Historical figures whose burial sites still remain a mystery
We are used to famous people being buried with honors, and the places of their repose become objects of worship. And no matter whether it is a famous scientist or a politician, his grave will stand out among the others, even if it looks exactly the same.
But there are famous historical figures whose burial places are still a mystery, and many researchers would love to find them. Here are some of them.
Alexander the Great
When you read about the life of Alexander the Great, you genuinely wonder how a man who lived for 32 years, was able to achieve so much and conquer almost the entire world known by that time.
Alexander the Great willed that he be buried in Siva – an Egyptian oasis, where, according to legend, the famous oracle of Amon announced to the conqueror about his divine nature and called him the legitimate pharaoh of Egypt. But contrary to Alexander’s will, his body was buried in Memphis. Later the remains were moved to Alexandria, the city named after him and the capital of the Hellenistic world in Africa.
Alexander’s tomb was literally a sacred place, a visit to which was an obligatory ritual for the rulers of many countries. But a few hundred years after Alexander’s death, a tsunami hit the city and the sea level rose. After that, the inhabitants of Alexandria decided not to rebuild the city, and built a new one on the ancient ruins, and the tomb of the great conqueror, as well as almost all the buildings were lost. More than a hundred excavations have not helped to find the tomb of Alexander.
Nefertiti was the wife of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh Ehnaton and was one of the most famous women of ancient Egypt. According to one theory of the scientific community, Nefertiti may be Nefernefruaton, a female pharaoh who ruled Egypt for about two years.
Attempts to find Nefertiti’s tomb continue to this day. There is an opinion that Nefertiti is one of the two mummies of women found in tomb KV35. Another opinion is that the mummy of Nefertiti may be the one found in tomb KV21. However, there is no definitive confirmation of this.
Attila in the 5th century AD was a ruler of the Huns who united Turkic, Germanic and other tribes under his rule. His empire stretched from the Rhine to the Volga and was one of the largest ever created.
Despite his conquests, Attila died rather trivially from a nosebleed that suffocated him during his own wedding feast. According to legend, after the mourning feast, the Huns buried him in three coffins: the first was of gold, the second was of silver, and the third was of strong iron. They then lowered the coffin into the river so that the current would carry it where it would never be found, and then killed all those who participated in the funeral to keep everything a secret.
In 2014, it was claimed that Attila’s grave had been found. However, this sensation was quickly disproved, and to this day the location of the body of the great conqueror is unknown.
Another great conqueror who founded one of the greatest empires in human history. During his lifetime, the great Khan demanded that his remains be buried secretly after his death.
When Genghis Khan died, a detachment of his warriors took the ruler’s body to an unknown destination (according to legend, to the center of Mongolia), killing everyone who met on the way so that random witnesses could not tell about the supposed location of the tomb. It is also known that after Genghis Khan’s funeral the warriors trampled the ground with a squad of a thousand horses to erase any trace of the burial.
In the following centuries many attempts were made to find Genghis Khan’s grave, and in the digital age even satellite images were used to find it, but to this day the place remains a mystery.
Mark Antony and Cleopatra
To avoid going into history, let’s just say that Mark Antony, once close to Gaius Julius Caesar, after his death and the accession to the throne of Rome’s first emperor, Augustus Octavian, began to rule Egypt with Cleopatra, with whom he had an affair. After disagreements reached a climax and Octavian’s army laid siege to Alexandria in 32, Mark Antony and Cleopatra decided to commit suicide.
According to the version of Roman historians, Octavian allowed them to be buried in the same tomb with honors appropriate to royalty in the luxurious mausoleum built by Antony and Cleopatra while still alive, but not finished. Although the description suggests it should be a royal tomb that stands out, its location is still a mystery.
Boudicca, after the death of her husband and the loss of her title as chieftain of the Iceni tribe of Britain, rebelled against Roman rule in 61 AD. The revolt was quite successful, and Boudicca greatly frightened the Romans with her mere appearance: tall, formidable with a fierce look and a harsh voice.
