Oslo National Gallery, Norway

National Gallery (Oslo)

National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design (Norwegian Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design ) – museum in Oslo (Norway).

It was established July 1, 2003 through the merger of the collections of the Museum of Architecture (Norwegian Arkitekturmuseet), the Museum of Applied Art (Norwegian Kunstindustrimuseet), the Museum of Modern Art (Norwegian Museet for samtidskunst) and the National Gallery (Norwegian Nasjonalgalleriet). On July 1, 2005 the Riksutstillinger (national traveling exhibitions) became part of the museum.

The three main exhibitions are housed in the buildings of the Museum of Applied Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the National Gallery.

Contents

National Gallery

It was founded in 1837. It contains the largest collection of Norwegian art, including works by Edvard Munch, as well as works by foreign artists – Pablo Picasso, Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, Henri Matisse. The museum houses paintings by masters before 1945.

The gallery is also famous for the fact that in February 12, 1994 the painting by E. Munch “The Scream” (1983) was stolen from it. It was returned by the police on May 7, 1994.

Museum of Architecture

Museum of Applied Art

Founded in 1876. It owns objects of arts and crafts since the 7th century (clothes, household items, tapestries, ceramics, silverware, furniture and royal costumes).

Museum of Modern Art

Riksutstillinger

Exhibitions have been held since 1953. At that time they were called Riksgalleriet (visiting gallery). Since 1988 they cooperated with the Museum of Contemporary Art and were given a new name, but in 1996 the cooperation stopped.

Gallery

Frans Snyders : Merchant of Game (2nd quarter of the 17th century).

Édouard Manet : View of the Universal Exhibition of 1867 (1867)

Paul Cézanne : Landscape at the Jas de Bouffan (1878-1885)

References

Sources

  • This article is based on German, English, and Norwegian Wikipedia material
  • “Oslo.” BSE. 3rd edition
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Oslo National Gallery

Oslo National Gallery

The capital of Norway has about two dozen museums of various kinds. One of the most interesting and favorite tourist attractions is the National Gallery of Oslo. This is a large collection of art, covering the period from the Romanticism period to the middle of the last century.

History of the National Gallery of Oslo

The official year of the founding of the Norwegian Museum of Art is 1837. It was then that the decision was made to create the National Gallery in Oslo, with which to preserve the cultural heritage of the country. For its design and construction were responsible German architects Heinrich and Adolf Schirmer (father and son). In doing so, they adhered to the classical architectural style and used pink granite as the main material. In order to house the entire collection from 1881 to 1924, the north and south wings were added to the main gallery building.

166 years later, in 2003, the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design (the gallery’s full name) was formed. It was joined by several collections that included works of applied art, masterpieces of painting and sculpture. But even after the museum’s transformation, Norwegians still call the place the Oslo National Gallery.

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One of the pavilions at the Oslo National Gallery

Gallery collection

Currently, the exhibits on display here belong to the era of Norwegian Romanticism and Impressionism. They are all divided into the following departments:

  • national gallery;
  • museum of applied arts;
  • architecture museum;
  • museum of contemporary art;
  • visiting gallery.

On the second floor of the Oslo National Museum, works of Norwegian painting are on display. The jewel in the collection is “The Scream,” by the famous Norwegian painter Edvard Munch. In February 1994, the famous painting was stolen, but thanks to members of the detective department, it was returned three months later. There is still a legend that Munch’s painting was so frightening that the intruders, in fear of losing their minds, returned it themselves.

No less popular with local tourists is a painting by the same master called The Madonna. It is filled with anxiety, which is expressed in its background, color palette and tired eyes of the protagonist. There are four other versions of the painting that are on display at the Munch Museum, the Kunsthalle Museum in Germany and private collectors.

In the left wing of the National Gallery of Oslo, you can see works by world artists. Paintings are displayed here:

  • Pablo Picasso;
  • Van Gogh;
  • Claude Monet;
  • El Greco;
  • Henri Matisse and other impressionists.

A separate room displays Russian medieval icons belonging to the Novgorod school.

The Museum of Applied Arts, founded in 1876, exhibits everyday objects that have been widely used by the people of Norway since the seventh century. Here you can explore the clothes of that era, household items, cutlery, tapestries and even royal attire.

At the National Gallery of Oslo has a small museum where you can buy reproductions of famous paintings and other colorful souvenirs.

How do I get to the Oslo National Gallery?

To see the collection of fine art, you need to go to the capital of Norway. National Museum is located in southwest Oslo. You can reach it by metro or streetcar. The stops Tullinlokka, St. Olavs plass and Nationaltheatret are 100-200 meters from it.

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