from a nearby platform costs 90 kroner (the most economical way to travel). The bus costs 150 kroner.

Oslo at night

Oslo at night

There are two other airports in the vicinity of Oslo. Airport Sandpjord is located 120 km from the city. Flights to this airport operate from Amsterdam, Alicante, Barcelona, Bremen, Bergamo, Liverpool, Frankfurt am Main, Gdansk, etc.

Oslo Central Station is located to the east of the historic center. Rail links connect the Norwegian capital with Gothenburg, Stockholm, Bergen and Trondheim.

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How to get there by car:

  • E6 freeway from Malmö and Gothenburg.
  • E18 from St. Petersburg, Helsinki, and Stockholm.
  • E16 from Torsby and Bergen.

Bus service is developed with Copenhagen, Stockholm, Malmo, and Gothenburg.

Shopping

Oslo has long held the title of one of the most expensive cities in the world. Nevertheless, here you can find a lot of brand stores and large shopping centers, where prices are not higher than in the boutiques of London, Paris and Milan.

  • Karl Johans – the main pedestrian street with lots of cheap stores
  • Bygdøy allé – Shops with crockery, furniture, interior design.
  • Torggata – Shops with household goods.

Oslo at night

Oslo nightlife

  • Aker Brygge (streetcar 12, bus 21, 33) – more than 30 stores and many bars and restaurants
  • Paleet – more than 30 stores. Located in the city center on the main pedestrian street.
  • Storo Storsenter – the largest shopping center in the capital of Norway, with more than 130 stores. Located 15 minutes by public transport from the city center in an old foundry.
  • Bærums Verk shopping – 50 stores, restaurants and craft workshops. Charming shopping complex next to the forest, consisting of small houses.
  • Maschmanns – market of fresh food: meat, fish, cheeses, as well as bakery and pizzeria.

Oslo you can find food for all tastes and wallets. Of course, on average, prices in the capital of Norway is quite high compared to the rest of Europe. The cheapest restaurants are Asian. Also Oslo has an excellent street food culture.

South of City Hall is the promenade Aker Brygge. Here you can find many establishments where you can not only eat, but also something to drink. Many restaurants and nightclubs are located in the center in the Stortingsgaten area.

Karl Johan Street in Oslo

Karl Johan Street in Oslo

There are many inexpensive establishments in the Torggata area. Mostly Oriental and Asian restaurants and pizzerias. In Grønland you can find a lot of oriental sweets and cheap beer.

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On weekdays they stop selling alcohol at 20.00, on Saturday at 18.00 and on public holidays at 15.00. Sale of alcohol on Sundays is prohibited.

Sightseeing

Many may find the center of Oslo dull compared to Stockholm and Copenhagen. It does not have many sights and historic buildings. Wooden construction in the city center is prohibited. This is probably because of the great fire in the 17th century that destroyed the old wooden Oslo.

The Royal Palace of Oslo

Royal Palace in Oslo

The Royal Palace is a royal residence built in the 19th century in the neoclassical style. A large and beautiful park adjoins the palace.

Akershus Castle

Akershus Castle

Akershus Castle is an ancient castle founded in the late 13th century. At the end of the 17th century the castle became a fortress, and in the middle of the 17th century it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style. During its history it withstood several sieges. This is one of the oldest places in the city, which has special significance to the Norwegian people and the history of the country.

An interesting place is the sculpture park Ekebergparken, surrounded by beautiful scenery with several observation decks.

Despite the fact that the history of Oslo is many centuries, the old city has remained only in ruins. In 1624, a massive fire almost destroyed it and the settlement was abandoned. The medieval town was located a couple of kilometers to the east near the hills of Eckenberg. It had about 400 wooden houses, 6 churches and 3 monasteries.

Of the old medieval churches only the church of Aker, founded in the 12th century, is well preserved. Basilica was built of stone in the Roman style and is located in the eastern part of Oslo.

Oslo Cathedral

Oslo Cathedral

Oslo Cathedral is Oslo’s main religious building, built in the late 17th century in Baroque architectural style.

Other sacred architecture buildings that stand out are:

  • Kampen Church, a neo-Gothic church built in the late 19th century. It is located on a hill with a beautiful view of the city.
  • Greenland Church – one of the largest churches in Oslo, built in the 19th century in the Norman style. Located in the eastern part of the city.
  • Frogner Church – One of the most beautiful churches in the Norwegian capital, built in the early 20th century in the late Norman style.
  • Fagerborg Church is a neo-Gothic church of the early 20th century.
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The town hall was built in the mid-20th century. Inside is decorated with scenes from Norwegian life and history.

Acrobat Bridge – A pedestrian bridge that connects two neighborhoods.

Barcode

Barcode

The bar code is a symbol of Oslo. Twelve modern high-rise buildings of different heights and architecture.

Also worth a visit:

  • Aker Embankment, a commercial and shopping district where you can not only shop and eat, but also have fun in the bars;
  • Vikaterrassen – a pedestrian street to the west of downtown with lots of stores and restaurants.

Oslo Museums

  • Astrup Fearnley – Contemporary art museum, one of the largest in Northern Europe.
  • Historical Museum – Located in one of the most beautiful buildings in Oslo. On four floors placed exhibitions of the Viking Age and the history of Norway, Egyptian mummies and ancient art, objects of arctic expeditions.
  • Munch Museum is the largest exposition in the world of works of the pioneer of expressionism Edvard Munch.
  • The National Gallery is the largest collection of paintings and sculptures in Norway. The main masterpieces are Munch’s paintings The Scream and The Madonna.
  • Nobel Center – exhibits devoted to the Nobel Prize and its winners.
  • Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology.
  • Viking Museum – expositions and ships of the Viking Age.

Interesting tours

Vivat, King, Vivat!

€216 for a tour

Vivat, King, Vivat!

Get acquainted with the history, symbols and attributes of the Norwegian monarchy

The City of Four Kings

€188 per tour

The City of Four Kings

Explore the city’s main attractions and hear stories about key Norwegian monarchs

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