However, the revolt was suppressed, and after the burning of London, Boudicca was forced to retreat north, where she died. According to the Roman historian Tacitus, Boudicca, seeing defeat, took the poison of black hemlock. Another version, according to Dion Cassius, is that she fell ill after the defeat and soon died. But regardless of the cause of death, historians have claimed that she was buried in a rich tomb, but her burial place has not yet been found.
Leonardo da Vinci
After writing Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci moved to France to work under the patronage of King Francis I. The great scholar and artist, according to Vasari, died in the arms of the king, who mourned him as his close friend.
Leonardo da Vinci was buried in a chapel in the Loire valley, but during the French Revolution a group of revolutionaries destroyed it. Later, the artist’s admirers took the remains and moved them to the chapel of Saint-Hubert within the walls of the Château of Amboise. But it is still unknown whether the remains were moved, because Leonardo da Vinci had no children, which makes it difficult to determine their authenticity by DNA.
Ermak Timofeyevich was a Cossack ataman, the historical conqueror of Siberia for the Russian state. It was Ermak and his Cossacks who helped Russia gain a foothold in the Urals and continue its expansion eastward, all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
On August 6, 1585 Ermak and his detachment of 50 men attacked the army of the Siberian Kuchum Khan during the night on the bank of the Vagai River and slaughtered nearly everyone. Escaped Cossacks said that Ermak that night was wearing heavy armor, including two chain armor presented by the Tsar. Because of them the wounded ataman, trying to swim to the boat, drowned in the Irtysh.
According to legend, Yermak’s body was fished out by Kuchum warriors and for several days they shot him with an arrow and feasted on him. Later, his property was divided and his body was honorably buried in the place where the village of Baishevo is situated now. However, the authenticity of this burial is disputed. There is also a version that Ermak is buried in the Miyakinsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart lived only 35 years. During his short life he became an internationally renowned composer and made an invaluable contribution to music. Contrary to myth, Mozart was not buried in a duffel bag in a mass grave with the poor, but he was indeed buried in a common grave. This was the norm then, and the tradition of having a fancy funeral came much later.
Since the exact place of the composer’s burial is unknown, and tombstones were only allowed to be placed against the cemetery wall, no one knows exactly which grave Mozart might be in.
The main face of Nazism died in Berlin’s underground bunker to the accompaniment of Soviet artillery on April 30, 1945. The exact location of his remains is still not clear. According to one version, after his death Hitler and his wife Eva Braun were taken out of the bunker, doused with gasoline and burned to keep them from the Allies.
According to another version, their remains were found by Soviet troops during the storming of Berlin on May 5, 1945. A month later the bodies were hidden in a German forest, and the following year they were dug up and transported to an army garrison in the Soviet occupation zone. In 1970, the bodies were burned near the town of Schönebeck, ground into ashes, collected and thrown into the Biederitz River. This was done so that Hitler would not have a grave that could become a place of worship.
Whichever version is true, in any case the burial place of Adolf Hitler is unknown.
10 truly creepy graves and their stories that make your blood run cold
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Sooner or later, everyone faces death. Some treat it as a natural process, with a philosophical position, and some strongly afraid of it. And the latter, as a rule, are more numerous, that’s why there are graves on earth that are steeped in mysticism and horror stories.
1. Rosalia Lombardo
Mummies in the modern world no longer surprise anyone, but there is one among all existing that attracts a lot of attention. Her name is Rosalia Lombardo. It is the mummy of a two-year-old girl who passed away after only a couple of years. Her grief-stricken father decided to embalm the girl’s body. The performer replaced the blood in the child’s body with formaldehyde, treated the entire surface of the body with a special composition, and prevented the development of fungus. The work of the master gave amazing results – since the death of Rosalia has passed a century, and she looks very much alive, but just asleep.
2. Cages for the dead
The Victorian era is remembered by the world for its non-standard customs. For example, was the people of those times, the tradition to build cages for the dead. But to be more precise, the deceased were buried as usual, but then a special cage was put over the grave, so as to prevent the exit of the dead outside. This is one explanation, but another is that it helped protect the tomb from grave robbers.
3. taira no Masakado
He left a significant mark on the history of the Japanese capital. During his lifetime this man was at the head of one of the loud rebellions against the then regime of government. For his deeds in 940 the rebel was beheaded, but the body of the revolutionary, namely his head, was not going to rest even after his death. If you believe the historical chronicles, for several months after the death, this part of the body was not going to rot, and his eyes furiously rotated. Eventually it was decided to bury the head in the part where the current capital of Japan was built. The legend says that this tomb must not be touched under any circumstances, as it will certainly result in disasters that are fraught with disaster for the entire country. It is unclear whether modern inhabitants of the country believe this, but the state authorities have since maintained the burial site in perfect condition.
4. Lilly Gray.
At first glance it is difficult to understand what is so scary and mystical near this tomb, everything looks quite normal. However, after a closer look and reading, you can see the inscription “Victim of the beast 666”. Despite the strangeness of the epitaph, the reference is not to the lord of hell, but to the U.S. government. The husband of the lady buried here could not stand the current government, for unknown reasons, he blamed them for his beloved’s death, too.
5. The Chase Family Crypt
When Thomas Chase was about to be buried in the family crypt, it was discovered that all the coffins inside had been moved out of their places. And this despite the fact that the crypt had not been opened since 1808, the date of the previous burial. The huge door in the room had been bricked up with cement, and nothing had been stolen from the available items.
In 1816 the room was again opened for burial, and again it was discovered that everything was standing wrong. Even the heavy lead coffin in which Thomas Chase rested, which had been moved with great difficulty by eight grown men, had been moved.
Soon information about what was going on reached the authorities, and in 1819 an investigation was ordered. The floor of the crypt was covered with sand and the room was carefully checked for loopholes and secret passages. After a meticulous examination, the crypt was walled up again. Less than a year later the room was examined again. There were no traces on the floor, the stamps were in place, but the coffins were again out of place. Some of them were in an upright position, others were placed on the steps. Then the graves were moved to another place, and this ghastly room is still unclaimed.
6. Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley’s husband was cremated after his death, but then it was discovered that the man’s heart remained intact. A few days after the procedure, the ashes were buried and the woman kept her lover’s heart. She carefully preserved the organ until her death, and then her lover’s heart was buried with her devoted spouse.
7. The Russian Mafia
In the 90’s there were numerous gangster showdowns all over the area, and there were quite a few in Yekaterinburg. This is why the local cemetery has many graves with full-length granite slabs and the faces of the deceased. Most of the graves are also equipped with surveillance cameras in order to protect the graves from thieves.
8. Ines Clark.
This girl was only 6 years old when she was struck by lightning in 1880. A full-length monument was erected over her burial place, where a smartly dressed girl is sitting on a bench, holding a flower and an umbrella.
9. Kitty J.
This grave, referred to locally as Jay’s Grave, is not easy to spot at first, as it is a small mound of grass. In the late 1700s, Kitty J. passed away voluntarily, and now the site is haunted by ghost seekers. Because religion had not previously recognized suicide, Kitty’s burial in the cemetery was refused, so the grave was placed at a crossroads so that the soul would not be laid to rest in the world of the dead.
10. Elizabeth Demidova
In a place called Père-Lachaise, in Paris, many celebrities have found their rest. The same place is the eternal home of Elisabeth Demidova, who at a young age was given in self-interest to marry the prince. As one of the wealthiest and most unfortunate women on earth, she indicated in her will that she would place her entire fortune in the hands of whomever could survive with her burial for seven days without food. Many have tried to accomplish this feat, but no one has succeeded. And for 200 years, the inheritance has remained unclaimed.